329920
/en/arbeid-og-lonn/statistikker/aku/kvartal
329920
statistikk
2018-07-26T08:00:00.000Z
Labour market and earnings;Immigration and immigrants;Labour market and earnings
en
aku, Labour force survey, LFS, labour market, employees, unemployed, economically active, labour force, labour force status, employees by industry, underemployment, part-time work, hours of work, temporary staffEmployment , Unemployment , Labour market and earnings, Immigration and immigrants, Labour market and earnings
true

Labour force survey

Updated

Next update

Key figures

70.4 %

in the labour force

Population aged 15-74, by labour force status and sex
2nd quarter 20182nd quarter 2017 - 2nd quarter 2018
Absolute numbersPer centChange in absolute numbersChange in percentage points
Labour force
Both sexes2 806 00070.425 0000.2
Males1 491 00073.322 0000.7
Females1 315 00067.33 000-0.4
 
Employed persons
Both sexes2 697 00067.641 0000.6
Males1 428 00070.231 0001.1
Females1 269 00065.010 0000.1
 
Unemployed
Both sexes109 0003.9-17 000-0.6
Males63 0004.2-9 000-0.7
Females46 0003.5-7 000-0.6

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Population aged 15-74 by labour force status (LFS) and sex. 1000

Population aged 15-74 by labour force status (LFS) and sex. 1000
Annual average1st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 20182nd quarter 2018
20162017
Persons, total
Both sexes3 9353 9663 9563 9623 9703 9773 9833 988
Males2 0092 0242 0192 0222 0262 0302 0322 034
Females1 9261 9421 9371 9401 9431 9471 9511 954
 
The labour force
Both sexes2 7692 7632 7422 7812 7722 7582 7702 806
Males1 4681 4621 4531 4691 4661 4591 4681 491
Females1 3011 3021 2901 3121 3061 2991 3021 315
 
Employed persons
Both sexes2 6382 6472 6212 6562 6582 6522 6602 697
Males1 3881 3941 3811 3971 4011 3961 4041 428
Females1 2501 2531 2401 2591 2571 2561 2561 269
 
Unemployed
Both sexes131117122126114105110109
Males7968727265636563
Females5249505349434546
 
Persons outside of the labour force
Both sexes1 1661 2031 2131 1811 1981 2191 2131 182
Males541563566553561571563544
Females625640647628637649649639

Table 2 
Population aged 15-74 by labour force status (LFS) and sex. Changes from the same period in the previous year. 1000

Population aged 15-74 by labour force status (LFS) and sex. Changes from the same period in the previous year. 1000
Annual average1st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 20182nd quarter 2018
20162017
Persons, total
Total3931343230282726
Males2015171615141312
Females1916171615141414
 
Labour force, total
In total5-6-241-13132825
Males1-6-16-12-6111522
Females41-712-73123
 
Employed persons
In total-19-497243941
Males-86-216182331
Females73-39161610
 
Unemployed
In total6-14-19-8-20-11-12-17
Males8-11-14-12-12-7-7-9
Females-2-3-44-8-3-5-7
 
Persons outside of the labour force
Total34375731431401
Males20223328223-3-9
Females15152442212211

Table 3 
Population aged 15-74 by labour force status(LFS) and sex. Per cent

Population aged 15-74 by labour force status(LFS) and sex. Per cent
Annual average1st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 20182nd quarter 2018
20162017
Labour force in per cent of the population
Both sexes70.469.769.370.269.869.369.570.4
Males73.172.271.972.672.371.972.373.3
Females67.667.066.667.767.266.766.767.3
 
Employed persons in per cent of the population
Both sexes67.066.766.267.067.066.766.867.6
Males69.168.868.469.169.168.869.170.2
Females64.964.564.064.964.764.564.465.0
 
Unemployed persons in per cent of the labour force
Both sexes4.74.24.44.54.13.84.03.9
Males5.44.64.94.94.44.34.44.2
Females4.03.83.94.13.83.33.53.5
 
Outside the labour force in per cent of the population
Both sexes29.630.330.729.830.230.730.529.6
Males26.927.828.127.427.728.127.726.7
Females32.433.033.432.332.833.333.332.7

Table 4 
Persons in the labour force and employed persons aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). 1 000

Persons in the labour force and employed persons aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). 1 000
Annual average1st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 20182nd quarter 2018
20162017
Labour force
15-74 years
Both sexes2 7692 7632 7422 7812 7722 7582 7702 806
Males1 4681 4621 4531 4691 4661 4591 4681 491
Females1 3011 3021 2901 3121 3061 2991 3021 315
 
15-24 years
Both sexes369363350370373358350372
Males189188184190194184181193
Females180175166180179174169179
 
25-66 years
Both sexes2 3542 3562 3482 3652 3532 3562 3742 384
Males1 2501 2451 2401 2471 2431 2481 2581 266
Females1 1041 1111 1081 1181 1101 1081 1151 118
 
Employed
15-74 years
Both sexes2 6382 6472 6212 6562 6582 6522 6602 697
Males1 3881 3941 3811 3971 4011 3961 4041 428
Females1 2501 2531 2401 2591 2571 2561 2561 269
 
15-24 years
Both sexes328324311324335326320332
Males165165161164171165162169
Females163158150160163161157163
 
25-66 years
Both sexes2 2652 2782 2662 2862 2782 2832 2942 315
Males1 1951 2001 1921 2021 2011 2041 2131 227
Females1 0701 0791 0741 0851 0771 0791 0821 088

Table 5 
Persons in the labour force and employed persons aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). In per cent of the population

Persons in the labour force and employed persons aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). In per cent of the population
Annual average1st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 20182nd quarter 2018
20162017
Persons in the labour force
15-74 years
Both sexes70.469.769.370.269.869.369.570.4
Males73.172.271.972.672.371.972.373.3
Females67.667.066.667.767.266.766.767.3
 
15-24 years
Both sexes55.354.552.455.656.254.052.856.2
Males54.854.653.155.456.553.652.856.5
Females55.854.451.655.955.954.452.756.0
 
25-66 years
Both sexes81.881.381.381.781.281.181.681.8
Males84.984.083.984.383.983.984.685.0
Females78.678.578.579.078.478.178.578.5
 
Employed persons
15-74 years
Both sexes67.066.766.267.067.066.766.867.6
Males69.168.868.469.169.168.869.170.2
Females64.964.564.064.964.764.564.465.0
 
15-24 years
Both sexes49.048.646.548.650.349.048.150.2
Males47.848.046.547.749.848.147.349.5
Females50.349.346.649.650.950.049.050.8
 
25-66 years
Both sexes78.778.778.479.078.678.678.979.5
Males81.181.080.781.381.081.081.582.3
Females76.276.276.176.676.076.176.176.5

Table 6 
Persons aged 15-74, employed by contractual/usual working hours per week and unemployed, by age and sex (LFS). 1 000

Persons aged 15-74, employed by contractual/usual working hours per week and unemployed, by age and sex (LFS). 1 0001
Annual average1st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 20182nd quarter 2018
20162017
1Short part-time=1-19 working hours. Long part-time=20-36 working hours, with exception of persons with 32-36 hours who classify themselves as full-time employed. Full-time = 37 or more hours, including the exceptions mentioned above.
15-74 years
Both sexes
Total3 9353 9663 9563 9623 9703 9773 9833 988
Employed persons2 6382 6472 6212 6562 6582 6522 6602 697
Short part-time331319326314306331325325
Long part-time347346348355346336344357
Full time1 9511 9721 9371 9781 9971 9771 9792 003
Not reported working hours89910981112
Unemployed persons131117122126114105110109
 
