Decrease in part-time employment
Labour market and earnings;Labour market and earnings;Immigration and immigrants
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The Labour Force Survey (LFS) shows the development in labour force participation, employment and unemployment. In the 4th quarter of 2016, labour force participation among the population aged 15-74 years was 69.8 per cent.

Labour force surveyQ4 2016



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Decrease in part-time employment

There was a decrease of almost 30 000 part-time employed persons working less than 20 hours per week from the 4th quarter of 2015 to the 4th quarter of 2016. The decrease was mainly among youths and among elderly people.

Population aged 15-74, by labour force status and sex
4th quarter 20164th quarter 2015 - 4th quarter 2016
Absolute numbersPer centChange in absolute numbersChange in percentage points
Labour force
Both sexes2 756 00069.8-9 000-0.9
Males1 459 00072.4-5 000-0.9
Females1 296 00067.1-5 000-0.8
Employed persons
Both sexes2 635 00066.7-12 000-0.9
Males1 387 00068.8-13 000-1.3
Females1 249 00064.63 000-0.5
Both sexes120 0004.42 0000.1
Males73 0005.09 0000.7
Females48 0003.7-7 000-0.5

For people less than 20 years of age, some of the reduction was among those attending school. Among people aged 67-74, fewer old age pensioners have a part-time job.

The number of underemployed persons remained stable from the 4th quarter of 2015 to the 4th quarter of 2016, according to the Labour Force Survey (LFS). More than one half of the underemployed was seeking full-time work.

Lower participation rate among youths

The labour force participation rate among youths (aged 15-24) decreased by 1.3 percentage points from the 4th quarter of 2015 to the 4th quarter of 2016. Also among people aged 67-74 the rate decreased (1.7 percentage points). On the other hand, the rate increased among females aged 25-29, but decreased in the age group 30-54 years. 

Stable share of temporary employees

The 201 000 temporary employees in the 4th quarter of 2016 corresponded to 8 per cent of total employees, approximately the same as a year earlier. 

Drop in more industries

The LFS shows a decrease of 13 000 employed persons in mining and quarrying, an industry dominated by oil and gas extraction. There was a decrease of 13 000 also in manufacturing and in transportation. Moreover, the number of employed persons decreased in accommodation and food service activities, as well as in financial and insurance activities. On the other hand, the number of employed persons increased in health and social work, as well as in public administration. 

In total for all industries, the LFS does not show any significant changes in the employment figures for last year. 

Increased unemployment among men

From the 4th quarter of 2015 to the 4th quarter of 2016 there was no significant change in the total number of unemployed persons. Among men, however, the unemployment rate increased from 4.3 to 5.0 per cent, while the rate for women decreased from 4.2 to 3.7 per cent. 

The average period of unemployment increased from 30.5 to 31.8 weeks last year.