339521
/en/varehandel-og-tjenesteyting/statistikker/stefu/aar
339521
statistikk
2018-04-25T08:00:00.000Z
Wholesale and retail trade and service activities;Construction, housing and property
en
stefu, Business activities, structural business statistics, property industry, estate agents, letting services, architectural services, legal services, R&D, advertising, veterinary activities, security services, cleaning services, turnover, employees, enterprisesService activities , Property, Construction, housing and property, Wholesale and retail trade and service activities
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Business activities, structural business statistics

Updated

Next update

Key figures

-8.8 %

decrease in turnover for technical consultancy from 2015 to 2016

Structural statistics for real estate, renting and business activities, industry division 68, 69-75, 77-82. Final figures
Number/NOK millionIn per cent
20162015 - 20162012 - 2016
Enterprises
Number of enterprises118 2612.011.8
Employment299 189-0.66.8
Turnover549 296.81.47.8
Value added278 217.71.69.2
Gross operating surplus125 257.05.39.3
 
Local kind-of-activity units
Lokal KAUs122 1042.012.1
Employment298 109-0.87.1
Turnover549 532.81.58.2
Compesation of employees153 301.1-0.99.6
Gross investments57 355.920.020.8

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Principal figures, by industry class. Local kind-of-acitivity units

Principal figures, by industry class. Local kind-of-acitivity units1
Local KAUs (number)Employment (number)Compensation of employees (NOK mill.)2Turnover (NOK mill.)2Gross investments (NOK mill.)2
1Other details can be found in StatBank Norway, figure number 07901.
2VAT is not included.
3The figures are exclusive of 68.201 House cooperative, 70.100 Activities of head offices and 81.109 Other combined facilities support activities.
The whole country3
2015119 669300 451154 751.6541 630.847 805.1
2016122 104298 109153 301.1549 532.857 355.9
L.
201550 34432 36214 435.0141 653.638 512.4
201651 87333 34915 156.8153 210.937 534.5
68 Real estate activities
201550 34432 36214 435.0141 653.638 512.4
201651 87333 34915 156.8153 210.937 534.5
M Professional, scientific and technical activities
201548 251136 85787 685.7226 587.24 578.9
201648 807135 43686 417.6222 593.52 873.3
69 Legal and accounting activities
20157 77833 76218 328.840 848.1377.7
20167 70133 96419 165.942 570.9165.5
70 Head offices, management consult.
201511 08813 6148 189.520 564.9244.6
201611 40714 0948 601.921 481.9265.2
71 Architecture, engineering activities
201513 00054 85143 252.5114 538.43 220.8
201613 00151 44940 245.9104 780.61 579.4
72 Scientific research and development
201579110 5478 795.513 061.0339.9
201685910 1348 573.613 549.1438.1
73 Advertising and market research
20152 8168 6844 069.221 421.792.5
20162 7779 4374 544.923 111.2130.6
74 Other professional, scientific and technical activities
201511 40112 3964 213.013 403.1214.6
201611 65913 1374 346.614 156.2194.3
75 Veterinary activities
20151 3773 003837.22 750.088.8
20161 4033 221938.72 943.6100.0
N. Office administrative, office support and other business support activities
201521 074131 23252 630.9173 390.04 713.8
201621 424129 32451 726.7173 728.416 948.1
77 Rental and leasing activities
20153 5107 7884 052.242 958.03 164.9
20163 5847 9314 253.944 387.115 615.8
78 Employment activities
20152 41950 10821 856.931 473.852.6
20162 43047 79820 580.329 728.1122.3
79 Travel agency, tour operators
20152 4287 0042 705.039 318.8253.9
20162 5676 9142 609.538 121.6200.2
80 Security, investigation activities
201555913 2165 105.98 478.3434.5
201659713 3845 025.08 756.4341.3
81 Buildings, landscape service activities
20157 78438 40911 729.624 029.0393.0
20167 97738 53112 037.124 512.2544.0
82 Business support activities
20154 37414 7077 181.427 132.1414.9
20164 26914 7667 221.028 222.9124.6

Table 2 
Structurak statistics. Principal figures, by number of persons employed and industry section. Local kind-of-activity units.