15-19 years
Both sexes
Total325322324323322320322319
Employed persons104104981041111049998
Short part-time6362616658646260
Long part-time131091114679
Full time2731272638323027
Not reported working hours11112212
Unemployed persons2120202519151321
 
20-24 years
Both sexes
Total343343344342343344342343
Employed persons224219213219223222220234
Short part-time7371766566767876
Long part-time3737354036373238
Full time11110999112119107106117
Not reported working hours32323244
Unemployed persons2020192220181719
 
25-54 years
Males
Total1 1081 1131 1101 1121 1141 1161 1161 117
Employed persons934938933939939940943959
Short part-time3534343333373331
Long part-time4550525048495553
Full time853852846854856851853873
Not reported working hours22121222
Unemployed persons4939414136374235
 
Females
Total1 0481 0551 0531 0541 0561 0581 0601 060
Employed persons844851847855850852855858
Short part-time8482848280848185
Long part-time167169174170166167169172
Full time592597587600602599601598
Not reported working hours22332133
Unemployed persons3129313029273127
 
55-66 years
Males
Total365368367367368370372374
Employed persons261262260263262264269268
Short part-time2017171618181918
Long part-time1716161518161718
Full time224228227231226230233231
Not reported working hours10010000
Unemployed persons76755734
 
Females
Total357360358362360361362363
Employed persons226228227230227227227231
Short part-time4036393635343435
Long part-time5653525753525556
Full time129138135136139141138140
Not reported working hours11110000
Unemployed persons33334232
 
67-74 years
Both sexes
Total390404398402406408410413
Employed persons4545444645444650
Short part-time1716161516181820
Long part-time121111121291012
Full time1717171817161618
Not reported working hours00010010
Unemployed persons00000000

Table 7 
Persons in the labour force aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). 1 000

Persons in the labour force aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). 1 000
Annual average1st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 20182nd quarter 2018
20162017
Both sexes
Total2 7692 7632 7422 7812 7722 7582 7702 806
15-19 years125124118129130119113119
20-24 years244239232241243239238253
25-29 years309305304307307303309307
30-39 years612614610615614616619628
40-54 years937938938943934937943944
55-66 years497499496500498499503505
67-74 years4545444645444650
 
Males
Total1 4681 4621 4531 4691 4661 4591 4681 491
15-19 years6162596367585661
20-24 years128126125128127126125132
25-29 years161158156159159157157160
30-39 years327326325326325329333338
40-54 years494492493495491491496496
55-66 years268268267268267271273272
67-74 years2829293129272931
 
Females
Total1 3011 3021 2901 3121 3061 2991 3021 315
15-19 years6462596663615658
20-24 years116113107114116114113121
25-29 years148147148148148146152147
30-39 years285287285289288287286290
40-54 years443446446449443446447447
55-66 years229230229233231229230233
67-74 years1716151516161719

Table 8 
Persons in the labour force aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). As per cent of all in each group

Persons in the labour force aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). As per cent of all in each group
Annual average1st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 20182nd quarter 2018
20162017
Both sexes
15-74 years70.469.769.370.269.869.369.570.4
15-19 years38.738.536.439.940.437.135.037.3
20-24 years71.069.667.570.571.069.669.473.8
25-29 years84.482.582.583.083.081.683.282.9
30-39 years87.787.186.987.487.087.087.288.0
40-54 years85.885.885.886.385.385.686.286.4
55-66 years68.868.568.468.768.468.368.568.5
67-74 years11.611.111.111.411.110.711.212.1
 
Males
15-74 years73.172.271.972.672.371.972.373.3
15-19 years36.537.035.137.740.335.034.037.1
20-24 years72.171.270.272.071.770.870.574.4
25-29 years86.683.783.284.484.482.882.984.6
30-39 years90.990.090.090.089.790.591.292.1
40-54 years88.087.687.688.187.287.388.388.5
55-66 years73.472.972.773.072.773.173.372.8
67-74 years14.814.514.615.614.313.714.215.6
 
Females
15-74 years67.667.066.667.767.266.766.767.3
15-19 years40.940.037.842.240.639.436.237.6
20-24 years69.968.064.568.870.368.368.373.1
25-29 years82.281.381.781.681.680.583.581.0
30-39 years84.383.983.784.684.083.382.983.6
40-54 years83.583.983.984.483.383.883.984.2
55-66 years64.164.064.064.464.163.463.664.1
67-74 years8.67.77.77.38.07.98.38.8

Table 9 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by sex and contractual/usual working hours per week (LFS). 1 000

Employed persons aged 15-74, by sex and contractual/usual working hours per week (LFS). 1 0001
Annual average1st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 20182nd quarter 2018
20162017
1Part-time = 1-36 hours, with exception of persons with 32-36 working hours who classify themselves as full-time employed. Full-time = 37 hours and over and the cases mentioned above.
Both sexes
Total2 6382 6472 6212 6562 6582 6522 6602 697
Part-time, total678665674669652667670682
Short part-time. 1-9 hours134126126125116137137134
Short part-time. 10-19 hours197193200189190194188191
Long part-time. 20-29 hours180182184188179177185193
Long part-time. 30-36 hours166164164167167158160164
Full time, total1 9511 9721 9371 9781 9971 9771 9792 003
Full time. 32-36 hours177173167181175169168172
Full-time. 37-44 hours1 5791 6061 5801 6031 6261 6151 6251 643
Full-time. 45 hours and more191189185189192189181183
Average contractual/usual working hours34.334.334.234.434.534.234.134.2
 
Males
Total1 3881 3941 3811 3971 4011 3961 4041 428
Part-time, total205204207202200206208209
Short part-time. 1-9 hours5047494643484747
Short part-time. 10-19 hours6666656365706765
Long part-time. 20-29 hours4949535147465457
Long part-time. 30-36 hours4042404245424141
Full time, total1 1801 1871 1721 1911 1971 1871 1901 213
Full time. 32-36 hours8381808480818285
Full-time. 37-44 hours947958944959970958970987
Full-time. 45 hours and more146145144145145145135138
Average contractual/usual working hours36.636.636.536.736.736.536.436.5
 
Females
Total1 2501 2531 2401 2591 2571 2561 2561 269
Part-time, total473462467467453460461473
Short part-time. 1-9 hours8379777873889087
Short part-time. 10-19 hours131128135126125124121126
Long part-time. 20-29 hours132133132137133131131136
Long part-time. 30-36 hours127122124125122117119124
Full time, total772786766786800791789790
Full time. 32-36 hours9492879794888686
Full-time. 37-44 hours631648637644657656655656
Full-time. 45 hours and more4544414548444645
Average contractual/usual working hours31.731.831.731.832.031.631.631.6

Table 10 
Population aged 15-74, by main activity, part-time employment and age (LFS). 1 000

Population aged 15-74, by main activity, part-time employment and age (LFS). 1 0001
Annual average1st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 20182nd quarter 2018
20162017
1
2The term employed here includes full-time employed persons, as well as part-time workers who consider the employment as their main activity.
15-74 years
Persons
Total3 9353 9663 9563 9623 9703 9773 9833 988
Part-time employees678665674669652667670682
Employed2
Total2 3892 4042 3832 4122 4222 3982 4042 444
Part-time employees438431446435425421426441
Attended school, studied
Total502513526513490522521498
Part-time employees152156155158149161158152
Homeworking
Total4940404239394043
Part-time employees74346457
Early retired/disabled
Total387382376374384393381390
Part-time employees2523202224242023
Retired
Total363387384383389392395394
Part-time employees1515131516172118
Other activities/Unspecified
Total245241247237246233241220
Part-time employees4236393433394041
 
15-19 years
Persons
Total325322324323322320322319
Part-time employees7672707771706869
Employed2
Total3539353447393732
Part-time employees88889665
Attended school, studied
Total269266273272256263270270
Part-time employees6058556257565659
Other activities/Unspecified
Total2018161719181517
Part-time employees86675765
 
