Decreased labour force participation among men
Labour market and earnings;Labour market and earnings;Immigration and immigrants
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Labour force surveyQ4 2013



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Decreased labour force participation among men

From the 4th quarter of 2012 to the 4th quarter of 2013, the labour force participation among men decreased, while increasing somewhat among women. The total labour force participation therefore remained largely unchanged.

Population aged 15-74, by labour force status and sex
4th quarter 20134th quarter 2012 - 4th quarter 2013
Absolute numbersPer centChange in absolute numbersChange in percentage points
Labour force
Both sexes2 707 00070.931 000-0.1
Males1 428 00073.311 000-0.5
Females1 279 00068.321 0000.2
Employed persons
Both sexes2 619 00068.630 000-0.1
Males1 380 00070.913 000-0.3
Females1 239 00066.217 0000.1
Both sexes88 0003.22 0000.0
Males48 0003.3-2 000-0.2
Females40 0003.14 0000.2
Figure 1. Persons (15-74 years) in the labour force. In per cent of the population (15-74 years)

The Labour Force Survey (LFS) shows that 70.9 per cent of persons aged 15-74 years participated in the labour force in the 4th quarter of 2013. This was down 0.1 percentage points from the 4th quarter of the previous year. Since the population growth during this period was somewhat stronger than the growth of the labour force, the labour force as a share of the population decreased. The decrease was for men, while a decrease of 0.2 percentage points was experienced for women – to 68.3 per cent in the 4th quarter of 2013. The labour force participation among men decreased from 73.8 per cent in the 4th quarter of 2012 to 73.3 per cent in the 4th quarter of 2013. Most of this decrease was among men aged 45-49 and 55-59 years.

30 000 more employed last year

The LFS shows an increase of 30 000 employed persons from the 4th quarter of 2012 to the same quarter of 2013. The increase was among both women and men. The increase was in full-time employment for both sexes, even though part-time employment is far more widespread among women. In the 4th quarter of 2013, 40 per cent of the employed women worked part-time – compared to 14 per cent among employed men.

More jobs within academic professions

The share of employed persons with academic professions increased from 25.2 per cent in 2011 to 26.5 per cent in 2013. Academic professions are professions that today normally require at least four years of higher education. In 2013, 20.9 per cent of employed persons worked within sales and service professions.

Stable share of temporary employees

The 202 000 temporary employees in the 4th quarter of 2013 corresponded to 8.3 per cent of total employees. The share of temporary employees has been around 8 per cent in the whole period 2009-2013. Temporary employment is most widespread within education, accommodation and food service activities, as well as health care and social work activities.

Youth not in employment or education

In 2013, 7 per cent of persons under the age of 30 were not in employment, education or training (NEET). This share has been around 6-7 per cent in most of the period 2006-2013, and there were 70 000 persons in this group in 2013. Among these, 25 000 were unemployed .