Most shareholders were men
Establishments, enterprises and accounts;Immigration and immigrants
eigarskap, Ownership and roles in business enterprise sector (discontinued), owners, shareholders, ownership structure, personally owned enterprises, limited companies, public limited companies, sole proprietorships, enterprise size, enterprise by industryEstablishments, enterprises and accounts, Ownership and roles , Establishments, enterprises and accounts, Immigration and immigrants

Ownership and roles in business enterprise sector (discontinued)1 January 2012



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Most shareholders were men

Seven out of ten shareholders and owners of personally-owned enterprises were men as per 1 January 2012. Half of the female owners of personally-owned enterprises had a higher education. Men were the biggest owners

Number of owners in personally owned enterprises and number of shareholders in public and private limited companies.
20122011 - 20122010 - 2012
Number of ownersShareShareShare
Personal owned enterpises
Both sexes201 593100.07.48.2
Males143 48171.25.75.9
Females58 11228.811.614.5
Limited companies
Both sexes1 114 732100.0-1.45.6
Males819 02973.5-1.25.2
Females295 70326.5-1.86.8

About 73 per cent of the shareholders in private and public limited companies were men. Of the shareholders with more then 50 per cent of share capital, men constituted 8 out of 10.

More women and immigrants among owners of personally-owned enterprises

Twenty-nine per cent of the 200 000 sole proprietorships as per 1 January 2012 were owned by women. The share of female owners has increased from 24 to almost 29 per cent from 2004 to 2012. Almost 15 per cent of sole proprietorships were owned by immigrants or Norwegian-born to immigrant parents.

Female owners with highest level of education

Almost half of the female owners had a higher education, which is a major increase compared with 2004, when one out of four female owners had a higher level of education. One out of three male owners had a higher education in 2012. Among shareholders in private and public limited companies, the share with a higher education was more evenly distributed, with one out of four having a higher level of education.