389630
/en/virksomheter-foretak-og-regnskap/statistikker/styre/aar
389630
statistikk
2020-03-06T08:00:00.000Z
Establishments, enterprises and accounts;Immigration and immigrants
en
styre, Board and management in limited companies, board members, directorship, general managers, chairman of the board, limited companyEstablishments, enterprises and accounts, Ownership and roles , Establishments, enterprises and accounts, Immigration and immigrants
true

Board and management in limited companies

Updated

Next update

Key figures

41.8 %

of board representatives in public limited companies are women

Board representatives and general managers in limited companies
20202019 - 2020
NumberShareRelative change
Board representatives in private limited companies
Total636 618100.03.4
Men515 39581.03.2
Women121 22319.04.4
Board representatives in public limited companies
Total1 257100.01.9
Men73158.23.1
Women52641.80.2
 
General managers in private limited companies
Total245 955100,02.4
Men205 10783.42.2
Women40 84816.63.4
General managers in public limited companies
Total209100,0-0.9
Men19392.3-2.0
Women167.714.3

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Board representatives, by sex, age groups, level of education, size groups and economic activity

Board representatives, by sex, age groups, level of education, size groups and economic activity
2020
Private limited companiesPublic limited companies
TotalPercentage menPercentage womenTotalPercentage menPercentage women
Total636 61881.019.01 25758.241.8
 
Age groups
Total636 618100,0100,01 257100,0100,0
16-24 years3 6010.50.700.00.0
25-44 years171 24425.831.617311.916.3
45-66 years377 19159.558.295272.480.4
67 years or older84 58214.29.413215.73.2
 
Level of education
Total636 618100,0100,01 257100,0100,0
Primary and lower secondary education60 1459.68.7243.10.2
Upper secondary education245 59240.231.916816.88.6
Tertiary education, undergraduate level189 97528.436.142633.734.2
Tertiary education, graduate level108 25516.618.837624.637.3
Other32 6515.34.426321.819.8
 
Size groups
Total636 61881.019.01 25758.241.8
No employees381 14782.517.529659.840.2
1-4 employees117 00377.122.915857.043.0
5-9 employees53 30778.022.011357.542.5
10-19 employees39 59881.318.713456.743.3
20-49 employees27 13982.317.722657.542.5
50-99 employees9 07581.418.610060.040.0
100-249 employees5 79680.819.210554.345.7
250 or more employees3 55376.024.012560.839.2
 
Industrial activity
Total636 61881.019.01 25758.241.8
Agriculture, forestry and fishing10 43185.914.12458.341.7
Mining and quarrying3 32185.214.88262.237.8
Manufacturing31 53684.315.722461.238.8
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply5 30981.818.22853.646.4
Water supply2 37085.614.40..
Construction89 87189.910.14161.039.0
Wholesale and retail trade85 68478.721.38653.546.5
Transportation and storage21 43086.413.612759.140.9
Accommodation and food service activities20 40773.426.60..
Information and communication32 91585.714.39458.541.5
Financial and insurance activities27 34779.720.330656.543.5
Real estate activities133 76882.517.53452.947.1
Professional, scientific and technical activities70 40578.321.716656.643.4
Administrative and support service activities27 26580.319.71957.942.1
Public administration and defence25759.940.10..
Education8 44467.432.60..
Human health and social work activities18 87858.741.30..
Arts, entertainment and recreation12 71975.124.90..
Other service activities8 66745.954.1560.040.0
Activities of household as employers475.025.00..
Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies0..0..
Unknown industry25 59082.717.32166.733.3

Table 2 
General managers, by sex, age groups, level of education, size groups and economic activity

General managers, by sex, age groups, level of education, size groups and economic activity
2020
Private limited companiesPrivate limited companies
TotalPercentage menPercentage womenTotalPercentage menPercentage women
Total245 95583.416.620992.37.7
 
