375948
/en/varehandel-og-tjenesteyting/statistikker/stefu/aar
375948
statistikk
2019-04-26T08:00:00.000Z
Wholesale and retail trade and service activities;Construction, housing and property
en
stefu, Business activities, structural business statistics, property industry, estate agents, letting services, architectural services, legal services, R&D, advertising, veterinary activities, security services, cleaning services, turnover, employees, enterprisesService activities , Property, Construction, housing and property, Wholesale and retail trade and service activities
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Business activities, structural business statistics

Updated

Next update

Not yet determined

Key figures

5.3 %

increase in turnover in business activities from 2016 until 2017

Structural statistics for real estate, renting and business activities, industry division 68, 69-75, 77-82. Final figures
Number/NOK millionIn per cent
20172016 - 20172013 - 2017
Enterprises
Number of enterprises118 9810.610.5
Employment307 3642.77.4
Turnover578 337.45.38.9
Value added294 384.55.89.9
Gross operating surplus132 835.76.111.1
 
Local kind-of-activity units
Lokal KAUs123 0130.710.9
Employment306 9893.08.2
Turnover582 922.56.110.3
Compesation of employees162 133.65.810.1
Gross investments56 587.0-1.328.1

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Principal figures, by industry class. Local kind-of-acitivity units

Principal figures, by industry class. Local kind-of-acitivity units1
Local KAUs (number)Employment (number)Compensation of employees (NOK mill.)2Turnover (NOK mill.)2Gross investments (NOK mill.)2
1Other details can be found in StatBank Norway, figure number 07901.
2VAT is not included.
3The figures are exclusive of 68.201 House cooperative, 70.100 Activities of head offices and 81.109 Other combined facilities support activities.
The whole country3
2016122 104298 109153 301.1549 532.857 355.9
2017123 013306 989162 133.6582 922.556 587.0
L.
201651 87333 34915 156.8153 210.937 534.5
201752 93433 28215 732.9165 243.641 424.3
68 Real estate activities
201651 87333 34915 156.8153 210.937 534.5
201752 93433 28215 732.9165 243.641 424.3
M Professional, scientific and technical activities
201648 807135 43686 417.6222 593.52 873.3
201748 715137 16290 475.7237 437.26 655.4
69 Legal and accounting activities
20167 70133 96419 165.942 570.9165.5
20177 63634 54420 589.044 571.6378.2
70 Head offices, management consult.
201611 40714 0948 601.921 481.9265.2
201711 43714 9489 507.223 360.8405.1
71 Architecture, engineering activities
201613 00151 44940 245.9104 780.61 579.4
201713 27751 00241 043.2111 767.04 340.0
72 Scientific research and development
201685910 1348 573.613 549.1438.1
201786010 2808 844.014 828.2336.6
73 Advertising and market research
20162 7779 4374 544.923 111.2130.6
20172 8279 5324 846.923 977.4127.8
74 Other professional, scientific and technical activities
201611 65913 1374 346.614 156.2194.3
201711 27413 4564 607.915 765.1956.7
75 Veterinary activities
20161 4033 221938.72 943.6100.0
20171 4043 4001 037.43 167.0111.0
N. Office administrative, office support and other business support activities
201621 424129 32451 726.7173 728.416 948.1
201721 364136 54555 925.0180 241.78 507.3
77 Rental and leasing activities
20163 5847 9314 253.944 387.115 615.8
20173 6177 9414 281.643 189.46 964.0
78 Employment activities
20162 43047 79820 580.329 728.1122.3
20172 49753 37923 566.733 145.3113.4
79 Travel agency, tour operators
20162 5676 9142 609.538 121.6200.2
20172 5437 0002 700.940 534.2167.7
80 Security, investigation activities
201659713 3845 025.08 756.4341.3
201759113 8305 053.09 200.7405.7
81 Buildings, landscape service activities
20167 97738 53112 037.124 512.2544.0
20178 12639 63512 736.525 502.8535.5
82 Business support activities
20164 26914 7667 221.028 222.9124.6
20173 99014 7607 586.228 669.3321.0

Table 2 
Structurak statistics. Principal figures, by number of persons employed and industry section. Local kind-of-activity units.