Structurak statistics. Principal figures, by number of persons employed and industry section. Local kind-of-activity units.1
2016
0-9 employed10-19 employed20-49 employed50-249 employed250 or more employed
1Other details found in StatBank Norway, figure number 07904.
2The figures are exclusive of 68.201 House cooperative, 70.100 Activities of head offices and 81.109 Other combined facilities support activities.
3VAT is not included.
Total2
Local kind-of-activity units116 7622 8791 61577375
Employment104 14338 23248 15173 78133 802
Compensation of employees (NOK million)40 342.622 931.628 812.140 971.220 243.7
Turnover (NOK million)3277 231.259 678.477 516.9100 198.434 907.9
Gross Investment (NOK million)340 885.32 085.910 145.83 474.3764.6
 
Section L
Local kind-of-activity units51 4373249220.
Employees24 9254 2212 5431 660.
Compensation of employees (NOK million)9 307.93 119.51 959.0770.4.
Turnover (NOK million)3135 724.69 309.26 017.82 159.3.
Gross Investment (NOK million)336 672.7998.1-140.23.9.
Section M
Local kind-of-activity units46 2461 53472827128
Employees53 99320 18321 17026 50713 583
Compensation of employees (NOK million)23 249.113 868.916 312.521 450.911 536.2
Turnover (NOK million)379 132.528 815.040 114.450 568.623 963.0
Gross Investment (NOK million)3641.8274.5747.7526.5682.8
Section N
Local kind-of-activity units19 0791 02179548247
Employees25 22513 82824 43845 61420 219
Compensation of employees (NOK million)7 785.65 943.210 540.618 749.98 707.5
Turnover (NOK million)362 374.121 554.231 384.747 470.510 944.9
Gross Investment (NOK million)33 570.8813.39 538.32 943.981.8

Table 3 
Principal figures for the industrial section by county. Local KAUs

Principal figures for the industrial section by county. Local KAUs1
2016
Local kind-of-activity unitsEmployeesCompensation of employees (NOK million)Turnover (NOK million)2Gross Investments (NOK million)2
1Other details can be found in StatBank Norway, figure number 07909.
2VAT is not included.
3The figures are exclusive of 68.201 House cooperative, 70.100 Activities of head offices and 81.109 Other combined facilities support activities.
4Svalbard, Jan Mayen and the Norwegian continental shelf.
The whole country3122 104298 109153 301.1549 532.857 355.9
 
