287371
/en/arbeid-og-lonn/statistikker/aku/kvartal
287371
statistikk
2018-01-25T08:00:00.000Z
Labour market and earnings;Immigration and immigrants;Labour market and earnings
en
aku, Labour force survey, LFS, labour market, employees, unemployed, economically active, labour force, labour force status, employees by industry, underemployment, part-time work, hours of work, temporary staffEmployment , Labour market and earnings, Unemployment , Immigration and immigrants, Labour market and earnings
true

Labour force survey

Updated

Next update

Key figures

69.4 %

in the labour force

 

Population aged 15-74, by labour force status and sex
4th quarter 20174th quarter 2016 - 4th quarter 2017
Absolute numbersPer centChange in absolute numbersChange in percentage points
Labour force
Both sexes2 760 00069.44 000-0.4
Males1 460 00072.01 000-0.4
Females1 300 00066.84 000-0.3
 
Employed persons
Both sexes2 655 00066.820 0000.1
Males1 398 00068.911 0000.1
Females1 258 00064.69 0000.0
 
Unemployed
Both sexes105 0003.8-15 000-0.6
Males63 0004.3-10 000-0.7
Females42 0003.2-6 000-0.5

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Population aged 15-74 by labour force status (LFS) and sex. 1000

Population aged 15-74 by labour force status (LFS) and sex. 1000
Annual average3rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 2017
20162017
Persons, total
Both sexes3 9343 9653 9393 9483 9553 9613 9693 976
Males2 0082 0242 0112 0152 0192 0222 0262 029
Females1 9261 9411 9281 9331 9361 9401 9431 947
 
The labour force
Both sexes2 7792 7692 8042 7562 7532 7822 7822 760
Males1 4751 4661 4841 4591 4611 4711 4711 460
Females1 3041 3031 3191 2961 2911 3111 3111 300
 
Employed persons
Both sexes2 6472 6522 6662 6352 6282 6582 6662 655
Males1 3951 3981 4071 3871 3871 4011 4061 398
Females1 2521 2541 2581 2491 2421 2581 2601 258
 
Unemployed
Both sexes132117138120124123115105
Males8068777375706563
Females5249614850535142
 
Persons outside of the labour force
Both sexes1 1551 1961 1351 1931 2021 1801 1871 216
Males533558527556557551555569
Females622638609636645629632647

Table 2 
Population aged 15-74 by labour force status (LFS) and sex. Changes from the same period in the previous year. 1000

Population aged 15-74 by labour force status (LFS) and sex. Changes from the same period in the previous year. 1000
Annual average3rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 2017
20162017
Persons, total
Total3831393534323028
Males1916201717161514
Females1915191816171514
 
Labour force, total
In total7-1011-9-251-224
Males5-94-5-13-12-131
Females2-16-5-1313-84
 
Employed persons
In total-450-12-1411020
Males-730-13-35-111
Females3203-10729
 
Unemployed
In total11-15112-11-11-23-15
Males12-1249-9-17-12-10
Females-1-36-7-26-10-6
 
Persons outside of the labour force
Total3141284558325223
Males1425162229282813
Females171613222942311

Table 3 
Population aged 15-74 by labour force status(LFS) and sex. Per cent

Population aged 15-74 by labour force status(LFS) and sex. Per cent
Annual average3rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 2017
20162017
Labour force in per cent of the population
Both sexes70.669.871.269.869.670.270.169.4
Males73.472.473.872.472.472.872.672.0
Females67.767.168.467.166.767.667.566.8
 
Employed persons in per cent of the population
Both sexes67.366.967.766.766.567.167.266.8
Males69.569.170.068.868.769.369.468.9
Females65.064.665.364.664.164.964.864.6
 
Unemployed persons in per cent of the labour force
Both sexes4.74.24.94.44.54.44.23.8
Males5.44.65.25.05.14.84.44.3
Females4.03.84.63.73.94.03.93.2
 
Outside the labour force in per cent of the population
Both sexes29.430.228.830.230.429.829.930.6
Males26.627.626.227.627.627.227.428.0
Females32.332.931.632.933.332.432.533.2

Table 4 
Persons in the labour force and employed persons aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). 1 000

Persons in the labour force and employed persons aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). 1 000
Annual average3rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 2017
20162017
Labour force
15-74 years
Both sexes2 7792 7692 8042 7562 7532 7822 7822 760
Males1 4751 4661 4841 4591 4611 4711 4711 460
Females1 3041 3031 3191 2961 2911 3111 3111 300
 
15-24 years
Both sexes369362380355350368375356
Males190188194183183190194184
Females179174187172167178181172
 
25-66 years
Both sexes2 3612 3572 3732 3532 3532 3612 3582 357
Males1 2531 2451 2581 2451 2451 2441 2441 245
Females1 1081 1131 1151 1081 1081 1171 1141 112
 
Employed
15-74 years
Both sexes2 6472 6522 6662 6352 6282 6582 6662 655
Males1 3951 3981 4071 3871 3871 4011 4061 398
Females1 2521 2541 2581 2491 2421 2581 2601 258
 
15-24 years
Both sexes328325340321313324336325
Males166166172163162165172166
Females162159168158152160165159
 
25-66 years
Both sexes2 2702 2782 2762 2662 2662 2812 2812 283
Males1 1981 1981 2031 1931 1931 1991 2021 200
Females1 0731 0791 0731 0741 0731 0821 0791 083

Table 5 
Persons in the labour force and employed persons aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). In per cent of the population

Persons in the labour force and employed persons aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). In per cent of the population
Annual average3rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 2017
20162017
Persons in the labour force
15-74 years
Both sexes70.669.871.269.869.670.270.169.4
Males73.472.473.872.472.472.872.672.0
Females67.767.168.467.166.767.667.566.8
 
15-24 years
Both sexes55.354.457.153.152.455.356.453.6
Males55.154.556.352.953.055.356.453.4
Females55.554.457.853.351.955.456.453.8
 
25-66 years
Both sexes82.081.482.381.581.481.781.581.0
Males85.184.185.284.384.284.384.083.7
Females78.878.679.378.678.578.978.878.3
 
Employed persons
15-74 years
Both sexes67.366.967.766.766.567.167.266.8
Males69.569.170.068.868.769.369.468.9
Females65.064.665.364.664.164.964.864.6
 
15-24 years
Both sexes49.248.851.048.146.948.750.649.0
Males48.148.250.147.146.747.949.948.3
Females50.349.552.049.147.249.651.449.7
 
25-66 years
Both sexes78.978.779.078.578.478.978.878.5
Males81.380.981.580.780.781.381.280.7
Females76.376.376.376.276.076.576.376.2

Table 6 
Persons aged 15-74, employed by contractual/usual working hours per week and unemployed, by age and sex (LFS). 1 000

Persons aged 15-74, employed by contractual/usual working hours per week and unemployed, by age and sex (LFS). 1 0001
Annual average3rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 2017
20162017
1Short part-time=1-19 working hours. Long part-time=20-36 working hours, with exception of persons with 32-36 hours who classify themselves as full-time employed. Full-time = 37 or more hours, including the exceptions mentioned above.
15-74 years
Both sexes
Total3 9343 9653 9393 9483 9553 9613 9693 976
Employed persons2 6472 6522 6662 6352 6282 6582 6662 655
Short part-time328318303318328314305326
Long part-time339338345338338344340331
Full time1 9711 9872 0071 9701 9541 9922 0141 989
Not reported working hours9810108988
Unemployed persons132117138120124123115105
 