20-24 years
Persons
Total343343344342343344342343
Part-time employees110108112106102113110113
Employed2
Total146143136148151139138158
Part-time employees3635373633323241
Attended school, studied
Total147155161148149162155139
Part-time employees6466666361726964
Homeworking
Total22221333
Part-time employees00000010
Other activities/Unspecified
Total4743454441414744
Part-time employees107767889
 
25-54 years
Persons
Total2 1552 1692 1642 1662 1702 1742 1762 176
Part-time employees330336343335327337338340
Employed2
Total1 7151 7211 7151 7251 7221 7231 7281 747
Part-time employees271272282271263272273276
Attended school, studied
Total8491909184979487
Part-time employees2832323331323329
Homeworking
Total3428283027272830
Part-time employees53234235
Early retired/disabled
Total163166162161169171163165
Part-time employees1010891212910
Other activities/Unspecified
Total160163167159169156163147
Part-time employees1718191818181921
 
55-66 years
Persons
Total722728726728728731734737
Part-time employees134123123124123120125127
Employed2
Total462470466473471470474475
Part-time employees11010410410610699103105
Homeworking
Total1299910999
Part-time employees21111112
Early retired/disabled
Total195189184187188195192199
Part-time employees1412111212111113
Retired
Total2533373132313332
Part-time employees23232454
Other activities/Unspecified
Total2728302727262622
Part-time employees53532454
 
67-74 years
Persons
Total390404398402406408410413
Part-time employees2827262728272932
Employed2
Total3031313130292832
Part-time employees1313141314121115
Homeworking
Total11011110
Part-time employees00000000
Retired
Total337353347352356359363362
Part-time employees1312101313121514
Other activities/Unspecified
Total2119181920201919
Part-time employees21201223

Table 11 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by major industry division (LFS). 1 000

Employed persons aged 15-74, by major industry division (LFS). 1 0001
Annual average1st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 20182nd quarter 2018
20162017
1
Total2 6382 6472 6212 6562 6582 6522 6602 697
01-03 Agriculture, forestry and fishing5656585755545459
05-09 Mining and quarrying5453485355546162
10-33 Manufacturing212210209210211208203204
35-39 Power and water supply, sew./remed.act.2932343030333033
41-43 Construction204210206210212213216220
45-47 Domestic trade, car repair shops363358361362359352347352
49-53 Transportation and storage141134128138135134129127
55-56 Accomm. and food service act.7582788182878988
58-63 Information and communication971001009810210299105
64-66 Financial and insurance act.4650454853535554
68-75 Real estate, profess., scient. and tech.act.179177177174179179184185
77-82 Adm. and support service act.121122116122125126128130
84 Public administration and defence177183182186181183185186
85 Education225219223218215219225222
86-88 Human health and social work act.539540537547541537540549
90-99 Other service act.112114109115115115114120
Unspecified87967421

Table 12 
Average number of man-weeks worked (37.5 hours), by industry division (LFS). 1 000

Average number of man-weeks worked (37.5 hours), by industry division (LFS). 1 0001
Annual average1st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 20182nd quarter 2018
20162017
1The time series is not adjusted for alternating holidays.
00-99 Total2 0062 0162 1622 0231 7992 0812 0612 122
01-03 Agriculture, forestry and fishing5957585956565566
05-09 Mining and quarrying4443434341454852
10-33 Manufacturing178174187178154178169172
35-39 Electricity, water supply, sewerage, waste management2526302523272729
41-43 Construction168180188180163189185194
45 Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles4344484139464344
46 Wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles8986958577878785
47 Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles128125132124118127123125
49-53 Transportation and storage118110114113102110103107
55-56 Acommodation and food service activities5256555657585658
58-63 Information and communication8184938472868888
64-66 Financial and insurance activities3842404238474646
68-75 Real estate, professional, scientific and technical activities147146166142125151154156
77-82 Administrative and support service activities9088898983919398
84 Public adm., defence, soc. security147149165149126156158158
85 Education155154179153123164170168
86-88 Human health and social work activities362369393376329380378388
90-99 Other service activities7678828070817986

Table 13 
Employed persons aged 15-74 and absence from work during the whole reference week, by reason for absence and sex (LFS). Per cent

Employed persons aged 15-74 and absence from work during the whole reference week, by reason for absence and sex (LFS). Per cent
Annual average1st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 20182nd quarter 2018
20162017
Both sexes
In total100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
At work83.883.889.586.572.986.286.989.2
Temporarily absent, total16.216.210.513.527.113.813.110.8
Illness3.33.43.63.23.13.64.23.0
Holiday8.08.32.55.420.25.13.83.6
Taking time off/ working time arrangement1.51.41.21.51.11.71.61.2
Laid off0.10.10.10.00.00.10.10.0
Other reason/ unspecified3.23.13.23.32.63.33.43.0
 
Males
In total100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
At work85.785.590.988.475.087.988.590.5
Temporarily absent, total14.314.59.111.625.012.111.59.5
Illness2.72.83.02.62.63.13.72.5
Holiday7.98.22.45.419.55.23.93.5
Taking time off/ working time arrangement1.61.61.51.61.41.81.71.5
Laid off0.20.10.10.00.10.10.10.1
Other reason/ unspecified1.81.81.91.91.51.92.11.9
 
Females
In total100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
At work81.781.887.984.570.684.385.287.8
Temporarily absent, total18.318.212.115.529.415.714.812.2
Illness4.04.04.33.83.84.34.73.5
Holiday8.18.52.55.321.04.93.73.6
Taking time off/ working time arrangement1.41.20.71.50.81.71.50.9
Laid off0.10.00.00.00.00.00.00.0
Other reason/ unspecified4.74.54.54.93.84.94.84.2

Table 14 
Employed persons aged 15-74 and absence from work during the whole reference week, by reason for absence and sex (LFS). 1 000

Employed persons aged 15-74 and absence from work during the whole reference week, by reason for absence and sex (LFS). 1 000
Annual average1st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 20182nd quarter 2018
20162017
Both sexes
In total2 6382 6472 6212 6562 6582 6522 6602 697
At work2 2112 2172 3452 2991 9382 2852 3132 407
Temporarily absent, total427430276357720367347290
Illness87909684849611180
Holiday2112206414353613510296
Taking time off/ working time arrangement4037304130464232
Laid off42211121
Other reason/ unspecified8482838969889180
 
Males
In total1 3881 3941 3811 3971 4011 3961 4041 428
At work1 1901 1921 2561 2351 0501 2271 2421 293
Temporarily absent, total198202125162351169162135
Illness3739423636435135
Holiday1101143376273735550
Taking time off/ working time arrangement2322212319252421
Laid off31201121
Other reason/ unspecified2526272721273028
 
Females
In total1 2501 2531 2401 2591 2571 2561 2561 269
At work1 0211 0251 0891 0648871 0581 0701 114
Temporarily absent, total229228151195370198186155
Illness5051544847535945
Holiday1021063167264624746
Taking time off/ working time arrangement171591810211811
Laid off10000010
Other reason/ unspecified5957566148616153

Table 15 
Employed persons aged 15-74, and average number of man-weeks worked (a 37.5 hours) per week, by sex and status. 1 000. Actual working hours, by sex and status. Hours per week