L. Real estate activities51 87333 34915 156.8153 210.937 534.5
Østfold2 8451 742559.34 887.61 250.6
Akershus4 2183 0651 529.115 156.95 599.7
Oslo7 7817 3144 756.351 859.17 731.6
Hedmark1 8581 114364.23 579.91 137.9
Oppland2 0271 301363.72 995.0908.5
Buskerud2 9341 807713.56 286.11 278.7
Vestfold2 7691 433532.95 338.1464.7
Telemark1 742855301.32 779.6591.5
Aust-Agder1 165524175.22 136.8454.4
Vest-Agder2 166981371.23 936.51 202.5
Rogaland4 4682 4711 091.510 813.33 225.7
Hordaland4 9613 1791 498.615 628.84 719.6
Sogn og Fjordane1 221575130.02 060.6506.4
Møre og Romsdal2 9351 587599.16 557.32 314.7
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)2 9362 1101 036.88 761.62 941.7
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)1 427654210.31 906.5700.6
Nordland2 3651 299414.44 218.51 122.8
Troms - Romsa1 295893369.52 967.91 144.9
Finnmark - Finnmárku731437136.01 226.2192.8
Other Norwegian territories42983.7114.345.3
M. Professional, scientific and technical activities48 807135 43686 417.6222 593.52 873.3
Østfold2 1114 8472 465.05 792.7100.0
Akershus6 69816 32311 350.329 772.4748.2
Oslo11 74340 41827 536.884 441.4214.9
Hedmark1 2622 6111 331.62 917.845.7
Oppland1 1842 7261 382.93 031.133.6
Buskerud2 4775 6803 296.07 815.744.6
Vestfold2 2254 7342 705.75 702.558.7
Telemark1 2882 8691 644.33 602.545.4
Aust-Agder8321 339666.81 497.631.2
Vest-Agder1 6493 9212 169.74 861.153.6
Rogaland3 98011 8778 058.418 725.7297.7
Hordaland4 25512 3998 056.221 118.0528.9
Sogn og Fjordane7801 596818.61 810.620.5
Møre og Romsdal1 9264 5922 646.36 483.7107.1
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)2 52310 4447 592.815 218.5432.5
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)8241 777917.01 866.741.3
Nordland1 4293 5451 692.63 951.721.8
Troms - Romsa1 1502 8291 640.03 151.639.3
Finnmark - Finnmárku443871430.7794.88.4
Other Norwegian territories4283815.737.4-0.1
N. Office administrative, office support and other business support activities21 424129 32451 726.7173 728.416 948.1
Østfold1 0665 0211 856.64 194.1108.2
Akershus2 86814 7145 904.424 743.71 412.7
Oslo3 86435 53615 625.562 703.511 247.9
Hedmark6603 0721 023.42 966.486.0
Oppland8162 429797.12 354.874.2
Buskerud1 2656 8722 677.07 775.1383.4
Vestfold1 0324 7571 786.14 261.4261.9
Telemark6402 573962.32 532.264.9
Aust-Agder4401 489448.51 966.426.4
Vest-Agder7043 3191 177.35 505.1113.7
Rogaland1 65510 7524 549.815 527.8307.9
Hordaland1 75213 7255 397.813 893.51 056.4
Sogn og Fjordane4101 420502.71 550.694.9
Møre og Romsdal8534 8132 022.75 467.6160.4
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)1 0738 8243 408.18 198.6117.1
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)4711 896657.41 636.5123.5
Nordland8193 4081 224.83 398.41 113.9
Troms - Romsa6622 9541 018.22 767.8161.5
Finnmark - Finnmárku3301 389539.82 048.716.6
Other Norwegian territories444361147.3236.116.7

Table 4 
Structural statistics. Principal figures, by industry class. Enterprises

Structural statistics. Principal figures, by industry class. Enterprises1
EnterprisesEmployed personsCompensation of employees (mill. NOK)Turnover (mill. NOK)2Production value (mill. NOK)23Value added (mill. NOK)2Gross Investment (mill. NOK)2
1More details can be found in StatBank Norway, figure number 07907.
2VAT is not included.
3Factor costs.
4The figures are exclusive of 68.201 House cooperative, 70.100 Activities of head offices and 81.109 Other combined facilities support activities.
The whole country4
2015115 984301 043154 872.6541 469.3538 250.5273 852.948 082.3
2016118 261299 189152 960.9549 296.8546 518.0278 217.757 221.9
 
