More female part-time workers
Labour market and earnings;Labour market and earnings;Immigration and immigrants
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Labour force surveyQ3 2002



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More female part-time workers

According to seasonally adjusted figures from the Labour Force Surveys (LFS) only small changes occurred in total employment and unemployment between the second quarter 2002 and the third quarter 2002. Compared with the third quarter 2001, however, the number of employed persons increased by 13 000 persons, and the unemployment increased from 3.6 to 3.8 per cent.

The labour force participation increased among females aged 16-24 and 55-74 between the third quarter 2001 and the third quarter 2002. The growth in female employment concerns part-time employment. In the third quarter 2002 42 per cent of the employed females had a part-time job, compared with 10 per cent among males.

Unemployed (Labour Force Survey - LFS), registered unemployed and registered employed + public sector job creation programmes. Seasonally adjusted figures in thousands

Workforce, employed and man-weeks worked. Seasonally adjusted figures in thousands

More employees in health and social work

Compared with the third quarter 2001, there was a considerable increase in employment within health and social work. Transport and communication, renting and business activities, on the other hand, showed a decline in employment.

Unemployment at 3.8 per cent

A total of 91 000 persons were unemployed in the third quarter 2002, accounting for 3.8 per cent of the labour force, compared with 3.6 per cent the same quarter 2001.

The rate of long-term unemployment increased from 15 to 20 per cent last year. Long-term unemployed are those who have been continuously unemployed for more than six months at the time of the survey.

There were 74 000 underemployed in the third quarter 2002, i.e. part-time employed seeking more work. As a percentage of all part-time employed, this corresponds to 12.8 per cent, compared with 12.2 per cent the same quarter 2001.

Unemployment in EU and OECD: 7.7 and 6.9 per cent

While the seasonally adjusted unemployment rate in Norway remained stable at 3.8 per cent from May to August 2002, it increased from 7.6 to 7.7 per cent as an average in the EU. The rate in the OECD-countries remained stable at 6.9. In August 2002 the unemployment rate was 5.7 in USA (5.8 in May 2002), 4.8 in Sweden (5.0 in May), and 4.3 in Denmark (4.2 in May).

Increased temporary employment

The number of temporary employed amounted to 226 000 in the third quarter 2002, 15 000 more than the same quarter 2001. This corresponds to 10.6 per cent of all employees, compared with 10.0 per cent one year before. The rate of temporary employment was highest in health and social work, hotels and restaurants and in education, lowest in manufacturing and construction.

Uncertain seasonally adjusted figures

Quality tests show that the seasonally adjusted LFS unemployment figures are uncertain. The seasonal-adjustment method has problems identifying a seasonal pattern for this series of figures. The random component is relatively large compared to the seasonal component; hence one must keep in mind that the unemployment figures contain a particularly high degree of uncertainty. For more information about the seasonally adjusted figures, see separate article .