Employed persons aged 15-74, and average number of man-weeks worked (a 37.5 hours) per week, by sex and status. 1 000. Actual working hours, by sex and status. Hours per week
Annual Average1st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 20182nd quarter 2018
20162017
Employed persons total
Both sexes
Total2 6382 6472 6212 6562 6582 6522 6602 697
Salaried employees2 4572 4712 4442 4802 4802 4812 4862 525
Self-employed176172174173175169171169
Family workers43242234
Males
Total1 3881 3941 3811 3971 4011 3961 4041 428
Salaried employees1 2631 2741 2621 2771 2801 2781 2861 309
Self-employed122118117118119117116117
Family workers21111111
Females
Total1 2501 2531 2401 2591 2571 2561 2561 269
Salaried employees1 1941 1971 1821 2031 2001 2031 2001 215
Self-employed5354565456515552
Family workers21121113
 
Employed persons at work
Both sexes
Total2 2112 2172 3452 2981 9372 2862 3122 407
Salaried employees2 0522 0632 1842 1391 7982 1332 1592 253
Self-employed155150158156137150151150
Family workers42242223
Males
Total1 1901 1921 2561 2351 0501 2271 2421 292
Salaried employees1 0801 0871 1481 1269541 1221 1371 188
Self-employed10810410710795105104104
Family workers21111111
Females
Total1 0211 0251 0891 0648871 0581 0701 114
Salaried employees9729761 0361 0138441 0121 0221 065
Self-employed4647524842454747
Family workers21121112
 
Man-weeks worked
Both sexes
Total2 0062 0162 1622 0231 7992 0802 0612 122
Salaried employees1 8451 8601 9981 8631 6531 9281 9101 967
Self-employed159154163158145152151154
Family workers21121111
Males
Total1 1671 1661 2461 1671 0491 2041 1881 231
Salaried employees1 0471 0531 1281 0529421 0911 0801 118
Self-employed119112117114106112108113
Family workers10010000
Females
Total839850916856750876873890
Salaried employees798807869811711836830849
Self-employed4042464439394241
Family workers11010111
 
Actual working hours per week
Both sexes
Total34.034.134.633.034.934.133.533.1
Salaried employees33.733.834.332.734.533.933.232.7
Self-employed38.738.538.637.939.637.937.338.3
Family workers15.614.911.219.112.014.114.416.1
Males
Total36.836.737.235.537.536.835.935.7
Salaried employees36.436.436.935.137.136.535.635.3
Self-employed41.340.741.139.841.940.339.140.8
Family workers16.113.28.119.216.07.410.512.5
Females
Total30.931.131.630.231.731.130.630.0
Salaried employees30.831.031.530.031.631.030.529.9
Self-employed32.533.533.333.834.532.533.532.9
Family workers15.216.114.119.08.518.418.617.9

Table 16 
Employees aged 15-74 with temporary jobs, by major industry division (LFS). 1000

Employees aged 15-74 with temporary jobs, by major industry division (LFS). 1000
Annual average1st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 20182nd quarter 2018
20162017
Total215209190213229202196210
01-03 Agriculture, forestry and fishing33135234
05-39 Mining etc., manufacture, power and water supply111313111613910
41-43 Construction108899889
45-47 Wholesale and retail trade: repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles2423172326241719
49-53 Transportation and storage6858108810
55-56 Accommodation and food service activities101181114111111
58-63 Information and communication44444336
64-66 Financial and insurance activities11111110
68-82 Real estate, scientific, technical, administrative and support service activities2324202325282427
84 Public adm., defence, soc. security131214141391110
85 Education3128312925283228
86-88 Human health and social work activities6561556367585763
90-99 Other service activities1311101113101111

Table 17 
Employees aged 15-74 with temporary jobs, by major industry division (LFS). In per cent of all employees

Employees aged 15-74 with temporary jobs, by major industry division (LFS). In per cent of all employees
Annual average1st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 20182nd quarter 2018
20162017
Total8.88.47.88.69.28.27.98.3
01-03 Agriculture, forestry and fishing11.29.13.210.516.86.010.813.8
05-39 Mining etc., manufacture, power and water supply3.94.64.43.95.54.53.33.5
41-43 Construction5.44.64.74.84.74.04.44.7
45-47 Domestic trade, car repair shop7.06.65.06.67.57.25.25.7
49-53 Transportation and storage4.46.34.26.37.96.56.48.6
55-56 Accomommodation and food service activities14.714.210.914.818.213.012.613.7
58-63 Information and communication4.54.14.24.64.43.33.56.2
64-66 Financial and insurance activities1.82.02.61.51.91.91.90.7
68-82 Real estate, scientific, technical, administrative and support service activities8.48.97.78.59.29.98.69.5
84 Public adm., defence, soc. security7.56.87.77.86.94.85.85.5
85 Education13.913.214.013.811.813.114.612.9
86-88 Human health and social work activities12.511.710.712.012.911.211.011.8
90-99 Other service activities14.112.112.011.813.910.711.611.1

Table 18 
Unemployed persons aged 15-74, by sex and age (LFS). 1 000 and per cent

Unemployed persons aged 15-74, by sex and age (LFS). 1 000 and per cent
Annual average1st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 20182nd quarter 2018
20162017
Unemployed
Both sexes
In total131117122126114105110109
15-24 years4239394739333140
25-54 years8068727166647362
55-74 years1091089877
Males
In total7968727265636563
15-24 years2423232723191924
25-54 years4939414136374235
55-74 years76856734
Females
In total5249505349434546
15-24 years1817162016141216
25-54 years3129313029273127
55-74 years33334232
 
Unemployed as per cent of the labour force
Both sexes
In total4.74.24.44.54.13.84.03.9
15-24 years11.310.811.212.610.49.18.810.8
25-54 years4.33.73.93.83.53.53.93.3
55-74 years1.81.71.91.51.71.51.21.2
Males
In total5.44.64.94.94.44.34.44.2
15-24 years12.812.112.513.911.910.210.512.3
25-54 years4.94.04.24.13.73.84.33.5
55-74 years2.32.12.61.81.92.21.21.5
Females
In total4.03.83.94.13.83.33.53.5
15-24 years9.89.49.711.28.98.06.99.2
25-54 years3.53.43.63.43.33.13.53.1
55-74 years1.31.11.11.21.60.71.31.0

Table 19 
Unemployed persons aged 15-74, by duration of job search (LFS). 1 000 and per cent

Unemployed persons aged 15-74, by duration of job search (LFS). 1 000 and per cent
Annual average1st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 20182nd quarter 2018
20162017
Total131117122126114105110109
1-4 weeks2524282426182329
5-13 weeks2724242522252219
14-26 weeks2218192215171818
27-39 weeks75465444
40-52 weeks2318162019171716
53 weeks and over1516191315181412
 
Total100100100100100100100100
1-4 weeks1921231923172127
5-13 weeks2121202019242017
14-26 weeks1715161713161617
27-39 weeks54354444
40-52 weeks1815131617161515
53 weeks and over1114161013171311
 
Average duration (weeks)30.531.531.529.731.933.331.029.4

Table 20 
Unemployed persons aged 15-74, by main activity (LFS). 1 000

Unemployed persons aged 15-74, by main activity (LFS). 1 000
Annual average1st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 20182nd quarter 2018
20162017
Total131117122126114105110109
Home working22221212
Attended school, studied3131294030232331
Unemployed8775797373747967
Other activities/Unspecified1110121010687

Table 21 
Unemployed and underemployed persons aged 15-74, by sex and desired working hours per week. Number of man-weeks (of 37,5 hours) supplied (LFS). 1 000

Unemployed and underemployed persons aged 15-74, by sex and desired working hours per week. Number of man-weeks (of 37,5 hours) supplied (LFS). 1 000
Annual average1st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 20182nd quarter 2018
20162017
1Includes the number of man-weeks desired by the unemployed persons and the desired man-weeks minus the present man-weeks of the underemployed persons
Both sexes
Unemployed persons
Total131117122126114105110109
1-19 hours2021241824171913
20-36 hours3024223522192033
37 hours or more8172767268707263
Average working hours desired (hours per week)3232323231333233
Number of man-weeks desired1139910310695929595
Underemployed persons
Total7661675860596362
1-19 hours54532563
20-36 hours2724272126222523
37 hours or more4333363432313235
Average working hours desired (hours per week)3434343434333335
Desired man-weeks subtracted present man-weeks2923252122222324
 