L. Real estate activities
201549 73331 78014 184.7139 945.1139 621.286 846.338 725.7
201651 23832 47814 796.5151 458.5151 213.492 959.637 409.5
68 Real estate activities
201549 73331 78014 184.7139 945.1139 621.286 846.338 725.7
201651 23832 47814 796.5151 458.5151 213.492 959.637 409.5
M Professional, scientific and technical activities
201546 814135 56387 276.4226 564.7225 037.9113 815.04 525.0
201647 298134 76085 503.6222 198.6220 904.8110 783.42 878.9
69 Legal and accounting activities
20157 15933 74618 316.540 817.040 816.527 819.5378.7
20167 06933 94619 152.642 543.642 543.829 139.4165.3
70 Head offices, management consult.
201510 99713 6228 191.320 535.620 529.011 480.8244.8
201611 31314 0448 558.921 433.121 439.811 914.8261.3
71 Architecture, engineering activities
201512 40756 00044 381.1116 647.3115 570.654 840.43 233.7
201612 36352 23440 921.0106 192.0105 155.348 899.31 588.2
72 Scientific research and development
20157208 8097 409.411 155.511 126.96 904.1272.6
20167948 8757 081.911 918.111 898.56 870.4439.9
73 Advertising and market research
20152 8018 6144 044.221 376.421 364.35 081.592.5
20162 7569 4064 537.423 070.923 089.65 786.6130.4
74 Other professional, scientific and technical activities
201511 36611 7694 096.713 281.313 111.26 097.7215.5
201611 62513 0344 313.114 096.914 048.66 478.8193.8
75 Veterinary activities
20151 3643 003837.22 751.62 519.41 591.087.2
20161 3783 221938.72 944.02 729.21 694.1100.0
N. Administrative and service activities
201519 437133 70053 411.5174 959.5173 591.473 191.64 831.6
201619 725131 95152 660.8175 639.7174 399.874 474.716 933.5
77 Rental and leasing activities
20153 2727 8324 043.842 910.141 832.415 478.93 175.4
20163 3397 9534 268.044 439.943 558.617 122.515 608.5
78 Employment activities
20151 92550 44222 069.831 898.231 894.522 962.761.4
20161 91348 01620 728.529 949.429 949.921 562.1130.4
79 Travel agency, tour operators
20152 3066 8482 642.138 955.838 921.53 385.2231.0
20162 4476 7842 577.437 935.037 881.43 520.2186.6
80 Security, investigation activities
201536813 2255 100.48 561.98 517.36 263.8374.5
201637813 4575 035.68 750.68 616.76 361.1340.9
81 Buildings, landscape service activities
20157 38241 18312 589.526 328.126 149.215 486.6390.0
20167 56841 61013 067.927 392.427 218.616 048.1546.7
82 Business support activities
20154 18414 1706 965.926 305.426 276.59 614.4599.3
20164 08014 1316 983.427 172.427 174.69 860.7120.4

Table 5 
Principal figures, by number of persons employed and industry division. Enterprises

Principal figures, by number of persons employed and industry division. Enterprises1
Number of persons employed2016
0-910-1920-4950-249250-
1VAT is not included.
2The figures are exclusive of 68.201 House cooperative, 70.100 Activities of head offices and 81.109 Other combined facilities support activities.
3Factor costs.
TOTAL2
Number of enterprises114 1272 2661 18659488
Employment (persons)94 94830 02335 53160 21478 473
Compensation of employees (NOK million)..17 873.421 932.8....
Turnover (NOK million)..46 918.965 119.4....
Production value (NOK million)3..46 825.264 751.9....
Value added (NOK million)..22 446.828 021.2....
Gross Investments (NOK million)..1 890.29 915.2....
 
