1865
/en/arbeid-og-lonn/statistikker/aku/kvartal
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Fewer women work part-time
statistikk
2010-08-05T10:00:00.000Z
Labour market and earnings;Labour market and earnings;Immigration and immigrants
en
aku, Labour force survey, LFS, labour market, employees, unemployed, economically active, labour force, labour force status, employees by industry, underemployment, part-time work, hours of work, temporary staffUnemployment , Employment , Labour market and earnings, Labour market and earnings, Immigration and immigrants
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Labour force surveyQ2 2010

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Fewer women work part-time

12 000 fewer women were part-time employed in the second quarter of 2010 than one year earlier, and at the same time 7 000 more women were working full-time.

Seasonally adjusted figures: Stable unemployment and employment

The unemployment rate was 3.6 per cent of the labour force in the second quarter of 2010. The increase from 3.5 per cent in the first quarter is within the margin of error. Adjustments for seasonal variations allow for the analysis of current developments in the labour market, and serve as an alternative to comparisons with the corresponding quarter in the previous year. Seasonally-adjusted figures are presented in a separate article .

Workforce and employed persons. Seasonally-adjusted figures, three month moving average in 1 000

For men, there were only minor changes in the number of employed persons working respectively part-time and full-time from the second quarter of 2009 to 2010. The number of part-time employed women decreased by 12 000 in the same period, while full-time employed women increased by 7 000, amounting to 699 000 in the second quarter of 2010. There were fewer persons employed with long contractual/usual working hours (45 hours per week or more), respectively 20 000 men and 9 000 women. This is part of the reason for the unchanged average working hours at 31.1 hours per week for women; despite the fact that more women work full-time.

The average working hours was 34.0 hours per week, a reduction of 0.2 hours from the second quarter in 2009. For men, the average working hours was 36.7 hours per week, 0.3 hours less than the same period last year.

Lower labour force participation

In the second quarter of 2010, the labour force participation rate (the sum of employed and unemployed) in Norway was 72.5 per cent. This is a decrease from 73.6 per cent in the second quarter of 2009, even though the total number persons in the labour force increased marginally. The fall in the labour force participation rate of 1.1 percentage points is due to an increase in the working-age (15-74) population by 57 000 persons. The total number of women in the labour force decreased from last year.

The labour force is the sum of employed and unemployed between 15-74 years of age. From the second quarter of 2009 to the second quarter of 2010 the LFS shows that the employment fell by about 9 000 persons and the unemployment rose by 14 000 persons. This gives an increase in the labour force on the lower edge of 5 000 persons.

The coherence between the concepts

Unemployed + Employed = Labour force

Labour force + Outside the labour force = Population

Unemployed (LFS), registered unemployed and registered employed + public sector job creation programmes. Seasonally-adjusted figures, three month moving average in 1 000

Outside the labour force - more in education or retired

The labour force increased on the lower edge of 5 000 people between the second quarter of 2009 and 2010. This is within the margins of errors in the LFS. The working-age population (15-74) increased by 57 000 persons, whichs signify that the increase in the number outside the labour force was 52 000. Of the persons outside the labour force, 22 000 more persons had education as their main activity, while 27 000 more persons were early retired/disabled or retired.

Fewer men employed in manufacturing

The number of employed in manufacturing fell by 12 000 persons between the second quarter of 2009 and the same quarter of 2010. The decrease was especially large for men in the age group 40 to 54 year. There was also a reduction in domestic trade, while the LFS shows increased employment in human health/social work activities and in public administration.

More persons on temporary contracts

According to the LFS, there were 14 000 more people on temporary contracts in the second quarter of 2010 compared with the corresponding quarter in 2009. The 202 000 people on temporary contracts amounts to 8.7 per cent of total employment in the second quarter 2010, up by 0.6 percentages points from last year. The increase may partly be explained with the fact that 2010 compared to 2009 include more holiday substitutes.

More long-term unemployed

The number of unemployed increased by 14 000 persons from the second quarter of 2009 to the same quarter in 2010. The increase was especially large for men aged 25 - 39. Long-term unemployed persons rose from 23 per cent in the second quarter of 2009 to 31 per cent in the same quarter 2010. Long- term unemployed are people who have been out of work for more than 26 weeks. Of a total of 102 000 unemployed persons in the second quarter of 2010, 31 000 persons were long-term unemployed. The average length of job searches for the unemployed in second quarter 2010 was 25.9 weeks, 5.3 weeks more than in the same quarter in 2009.

More underemployed

The number of underemployed increased by 10 000 persons from the second quarter of 2009 to the second quarter of 2010. Underemployment is employees with part-time settled working hours who have tried to find more work. The number of underemployed was 70 000 in the second quarter of 2010.

Together, the groups of underemployed and unemployed wanted work, are corresponding to 115 000 full-time equivalents in the second quarter of 2010 - up 16 000 from the year before.

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