Age groups
Total245 955100,0100,0209100,0100,0
16-24 years1 2450.50.500.00.0
25-44 years68 89226.833.92311.46.3
45-66 years148 80260.759.418186.587.5
67 years or older27 01611.96.252.16.3
 
Level of education
Total245 955100,0100,0209100,0100,0
Primary and lower secondary education28 38311.810.331.60.0
Upper secondary education106 24844.835.32110.90.0
Tertiary education, undergraduate level67 28826.034.38539.456.3
Tertiary education, graduate level34 35513.516.27133.737.5
Other education9 6814.03.82914.56.3
 
Size groups
Total245 95583.416.620992.37.7
No employees136 75386.513.55592.77.3
1-4 employees59 04979.021.03296.93.1
5-9 employees22 34276.923.12195.24.8
10-19 employees14 92181.118.92391.38.7
20-49 employees8 56882.917.13694.45.6
50-99 employees2 34186.613.41586.713.3
100-249 employees1 32086.713.31384.615.4
250 or more employees66182.317.71485.714.3
 
Industrial activity
Total245 95583.416.620992.37.7
Agriculture, forestry and fishing4 04990.49.63100.00.0
Mining and quarrying95392.57.515100.00.0
Manufacturing11 39287.612.43387.912.1
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply1 21091.48.65100.00.0
Water supply71092.87.20..
Construction37 59895.64.45100.00.0
Wholesale and retail trade37 76678.321.713100.00.0
Transportation and storage8 27092.57.52491.78.3
Accommodation and food service activities9 25168.731.30..
Information and communication12 41089.210.81693.86.3
Financial and insurance activities10 21286.213.85190.29.8
Real estate activities41 76988.411.6785.714.3
Professional, scientific and technical activities31 07180.919.12989.710.3
Administrative and support service activities11 07281.818.24100.00.0
Public administration and defence5893.16.90..
Education3 52365.234.80..
Human health and social work activities8 42356.343.70..
Arts, entertainment and recreation4 10173.126.90..
Other service activities4 46834.066.01100.00.0
Activities of household as employers250.050.00..
Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies0..0..
Unknown industry7 64787.212.83100.00.0

Table 3 
Board representatives and general managers in private and public limited companies, by sex and county

Board representatives and general managers in private and public limited companies, by sex and county
2020
Board representativesGeneral managers
Private limited companiesPublic limited companiesPrivate limited companiesPublic limited companies
TotalPercentage menPercentage womenTotalPercentage menPercentage womenTotalPercentage menPercentage womenTotalPercentage menPercentage women
Total636 61881.019.01 25758.241.8245 95583.416.620992.37.7
 
Viken127 41680.319.725259.140.954 23783.816.24095.05.0
Oslo120 97781.218.863057.942.140 48281.818.210689.610.4
Innlandet35 26980.719.32365.234.814 01483.516.54100.00.0
Vestfold og Telemark46 55481.918.11560.040.019 72385.214.83100.00.0
Agder37 32282.817.21464.335.714 66585.114.92100.00.0
Rogaland56 38182.317.77357.542.522 16584.515.513100.00.0
Vestland76 19680.319.711954.645.428 32183.116.92090.010.0
Møre og Romsdal32 97281.019.03161.338.712 41284.615.4683.316.7
Trøndelag - Trööndelage50 86981.118.98258.541.519 33583.116.911100.00.0
Nordland26 14379.720.31258.341.710 02881.218.82100.00.0
Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku26 03478.921.1650.050.010 40581.518.52100.00.0
Svalbard48576.123.90..16875.624.40..