68 Real estate activities
Number of enterprises50 86526082292
Employment (persons)22 7883 4322 2572 8301 171
Compensation of employees (NOK million)..2 415.01 778.7....
Turnover (NOK million)..7 927.76 010.1....
Production value (NOK million)..7 922.96 010.2....
Value added (NOK million)..3 850.43 328.6....
Gross Investments (NOK million)..988.9-137.8....
69 Legal and accounting activities
Number of enterprises6 488401126486
Employment (persons)12 9925 2233 5325 4776 722
Compensation of employees (NOK million)..3 111.02 198.2....
Turnover (NOK million)..5 360.04 134.2....
Production value (NOK million)..5 360.04 134.2....
Value added (NOK million)..4 019.02 969.0....
Gross Investments (NOK million)..36.519.6....
70 Head offices, management consult.
Number of enterprises11 1051286218.
Employment (persons)9 1091 6671 8551 413.
Compensation of employees (NOK million)4 207.51 418.41 636.41 296.6.
Turnover (NOK million)12 466.52 588.43 484.12 894.1.
Production value (NOK million)12 467.42 588.43 484.12 899.9.
Value added (NOK million)6 765.91 656.42 161.71 330.9.
Gross Investments (NOK million)218.910.414.117.9.
71 Architecture, engineering activities
Number of enterprises11 5824422299416
Employment (persons)13 7665 8426 8379 25616 533
Compensation of employees (NOK million)7 008.24 483.95 721.28 089.315 618.5
Turnover (NOK million)30 796.110 523.614 988.919 073.930 809.5
Production value (NOK million)30 788.510 552.214 969.318 837.830 007.5
Value added (NOK million)12 147.45 166.36 853.59 239.515 492.6
Gross Investments (NOK million)24.9142.0605.5167.5648.4
72 Scientific research and development
Number of enterprises6793047335
Employment (persons)7434011 4363 5322 763
Compensation of employees (NOK million)....1 150.22 898.22 331.0
Turnover (NOK million)....1 960.34 258.63 710.0
Production value (NOK million)....1 933.14 249.23 702.4
Value added (NOK million)....631.93 170.92 576.6
Gross Investments (NOK million)....29.6260.1107.9
73 Advertising and market research
Number of enterprises2 55511956242
Employment (persons)3 1841 5961 7102 306610
Compensation of employees (NOK million)..854.01 199.61 065.1..
Turnover (NOK million)..2 762.07 748.27 749.1..
Production value (NOK million)..2 774.57 750.87 749.1..
Value added (NOK million)..987.01 488.01 329.5..
Gross Investments (NOK million)..19.615.646.1..
74 Other professional, scientific and technical activities
Number of enterprises11 4808842123
Employment (persons)8 6461 1511 1881 149900
Compensation of employees (NOK million)2 141.5744.0......
Turnover (NOK million)9 394.21 711.7......
Production value (NOK million)9 366.91 693.4......
Value added (NOK million)4 182.4752.1......
Gross Investments (NOK million)133.721.0......
75 Veterinary activities
Number of enterprises1 31649112.
Employment (persons)2 004593307317.
Compensation of employees (NOK million)460.7232.8.....
Turnover (NOK million)1 922.6520.1.....
Production value (NOK million)1 798.1479.1.....
Value added (NOK million)1 113.1296.0.....
Gross Investments (NOK million)78.19.3.....
77 Rental and leasing activities
Number of enterprises3 2047539192
Employment (persons)2 8671 0111 0842 296695
Compensation of employees (NOK million)1 132.4..657.51 464.7..
Turnover (NOK million)25 203.5..4 558.010 399.5..
Production value (NOK million)25 054.4..4 308.510 037.5..
Value added (NOK million)8 638.2..1 518.94 956.1..
Gross Investments (NOK million)2 927.7..9 088.82 821.2..
78 Employment activities
Number of enterprises1 38215618616425
Employment (persons)2 1702 0945 96216 67021 120
Compensation of employees (NOK million)886.4980.32 870.67 587.48 403.8
Turnover (NOK million)2 599.92 201.64 125.810 487.010 535.1
Production value (NOK million)2 599.52 201.64 126.710 487.010 535.1
Value added (NOK million)1 115.61 005.03 007.77 927.08 506.9
Gross Investments (NOK million)61.010.00.045.913.4
79 Travel agency, tour operators
Number of enterprises2 3038939151
Employment (persons)2 8001 1661 1841 281353
Compensation of employees (NOK million)..428.2432.4699.7..
Turnover (NOK million)..3 607.85 431.416 120.1..
Production value (NOK million)..3 596.65 414.716 120.1..
Value added (NOK million)..526.8578.81 024.6..
Gross Investments (NOK million)..30.81.45.2..
80 Security, investigation activities
Number of enterprises2912735169
Employment (persons)5593871 0861 5389 887
Compensation of employees (NOK million)151.880.1295.1405.74 102.9
Turnover (NOK million)440.2131.91 200.4668.76 309.5
Production value (NOK million)441.3129.71 176.5666.86 202.4
Value added (NOK million)239.184.7694.3456.94 886.0
Gross Investments (NOK million)6.40.8119.93.5210.3
81 Buildings, landscape service activities
Number of enterprises7 0402871577014
Employment (persons)9 6383 8544 7457 08216 291
Compensation of employees (NOK million)1 905.01 301.41 821.42 516.95 523.2
Turnover (NOK million)6 201.02 617.53 800.55 028.99 744.6
Production value (NOK million)6 182.82 605.23 786.24 964.59 679.9
Value added (NOK million)3 429.11 514.32 048.32 909.36 147.1
Gross Investments (NOK million)239.2121.662.367.855.7
82 Business support activities
Number of enterprises3 83711575503
Employment (persons)3 6821 6062 3485 0671 428
Compensation of employees (NOK million)1 408.7934.81 218.92 516.2904.8
Turnover (NOK million)10 079.23 933.95 484.55 982.91 692.0
Production value (NOK million)10 074.63 933.75 491.45 982.91 692.0
Value added (NOK million)2 437.51 219.61 660.23 324.61 218.8
Gross Investments (NOK million)6.325.765.617.05.9