15-19 years
Both sexes
Total324322323324323323322320
Employed persons109106116106103106109107
Short part-time6463586064685765
Long part-time14102014911136
Full time3032373229263734
Not reported working hours11111122
Unemployed persons2018191618231914
 
20-24 years
Both sexes
Total343343343344344342343344
Employed persons220219224216211218227218
Short part-time7170607375656773
Long part-time3736433435383637
Full time10911011710698113121106
Not reported working hours33432232
Unemployed persons2019211818211917
 
25-54 years
Males
Total1 1071 1121 1081 1101 1091 1101 1141 115
Employed persons935938939932933938942938
Short part-time3535323235353436
Long part-time4449454351494748
Full time854853861855847853859852
Not reported working hours22121212
Unemployed persons4939494544393638
 
Females
Total1 0481 0561 0491 0501 0541 0551 0561 059
Employed persons846850846846845852850852
Short part-time8280778281807881
Long part-time162162156161165160160162
Full time601606611599596609610607
Not reported working hours22233221
Unemployed persons3231393132323227
 
55-66 years
Males
Total367368368368369366366372
Employed persons263260263260259261260262
Short part-time2018211918161819
Long part-time1717161716161816
Full time225226226224225228223227
Not reported working hours00100100
Unemployed persons77678667
 
Females
Total357359357359358359358362
Employed persons226230226228228231229231
Short part-time3935393738353434
Long part-time5452535450555252
Full time133142133135139141143146
Not reported working hours11111100
Unemployed persons32332332
 
67-74 years
Both sexes
Total388404390394397405410404
Employed persons4950504749534947
Short part-time1717161417171718
Long part-time1312121412141211
Full time1920221920222018
Not reported working hours00000000
Unemployed persons00000000

Table 7 
Persons in the labour force aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). 1 000

Persons in the labour force aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). 1 000
Annual average3rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 2017
20162017
Both sexes
Total2 7792 7692 8042 7562 7532 7822 7822 760
15-19 years129125135122121129128121
20-24 years240237245233229239246235
25-29 years306305311306303307308300
30-39 years611612612610610610612615
40-54 years946941952938942943940940
55-66 years499500499499498500498502
67-74 years4950504850535047
 
Males
Total1 4751 4661 4841 4591 4611 4711 4711 460
15-19 years6462666260636660
20-24 years126126128122123127128124
25-29 years160158161157158158159155
30-39 years326325326326323325323328
40-54 years498495501494496495495494
55-66 years270267269268268267266269
67-74 years3134323133373331
 
Females
Total1 3041 3031 3191 2961 2911 3111 3111 300
15-19 years6563696161666261
20-24 years114112117111106112119111
25-29 years146147149149145149149146
30-39 years285287286284287286289287
40-54 years448446451444446448445446
55-66 years229232229231230233232233
67-74 years1816181617161616

Table 8 
Persons in the labour force aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). As per cent of all in each group

Persons in the labour force aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). As per cent of all in each group
Annual average3rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 2017
20162017
Both sexes
15-74 years70.669.871.269.869.670.270.169.4
15-19 years39.838.741.837.737.439.939.937.7
20-24 years69.969.171.467.766.669.971.868.3
25-29 years83.782.484.783.382.383.083.380.9
30-39 years87.686.887.787.286.986.886.786.8
40-54 years86.686.187.185.886.286.385.985.8
55-66 years68.968.668.868.768.568.968.868.4
67-74 years12.712.312.812.112.513.112.111.7
 
Males
15-74 years73.472.473.872.472.472.872.672.0
15-19 years38.137.339.437.035.737.839.736.1
20-24 years71.170.672.367.869.271.772.169.4
25-29 years85.683.486.183.183.983.684.481.7
30-39 years90.689.790.690.889.789.789.290.0
40-54 years88.888.289.388.088.588.588.087.9
55-66 years73.672.673.372.872.572.972.672.3
67-74 years16.616.917.016.217.018.216.515.9
 
Females
15-74 years67.767.168.467.166.767.667.566.8
15-19 years41.640.344.338.439.142.240.239.5
20-24 years68.667.670.567.663.867.971.467.2
25-29 years81.881.383.383.580.782.582.180.0
30-39 years84.383.884.583.483.983.884.183.5
40-54 years84.383.884.883.583.884.083.683.7
55-66 years64.164.664.364.564.364.964.964.4
67-74 years9.07.98.98.18.27.97.87.6

Table 9 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by sex and contractual/usual working hours per week (LFS). 1 000

Employed persons aged 15-74, by sex and contractual/usual working hours per week (LFS). 1 0001
Annual average3rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 2017
20162017
1Part-time = 1-36 hours, with exception of persons with 32-36 working hours who classify themselves as full-time employed. Full-time = 37 hours and over and the cases mentioned above.
Both sexes
Total2 6472 6522 6662 6352 6282 6582 6662 655
Part-time, total668656649656666658644658
Short part-time. 1-9 hours134127116126129126117136
Short part-time. 10-19 hours194191187192199189188190
Long part-time. 20-29 hours176178172180178183176176
Long part-time. 30-36 hours163160173158160161164155
Full time, total1 9711 9872 0071 9701 9541 9922 0141 989
Full time. 32-36 hours177174173173167182177172
Full-time. 37-44 hours1 5961 6211 6281 5951 5981 6181 6421 626
Full-time. 45 hours and more194187201196184187189186
Average contractual/usual working hours34.334.334.734.434.334.434.534.2
 
Males
Total1 3951 3981 4071 3871 3871 4011 4061 398
Part-time, total206206204198209206203207
Short part-time. 1-9 hours5147444850474548
Short part-time. 10-19 hours6767656267656670
Long part-time. 20-29 hours4850495052514748
Long part-time. 30-36 hours4042463841434541
Full time, total1 1861 1881 2001 1851 1751 1911 1991 187
Full time. 32-36 hours8382777880838282
Full-time. 37-44 hours950960962954947961972960
Full-time. 45 hours and more149143157148145143143142
Average contractual/usual working hours36.636.536.936.736.536.636.636.4
 
Females
Total1 2521 2541 2581 2491 2421 2581 2601 258
Part-time, total462450445458456452441451
Short part-time. 1-9 hours8380727880797288
Short part-time. 10-19 hours127124122129132124122121
Long part-time. 20-29 hours128129123130126132128128
Long part-time. 30-36 hours123117128120119118119114
Full time, total786799807784779801814802
Full time. 32-36 hours9493969587999590
Full-time. 37-44 hours645661666641651658670666
Full-time. 45 hours and more4543434739444744
Average contractual/usual working hours31.831.932.231.931.731.932.231.7

Table 10 
Population aged 15-74, by main activity, part-time employment and age (LFS). 1 000

Population aged 15-74, by main activity, part-time employment and age (LFS). 1 0001
Annual average3rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 2017
20162017
1
2The term employed here includes full-time employed persons, as well as part-time workers who consider the employment as their main activity.
15-74 years
Persons
Total3 9343 9653 9393 9483 9553 9613 9693 976
Part-time employees668656649656666658644658
Employed2
Total2 3982 4082 4252 3952 3892 4132 4292 401
Part-time employees427421418426435422416412
Attended school, studied
Total502512475514525516487522
Part-time employees152156142151156158150160
Homeworking
Total4536443736383436
Part-time employees74743464
Early retired/disabled
Total387387383388382380386401
Part-time employees2423282320232425
Retired
Total360383362374377380387387
Part-time employees1616171514171618
Other activities/Unspecified
Total242239251240246235245229
Part-time employees4236373738353339
 