Table 4 
Board representatives in private and public limited companies, by number of positions in board and sex

Board representatives in private and public limited companies, by number of positions in board and sex
2020
Number of board membersPer cent
TotalMalesFemalesTotalMenWomen
Total322 285239 05383 232100.0100.0100.0
1 board position211 497147 16464 33365.661.677.3
2-3 board positions77 80262 42115 38124.126.118.5
4-5 board positions17 83015 5822 2485.56.52.7
6-9 board positions9 4598 5988612.93.61.0
10-19 board positions4 3103 9763341.31.70.4
20-49 board positions1 2071 143640.40.50.1
50-99 board positions15514690.00.10.0
100 or more positions in board252320.00.00.0

Table 5 
General managers in (public) limited companies, by number of positions as general manager and sex

General managers in (public) limited companies, by number of positions as general manager and sex
2020
Number of general managersPer cent
TotalMalesFemalesTotalMenWomen
Total211 827169 35342 474100.0100.0100.0
General manager in 1 enterprise153 690117 51736 17372.669.485.2
General manager in 2-3 enterprises46 37940 7495 63021.924.113.3
General manager in 4-5 enterprises7 4597 0044553.54.11.1
General manager in 6-9 enterprises2 9562 8051511.41.70.4
General manager in 10-19 enterprises1 048999490.50.60.1
General manager in 20-49 enterprises261247140.10.10.0
General manager in 50-99 enterprises312920.00.00.0
General manager in 100 or more enterprises3300.00.00.0

Table 6 
Private and public limited companies, by size of board, size groups, economic activity and sex of board representatives

Private and public limited companies, by size of board, size groups, economic activity and sex of board representatives
2020
Private limited company (AS)Public limited company (ASA)
TotalPercentage both women and menPercentage only menPercentage only womenTotalPercentage both women and menPercentage only menPercentage only women
Total333 78920.570.98.6211100.00.00.0
 
Size of board
Total333 78920.570.98.6211100.00.00.0
1-2 board representatives250 50811.877.111.10...
3-4 board representatives68 51643.155.61.446100.00.00.0
5-6 board representatives12 58159.939.80.385100.00.00.0
7-8 board representatives1 90876.523.40.156100.00.00.0
9-10 board representatives23885.714.30.016100.00.00.0
11 or more board representatives3884.215.80.08100.00.00.0
 
Size groups
Total333 78920.570.98.6211100.00.00.0
No one employeed212 87218.374.07.857100.00.00.0
1-4 employees67 56620.267.612.232100.00.00.0
5-9 employees24 14726.463.710.021100.00.00.0
10-19 employees15 79128.365.26.523100.00.00.0
20-49 employees8 97032.762.84.536100.00.00.0
50-99 employees2 41640.957.81.415100.00.00.0
100-249 employees1 35745.953.01.113100.00.00.0
250 employees and more67059.040.01.014100.00.00.0
 
Industrial activity
Total333 78920.570.98.6211100.00.00.0
Agriculture, forestry and fishing5 07620.276.03.83100.00.00.0
Mining and quarrying1 28025.272.72.015100.00.00.0
Manufacturing13 45823.970.95.333100.00.00.0
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply1 59637.760.51.85100.00.00.0
Water supply86724.573.81.70...
Construction47 38014.283.32.65100.00.00.0
Wholesale and retail trade45 66621.667.510.913100.00.00.0
Transportation and storage10 37418.777.24.124100.00.00.0
Accommodation and food service activities10 89627.159.413.60...
Information and communication16 21718.177.14.816100.00.00.0
Financial and insurance activities18 48114.974.510.651100.00.00
Real estate activities66 43722.472.35.37100.00.00
Professional, scientific and technical activities39 70820.668.910.530100.00.00
Administrative and support service activities14 17721.569.98.64100.00.00
Public administration and defence6485.914.10.00..0
Education4 39027.153.319.60..0
Human health and social work activities10 13930.144.325.60..0
Arts, entertainment and recreation5 52329.658.611.70..0
Other service activities5 24024.631.044.41100.00.00
Activities of household as employers333.366.70.00..0
Activities of extraterritorial organisations and bodies0...0...
Unknown industry16 81714.476.39.34100.00.00.0

About the statistics

The statistics give an overview of board representatives and general managers in private and public companies categorized by sex. national background, age and educational level.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Enterprise
An enterprise is defined as an organisational unit comprising all economic activities engaged in by the same owner. Hence, an enterprise is a legal entity covering one or more productive units.