Number of man-weeks supplied, total1142122128127117114118119
 
Males
Unemployed persons
Total7968727265636563
1-19 hours9911412894
20-36 hours1412921106919
37 hours or more5647514843484740
Average working hours desired (hours per week)3433333332343434
Number of man-weeks desired7160636456575957
Underemployed persons
Total2518211716182119
1-19 hours21211231
20-36 hours75744456
37 hours or more1712131211131312
Average working hours desired (hours per week)3434343534343335
Desired man-weeks subtracted present man-weeks118987898
 
Number of man-weeks supplied, total18268727263656865
 
Women
Unemployed persons
Total5249505349434546
1-19 hours11121214139119
20-36 hours1613121412121114
37 hours or more2524262525222423
Average working hours desired (hours per week)3030303030313031
Number of man-weeks desired4139404239353738
Underemployed persons
Total5143464144404243
1-19 hours32322332
20-36 hours2119201621192017
37 hours or more2721232321191923
Average working hours desired (hours per week)3434333434333335
Desired man-weeks subtracted present man-weeks1815161316141416
 
Number of man-weeks supplied, total15954565555495154

Table 22 
Employed persons 15-74, by sex and region of residence (LFS). 1000

Employed persons 15-74, by sex and region of residence (LFS). 1000
Annual average1st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 20182nd quarter 2018
20162017
Both sexes
Total2 6372 6472 6212 6562 6582 6522 6602 697
Østfold131132129133133132134138
Akershus314317311319321318311309
Oslo365367367366365370373384
Hedmark9697959797999695
Oppland9190909289889392
Buskerud138137139136137138136139
Vestfold120123122125123123125126
Telemark8082808383828083
Aust-Agder5253525453545454
Vest-Agder8687878788878790
Rogaland243237233239239237238241
Hordaland271266261268268266268271
Sogn og Fjordane5556565756575858
Møre og Romsdal127131129132130132132131
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)16016416416316516500
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)69676869666700
Nordland118117117118119116121123
Troms - Romsa8685868386858486
Finnmark - Finnmárku3737353638383738
 
Males
Total1 3881 3941 3811 3971 4011 3961 4041 428
Østfold7070707170707271
Akershus165167166167166168166165
Oslo187189188188189192193201
Hedmark4951515051515151
Oppland4846464846444647
Buskerud7273737274757476
Vestfold6365646565656566
Telemark4244434446444345
Aust-Agder2728262828292828
Vest-Agder4345434546464747
Rogaland134129127130132128127131
Hordaland142138138140138137139142
Sogn og Fjordane2930293130313131
Møre og Romsdal6968696968666969
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)83878685888800
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)39373738353600
Nordland6061616262606362
Troms - Romsa4545444446464547
Finnmark - Finnmárku1920181921212122
 
Females
Total1 2501 2531 2401 2591 2571 2561 2561 269
Østfold6162596263626267
Akershus149150145151155150145144
Oslo177178179178176178180183
Hedmark4646444746484644
Oppland4344444444454645
Buskerud6664666462636263
Vestfold5758586058585960
Telemark3838373937373738
Aust-Agder2526252725252626
Vest-Agder4342444242414043
Rogaland109108106108108109112111
Hordaland129128123128130129129129
Sogn og Fjordane2526272626262728
Møre og Romsdal5862596362656362
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)78787878777700
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)30313130313100
Nordland5756565658555861
Troms - Romsa4040423940393939
Finnmark - Finnmárku1717171717171616

Table 23 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by sex and region of residence (LFS), as per cent of all persons in each group

Employed persons aged 15-74, by sex and region of residence (LFS), as per cent of all persons in each group
Annual average1st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 20182nd quarter 2018
20162017
Both sexes
Total67.066.766.367.067.066.766.867.6
Østfold60.357.757.458.057.957.458.960.7
Akershus69.469.068.469.569.568.867.967.8
Oslo71.871.471.571.670.971.471.272.7
Hedmark63.764.563.864.564.465.164.563.3
Oppland65.564.564.165.964.263.965.765.7
Buskerud66.366.767.166.966.566.565.266.5
Vestfold64.266.065.766.166.365.966.766.4
Telemark61.363.761.464.564.964.262.065.4
Aust-Agder60.660.960.461.860.860.860.861.2
Vest-Agder63.462.462.863.061.662.361.762.5
Rogaland69.368.166.568.569.368.268.770.0
Hordaland68.868.167.068.868.867.869.170.0
Sogn og Fjordane67.870.470.470.770.370.270.871.1
Møre og Romsdal66.866.365.167.365.767.366.365.7
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)67.467.668.167.267.667.40.00.0
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)67.867.267.268.466.366.90.00.0
Nordland63.964.063.363.566.263.365.966.6
Troms - Romsa67.967.368.166.366.668.267.369.9
Finnmark - Finnmárku66.764.263.363.066.264.164.265.5
 
Males
Total69.168.968.469.169.168.869.170.2
Østfold62.761.361.461.461.660.863.763.4
Akershus71.772.071.972.271.572.371.671.9
Oslo73.672.973.072.972.673.273.075.4
Hedmark66.167.067.866.867.266.366.765.9
Oppland65.964.564.168.063.962.264.866.3
Buskerud68.069.367.668.970.270.568.970.3
Vestfold66.868.969.968.268.768.669.768.8
Telemark65.868.165.668.170.368.665.568.8
Aust-Agder64.461.960.862.461.962.260.461.2
Vest-Agder65.065.164.165.065.266.266.865.2
Rogaland72.671.269.171.673.171.270.373.6
Hordaland69.868.568.869.468.567.369.771.6
Sogn og Fjordane71.971.771.873.171.570.371.071.1
Møre og Romsdal69.167.767.469.266.767.467.266.6
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)68.969.870.568.870.169.70.00.0
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)72.170.168.872.468.770.50.00.0
Nordland63.564.763.064.567.164.267.066.9
Troms - Romsa69.869.870.168.569.171.670.973.5
Finnmark - Finnmárku65.765.561.962.470.167.567.168.5
 
Females
Total64.964.564.064.964.764.564.465.0
Østfold57.854.153.354.654.354.154.258.2
Akershus67.066.164.866.767.565.364.163.6
Oslo69.969.869.970.269.269.769.469.9
Hedmark61.361.959.762.361.764.062.160.5
Oppland65.164.564.263.864.565.666.765.1
Buskerud64.664.066.664.762.762.361.362.4
Vestfold61.563.161.763.963.963.063.863.9
Telemark57.059.257.260.859.259.658.461.9
Aust-Agder56.960.059.961.259.559.261.361.3
Vest-Agder61.959.861.561.158.258.556.659.6
Rogaland65.764.763.765.165.065.167.066.1
Hordaland67.667.765.268.169.168.468.468.3
Sogn og Fjordane63.768.968.968.068.970.070.571.2
Møre og Romsdal64.364.962.665.364.667.265.464.6
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)65.865.365.765.665.064.90.00.0
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)62.964.065.363.963.763.10.00.0
Nordland64.363.463.562.465.362.264.766.3
Troms - Romsa66.064.766.264.064.064.663.566.1
Finnmark - Finnmárku67.762.664.963.861.860.260.761.8

Table 24 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by occupation and sex. Annual average. Per cent