15-19 years
Persons
Total324322323324323323322320
Part-time employees7873787473797071
Employed2
Total3840454138354540
Part-time employees988109986
Attended school, studied
Total266265256266269272257261
Part-time employees6159625857635757
Other activities/Unspecified
Total1917221616161918
Part-time employees86866758
 
20-24 years
Persons
Total343343343344344342343344
Part-time employees108107103107110103103110
Employed2
Total144144154140135148155137
Part-time employees3435373537363432
Attended school, studied
Total149155138157161148146163
Part-time employees6365576465626270
Homeworking
Total22212212
Part-time employees00000000
Other activities/Unspecified
Total4943504645434241
Part-time employees107887578
 
25-54 years
Persons
Total2 1552 1682 1572 1602 1632 1652 1702 174
Part-time employees322326311319332324320327
Employed2
Total1 7181 7201 7291 7161 7131 7211 7241 721
Part-time employees263261257262270259254262
Attended school, studied
Total8591798992948397
Part-time employees2733222933333133
Homeworking
Total3125302525272425
Part-time employees43522342
Early retired/disabled
Total162170154167166167170177
Part-time employees10111199101212
Other activities/Unspecified
Total158163166162169157170154
Part-time employees1718151719181817
 
55-66 years
Persons
Total724728724726727725724734
Part-time employees130121129127121122122120
Employed2
Total465470464465467472471472
Part-time employees107102105105102103104100
Homeworking
Total1181199898
Part-time employees21221011
Early retired/disabled
Total195189197190186187188196
Part-time employees1411161311121211
Retired
Total2532253535303132
Part-time employees23223334
Other activities/Unspecified
Total2728282730282826
Part-time employees53445434
 
67-74 years
Persons
Total388404390394397405410404
Part-time employees3030282929312929
Employed2
Total3235333336373531
Part-time employees1415121416151513
Homeworking
Total11110111
Part-time employees00000000
Retired
Total334350336339341350356354
Part-time employees1413141211141314
Other activities/Unspecified
Total2119212119181819
Part-time employees21222112

Table 11 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by major industry division (LFS). 1 000

Employed persons aged 15-74, by major industry division (LFS). 1 0001
Annual average3rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 2017
20162017
1
Total2 6472 6522 6662 6352 6282 6582 6662 655
01-03 Agriculture, forestry and fishing5554605554545753
05-09 Mining and quarrying5753535251545454
10-33 Manufacturing217212220212212211215211
35-39 Power and water supply, sew./remed.act.3032303335313133
41-43 Construction206212209209210214213213
45-47 Domestic trade, car repair shops360357366359363360355351
49-53 Transportation and storage139132142133125136134134
55-56 Accomm. and food service act.7278746874777882
58-63 Information and communication97102969910099105104
64-66 Financial and insurance act.4751464647485354
68-75 Real estate, profess., scient. and tech.act.182179181180180177181179
77-82 Adm. and support service act.117119123112112119123123
84 Public administration and defence182189185189189190186190
85 Education227219220230225219216217
86-88 Human health and social work act.538541536541535548544538
90-99 Other service act.114114116108110115114114
Unspecified87999674

Table 12 
Average number of man-weeks worked (37.5 hours), by industry division (LFS). 1 000

Average number of man-weeks worked (37.5 hours), by industry division (LFS). 1 0001
Annual average3rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 2017
20162017
1The time series is not adjusted for alternating holidays.
00-99 Total2 0182 0131 7992 1102 1732 0171 7912 073
01-03 Agriculture, forestry and fishing5856615754565855
05-09 Mining and quarrying4744384445434146
10-33 Manufacturing182176163186191178157179
35-39 Electricity, water supply, sewerage, waste management2527232930252327
41-43 Construction171181156182191182161188
45 Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles4243354649413845
46 Wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles8986809196857687
47 Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles127124123135131123117125
49-53 Transportation and storage117108112118111110100111
55-56 Acommodation and food service activities5053494652535254
58-63 Information and communication8285708893857388
64-66 Financial and insurance activities3942314241423747
68-75 Real estate, professional, scientific and technical activities149146121154169143125148
77-82 Administrative and support service activities8886868587868288
84 Public adm., defence, soc. security151153130168170153128160
85 Education155153119175178152121162
86-88 Human health and social work activities362369322383393375329379
90-99 Other service activities7878717484806980

Table 13 
Employed persons aged 15-74 and absence from work during the whole reference week, by reason for absence and sex (LFS). Per cent

Employed persons aged 15-74 and absence from work during the whole reference week, by reason for absence and sex (LFS). Per cent
Annual average3rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 2017
20162017
Both sexes
In total100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
At work83.883.672.287.689.686.672.385.9
Temporarily absent, total16.216.427.812.410.413.427.714.1
Illness3.33.42.73.43.73.13.23.6
Holiday8.18.420.64.42.45.320.75.3
Taking time off/ working time arrangement1.51.41.41.41.21.61.11.8
Laid off0.10.10.00.10.10.00.00.1
Other reason/ unspecified3.13.13.03.13.13.32.63.3
 
Males
In total100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
At work85.885.474.789.291.188.674.487.7
Temporarily absent, total14.214.625.310.88.911.425.612.3
Illness2.62.82.22.73.02.52.62.9
Holiday8.08.219.74.92.35.319.95.4
Taking time off/ working time arrangement1.61.61.51.51.51.61.41.9
Laid off0.20.10.10.20.10.00.10.1
Other reason/ unspecified1.81.91.81.61.91.91.62.0
 
Females
In total100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
At work81.681.569.585.887.984.470.183.9
Temporarily absent, total18.418.530.514.212.115.629.916.1
Illness4.04.13.34.34.43.83.84.3
Holiday8.38.721.73.92.55.321.55.2
Taking time off/ working time arrangement1.31.21.21.30.81.50.81.7
Laid off0.10.00.00.10.00.00.00.0
Other reason/ unspecified4.74.54.44.74.44.93.84.8

Table 14 
Employed persons aged 15-74 and absence from work during the whole reference week, by reason for absence and sex (LFS). 1 000

Employed persons aged 15-74 and absence from work during the whole reference week, by reason for absence and sex (LFS). 1 000
Annual average3rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 2017
20162017
Both sexes
In total2 6472 6522 6662 6352 6282 6582 6662 655
At work2 2182 2161 9262 3072 3542 3021 9282 280
Temporarily absent, total429436740328274356738375
Illness8790729096848595
Holiday21522454911763140551141
Taking time off/ working time arrangement4038363631423148
Laid off42142112
Other reason/ unspecified8382808181897088
 
Males
In total1 3951 3981 4071 3871 3871 4011 4061 398
At work1 1961 1941 0521 2371 2641 2411 0451 226
Temporarily absent, total199204355150123160361172
Illness3739313742363741
Holiday11111527768327428076
Taking time off/ working time arrangement2323222021232027
Laid off31132111
Other reason/ unspecified2526262227272328
 
Females
In total1 2521 2541 2581 2491 2421 2581 2601 258
At work1 0221 0238741 0721 0921 0628831 055
Temporarily absent, total230231384177150196377203
Illness5151425354484854
Holiday10410927349316727166
Taking time off/ working time arrangement1715151610191021
Laid off10110110
Other reason/ unspecified5856555855624861