Organisational structure
Structure registered in CRE. In this statistics, public limited companies and private limited companies are included.

Public limited company and private limited company
These are organisational structures in which none of the owners have personal responsibility for the company's liability. The owners' responsibility for the company's debt is restricted to the share capital. A private limited company cannot, unlike a public limited company, receive share capital from the public.

All public limited companies must have a general manager and a board with at least three members. Private limited companies must have a board with one or more members and may have a general manager.

Roles
Roles used in this statistics are chairmen of the board, deputy chairman and board members (i.e. board representatives), as well as general manager in public and private limited companies.

Employees
The number of employees comprises all employees with a payroll or expenditure allowance above NOK 1 000 per annum (A-Scheme Register).

National background is the person's own, their mother's or possibly their father's country of birth. Persons without an immigrant background only have Norway (000) as their national background. When both parents are born abroad they are in most cases born in the same country. In cases where the parents have different countries of birth the mother's country of birth is chosen

Standard classifications

The Standard Industrial Classification (SIC2007)

Classification of enterprises by size Group

Classification of Organization form

The Norwegian Standard Classification of Education (NUS2000)

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Board and management in limited companies
Topic: Establishments, enterprises and accounts

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Business Dynamics Statistics

Regional level

National and county level

Frequency and timeliness

Annual

International reporting

Not relevant

Microdata

Information on the population is temporarily stored in the program language SAS and long term as text files. StatBank is updated each year.

Background

Background and purpose

Purpose

The purpose of the statistics is to give an overview of who the board representatives and the general managers in existing limited companies are. The statistics is categorized by sex, age, level of education and country background (immigration category), the size of the enterprises and their economic activity.

History

The aim was to use different data sources in Statistics Norway to establish a statistical basis, which would make it possible to focus on new aspects of establishments/enterprises by describing those who establish, own, run and manage enterprises.

The first publication for limited companies as of January 1 was for the year 2004 and for new limited companies for the year 2003. The last publication for new limited companies was for the year 2013.

The first publication focused on women and immigrants in personally owned enterprises and the board representatives in public limited companies. The background for this statistics was a law proposal for a minimum of 40 per cent of both men and women on the boards of public limited companies. The last publication on gender balance on boards of public limited companies was in July 2008, half a year after the required minimum of gender balance had taken effect.

Users and applications

The users of this statistics are public authorities, research institutions, students, industry and commerce, and the media.

Equal treatment of users

Principles for equal treatment of users in releasing statistics and analyses

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on www.ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar.

Coherence with other statistics

The figures for levels that are presented will deviate from the number of legal units in the Central Coordination Register for Legal Entities, and may on an industrial level deviate from what is presented in the structure statistics. The deviation in relation to the Central Coordination Register for Legal Entities is mainly caused by the fact that it comprises all legal units, including those that are not conducting industrial activities, and that CRE controls to find out whether an enterprise has activity or not.

The statistics on ownership and roles may also deviate from Statistics Norway's other statistics on enterprises. The reason for this is that these statistics only include enterprises that have physical persons who fill roles in the enterprises.

Legal authority

Not relevant

EEA reference

Not relevant

Production

Population

Public and private limited companies as of January 1

The population differs from the one used for enterprises. The statistics includes all limited companies that are registered in the Enterprise Register (FR) and are active as of a certain date.

Statistics on enterprises comprises all industries according to the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC2007), except for public administration and defense, and primary industries. These are directly taken from the register and have to be registered in the Enterprise Register. This method is used until public administration and primary industries are included in the enterprise statistics.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics is based on the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises (CRE), information on roles from the Central Coordination Register for Legal Entities and population register data. The Division for Labour Market Statistics provides the number of employees.

Information about roles from the Central Coordination Register for Legal Entities provides a survey of all physical persons and body cooperates that have roles in the Norwegian business enterprise sector. The physical persons are registered by a national identity number or with a D-number, while the body cooperates are enterprises that are registered by organisation number. No one can register an enterprise in CRE without also registering roles. The different types of organisational structures have different requirements concerning the roles.