Employed persons aged 15-74, by occupation and sex. Annual average. Per cent
20162017
Both sexesMalesFemalesBoth sexesMalesFemales
In total100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
1. Managers7.89.26.28.510.06.9
2. Professionals26.820.833.627.121.033.8
3. Technicians and associate professionals16.618.514.416.217.814.4
4. Clerical support workers5.84.57.35.64.76.5
5. Service and sales workers20.612.629.521.012.830.0
6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers1.92.71.01.92.70.9
7. Craft and related trades workers9.316.91.09.216.70.9
8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers5.99.71.65.89.61.6
0,9. Other occupations5.35.15.44.84.65.0

Table 25 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by occupation and sex. Annual average. 1 000

Employed persons aged 15-74, by occupation and sex. Annual average. 1 000
20162017
Both sexesMalesFemalesBoth sexesMalesFemales
In total2 6381 3881 2502 6471 3941 253
1. Managers2051277822513986
2. Professionals708288420717293424
3. Technicians and associate professionals437257180428248180
4. Clerical support workers15462911476682
5. Service and sales workers544175369555179376
6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers503812493811
7. Craft and related trades workers2462341224423311
8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers1551352015413420
0,9. Other occupations13971681276463

Table 26 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by occupation, sector and sex. Annual average. 1000

Employed persons aged 15-74, by occupation, sector and sex. Annual average. 1000
2017
All sectorsPrivate sector and public enterprisesPublic sector
Both sexesMalesFemalesBoth sexesMalesFemalesBoth sexesMalesFemales
In total2 6521 3981 2541 7841 127657853262591
1. Managers2291418817712057522131
2. Professionals723294430317183134405110295
3. Technicians and associate professionals435253183333210123994158
4. Clerical support workers1486682125606522517
5. Service and sales workers54717537233012420621350163
6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers493810473710211
7. Craft and related trades workers2422311123422410551
8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers1541351914913018431
0,9. Other occupations1256560723835502624

Table 27 
Employed persons ages 15-74, by occupation and major industry division. Annual average. 1000

Employed persons ages 15-74, by occupation and major industry division. Annual average. 1000
2017
In total1. Managers2. Professionals3. Technicians and associate professionals4. Clerical support workers5. Service and sales workers6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers7. Craft and related trades workers8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers0,9. Other occupations
00-99 All industries2 64722571742814755549244154127
01-02 Agriculture and forestry410010134121
03 Fishing15112009001
05-09 Oil and gas extraction, mining and quarrying53413143007101
10-33 Manufacturing210271943145050465
35-39 Electricity, gas, water supply32278220424
41-43 Construction21014922931121228
45-47 Domestic trade3585216533415903347
49-53 Transport and storage1341062124903556
55-56 Accommodation and food service activities82101354901210
58-63 Information and communication100126217340102
64-66 Financial and insurance activities5061032100000
68-82 Real estate, tech.adm service3002094762333316529
84 Public administration and defence18323733891203125
85 Education2191116474260006
86-88 Human health and social work activities5401921166921901114
90-99 Other service activities1141329257311225

Table 28 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by sex, occupation and contractual/usual work time. Annual average

Employed persons aged 15-74, by sex, occupation and contractual/usual work time. Annual average
2017
TotalPart-timePercent Part-timeFull-timePercent Full-timeAverage working hours per week
Both sexes
In total2 64766525.11 97274.534.3
1. Managers225135.921294.039.1
2. Professionals71713619.057980.835.8
3. Technicians and associate professionals4287016.435783.535.6
4. Clerical support workers1474128.210571.632.9
5. Service and sales workers55530655.124644.227.8
6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers491223.33876.140.1
7. Craft and related trades workers244156.022993.837.9
8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers1542013.313386.437.6
0,9. Other occupations1275241.17458.330.1
 
Males
In total1 39420414.61 18785.136.6
1. Managers13974.713295.240.0
2. Professionals2933211.126088.837.3
3. Technicians and associate professionals2482610.722189.237.0
4. Clerical support workers661319.75380.134.3
5. Service and sales workers1797441.610357.730.2
6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers38820.03079.541.8
7. Craft and related trades workers233125.222194.738.1
8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers1341511.111988.737.9
0,9. Other occupations641625.34773.933.9
 
Females
In total1 25346236.978662.731.8
1. Managers8677.87992.037.8
2. Professionals42410424.531975.234.7
3. Technicians and associate professionals1804424.213675.633.8
4. Clerical support workers822834.95364.831.7
5. Service and sales workers37623161.514237.826.7
6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers11434.4764.934.6
7. Craft and related trades workers11324.0876.034.1
8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers20627.71470.835.3
0,9. Other occupations633657.12642.326.3

About the statistics

The purpose of the Labour Force Survey is to provide information on the development in employment and unemployment, and on the relationship to the labour market for different groups. The statistics are published quarterly, normally 4 weeks after the end of the quarter.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Concepts and definitions are in accordance with recommendations given by the International Labour Organization (ILO) and EU/Eurostat.

According to the international recommendations persons above a specified age should be classified by their attachment to the labour market in a specified, short period, either a day or a week. In the Norwegian LFS the reference period is one week, and the sample of persons are classified in relation to their situation in that reference week.

Employed persons are persons aged 15-74 who performed work for pay or profit for at least one hour in the reference week, or who were temporarily absent from work because of illness, holidays etc. Conscripts are classified as employed persons. Persons engaged by government measures to promote employment are also included if they receive wages. Persons laid off 100 per cent with a continuous duration of until three months are defined as employed, temporarily absent.

Unemployed persons are persons who were not employed in the reference week, but who had been seeking work during the preceding four weeks, and were available for work in the reference week or within the next two weeks (in 1996-2005 one should be available within two weeks following the time of interview, and until 1996 one should be able to start working in the reference week). Persons laid off 100 per cent are defined as unemployed after three continuous months of leave.

Persons in the labour force are either employed or unemployed. The remaining group of persons is labelled not in the labour force .

Man-hours worked include all actual working hours, i.e. including overtime and excluding absence from work. Persons absent from work are not included in the calculation of actual working hours per week (in average) .

Contractual/usual working hours refer to the weekly number of working hours determined by the working contract. Absence from work because of illness, holidays etc. is not subtracted, and overtime is not included. Employees, whose contractual working hours vary from week to week, give information on both the actual reference week as well as the average of their contractual working hours per week (in the tables published the average numbers are normally used). For employees without contract on working hours, for self-employed and for unpaid family workers, data on their usual weekly working hours are used (as an average of their actual working hours during the last 4 weeks).

Full-time/part-time distinction is based on the contractual/usual working hours. Part-time: 1-36 hours, with exception of persons with 32-36 hours who classify themselves as full-time employed.

Full-time: 37 hours and over, and the cases mentioned above. For persons with more jobs, the working hours in the main and the second job are summarized.

Overtime

Overtime is defined as working hours which exceed the contractual working hours for full-time employees, conducted during a specified reference week. The overtime may be compensated by payment or by time off, or be without any compensation. Up to 2006 these questions were included in the survey only during the 2nd quarter each year. As from 2006 onwards they are included each quarter. 

A major revision of the LFS in 2006 led to a significant break in the time-series for overtime, i.e. lower estimates than published earlier. This was mostly due to changes in the questionnaire concerning working time.

Statistics on overtime include employees working full-time only. For persons with more jobs, the working hours in the main and the second job are summarized in order to classify them as either part- or full-time workers, as in LFS statistics generally.

For those with more jobs, overtime hours in the main job only are included. By calculating the overtime hours as a share of the total number of man-hours worked among full-time employees, the working hours in the second job are, however, included in the denominator. Persons temporarily absent from work are included in the denominator while calculating the share of employees working overtime, mainly to avoid seasonal variations.