Table 15 
Employed persons aged 15-74, and average number of man-weeks worked (a 37.5 hours) per week, by sex and status. 1 000. Actual working hours, by sex and status. Hours per week

Employed persons aged 15-74, and average number of man-weeks worked (a 37.5 hours) per week, by sex and status. 1 000. Actual working hours, by sex and status. Hours per week
Annual Average3rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 2017
20162017
Employed persons total
Both sexes
Total2 6472 6522 6662 6352 6282 6582 6662 655
Salaried employees2 4642 4792 4802 4582 4532 4832 4922 489
Self-employed179170179173173172172164
Family workers52742322
Males
Total1 3951 3981 4071 3871 3871 4011 4061 398
Salaried employees1 2681 2791 2781 2661 2681 2801 2871 282
Self-employed124117125119117119118114
Family workers21411111
Females
Total1 2521 2541 2581 2491 2421 2581 2601 258
Salaried employees1 1961 2001 2011 1921 1851 2031 2051 207
Self-employed5453545455535450
Family workers21321211
 
Employed persons at work
Both sexes
Total2 2182 2171 9262 3082 3552 3021 9292 281
Salaried employees2 0572 0661 7762 1482 1942 1441 7922 133
Self-employed158148144156158155135145
Family workers42642312
Males
Total1 1961 1941 0521 2361 2631 2411 0461 226
Salaried employees1 0841 0909461 1281 1551 1319511 122
Self-employed11010310310710710894102
Family workers21311111
Females
Total1 0221 0238741 0711 0921 0628831 055
Salaried employees9739768301 0201 0401 0138411 010
Self-employed4746414951484143
Family workers21321211
 
Man-weeks worked
Both sexes
Total2 0172 0131 7982 1092 1722 0171 7912 072
Salaried employees1 8541 8611 6431 9482 0091 8601 6481 925
Self-employed162151152159162155142146
Family workers21221201
Males
Total1 1741 1651 0541 2231 2531 1651 0421 199
Salaried employees1 0521 0549361 1061 1361 0529381 090
Self-employed121111117117117112104108
Family workers10110100
Females
Total843848743885919852748873
Salaried employees802807707841873808710835
Self-employed4141354345433838
Family workers10110101
 
Actual working hours per week
Both sexes
Total34.134.135.034.334.632.934.934.1
Salaried employees33.833.834.734.034.332.634.533.9
Self-employed38.538.239.538.438.637.439.437.7
Family workers15.713.915.516.49.818.812.411.8
Males
Total36.836.637.637.137.235.237.436.7
Salaried employees36.436.337.236.836.934.937.036.4
Self-employed41.140.342.641.041.039.041.540.0
Family workers15.813.017.823.17.619.216.87.4
Females
Total31.031.131.931.031.630.131.831.1
Salaried employees30.931.032.031.031.530.031.731.0
Self-employed32.333.532.032.833.333.734.732.5
Family workers15.614.612.713.112.018.48.815.1

Table 16 
Employees aged 15-74 with temporary jobs, by major industry division (LFS). 1000

Employees aged 15-74 with temporary jobs, by major industry division (LFS). 1000
Annual average3rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 2017
20162017
Total214207232201189212227202
01-03 Agriculture, forestry and fishing32421251
05-39 Mining etc., manufacture, power and water supply1113131113111514
41-43 Construction1081199887
45-47 Wholesale and retail trade: repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles2423312118242625
49-53 Transportation and storage686558108
55-56 Accommodation and food service activities10101298111210
58-63 Information and communication44444454
64-66 Financial and insurance activities11011111
68-82 Real estate, scientific, technical, administrative and support service activities2224222019232627
84 Public adm., defence, soc. security141315151416139
85 Education3028263430292427
86-88 Human health and social work activities6561696055636857
90-99 Other service activities131116810111310

Table 17 
Employees aged 15-74 with temporary jobs, by major industry division (LFS). In per cent of all employees

Employees aged 15-74 with temporary jobs, by major industry division (LFS). In per cent of all employees
Annual average3rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 2017
20162017
Total8.78.49.48.27.78.59.18.1
01-03 Agriculture, forestry and fishing10.68.613.97.42.89.116.45.1
05-39 Mining etc., manufacture, power and water supply3.84.64.43.84.54.05.34.8
41-43 Construction5.44.26.04.74.84.04.23.9
45-47 Domestic trade, car repair shop7.06.88.76.05.36.87.57.5
49-53 Transportation and storage4.56.54.94.14.36.68.16.8
55-56 Accomommodation and food service activities14.613.817.013.411.314.916.512.5
58-63 Information and communication4.34.24.34.54.14.44.63.7
64-66 Financial and insurance activities1.91.91.01.82.41.51.71.8
68-82 Real estate, scientific, technical, administrative and support service activities8.18.88.17.67.28.49.69.8
84 Public adm., defence, soc. security7.56.88.17.97.48.26.94.8
85 Education13.712.912.215.213.913.311.312.8
86-88 Human health and social work activities12.611.713.411.510.712.013.011.1
90-99 Other service activities14.211.817.010.111.611.813.610.3

Table 18 
Unemployed persons aged 15-74, by sex and age (LFS). 1 000 and per cent

Unemployed persons aged 15-74, by sex and age (LFS). 1 000 and per cent
Annual average3rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 2017
20162017
Unemployed
Both sexes
In total132117138120124123115105
15-24 years4137413437443831
25-54 years8170897676716865
55-74 years101091011999
Males
In total8068777375706563
15-24 years2422222022252218
25-54 years4939494544393638
55-74 years77679667
Females
In total5249614850535142
15-24 years1716191415181613
25-54 years3231393132323227
55-74 years32332332
 
Unemployed as per cent of the labour force
Both sexes
In total4.74.24.94.44.54.44.23.8
15-24 years11.010.310.69.510.511.910.28.7
25-54 years4.43.84.74.14.13.83.63.5
55-74 years1.81.71.71.92.11.61.71.6
Males
In total5.44.65.25.05.14.84.44.3
15-24 years12.611.611.111.011.813.311.59.5
25-54 years5.04.05.04.64.54.03.73.9
55-74 years2.32.42.12.53.02.02.12.4
Females
In total4.03.84.63.73.94.03.93.2
15-24 years9.39.010.17.99.010.48.97.7
25-54 years3.73.54.43.63.73.63.63.1
55-74 years1.11.01.21.21.01.11.30.6

Table 19 
Unemployed persons aged 15-74, by duration of job search (LFS). 1 000 and per cent

Unemployed persons aged 15-74, by duration of job search (LFS). 1 000 and per cent
Annual average3rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 2017
20162017
Total132117138120124123115105
1-4 weeks2624312028232618
5-13 weeks2724292523262224
14-26 weeks2218192019221516
27-39 weeks751065654
40-52 weeks2419262018192018
53 weeks and over1517131619131519
 
Total100100100100100100100100
1-4 weeks2021221723192317
5-13 weeks2021212119211923
14-26 weeks1715141715181315
27-39 weeks54754544
40-52 weeks1816191715151717
53 weeks and over111591315111318
 
