More part-time workers among females
Labour market and earnings;Labour market and earnings;Immigration and immigrants
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Labour force surveyQ2 2002



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More part-time workers among females

According to seasonally adjusted figures from the Labour Force Surveys (LFS) only small changes occurred in total employment and unemployment between the first quarter 2002 and the second quarter 2002. Compared with the second quarter 2001 the number of employed persons increased by 14 000 persons, and the unemployment increased from 3.6 to 4.0 per cent. Growth in female employment concerns part-time employment.

Workforce, employed and man-weeks worked. Seasonally adjusted figures in thousands

Unemployed (Labour Force Survey - LFS), registered unemployed and registered employed + public sector job creation programmes. Seasonally adjusted figures in thousands

The labour force participation increased among females, but remained unchanged among males between the second quarter 2001 and the second quarter 2002. The growth in female employment concerns part-time employment. In the second quarter 2002 44 per cent of the employed females had a part-time job, compared with 11 per cent among males.

More employees in health and social work

Compared with the second quarter 2001, there was a considerable increase in employment within health and social work. Transport and communication, on the other hand, showed a decline in employment.

Unemployment at 4.0 per cent

A total of 95 000 persons were unemployed in the second quarter 2002, accounting for 4.0 per cent of the labour force, compared with 3.6 per cent the same quarter 2001.

The rate of long-term unemployment increased from 16 to 20 per cent last year. Long-term unemployed are those who have been continuously unemployed for more than six months at the time of the survey.

There were 70 000 underemployed in the second quarter 2002, i.e. part-time employed seeking more work. As a percentage of all part-time employed, this corresponds to 11.7 per cent, compared with 11.4 per cent the same quarter 2001.

Unemployment in EU and OECD: 7.6 and 6.9 per cent

While the seasonally adjusted unemployment rate in Norway remained stable at 3.8 per cent from February to May 2002, it increased from 7.5 to 7.6 per cent as an average in the EU. The rate in the OECD-countries total increased from 6.7 to 6.9. In May 2002 the unemployment rate was 5.8 in USA (5.5 in February 2001), 5.1 in Sweden (5.2 in February), and 4.2 in Denmark (unchanged from February).

Increased temporary employment

There were 218 000 temporary employed in the second quarter 2002, 26 000 more than in the same quarter 2001. This corresponds to 10.3 per cent of all employees, compared with 9.1 per cent one year before. The rate of temporary employment was highest in education, health and social work, and lowest in manufacturing, construction, financial intermediation, transport and communication.

Uncertain seasonally adjusted figures

Quality tests show that the seasonally adjusted LFS unemployment figures are uncertain. The seasonal-adjustment method has problems identifying a seasonal pattern for this series of figures. The random component is relatively large compared to the seasonal component; hence one must keep in mind that the unemployment figures contain a particularly high degree of uncertainty. For more information about the seasonally adjusted figures, see separate article.

Labour Force Survey, overtime, second quarter 2002