Employees who just had an occasional job in the reference week, and on-call workers, are not asked about overtime, but they are included in the denominator if they were full-time employed in the reference week.

As from 2007 imputation is used concerning the overtime variables in case of proxy interviews and partial non-response.

Involuntary part-time employment comprises part-time employed persons seeking longer contractual/usual working hours by registering at the Employment Offices, advertising, contacting present employer etc., and who were able to start with increased working hours within a month.

Permanence of the job

The employees are asked whether they have a permanent job (a work contract of unlimited duration) or a temporary job (a work contract of limited duration). If the person has more than one job, only the main job is classified by permanence.

There are two kinds of working arrangements outside ordinary hours (Monday to Friday from 6 am to 6 pm).

  • Shift work is usually understood as working time outside normally working hours. What counts in the survey as shift work is based on the evaluation of the respondent. For respondents who have not answered the question on shift work, the value is imputed based on the answers they have given with regard to evening, night, Saturday and Sunday work.
  • Work outside ordinary hours, not shift work. This refers to work on evenings, nights, Saturdays and Sundays which is not shift work. Evening work is defined as work between 6 pm and 10 pm. Night work is between 10 pm and 6 am. Respondents who report that they work on one or more of these working time schedules outside ordinary hours are also asked about the frequency of this kind of work during a four week period. This is done for each of the working time schedule separately. Based on this, the work outside regularly hours is divided into the categories "regularly" or "sometimes". For evening and night work, the respondent must have this kind of work on at least half of their working days in the four week period to be defined as having regularly evening work and/or regularly night work. For work on weekends, they must work 2-4 Saturdays and/or 2-4 Sundays during the four week period to be defined as having regularly Saturday and/or Sunday work. The respondents who have these kinds of working schedules, but more seldom than indicated above, are defined as sometimes having this kind of work.

Working hour arrangements outside ordinary daytime are based on the contract for the employees, and on usual working time pattern for the self-employed. Up to 2006 these questions were included in the survey only during the 2nd quarter each year. As from 2006 onwards they are included each quarter, but only for ¼ of the sample, and the results are published once a year: Labour force survey. Patterns of working time.

Course participation refers to job related courses which the respondent was paid to attend. Only courses received during a period of four weeks are included. Up to 2006 these questions were asked only during the 2nd quarter each year. As from 2006 onwards they are included each quarter to the whole sample. Labour force survey. Education and training.

As from 2006 the definition of age was changed from completed years at the end of the year to completed years at the time of the reference week.

The persons are classified by marital status as unmarried, married and previously married according to information given by the respondents. Previously married includes widows, widowers, separated and divorced persons. In the tables married women include cohabitants.

Immigrants are defined as persons born abroad by foreign-born parents who have emigrated toNorway. In statistics based on the Labour Force Survey (LFS) they are divided in two groups by country of birth:

1) Immigrants from EU/EFTA-countries,North-America,AustraliaandNew Zealand. 

2) Immigrants from Eastern Europe except EU, Asia, Africa, Latin America and Oceania except Australia and New Zealand.

Standard classifications

The industrial classification is in accordance with the Standard Industrial Classification (NOS D 383), which is based on the EU-standard of NACE Rev. 2.

The occupational classification is based on the International Standard Classification of Occupations 2008 (ISCO-08). The Norwegian standard has been named STYRK-08 (Notater 17/2011). 

The educational classification is in accordance with the Norwegian Standard Classification of Education (NOS C617).

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Labour force survey
Topic: Labour market and earnings

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Labour Market and Wage Statistics

Regional level

County and the whole country.

Frequency and timeliness

Quarterly and annual, but monthly publishing of some key figures seasonally adjusted (averages of the last 3 months). Quarterly figures are normally published 5 weeks after the end of the quarter.

International reporting

The quarterly data files are sent to Eurostat. Tables are sent each month/quarter/year to Eurostat, OECD, ILO and IMF, as well as to the Nordic Yearbook.

Microdata

The basic material (survey results from the interviewers) as well as the statistical files (on the basis of revision and estimation procedures) are stored.

Background

Background and purpose

The main purpose of the survey is to provide data on employment and unemployment, and data on the labour force participation in different sections of the population. The Norwegian LFS started in 1972. For information about the history of the survey, and about breaks in the time-series, please cf. Labour Force Survey 2001 (NOS C748).

Users and applications

The surveys give information to the Labour Market Authorities and other users about the situation on the labour market, and provide data for labour force research and forecasts, as well as for international organizations and mass media.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 08 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given inthe Statistics Release Calendar.

For more information, see Principles for equal treatment of users in releasing statistics and analyses

Coherence with other statistics

The results from the LFS are used in the National Accounts Statistics.

For statistics at regional levels (counties and municipalities), the Registerbased Employment Statistics are recommended. These statistics also give figures on employees who are immigrants.

Statistics Norway also produces statistics on selected industries based on data from the establishments, containing figures on employment, compensation of employees, value of production and capital formation etc. These statistics contain more detailed information about each industry than it is possible to give from the LFS and the National Accounts Statistics.

Statistics on unemployed persons at the Employment Offices and government measures to promote employment are compiled by NAV on the basis of registers of unemployed persons and applicants for work.

The figures on unemployment based on the LFS differ from the figures on unemployed persons registered at the Employment Offices. The LFS-figures also include unemployed persons not registered at the Employment Offices, some of the participants in government measures to promote employment and some of the disabled persons. On the other hand, some of the registered unemployed are not classified as unemployed in the LFS, on the basis of the information given on seeking and availability for work. As from 2006 persons on lay-off (until 3 months) are no longer classified as unemployed, but as employed persons (temporarily absent from work) in the LFS, while they still are classified as unemployed in the registerbased statistics. However, if the period of lay-off exceeds 3 months, they are classified as unemployed in the LFS as well.

The Population and Housing Censuses (each 10th year) give statistics on employment during the last 12 months, in addition to the situation in a specified reference week. As from 2001 onwards employment data based on administrative registers are used. Statistics on labour conflicts and working days lost are compiled by Statistics Norway on the basis of information supplied mostly by the labour and employers's organizations. The Surveys of Level of Living (by Statistics Norway) give information on physical working environment as well as organizational working conditions.

The main source to describe the situation for the immigrants on the labour market is the registerbased statistics on employment and unemployment. By using data from the LFS as a supplement we will achieve still more information regarding this group, for example on actual and desired working hours, temporary employment and patterns of working time. Moreover the LFS has more data than the registers on job seeking and desire for work.

The main problem using the LFS for statistics on immigrants is the size of the sample and the statistical uncertainty. The group of immigrants in Norway is rather heterogeneous regarding their situation on the labour market, and therefore it is required to divide among at least two groups in the presentation of statistics. A further dividing by other variables will require long time-series in order to draw any conclusions.

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§ 2-2 and 2-3.

EEA reference

Council Regulation (EC) nos 577/98, 1991/2002 and 2257/2003, and Commission Regulation nos 1575/2000, 1897/2000, 2104/2002, 430/2005 and 377/2008.

Production

Population

The total population aged 15-74 is covered by the LFS. Up to 2006 the group was 16-74, and age defined as completed years at the end of the year. As from 2006 age is defined as completed years at the time of the reference week. Observation unit: person.

Data sources and sampling

The main source for the LFS is quarterly, representative sample surveys based on interview by telephone.

Inhabitants in all municipalities are randomly selected, on the basis of a register of family units. The sample consists of about 12 000 family units (24 000 persons) each quarter. Each family member aged 15-74 participates in the survey, answering questions about their situation during a specified reference week. As from 1996 each family participates in the survey 8 times during a period of 8 quarters (before 1996: 4 times during 6 quarters). Up to 1996 a two stage sampling procedure was applied. For more information, please cf. Labour Force Survey 2001 (NOS C748).