Average duration (weeks)30.331.728.431.831.829.332.034.1

Table 20 
Unemployed persons aged 15-74, by main activity (LFS). 1 000

Unemployed persons aged 15-74, by main activity (LFS). 1 000
Annual average3rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 2017
20162017
Total132117138120124123115105
Home working22221312
Attended school, studied3029292528393021
Unemployed8876928484727574
Other activities/Unspecified1110158119108

Table 21 
Unemployed and underemployed persons aged 15-74, by sex and desired working hours per week. Number of man-weeks (of 37,5 hours) supplied (LFS). 1 000

Unemployed and underemployed persons aged 15-74, by sex and desired working hours per week. Number of man-weeks (of 37,5 hours) supplied (LFS). 1 000
Annual average3rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 2017
20162017
1Includes the number of man-weeks desired by the unemployed persons and the desired man-weeks minus the present man-weeks of the underemployed persons
Both sexes
Unemployed persons
Total132117138120124123115105
1-19 hours2120202024172416
20-36 hours2924362220342119
37 hours or more8273837881727070
Average working hours desired (hours per week)3232323232323233
Number of man-weeks desired1131001181041061059792
Underemployed persons
Total7459737366555756
1-19 hours54324335
20-36 hours2722252923222220
37 hours or more4232454238303131
Average working hours desired (hours per week)3434353434343433
Desired man-weeks subtracted present man-weeks2821272824202120
 
Number of man-weeks supplied, total1141121145132130125118112
 
Males
Unemployed persons
Total8068777375706563
1-19 hours109712114118
20-36 hours1411218920106
37 hours or more5648505354464348
Average working hours desired (hours per week)3333333333333234
Number of man-weeks desired7160696466625657
Underemployed persons
Total2518242122161518
1-19 hours12112113
20-36 hours74576543
37 hours or more1712181415101013
Average working hours desired (hours per week)3534363434333434
Desired man-weeks subtracted present man-weeks1171089767
 
Number of man-weeks supplied, total18267797275696264
 
Women
Unemployed persons
Total5249614850535142
1-19 hours10121381213139
20-36 hours1512151411141112
37 hours or more2725332526252721
Average working hours desired (hours per week)3030303130303031
Number of man-weeks desired4239504040424135
Underemployed persons
Total4941495244394237
1-19 hours32313223
20-36 hours2118202217171917
37 hours or more2520272824202118
Average working hours desired (hours per week)3334343434343433
Desired man-weeks subtracted present man-weeks1714171915131513
 
Number of man-weeks supplied, total15953675955555648

Table 22 
Employed persons 15-74, by sex and region of residence (LFS). 1000

Employed persons 15-74, by sex and region of residence (LFS). 1000
Annual average3rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 2017
20162017
Both sexes
Total2 6472 6522 6662 6352 6282 6582 6662 655
Østfold134134133134132133136133
Akershus312314314313309314316317
Oslo367370364367369370369371
Hedmark9396949595959697
Oppland9594959493969592
Buskerud138139140137138136140140
Vestfold119120121118120120122118
Telemark8181828180828180
Aust-Agder5453555252535353
Vest-Agder8789888788889089
Rogaland243239243236234240241239
Hordaland266265269264259267268266
Sogn og Fjordane5757575757585656
Møre og Romsdal132132132133132132130133
Sør-Trøndelag164165164164164166164164
Nord-Trøndelag6868706869696868
Nordland117117121113115116119117
Troms - Romsa8686878685878685
Finnmark - Finnmárku3737373736373837
 
Males
Total1 3951 3981 4071 3871 3871 4011 4061 398
Østfold7172717172717371
Akershus163165164164163165164167
Oslo191190189190189190190190
Hedmark4850485051505049
Oppland4948494748514947
Buskerud7274737071727676
Vestfold6263636364626462
Telemark4444454343444444
Aust-Agder2928302827272828
Vest-Agder4547454746474848
Rogaland132129132128125129132129
Hordaland139138142137137139138136
Sogn og Fjordane3130313230313030
Møre og Romsdal7169717271706868
Sør-Trøndelag8688888788888888
Nord-Trøndelag3737393637383636
Nordland6061625960616362
Troms - Romsa4646464546464647
Finnmark - Finnmárku1920191919202121
 
Females
Total1 2521 2541 2581 2491 2421 2581 2601 258
Østfold6362626260616362
Akershus149149150149146148152149
Oslo176180175177179180180181
Hedmark4445464544454547
Oppland4646464745454646
Buskerud6665676867656464
Vestfold5657575556585856
Telemark3737373836393737
Aust-Agder2525252425252625
Vest-Agder4242434142424241
Rogaland111110112109109111109110
Hordaland126128127127122128130130
Sogn og Fjordane2626252526272626
Møre og Romsdal6162616161626264
Sør-Trøndelag7777767776797677
Nord-Trøndelag3031313232303231
Nordland5755595556545655
Troms - Romsa4140424140404038
Finnmark - Finnmárku1817181718181716

Table 23 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by sex and region of residence (LFS), as per cent of all persons in each group

Employed persons aged 15-74, by sex and region of residence (LFS), as per cent of all persons in each group
Annual average3rd quarter 20164th quarter 20161st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 2017
20162017
Both sexes
Total67.366.967.766.766.567.167.266.8
Østfold61.260.460.560.759.960.061.560.1
Akershus70.269.570.670.168.969.669.769.7
Oslo71.070.970.370.670.971.170.770.8
Hedmark63.164.664.064.564.564.264.665.2
Oppland66.866.066.766.065.367.166.864.7
Buskerud66.165.866.765.465.764.866.566.2
Vestfold64.364.465.463.664.664.465.263.4
Telemark62.362.062.862.261.163.062.361.5
Aust-Agder62.260.663.560.260.160.760.960.6
Vest-Agder64.164.664.764.164.464.664.964.6
Rogaland69.368.169.567.566.968.468.668.3
Hordaland68.668.169.367.966.768.768.768.1
Sogn og Fjordane70.570.370.469.970.172.469.469.4
Møre og Romsdal67.066.666.967.266.866.965.567.1
Sør-Trøndelag68.568.168.768.268.268.867.767.6
Nord-Trøndelag67.067.169.567.467.567.666.666.5
Nordland64.464.066.562.363.463.565.264.1
Troms - Romsa68.867.969.868.267.668.668.567.1
Finnmark - Finnmárku63.363.964.563.162.564.365.263.7
 
Males
Total69.569.170.068.868.769.369.468.9
Østfold63.764.063.864.064.363.565.063.2
Akershus72.572.272.972.872.072.471.472.8
Oslo73.272.272.672.672.372.372.272.1
Hedmark65.167.164.867.668.067.067.466.0
Oppland67.866.767.465.265.769.867.164.0
Buskerud68.068.668.065.266.366.970.770.4
Vestfold67.067.068.167.368.465.967.965.9
Telemark66.466.267.964.965.666.167.066.0
Aust-Agder66.061.867.762.861.561.861.962.0
Vest-Agder65.167.365.567.165.867.068.268.1
Rogaland72.971.372.870.669.471.472.971.4
Hordaland69.968.771.068.668.669.768.867.6
Sogn og Fjordane73.872.275.074.972.374.770.970.9
Møre og Romsdal69.267.569.369.969.468.065.966.5
Sør-Trøndelag70.370.571.870.270.870.570.570.0
Nord-Trøndelag72.370.975.769.870.573.569.470.2
Nordland63.965.566.362.763.565.467.165.8
Troms - Romsa70.570.970.769.170.171.170.771.6
Finnmark - Finnmárku62.165.763.263.561.163.969.967.9
 
