Increased employment among females
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Labour force surveyQ4 2001



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Increased employment among females

The number of employed persons increased by 13 000 persons from the fourth quarter 2000 to the fourth quarter 2001. The unemployment increased from 3.1 to 3.3 per cent, according to the Labour Force Surveys (LFS).

The labour force participation rate increased especially among females aged 30-39 and above 55. In the fourth quarter 2001, 69 per cent of all females (aged 16-74) participated in the labour force, an increase of 1 percentage point from the fourth quarter 2000. The participation rate among males remained unchanged at 77 per cent.

 Workforce, employed and man-weeks worked. Seasonally adjusted figures in thousands

According to seasonally adjusted figures the employment increased by 15 000 persons between the third and the fourth quarter 2001, while only small changes occurred in the unemployment.

More employees in business services

Compared with the fourth quarter 2000, there was a considerable increase in employment within business services, education, health and social work. Hotels and restaurants, wholesale trade and motor vehicle services, on the other hand, showed a decline in employment.

Unemployment at 3.3 per cent

A total of 78 000 persons were unemployed in the fourth quarter 2001, accounting for 3.3 per cent of the labour force, compared with 3.1 per cent the same quarter 2000. Unemployment has increased among men below 25 years of age and among women aged 25-54.

The rate of long-term unemployment remained stable at 18 per cent last year. Long-term unemployed are those who have been continuously unemployed for more than six months at the time of the survey.

There were 72 000 underemployed in the fourth quarter 2001, i.e. part-time employed seeking more work. As a percentage of all part-time employed, this corresponds to 11.8 per cent, compared with 11.4 per cent the same quarter 2000.

 Unemployed (Labour Force Survey - LFS), registered unemployed and registered employed + public sector job creation programmes. Seasonally adjusted figures in thousands

Unemployment in EU and OECD: 7.8 and 6.9 per cent

While the seasonally adjusted unemployment rate in Norway increased from 3.6 per cent in August to 3.8 in November 2001, it increased from 7.7 to 7.8 per cent as an average in the EU. The rate in the OECD-countries total increased from 6.6 to 6.9. In November 2001 the unemployment rate was 5.6 in USA (4.9 in August 2001), 5.0 in Sweden (4.9 in August), and 4.4 in Denmark (October, unchanged from August).

Increased temporary employment

There were 200 000 temporary employed in the fourth quarter 2001, 22 000 more than the same quarter 2000. This corresponds to 9.5 per cent of all employees, compared with 8.5 per cent one year before. The rate of temporary employment was highest in education, health and social work.

Uncertain seasonally adjusted figures

Quality tests show that the seasonally adjusted LFS unemployment figures are uncertain. The seasonal-adjustment method has problems identifying a seasonal pattern for this series of figures. The random results are relatively large compared to the seasonal component; hence one must keep in mind that the unemployment figures contain a particularly high degree of uncertainty. For more information about the seasonally adjusted figures, see separate article.