About the statistics

The structural business statistics for business activities are a part of the industrial statistics of Statistics Norway, and present detailed information about the activities in this sector on the basis of accounting information.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Enterprise

In the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) an enterprise is the smallest combination of legal entities that is an organizational unit producing goods or services, which benefits from a certain degree of autonomy in decision making.

Local kind-of-activity unit (local KAU)

The SIC defines a local KAU as a functional unit, which at a single physical location is engaged primarily in activities within a specific activity group.

Owners

Owners include owners of sole proprietorships, or general partnerships, and family members who work for the enterprise on a daily basis without receiving regular wages. Co-owners of limited companies and cooperatives who are paid for working for the enterprise are not included, nor are family members of owners of sole proprietorships or general partnerships when they receive regular wages.

Employees

The number of employees is collected through the Register of Employees and Employers (the Aa-register). An employee is a person that works for an employer and receive compensation in the form of wages, pay, fee, bonuses, payment in kind etc. There are conditions that the work should last for at least six days and that the employee must be employed on average four or more hours a week for the employee to be notifiable to the Aa-register.

Employment

Employment is the sum of owners and employees. Compared to the Registerbased Employment Statistics http://www.ssb.no/regsys_en/ where persons are counted only in the main industry where they are employed, the structural statistics allows persons with more than one job to be counted as employee in several industries at the same time. The statistics on employment will therefore not be directly comparable.

Employment figures in the structural statistics show an average number during the year.

Temporary staff from employment agencies are not included in the employment figures.

Turnover/sales
Turnover is defined as the sum of remuneration for rendering of services to customers and sales of merchandise, and gross income from other activities. Rental income, commissions and special taxes are included, while subsidies and profits from sales of business assets are not. VAT is not included in the statistics.

stvareh_turnover_fig

Merchandise
Merchandise is goods bought and resold with no added value.

Compensation of employees
Compensation of employees includes wages, holiday pay, fees, etc., employer's national insurance contribution, reportable pension costs and other personnel costs. Compensation of employees does not include remuneration to owners of sole proprietorships or partnerships or to family members without regular wages.

Production value
Production value means sales corrected for changes in stocks of finished goods, work in progress, and goods and services purchased for resale. Purchases of goods and services for resale are deducted, while capitalized own investment work is added.

stvareh_production_fig

Value added
Value added is figured as the sum of production value less the purchase of goods and services (for other goods and services than those purchased for resale) and special public taxes, and corrected for changes in stocks of raw materials and consumer goods. Special public subsidies for manufactured/sold merchandise and other public subsidies/reimbursements are included.

stvareh_value_fig

Gross investments
Gross investments are the total value of new capital goods such as buildings and plant, machinery, tools, implements, software, vehicles (except for personal use), both new and used. Improvements are added while sales of used capital stock are deducted. Investment figures are minus incoming value added tax.

Acquisitions
This includes investments in new assets and improvements of own assets.

New investments include all newly acquired fixed assets acquired and completed in the course of the year, excluding investments in unimproved property. In assessing the value of the business asset, cost price is used for purchases and production cost for own manufactures. Acquisitions through financial leasing are included when the asset is entered as an asset in the balance sheet.

Improvement of own assets includes the value of all capitalized improvements and major repairs purchased and executed by others and/or undertaken by own employees on own business assets. A precondition is that such improvements increase the efficiency/value of and/or prolong the lifetime of the business asset. The improvement is estimated at purchase price at time of purchase or at production cost when it is manufactured.