Females
Total65.064.665.364.664.164.964.864.6
Østfold58.656.657.257.455.356.457.956.9
Akershus67.966.768.367.365.866.767.966.6
Oslo68.869.568.068.669.569.769.369.4
Hedmark61.062.163.161.260.961.461.864.5
Oppland65.865.265.966.864.964.266.465.4
Buskerud64.262.965.365.765.062.562.161.9
Vestfold61.561.862.659.960.863.062.460.9
Telemark58.057.757.559.556.559.957.456.9
Aust-Agder58.259.359.257.458.759.659.859.2
Vest-Agder62.961.963.861.063.062.161.561.0
Rogaland65.564.665.964.164.365.164.164.9
Hordaland67.267.467.467.164.867.768.568.7
Sogn og Fjordane66.968.365.564.567.769.867.967.8
Møre og Romsdal64.665.664.364.463.965.665.167.8
Sør-Trøndelag66.665.565.466.265.367.064.965.0
Nord-Trøndelag61.563.063.164.864.461.463.662.7
Nordland64.962.566.661.963.361.463.162.2
Troms - Romsa66.964.868.867.265.065.866.162.3
Finnmark - Finnmárku64.762.066.062.764.164.860.059.0

Table 24 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by occupation and sex. Annual average. Per cent

Employed persons aged 15-74, by occupation and sex. Annual average. Per cent
20152016
Both sexesMalesFemalesBoth sexesMalesFemales
In total100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
1. Managers7.79.35.97.99.36.3
2. Professionals26.821.033.327.020.833.8
3. Technicians and associate professionals17.018.815.116.918.914.7
4. Clerical support workers5.94.17.95.84.47.4
5. Service and sales workers19.912.228.620.312.429.1
6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers1.92.80.91.92.70.9
7. Craft and related trades workers9.316.61.19.316.71.0
8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers6.210.31.65.89.61.5
0,9. Other occupations5.35.05.65.15.05.2

Table 25 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by occupation and sex. Annual average. 1 000

Employed persons aged 15-74, by occupation and sex. Annual average. 1 000
20152016
Both sexesMalesFemalesBoth sexesMalesFemales
In total2 6511 4021 2492 6471 3951 252
1. Managers2031307321013079
2. Professionals710295415714290424
3. Technicians and associate professionals452263189448264184
4. Clerical support workers15758991546292
5. Service and sales workers528171357537173364
6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers503911493812
7. Craft and related trades workers2462321424623313
8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers1641442015413419
0,9. Other occupations14070701357065

Table 26 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by occupation, sector and sex. Annual average. 1000

Employed persons aged 15-74, by occupation, sector and sex. Annual average. 1000
2016
All sectorsPrivate sector and public enterprisesPublic sector
Both sexesMalesFemalesBoth sexesMalesFemalesBoth sexesMalesFemales
In total2 6471 3951 2521 7881 129659848260588
1. Managers2101307916011051492129
2. Professionals714290424312179132401111291
3. Technicians and associate professionals4482641843392191201074463
4. Clerical support workers1546292133577620416
5. Service and sales workers53717336432312519821147164
6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers493812483711111
7. Craft and related trades workers2462331324022812541
8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers1541341914913019441
0,9. Other occupations1357065844341492624

Table 27 
Employed persons ages 15-74, by occupation and major industry division. Annual average. 1000

Employed persons ages 15-74, by occupation and major industry division. Annual average. 1000
2016
In total1. Managers2. Professionals3. Technicians and associate professionals4. Clerical support workers5. Service and sales workers6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers7. Craft and related trades workers8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers0,9. Other occupations
00-99 All industries2 64721071444815453749246154135
01-02 Agriculture and forestry410011135121
03 Fishing14102009100
05-09 Oil and gas extraction, mining and quarrying57416142108111
10-33 Manufacturing217262046133054497
35-39 Electricity, gas, water supply30458310415
41-43 Construction20614625930119209
45-47 Domestic trade3604817563316213536
49-53 Transport and storage139862326903575
55-56 Accommodation and food service activities7291364200111
58-63 Information and communication97106016430202
64-66 Financial and insurance activities475733100000
68-82 Real estate, tech.adm service2991693782534313433
84 Public administration and defence18222704471002125
85 Education2271217385240005
86-88 Human health and social work activities5381920966921501117
90-99 Other service activities1141130248290236

Table 28 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by sex, occupation and contractual/usual work time. Annual average

Employed persons aged 15-74, by sex, occupation and contractual/usual work time. Annual average
2016
TotalPart-timePercent Part-timeFull-timePercent Full-timeAverage working hours per week
Both sexes
In total2 64766825.21 97174.534.3
1. Managers210115.319894.639.2
2. Professionals71413819.457480.435.8
3. Technicians and associate professionals4487416.437483.435.6
4. Clerical support workers1544831.010668.632.3
5. Service and sales workers53729755.323744.027.8
6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers491224.53774.741.3
7. Craft and related trades workers246176.922892.937.6
8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers1541811.613688.337.9
0,9. Other occupations1355338.98260.430.4
 
Males
In total1 39520614.81 18685.036.6
1. Managers13064.412495.440.0
2. Professionals2903110.725989.237.5
3. Technicians and associate professionals2642610.023789.837.0
4. Clerical support workers621523.54776.133.3
5. Service and sales workers1737643.79755.829.9
6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers38820.13079.243.9
7. Craft and related trades workers233146.121893.737.7
8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers1341410.112089.738.3
0,9. Other occupations701724.55275.034.0
 
Females
In total1 25246236.978662.731.8
1. Managers7956.97493.138.1
2. Professionals42410725.431574.434.6
3. Technicians and associate professionals1844725.713774.233.6
4. Clerical support workers923336.15963.631.5
5. Service and sales workers36422160.814038.426.8
6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers12538.7760.333.1
7. Craft and related trades workers13321.71078.034.9
8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers19421.91578.134.9
0,9. Other occupations653554.32944.826.6

About the statistics

The purpose of the Labour Force Survey is to provide information on the development in employment and unemployment, and on the relationship to the labour market for different groups. The statistics are published quarterly, normally 4 weeks after the end of the quarter.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Concepts and definitions are in accordance with recommendations given by the International Labour Organization (ILO) and EU/Eurostat.

According to the international recommendations persons above a specified age should be classified by their attachment to the labour market in a specified, short period, either a day or a week. In the Norwegian LFS the reference period is one week, and the sample of persons are classified in relation to their situation in that reference week.

Employed persons are persons aged 15-74 who performed work for pay or profit for at least one hour in the reference week, or who were temporarily absent from work because of illness, holidays etc. Conscripts are classified as employed persons. Persons engaged by government measures to promote employment are also included if they receive wages. Persons laid off 100 per cent with a continuous duration of until three months are defined as employed, temporarily absent.

Unemployed persons are persons who were not employed in the reference week, but who had been seeking work during the preceding four weeks, and were available for work in the reference week or within the next two weeks (in 1996-2005 one should be available within two weeks following the time of interview, and until 1996 one should be able to start working in the reference week). Persons laid off 100 per cent are defined as unemployed after three continuous months of leave.

Persons in the labour force are either employed or unemployed. The remaining group of persons is labelled not in the labour force .

Man-hours worked include all actual working hours, i.e. including overtime and excluding absence from work. Persons absent from work are not included in the calculation of actual working hours per week (in average) .