Information about the physical person is updated continuously, and information is checked with the Central Population Register every 24 hours.

Statistical Population Register
The statistics is based on population register data. Since 1946, each municipality has had a local population registry that registers all residents in the municipality pursuant to the Population Registration Act and its regulations. The population registries receive reports of births, deaths, marriages, divorces, migration etc. from various sources.

Population's level of education

The level of education register is originally based on information from the 1970 Population and Housing Census. Each year, the database is updated with new information on completed degrees in Norway. Education completed abroad and supported by the State Education Loan Fund is included from 1986 onwards. Statistics Norway's special surveys Education Completed Abroad from 1990 and 1999 have also been used to update the database. The Health Personnel Register (HPR) and National Certificate Database (NVB) have been used as additional data sources since 2001, and the Norwegian computer system for cases involving foreign nationals and refugees (UDB) since 2008.

The National Education Database (NUDB) was created in 2002 and contains individually based education statistics dating back to 1970. Each year the database is updated with records of current students and completed educations for the previous academic year. Course codes from the completed educations are used to update the population's level of education where applicable. If an individual has completed two courses of the same level, the one with the highest class level is chosen. Specific fields of study are chosen over general fields and newer courses are counted before older courses. Credit points have also been used to determine education level since 1999. Between 1999 and 2004, a tertiary level education was attained with a single year full-time loading of 60 credit points. From October 1, 2005, 120 credit points are required to attain a tertiary level of education.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

The statistics uses only administrative data and already existing statistical registers.

The Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises (CRE) is a comprehensive register. Its quality is ensured in relation to population and basic characteristics like addresses, legal form and industry codes.

The quality of the population of active enterprises is taken care of among other things by directly contacting units in connection with the data collection for the SBS and through links towards administrative registers in the monitoring system for establishments in the CRE.

The quality regarding the industry code for establishments and enterprises is continuously taken care of. This takes place by contacting the enterprises in SN's SBS-surveys, through administrative sources such as the National Insurance administration's annual check, and in other ways through direct contact with the enterprises, and furthermore with the help of statements of purposes with the Central Coordination Register for Legal Entities.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

Not relevant

Comparability over time and space

The statistics is published every year so that the results are comparable. In StatBank, the results are to be found for the whole country and by county.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Enterprise statistics
The statistics is based on statistical and administrative sources. Several administrative sources are instrumental in the work of updating the CRE, and are used both to define the population and to collect characteristics and information: the Central Coordination Register for Legal Entities, the VAT Register and the A-Scheme Register are used to collect information about the units. This may cause register errors that can affect the uncertainty of the statistics.

A possible source for errors is out-of-date information caused by lags in the registration. Such lags are caused by the fact that changes are often registered some time after they have occurred. The consequence is that the registers are not always up-to-date, which can lead to outdated information being used as a basis for the statistics.

In connection with new registrations, the respondent is to state whether this is a new activity or a change in ownership. In cases where such information is lacking, a duplicate check against existing enterprises is carried out in order to identify possible ownership changes. All changes are not intercepted in these routines, and the number of new establishments is assumed to be somewhat high in relation to the number of new registrations. Furthermore, there are many newly established enterprises that do not start up any activity.

Population statistics
The quality of the data from the Central Population Register is generally very good for statistical purposes, however one relevant complaint is delayed reporting. Delayed reporting can lead to some events being registered and counted in the wrong year.

The Central Population Register consists of persons with a Norwegian national identity number or a D-number. Some of the persons with a D-number are persons living abroad while working in Norway. These persons will not be issued with a national identity number, but persons immigrating to Norway will get a national identity number after a period of time. It can therefore be difficult to distinguish between immigrants who have moved to Norway and persons living abroad. Another problem could be persons who change their national identity number as a consequence of new information about their date of birth.

Statistics on the population's level of education
For sources of error in the education statistics, see About the statistics.

Revision

Not relevant

Contact