More part-time and temporary work
Labour market and earnings;Labour market and earnings;Immigration and immigrants
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Labour force surveyQ2 2004



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More part-time and temporary work

The number of salaried employees increased by 10 000 last year. Behind this lies a growth in temporary employment by 15 000, an increase in permanent part-time employment by 10 000, and a decline in permanent full-time employment by 15 000.

Seasonally adjusted figures: Stable labour market

Unemployment went up by 5 000 from Q1 to Q2 2004. As a result, the downward trend appears to be levelling out. Employment remained unchanged in the same period, according to seasonally adjusted figures from the LFS.

The seasonal adjustment method is a favourable method of revealing the current development in the labour market, and serves as an alternative to comparisons with the corresponding quarter in the previous year. Seasonally adjusted figures are presented in a separate article.

Employment figures by industry for Q2 2004 show that manufacturing was the sole contributor to the decline in permanent full-time employment. The number of temporary employees was unchanged in this particular industry. The growth in temporary employment came mainly in industries with increase in permanent employees, i.e. education, health and social work, and construction.

Workforce, employed and man-weeks worked. Seasonally adjusted figures in 1 000

Labour force participation slightly down

Total labour force participation went down from 73.2 to 73.0 per cent from Q2 2003 to Q2 2004, and young men (16-24 years) and older women (67-74 years) were most strongly affected by the decline. Not since 1997 has total labour force participation been lower in Q2.

Increase in long-term unemployment

The number of unemployed people in Q2 2004 was 111 000, unchanged from Q2 2003. The unemployed constituted 4.6 per cent of the working force - 5.0 per cent for men compared to 4.2 per cent for women. Some increase occurred from Q2 2003 for men aged 16-24, while the opposite was the case regarding men aged 25-54.

The proportion of long-term unemployed increased from 19 to 27 per cent over the past year. Long-term unemployment is defined as having been out of work for six consecutive months and being out of work at the time of interview.

Unemployed (LFS), registered unemployed and registered employed + public sector job creation programmes. Seasonally adjusted figures in 1 000

Unemployment still rising in Sweden

The seasonally adjusted unemployment rate for Norway was 4.5 per cent in May 2004, compared with 4.3 per cent in February. Unemployment in the EU and OECD area was unchanged at 8.1 and 6.9 per cent respectively in the same period. Unemployment stayed unchanged in the USA too, at 5.6 per cent from February to May. Sweden saw unemployment grow from 6.4 to 6.7 per cent, and Finland from 9.0 to 9.1 per cent. In Germany unemployment rose from 9.6 to 9.8 per cent, while the figure for France stayed unchanged at 9.4 per cent, according to figures from the OECD and Eurostat .

Record level of under-employment

The number of under-employed, i.e. part-time employees seeking more work, went up from 86 000 to 100 000 people from Q2 2003 to Q2 2004. This represents 16.1 per cent of all part-time employees, compared to 14.2 per cent in Q2 2003. Never before has the number of under-employed been higher since the Norwegian LFS started measuring the under-employment in 1989.

The work hours of the unemployed and under-employed in Q2 2004 amounted to 135 000 man-weeks (full-time work), an increase of 5 000 from the corresponding quarter in 2003.

Overtime equivalent to 58 000 full-time jobs

20 per cent of the full-time employees worked overtime in Q2 2004, 23 per cent among males and 15 per cent among females. The amount of overtime was equivalent to 58 000 full-time jobs, or 4.4 per cent of all man-weeks by employees working full-time. The proportion of people working over-time was highest in business activities (28 per cent), wholesale trade, and oil and gas extraction (25 per cent). The rate was lowest in education, hotels and restaurants, and health and social work (10-14 per cent).