More underemployed women
Labour market and earnings;Labour market and earnings;Immigration and immigrants
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Labour force surveyQ3 2004



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More underemployed women

The number of underemployed women increased by 14 000 from the third quarter of last year to the third quarter of 2004, while the figure for men was approximately unchanged. The figures are taken from the latest Labour Force Survey (LFS) carried out by Statistics Norway.

Seasonally adjusted figures: Employment on the rise

Unemployment stayed unchanged from Q2 to Q3 2004, and appears to be holding a stable level. In the same period, employment increased by 5 000, which is inside the LFS error margin. Still, employment appears to follow an upward trend, according to seasonally adjusted figures from the LFS.

The seasonal adjustment method is a favourable method of revealing the current development in the labour market, and serves as an alternative to comparisons with the corresponding quarter in the previous year. Seasonally adjusted figures are presented in a separate article.

The total number of underemployed, i.e. part-time employees who want to work more hours, increased from 85 000 to 98 000 from the third quarter of 2003 to the third quarter of 2004. This represents 16.7 per cent of all part-time employees and compares with 14.7 per cent in the third quarter of last year. About 78 per cent of the underemployed were women.

224 000 temporary employed

The number of temporary employees was 224 000 in the third quarter of 2004, approximately on level with the third quarter of last year. Temporary employment was most common in the primary industries, hotels and restaurants, and in health and social work. At the opposite end of the scale, financial intermediation and business activities, transport and communication, and manufacturing are characterised by relatively few temporary employees.

Increase in domestic trade

Employment figures by industry reveal a relatively sharp increase in employment in wholesale and retail trade, and in education, by 13 000 and 9 000 respectively from the third quarter of 2003 to the third quarter of 2004. The manufacturing industry and agriculture experienced a fall in employment in this period.

Workforce, employed and man-weeks worked. Seasonally adjusted figures in 1 000

Slight fall in labour force participation

Total labour force participation fell from 73.4 to 73.2 per cent from the third quarter of 2003 to the third quarter of 2004, and men aged 20-24 were most affected by the decline. Total labour force participation has not been lower since 1996.

Increase in long-term unemployment

The number of unemployed in the third quarter of 2004 was 111 000, approximately unchanged from the third quarter of 2003. The unemployment rate was 4.6 per cent, with 4.8 per cent for men and 4.4 per cent for women. The rate has increased somewhat for women aged 25-54.

The proportion of long-term unemployed increased from 23 to 26 per cent over the past year. Long-term unemployment is defined as unemployment that has lasted for at least six consecutive months.

Actual hours worked for the unemployed and underemployed amounted to 127 000 man-weeks (full-time work) in the third quarter of 2004, an increase of 3 000 from the corresponding quarter of 2003.

Unemployed (LFS), registered unemployed and registered employed + public sector job creation programmes. Seasonally adjusted figures in 1 000

Unemployment down in the USA and in Sweden

The seasonally adjusted unemployment rate for Norway was 4.5 per cent in August 2004, compared with 4.6 per cent in May. In the same period, unemployment in the EU and OECD area stayed unchanged at 8.1 and 6.9 per cent respectively. In August, unemployment stood at 5.4 per cent in the USA, down 0.2 percentage points from May. Sweden saw unemployment fall from 6.6 to 6.2 per cent, while unemployment remained unchanged at 9.0 per cent in Finland. In France and Germany unemployment stayed approximately unchanged at 9.6 and 9.9 per cent, according to figures from the OECD and Eurostat .