Increased employment among females
Labour market and earnings;Labour market and earnings;Immigration and immigrants
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Labour force surveyQ1 2002



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Increased employment among females

According to seasonally adjusted figures from the Labour Force Surveys (LFS) only small changes occurred in total employment and unemployment between the fourth quarter 2001 and the first quarter 2002. Compared with the first quarter 2001, however, the number of employed persons increased by 14 000 persons, and the unemployment increased from 3.7 to 4.1 per cent.

Unemployed (Labour Force Survey - LFS), registered unemployed and registered employed + public sector job creation programmes. Seasonally adjusted figures in thousands

The labour force participation increased among females, but remained unchanged among males between the first quarter 2001 and the first quarter 2002. Nearly 70 per cent of the females aged 16-74 participated in the labour force in the first quarter 2002, compared with 77 per cent among the males. The growth in female employment mostly concerns part-time employment. In the first quarter 2002 44 per cent of the employed females had a part-time job, compared with 12 per cent among males.

More employees in health and social work

Compared with the first quarter 2000, there was a considerable increase in employment within health and social work and within business services. Post and telecommunications, on the other hand, showed a decline in employment.

Unemployment at 4.1 per cent

A total of 97 000 persons were unemployed in the first quarter 2002, accounting for 4.1 per cent of the labour force, compared with 3.7 per cent the same quarter 2001. Unemployment has increased among persons below 25 years of age.

The rate of long-term unemployment increased from 17 to 19 per cent last year. Long-term unemployed are those who have been continuously unemployed for more than six months at the time of the survey.

Workforce, employed and man-weeks worked. Seasonally adjusted figures in thousands

There were 74 000 underemployed in the first quarter 2002, i.e. part-time employed seeking more work. As a percentage of all part-time employed, this corresponds to 12.1 per cent, compared with 10.9 per cent the same quarter 2001.

Unemployment in EU and OECD: 7.8 and 6.9 per cent

While the seasonally adjusted unemployment rate in Norway was 3.8 per cent in November and 3.7 in February 2002, it increased from 7.6 to 7.7 per cent as an average in the EU. The rate in the OECD-countries total decreased from 6.8 to 6.7. In February 2002 the unemployment rate was 5.5 in USA (5.6 in November 2001), 5.1 in Sweden (5.0 in November), and 4.2 in Denmark (January, unchanged from November).

Increased temporary employment

192 000 persons were temporary employed in the first quarter 2002, 19 000 more than in the same quarter 2001. This corresponds to 9.1 per cent of all employees, compared with 8.3 per cent one year earlier. The rate of temporary employment was highest in education, hotels and restaurants, health and social work.

Uncertain seasonally adjusted figures

Quality tests show that the seasonally adjusted LFS unemployment figures are uncertain. The seasonal-adjustment method has problems identifying a seasonal pattern for this series of figures. The random component is relatively large compared to the seasonal component; hence one must keep in mind that the unemployment figures contain a particularly high degree of uncertainty. For more information about the seasonally adjusted figures, see separate article .