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Interview by telephone. Information from previous interviews are used while asking about any changes in the situation, instead of the same, comprehensive data collection every time. For the coding of industry, information from some registers is also used. Demographic data are collected from the Central Population Register, and data on education are based on a register of individual data collected by Statistics Norway from the educational institutions (but questions are also asked to get more updated information).

The respondent is usually the same person as the observation unit (but proxy interviews are done if it is not possible to get in contact with the observation unit; 14-15 per cent of the interviews are done by asking near family members). Data are collected weekly, i.e. the LFS is a continuous survey (all weeks are covered). Up to 1st quarter 1996 (from 2nd quarter 1988) the survey was based on one reference week each month, and in previous years on one week each quarter. Participation in the survey is compulsory, but compulsory fines are not used.

As the data collection is made by use of computer-assisted interviews, some procedures for electronic control of the registration of answers are included in the questionnaire, for example concerning the number of working hours during the reference week. In some cases the interviewers become a "warning" by recording an answer, in other cases maximum or minimum values have been set beforehand.

The analysis unit is person. The absolute numbers from the LFS are presented in the form of estimated total for the entire population aged 15-74. The weights or inflation factors vary, but have an average of about 195 for quarterly figures in 2017.

 The estimation method uses more demographic data and register information relevant to the connection to the labour market in order to minimize standard errors and correct more for bias in the response sample in LFS since the nonresponse is not random. New method was launched in April 2018, is also used on LFS data back to 2006 to get the most comparable time series.

The estimation method in LFS is done in several stages, and are called multiple model calibration (MMK). Initially, the main labor market status of LFS, which is employed, unemployed, outside the workforce, are modeled consistent with a multinomial logit model, explained with a number of register variables known to all in the population. The register information are registered completely unemployed, on measures and persons with disabilities at NAV, register information on disability pensioners, education level, marital status, family size and immigrant category, country of origin, gender and age, residence, and information from the A scheme and the Tax Recovery Register. The model provides predictive probabilities every month for each main labor market status in LFS for everybody in the population.

The monthly weights in LFS are calibrated using these predicted probabilities and some register variables directly[1]. This means that the weights also become consistent with the population for the number in the population register by gender, different age groups and region, as well as consistent weights for the number of full / part-time wage earners by gender and registered employed (yes/no) cross classified by immigrants in 2 groups.

Multiple model calibration provides some variance reduction, utilizing more efficiently that we have available good help information about everyone in the population from various registries that Statistics Norway has linked.

The initial weights before calibration are the ratio of the number of people in the population to the gross sample per. county (NUTS3), and takes into account that people in different counties have different probabilities of being selected to LFS sample.

For more detailed technical information about the new estimation method, please see Documents 2018/16 [https://www.ssb.no/en/arbeid-og-lonn/artikler-og-publikasjoner/new-estimation-methodology-for-the-norwegian-labour-force-survey]

Week-proportional weighting of the months in quarterly averages

LFS have continuous data collection. In order for all reference weeks to weighted evenly in quarterly averages, we now make week-proportional adjustment of monthly weights in our quarterly averages. That is, the monthly weights are multiplied by 4/13 or 5/13 depending on whether the months in the LFS contain respectively 4 or 5 whole weeks. Weekly proportional weighting of quarterly average has been made on all quarterly figures in our StatBank back to 2006. Before that is the even adjustment off all monthly weights was used, i.e. multiplied by 1/3 for all months.



[1]That the weights are consistent for a register variable, such as gender, means that the sum of the weights in the responses in the LFS equals the number of the population for each category of the register variable, such as the number of men and the number of women in the population

Seasonal adjustment

Quarterly figures from LFS are not seasonally adjusted

Confidentiality

Not relevant

Comparability over time and space

New estimation method published in April 2018 uses more registers that will reduce nonresponse bias and sample uncertainty. This leads to a slightly lower level of employed and almost correspondingly higher levels for people outside the workforce than the previous method. The total number of unemployed changes only a little. To get the most comparable figures, the time series are revised back to 2006 in our StatBank. However, the adjustments vary slightly between groups and over time.

Breaks in the series up to 2001 are described in the publication Labour Force Survey 2001 (NOS C748).

The concepts in LFS are defined in accordance with international recommendations, cf item 4.1, to ensure comparability among the countries.

As from 2006 the LFS was revised, mainly to be in accordance with the EU-requirements based on new ILO recommendations. Some definitions and parts of the questionnaire were changed, and some new variables were added. As from 2006 age is defined as completed years at the time of the reference week, instead of completed years at the end of the year, as earlier. Moreover the lower age limit to be covered by the survey was lowered from 16 to 15, in accordance with the surveys in other countries.

These changes from 2006 led to breaks in the time-series for the LFS estimates. The revised survey gives some lower estimates for unemployment (1 000 persons as an annual average for 2006) and some higher estimates for employment (8 000 in 2006). A break in the time series also occured for the estimates of actual working hours per week and man-hours worked. For more information, please cf. http://www.ssb.no/aku_en/. Quarterly data for 2006 are published according to both the revised and the unrevised LFS, in order to improve the comparability for the figures between 2006 and 2005. The breaks in the time-series were most significant for figures divided by age groups.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

In all surveys errors may occur in connection with both the collection and the processing of data. The use of proxy interviews (asking near family members instead of the observation unit) often increase the problems of measurement. As an average the employment is underestimated because of proxy interviews.

The size of the nonresponse as a percentage of the gross sample has varied widely since the LFS began in 1972. The 20 first years were generally around 10-12 percent. In the years 1992-1997 it was particularly low, only 6-8 percent. Subsequently, the nonresponse rate gradually increased to 21 per cent in 2013. After systematic work,  the nonresponse has been reduced to around 16 per cent in 2017.

 Correction for total non-response is done in the estimating procedure. Partial non-response is adjusted for some variables.

Variance

The standard error for the quarterly average for the number of unemployed aged 15-74 is around 4600 in 2017. It corresponds to a coefficient of variation of 3.9 per cent. The standard error for the quarterly average for the number of employed aged 15-74 in LFS is about 8600 people in 2017. The coefficient of variation for employment figures will then be around 0.29 percent. More calculations will later be published in our StatBank.

If the reader wants an indication of the size of the standard error for quarterly figures and annual averages for other variables or group divisions, see the table below. These indications are only guiding, and can not be interpreted as precise calculations for any variable. Changes between two surveys will usually have the same absolute uncertainty as the two figures which are compared.

 

 

Indication of the standard error for other variables than in StatBank table 09937 and 09938

 
 

Quarterly figures

 

Annual averages

 

Absolute figures

As per cent of estimated value

Absolute figures

As per cent of estimated value

 
           

5 000

800

16,0

500

10,0

 

7 000

900

12,9

600

8,6

 

10 000

1 100

11,0

700

7,0

 

20 000

1 600

8,0

1 100

5,5

 

30 000

1 900

6,3

1 300

4,3

 

40 000

2 200

5,5

1 500

3,8

 

50 000

2 500

5,0

1 700

3,4

 

60 000

2 700

4,5

1 800

3,0

 

70 000

2 900

4,1

1 900

2,7

 

100 000

3 500

3,5

2 300

2,3

 

200 000

4 800

2,4

3 200

1,6

 

300 000

5 800

1,9

3 900

1,3

 

400 000

6 600

1,7

4 400

1,1

 

500 000

7 200

1,4

4 800

1,0

 

1 000 000

9 100

0,9

6 100

0,6

 

1 700 000

9 600

0,6

6 400

0,4

 

2 000 000

9 100

0,5

6 100

0,3

 

Revision

Not relevant