Contractual/usual working hours refer to the weekly number of working hours determined by the working contract. Absence from work because of illness, holidays etc. is not subtracted, and overtime is not included. Employees, whose contractual working hours vary from week to week, give information on both the actual reference week as well as the average of their contractual working hours per week (in the tables published the average numbers are normally used). For employees without contract on working hours, for self-employed and for unpaid family workers, data on their usual weekly working hours are used (as an average of their actual working hours during the last 4 weeks).

Full-time/part-time distinction is based on the contractual/usual working hours. Part-time: 1-36 hours, with exception of persons with 32-36 hours who classify themselves as full-time employed.

Full-time: 37 hours and over, and the cases mentioned above. For persons with more jobs, the working hours in the main and the second job are summarized.

Overtime

Overtime is defined as working hours which exceed the contractual working hours for full-time employees, conducted during a specified reference week. The overtime may be compensated by payment or by time off, or be without any compensation. Up to 2006 these questions were included in the survey only during the 2nd quarter each year. As from 2006 onwards they are included each quarter. 

A major revision of the LFS in 2006 led to a significant break in the time-series for overtime, i.e. lower estimates than published earlier. This was mostly due to changes in the questionnaire concerning working time.

Statistics on overtime include employees working full-time only. For persons with more jobs, the working hours in the main and the second job are summarized in order to classify them as either part- or full-time workers, as in LFS statistics generally.

For those with more jobs, overtime hours in the main job only are included. By calculating the overtime hours as a share of the total number of man-hours worked among full-time employees, the working hours in the second job are, however, included in the denominator. Persons temporarily absent from work are included in the denominator while calculating the share of employees working overtime, mainly to avoid seasonal variations.

Employees who just had an occasional job in the reference week, and on-call workers, are not asked about overtime, but they are included in the denominator if they were full-time employed in the reference week.

As from 2007 imputation is used concerning the overtime variables in case of proxy interviews and partial non-response.

Involuntary part-time employment comprises part-time employed persons seeking longer contractual/usual working hours by registering at the Employment Offices, advertising, contacting present employer etc., and who were able to start with increased working hours within a month.

Permanence of the job

The employees are asked whether they have a permanent job (a work contract of unlimited duration) or a temporary job (a work contract of limited duration). If the person has more than one job, only the main job is classified by permanence.

There are two kinds of working arrangements outside ordinary hours (Monday to Friday from 6 am to 6 pm).

  • Shift work is usually understood as working time outside normally working hours. What counts in the survey as shift work is based on the evaluation of the respondent. For respondents who have not answered the question on shift work, the value is imputed based on the answers they have given with regard to evening, night, Saturday and Sunday work.
  • Work outside ordinary hours, not shift work. This refers to work on evenings, nights, Saturdays and Sundays which is not shift work. Evening work is defined as work between 6 pm and 10 pm. Night work is between 10 pm and 6 am. Respondents who report that they work on one or more of these working time schedules outside ordinary hours are also asked about the frequency of this kind of work during a four week period. This is done for each of the working time schedule separately. Based on this, the work outside regularly hours is divided into the categories "regularly" or "sometimes". For evening and night work, the respondent must have this kind of work on at least half of their working days in the four week period to be defined as having regularly evening work and/or regularly night work. For work on weekends, they must work 2-4 Saturdays and/or 2-4 Sundays during the four week period to be defined as having regularly Saturday and/or Sunday work. The respondents who have these kinds of working schedules, but more seldom than indicated above, are defined as sometimes having this kind of work.

Working hour arrangements outside ordinary daytime are based on the contract for the employees, and on usual working time pattern for the self-employed. Up to 2006 these questions were included in the survey only during the 2nd quarter each year. As from 2006 onwards they are included each quarter, but only for ¼ of the sample, and the results are published once a year: Labour force survey. Patterns of working time.

Course participation refers to job related courses which the respondent was paid to attend. Only courses received during a period of four weeks are included. Up to 2006 these questions were asked only during the 2nd quarter each year. As from 2006 onwards they are included each quarter to the whole sample. Labour force survey. Education and training.

As from 2006 the definition of age was changed from completed years at the end of the year to completed years at the time of the reference week.

The persons are classified by marital status as unmarried, married and previously married according to information given by the respondents. Previously married includes widows, widowers, separated and divorced persons. In the tables married women include cohabitants.

Immigrants are defined as persons born abroad by foreign-born parents who have emigrated toNorway. In statistics based on the Labour Force Survey (LFS) they are divided in two groups by country of birth:

1) Immigrants from EU/EFTA-countries,North-America,AustraliaandNew Zealand. 

2) Immigrants from Eastern Europe except EU, Asia, Africa, Latin America and Oceania except Australia and New Zealand.

Standard classifications

The industrial classification is in accordance with the Standard Industrial Classification (NOS D 383), which is based on the EU-standard of NACE Rev. 2.

The occupational classification is based on the International Standard Classification of Occupations 2008 (ISCO-08). The Norwegian standard has been named STYRK-08 (Notater 17/2011). 

The educational classification is in accordance with the Norwegian Standard Classification of Education (NOS C617).

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Labour force survey
Topic: Labour market and earnings

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Labour Market Statistics

Regional level

County and the whole country.

Frequency and timeliness

Quarterly and annual, but monthly publishing of some key figures seasonally adjusted (averages of the last 3 months). Quarterly figures are normally published 5 weeks after the end of the quarter.

International reporting

The quarterly data files are sent to Eurostat. Tables are sent each month/quarter/year to Eurostat, OECD, ILO and IMF, as well as to the Nordic Yearbook.

Microdata

The basic material (survey results from the interviewers) as well as the statistical files (on the basis of revision and estimation procedures) are stored.

Background

Background and purpose

The main purpose of the survey is to provide data on employment and unemployment, and data on the labour force participation in different sections of the population. The Norwegian LFS started in 1972. For information about the history of the survey, and about breaks in the time-series, please cf. Labour Force Survey 2001 (NOS C748).

Users and applications

The surveys give information to the Labour Market Authorities and other users about the situation on the labour market, and provide data for labour force research and forecasts, as well as for international organizations and mass media.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 08 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given inthe Statistics Release Calendar.

For more information, see Principles for equal treatment of users in releasing statistics and analyses

Coherence with other statistics

The results from the LFS are used in the National Accounts Statistics.

For statistics at regional levels (counties and municipalities), the Registerbased Employment Statistics are recommended. These statistics also give figures on employees who are immigrants.

Statistics Norway also produces statistics on selected industries based on data from the establishments, containing figures on employment, compensation of employees, value of production and capital formation etc. These statistics contain more detailed information about each industry than it is possible to give from the LFS and the National Accounts Statistics.

Statistics on unemployed persons at the Employment Offices and government measures to promote employment are compiled by the Directorate of Labour on the basis of registers of unemployed persons and applicants for work.

The figures on unemployment based on the LFS differ from the figures on unemployed persons registered at the Employment Offices. The LFS-figures also include unemployed persons not registered at the Employment Offices, some of the participants in government measures to promote employment and some of the disabled persons. On the other hand, some of the registered unemployed are not classified as unemployed in the LFS, on the basis of the information given on seeking and availability for work. As from 2006 persons on lay-off (until 3 months) are no longer classified as unemployed, but as employed persons (temporarily absent from work) in the LFS, while they still are classified as unemployed in the registerbased statistics. However, if the period of lay-off exceeds 3 months, they are classified as unemployed in the LFS as well.

