More people working full time
Labour market and earnings;Labour market and earnings;Immigration and immigrants
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Labour force surveyQ4 2005



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More people working full time

The number of employees working full time increased by 47 000 from Q4 2004 to Q4 2005, while the number of part time workers went down by 21 000. The figures are taken from the latest Labour Force Survey (LFS) carried out by Statistics Norway.

Seasonally adjusted figures: Rising employment

The number of employees rose, while unemployment went down, from the third to the fourth quarter of 2005, according to seasonally adjusted figures from the LFS. The increase in employment was inside the LFS error margin, but is consistent with the upward trend we have seen since the summer of 2003. The decline in unemployment was approximately on level with the error margin.

The seasonal adjustment method is a favourable method of revealing the current development in the labour market, and serves as an alternative to comparisons with the corresponding quarter in the previous year. Seasonally adjusted figures are presented in a separate article .

Both men and women experienced an increase in full time employment. In total, employment went up by 24 000 people from the fourth quarter 2004. The industry with the strongest increase was financial intermediation and business activities. Detailed employment figures by occupation for 2005 are presented in a separate article .

24 000 fewer temporary employed

The number of temporary employees was 187 000 in the fourth quarter of 2005, a fall of 24 000 from the fourth quarter of 2004. Temporary employment was most common in education, health and social work, as well as in hotels and restaurants. At the opposite end of the scale, manufacturing, in addition to transport and communication are characterised by relatively few temporary employees.

Unchanged labour force participation

Total labour force participation stayed unchanged at 72.3 per cent from the fourth quarter of 2004 to the fourth quarter of 2005. The 2005 annual average figures show that the gap between male and female labour force participation is at its smallest ever (7.5 percentage points).

Workforce, employed and man-weeks worked. Seasonally adjusted figures in 1 000

98 000 people unemployed

The number of unemployed people in the fourth quarter of 2005 was 98 000, approximately unchanged from the fourth quarter of 2004. The total unemployment rate was 4.1 per cent, the rate for men 4.3 per cent and the rate for women 3.9 per cent. In the same period, the proportion of long-term unemployed stayed unchanged at 26 per cent. Long-term unemployment is defined as unemployment that has lasted for at least six consecutive months.

95 000 underemployed

The number of underemployed, i.e. part-time employees who want to work more hours, was 95 000 in the fourth quarter of 2005, approximately unchanged from the fourth quarter of 2004.

The underemployed represent 15.9 per cent of all part-time employees, compared with 15.6 per cent in the fourth quarter of 2004. The majority of the underemployed work in health and social work or retail trade. Half of all part-time employees work in these two sectors.

Actual hours worked for the unemployed and underemployed amounted to 116 000 man-weeks (full-time work) in the fourth quarter of 2005 - 4 000 less than in the fourth quarter 2004.

Unemployed (LFS), registered unemployed and registered employed + public sector job creation programmes. Seasonally adjusted figures in 1 000

EU unemployment down

The seasonally adjusted unemployment rate for Norway was 4.5 per cent in November, compared with 4.8 per cent in August. OECD and Eurostat figures for most countries are only available for October. Compared with July, the rate in the EU15 area fell from 7.8 to 7.6 per cent, and in the OECD area from 6.5 to 6.4 per cent. In the same period, the unemployment rate stayed unchanged at 5.0 per cent in the USA. From July to October, the unemployment rate fell from 8.2 to 8.1 per cent in Finland, from 9.3 to 9.1 per cent in Germany, and from 9.5 to 9.3 per cent in France.