Sale of business assets
Sale of business assets is estimated at the sales value (replacement value) upon realization of used business assets over the course of the year. The amount includes investment tax. The business asset is regarded as sold when it is delivered.

Standard classifications

The Standard Industrial Classification (SN2007) used in Statistics Norway is based on the EU's NACE-standard.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Business activities, structural business statistics
Topic: Wholesale and retail trade and service activities

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Structural Business Statistics

Regional level

National level

Frequency and timeliness

Frequency: Annual

Timeliness: The statistics should be published within 10 months from the end of the reference period

International reporting

The statistics are reported to EUROSTAT

Microdata

Primary data and information on sample units and population are stored temporarily in the programming language SAS, and stored permanently as text-files.

Background

Background and purpose

The structural business statistics for real estate, renting and business activities are a part of the industrial statistics of Statistics Norway, and present detailed information about the activities in this sector on the basis of financial information.

The statistics are compiled in accordance with the EU regulation on structural business statistics, and were first published in 1979. Since 1995 final results have been published on both the enterprise level and the local kind-of-activity unit (local KAU) level. Preliminary figures for turnover and employment on the enterprise level were published for the first time for 2001 in accordance with the EU regulation.

Users and applications

Users include public and private sector agencies, private organizations, individuals and international organizations such as EUROSTAT, as well as the National Accounts and other divisions of Statistics Norway.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given inthe Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway's key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally

Coherence with other statistics

The structural business statistics for real estate, renting and business activities are adapted to the EU regulation on structural business statistics, in the same way as the structural business statistics for wholesale and retail trade, transport and communication, hotel and restaurants and construction are compiled by Statistics Norway.

Short-term statistics are published for certain industries in addition to the structural statistics. These show figures for shorter periods than one year and usually for the entire country as a whole.

The structural business statistics are used as a base when making the National accounts.

Legal authority

Statistics Act Sections 2-2 and 2-3

EEA reference

Council Regulation no. 58/97 of 20 December 1996, changed 11 of March 2008 (EC) No. 295/2008 of the European Parliament

Production

Population

The structural statistics for real estate, renting and business activities are organized according to the NACE-standard (see section 4.2) and include the following industry divisions:

68 Real estate activities

69 Legal and accounting activities

70 Activities of head offices; management consultancy activities

71 Architecture and engineering activities; technical testing and analysis

72 Scientific research and development

73 Advertising and market research

74 Other professional, scientific and technical activities

75 Veterinary activities

77 Rental and leasing activities

78 Employment activities

79 Travel agency, tour operator and other reservation service activities

80 Security and investigation activity

81 Service to buildings and landscape activity

82 Office administrative, office support and other business support activities

The structural business statistics comprise most of the enterprises that are registered in the abovementioned industry divisions, as long as the enterprise was registered with activity in Norway in the relevant statistical year.

The exception is enterprises within the public service sectors 110, 510 and 550. Such units are not included in the structural business statistics for transport and communication even though they should happen to have operations in one of the abovementioned industries.

However, all other enterprises in the public sector or owned by the public sector, i.e. units with sector codes 610, 630, 635, 660 and 680, are included in the statistics if they have activity in one of the abovementioned industries.

Data sources and sampling

For a sample of the enterprises in the population, including all enterprises with more than one local kind-of-activity unit (local KAU), the statistics are based on Trading Statements (NO) and a supplementary questionnaire. The Trading Statements are either attached to the questionnaires or submitted electronically via the Norwegian Internal Revenue Service.

Information, like the accounts and turnover, about the enterprises with only one local KAU outside the sample is obtained from the Register of Annual Company Reports in Brønnøysund, the VAT Register and/or trading statements (NO) electronically submitted via the Norwegian Internal Revenue Service. The remaining enterprises with only one local KAU are asked to report turnover through the structural survey of Statistics Norway.