The Population and Housing Censuses (each 10th year) give statistics on employment during the last 12 months, in addition to the situation in a specified reference week. As from 2001 onwards employment data based on administrative registers are used. Statistics on labour conflicts and working days lost are compiled by Statistics Norway on the basis of information supplied mostly by the labour and employers's organizations. The Surveys of Level of Living (by Statistics Norway) give information on physical working environment as well as organizational working conditions.

The main source to describe the situation for the immigrants on the labour market is the registerbased statistics on employment and unemployment. By using data from the LFS as a supplement we will achieve still more information regarding this group, for example on actual and desired working hours, temporary employment and patterns of working time. Moreover the LFS has more data than the registers on job seeking and desire for work.

The main problem using the LFS for statistics on immigrants is the size of the sample and the statistical uncertainty. The group of immigrants inNorwayis rather heterogeneous regarding their situation on the labour market, and therefore it is required to divide among at least two groups in the presentation of statistics. A further dividing by other variables will require long time-series in order to draw any conclusions.

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§ 2-2 and 2-3.

EEA reference

Council Regulation (EC) nos 577/98, 1991/2002 and 2257/2003, and Commission Regulation nos 1575/2000, 1897/2000, 2104/2002, 430/2005 and 377/2008.

Production

Population

The total population aged 15-74 is covered by the LFS. Up to 2006 the group was 16-74, and age defined as completed years at the end of the year. As from 2006 age is defined as completed years at the time of the reference week. Observation unit: person.

Data sources and sampling

The main source for the LFS is quarterly, representative sample surveys based on interview by telephone.

Inhabitants in all municipalities are randomly selected, on the basis of a register of family units. The sample consists of about 12 000 family units (24 000 persons) each quarter. Each family member aged 15-74 participates in the survey, answering questions about their situation during a specified reference week. As from 1996 each family participates in the survey 8 times during a period of 8 quarters (before 1996: 4 times during 6 quarters). Up to 1996 a two stage sampling procedure was applied. For more information, please cf. Labour Force Survey 2001 (NOS C748).

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Interview by telephone. Information from previous interviews are used while asking about any changes in the situation, instead of the same, comprehensive data collection every time. For the coding of industry, information from some registers is also used. Demographic data are collected from the Central Population Register, and data on education are based on a register of individual data collected by Statistics Norway from the educational institutions (but questions are also asked to get more updated information).

The respondent is usually the same person as the observation unit (but proxy interviews are done if it is not possible to get in contact with the observation unit; 14-15 per cent of the interviews are done by asking near family members). Data are collected weekly, i.e. the LFS is a continuous survey (all weeks are covered). Up to 1st quarter 1996 (from 2nd quarter 1988) the survey was based on one reference week each month, and in previous years on one week each quarter. Participation in the survey is compulsory, but compulsory fines are not used.

As the data collection is made by use of computer-assisted interviews, some procedures for electronic control of the registration of answers are included in the questionnaire, for example concerning the number of working hours during the reference week. In some cases the interviewers become a "warning" by recording an answer, in other cases maximum or minimum values have been set beforehand.

Person is the unit for analysis.

The absolute figures from the LFS are presented as estimated figures for the total population aged 15-74. The accurate number of persons in the population being represented by one person in the sample, the inflation factor, varies, with 170 on an average for quarterly figures. The estimation is done by a poststratification method using information from the Central Population Register, the Register of Employees and the Tax Register. Seasonally adjusted data are calculated by using the X12ARIMA method. For more information see Seasonal adjustment of LFS.

Seasonal adjustment

Quarterly figures from LFS are not seasonally adjusted

Confidentiality

Not relevant

Comparability over time and space

Most of the time-series from the LFS are comparable over time. Breaks in the series up to 2001 are described in the publication Labour Force Survey 2001 (NOS C748).

The concepts in LFS are defined in accordance with international recommendations, cf item 4.1, to ensure comparability among the countries.

As from 2006 the LFS was revised, mainly to be in accordance with the EU-requirements based on new ILO recommendations. Some definitions and parts of the questionnaire were changed, and some new variables were added. As from 2006 age is defined as completed years at the time of the reference week, instead of completed years at the end of the year, as earlier. Moreover the lower age limit to be covered by the survey was lowered from 16 to 15, in accordance with the surveys in other countries.

These changes from 2006 led to breaks in the time-series for the LFS estimates. The revised survey gives some lower estimates for unemployment (1 000 persons as an annual average for 2006) and some higher estimates for employment (8 000 in 2006). A break in the time series also occured for the estimates of actual working hours per week and man-hours worked. For more information, please cf. http://www.ssb.no/aku_en/. Quarterly data for 2006 are published according to both the revised and the unrevised LFS, in order to improve the comparability for the figures between 2006 and 2005. The breaks in the time-series were most significant for figures divided by age groups.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

In all surveys errors may occur in connection with both the collection and the processing of data. The use of proxy interviews (asking near family members instead of the observation unit) often increase the problems of measurement. As an average the employment is underestimated because of proxy interviews.

The non-response rate was approximately 10-12 per cent in the years 1972-1991, and for the next six years just 6-8 per cent. From 1998 onwards the non-response has increased gradually, up to approximately 20 per cent in 2012.

 Correction for total non-response is done in the estimating procedure. Partial non-response is adjusted for some variables.

Variance

The estimates from the LFS are based on a sample of family units. Somewhat different results might have been obtained if a different sample or if a complete census had been taken using the same questionnaires, interviewers, processing, etc. as those actually used in the LFS. The uncertainty introduced by sampling is called the sampling error or standard deviation of the estimates.

Standard deviation of the estimates and coefficient of variations are published in StatBank Norway for the variables employed, part-time employed, average actual hours of work per week and unemployed by age, gender and region, both for level and change estimates. The quarterly figures of s are published in the StatBank table 09937 and the annual figures in StatBank table 09938 .

If the reader wants an indication of the size of the standard deviation for quarterly figures and annual averages for other variables or group divisions, see the table below. These indications are only guiding, and can not be interpreted as precise calculations for any variable. Changes between two surveys will usually have the same absolute uncertainty as the two figures which are compared.

 

Indication of the standard deviation for other variables than in StatBank table 09937 and 09938

 
 

Quarterly figures

 

Annual averages

 

Absolute figures

As per cent of estimated value

Absolute figures

As per cent of estimated value

 
           

5 000

800

16,0

500

10,0

 

7 000

900

12,9

600

8,6

 

10 000

1 100

11,0

700

7,0

 

20 000

1 600

8,0

1 100

5,5

 

30 000

1 900

6,3

1 300

4,3

 

40 000

2 200

5,5

1 500

3,8

 

50 000

2 500

5,0

1 700

3,4

 

60 000

2 700

4,5

1 800

3,0

 

70 000

2 900

4,1

1 900

2,7

 

100 000

3 500

3,5

2 300

2,3

 

200 000

4 800

2,4

3 200

1,6

 

300 000

5 800

1,9

3 900

1,3

 

400 000

6 600

1,7

4 400

1,1

 

500 000

7 200

1,4

4 800

1,0

 

1 000 000

9 100

0,9

6 100

0,6

 

1 700 000

9 600

0,6

6 400

0,4

 

2 000 000

9 100

0,5

6 100

0,3

 

Revision

Not relevant

Contact