From the statistical year 2015 the number of employees is collected via  A-ordningen, where employers are obligated to submit monthly reports for everyone who receives wages and salaries. Previously, these figures were collected through the register of Employers and Employees. These two sources are not directly comparable.

The Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises is used to obtain necessary information about the population. The VAT Register, the Central Coordinating Register for Legal Entities, information from trade organizations and direct input from the enterprises are used to update the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises.

The population consists of all enterprises in the relevant industry divisions with registered activity in the reference year. The population is divided into subpopulations, called strata, after criteria like industrial classification and number of employees. In some of the strata, all enterprises are always included in the sample. From the remaining strata, a representative selection of enterprises is drawn. All enterprises in this sample are asked to report a full set of Trading Statements and to complete a questionnaire.

This detailed survey of accounting data is combined with the additional information from the various registers and the structural survey of Statistics Norway to form the basis for the estimation of the financial structures of the different industries and the sector as a whole.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

The questionnaires are sent out within three months after the end of the statistical year, with a response deadline of three or four weeks. The enterprises that do not respond on the first letter will be given reminders in writing for about a further six months from the first deadline.

Revisions and corrections are carried out on the information obtained from the sample population and the structural survey. The raw data are checked against reports for last year, the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises, the Register of Annual Company Reports in Brønnøysund and other available sources, and by contacting the respondent if necessary.

For the enterprises where a complete NO with supplementary form exists, no variables are estimated. For these enterprises the information in the forms are used.

Afterwards we used the existing data from the annual accounts according to the Register of Annual Company Accounts and split them up into respective sub items according to the relative shares shown in the data from the NO sample. We subsequently took data according to the Structural Survey and from the "VAT Register" into account in the statistical calculation.

The other items are estimated according to the division in the sample (organized by subclass and same size groups with respect to turnover, operating expenditure or other relevant distribution keys).

Enterprises with sales according to the VAT Register or Structural Survey

The NO items are estimated with sales as a key for the enterprises outside the sample where sales are obtained from the "VAT Register" or from the Structural Survey.

Employment figures

Employment figures for the enterprises in the population are mainly obtained via  A-ordningen. If information about employment is not available there it can be calculated from wages and salaries.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

If less than three enterprises/Local KAUs represents a statistical variable, the numbers are not published. The reason is the risk that the units can be identified. This is especially critical when regional data are published.

Comparability over time and space

Preliminary figures for turnover and employment on the enterprise level were published for the first time for the reference year of 2001. Preliminary figures are published while data are still under revision, and may therefore deviate from the final figures that are published within 18 months of the end of the reference year. Preliminary data for the enterprises in the sample that has not yet responded at the time of publishing are estimated by using other sources.

Generally, when making comparisons with previously published figures it must be kept in mind that older data may have been corrected during later revisions. Updating of industries in the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises may also have caused revisions for some of the industries. These changes have not been dated back.

From the statistical year 2015 the number of employees is collected via A-ordningen, Previously, these figures were collected through the register of Employers and Employees. These two sources are not directly comparable.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Returned questionnaires are read optically and automatically checked. An optical image of the form is first saved electronically and then checked manually in order to ensure that the primary data are as correct as possible. Nevertheless, the results of a statistical survey may contain some measurement and processing errors.

Measurement errors occur when the provider of the data gives incorrect answers due to forgetfulness, misunderstanding of questions etc.

Processing errors are errors from coding or errors that occur during the transferring of information from the questionnaire to a machine-readable medium or during revisions.

Non-response, that is when the respondent does not return the form or returns the form with incomplete information, will always be an aspect of form-based surveys. In the structural business statistics, non-respondent enterprises are treated the same way as enterprises outside the sample population.

Not relevant

In the structural business statistics, the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises, the Register of Annual Company Reports in Brønnøysund, the VAT Register and the Register of Employees and Employers (the Aa-Register) are used in order to define the population and help collect the necessary data.

Errors in these administrative registers - like time gaps in registration, incorrectly identified unit characteristics etc. may therefore be a potential source of uncertainty in the statistics and may for instance have an impact when dividing the population into adequate strata.

Revision

Not relevant