Structurak statistics. Principal figures, by number of persons employed and industry section. Local kind-of-activity units.1
2017
0-9 employed10-19 employed20-49 employed50-249 employed250 or more employed
1Other details found in StatBank Norway, figure number 07904.
2The figures are exclusive of 68.201 House cooperative, 70.100 Activities of head offices and 81.109 Other combined facilities support activities.
3VAT is not included.
Total2
Local kind-of-activity units117 5692 9061 66379877
Employment105 52438 82649 49177 26335 885
Compensation of employees (NOK million)42 665.423 463.930 567.644 074.121 362.6
Turnover (NOK million)3291 737.362 606.384 655.8104 272.339 650.6
Gross Investment (NOK million)344 412.71 776.73 723.04 011.42 663.3
 
Section L
Local kind-of-activity units52 4723459918.
Employed persons24 6304 4142 8141 424.
Compensation of employees (NOK million)9 517.53 111.32 283.1821.1.
Turnover (NOK million)3146 814.59 078.96 068.53 281.7.
Gross Investment (NOK million)339 615.7390.81 366.751.1.
Section M
Local kind-of-activity units46 1261 52875627827
Employed persons55 49220 23021 99726 40713 036
Compensation of employees (NOK million)25 153.414 083.017 497.821 773.011 968.5
Turnover (NOK million)383 560.131 314.742 780.253 171.426 610.7
Gross Investment (NOK million)32 613.4452.1584.1582.42 423.4
Section N
Local kind-of-activity units18 9711 03380850250
Employed persons25 40214 18224 68049 43222 849
Compensation of employees (NOK million)7 994.56 269.610 786.721 480.09 394.1
Turnover (NOK million)361 362.722 212.735 807.147 819.213 039.9
Gross Investment (NOK million)32 183.6933.81 772.23 377.9239.9

Table 3 
Principal figures for the industrial section by county. Local KAUs

Principal figures for the industrial section by county. Local KAUs1
2017
Local kind-of-activity unitsEmployed personsCompensation of employees (NOK million)Turnover (NOK million)2Gross Investments (NOK million)2
1Other details can be found in StatBank Norway, figure number 07909.
2VAT is not included.
3The figures are exclusive of 68.201 House cooperative, 70.100 Activities of head offices and 81.109 Other combined facilities support activities.
4Svalbard, Jan Mayen and the Norwegian continental shelf.
The whole country3123 013306 989162 133.6582 922.556 587.0
 
L. Real estate activities52 93433 28215 732.9165 243.641 424.3
Østfold2 8631 533563.25 255.11 582.5
Akershus4 2743 0111 516.016 430.53 271.1
Oslo8 0347 3795 024.856 166.515 584.9
Hedmark1 9041 173397.53 915.81 026.9
Oppland2 0671 179350.53 240.2637.1
Buskerud3 0021 762720.96 480.01 574.1
Vestfold2 7971 475551.95 593.01 516.5
Telemark1 780835315.13 108.21 180.9
Aust-Agder1 215498191.32 246.6603.1
Vest-Agder2 192996386.74 645.21 125.3
Rogaland4 5582 4481 096.411 451.91 556.9
Hordaland5 0303 2481 596.116 221.23 189.9
Sogn og Fjordane1 265601132.32 193.0665.0
Møre og Romsdal2 9911 559574.26 712.81 578.8
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)2 9822 1951 116.710 157.42 656.7
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)1 463658227.92 261.5503.0
Nordland2 4501 370449.34 656.21 789.2
Troms - Romsa1 311906372.73 240.11 094.4
Finnmark - Finnmárku730444145.91 174.1327.6
Other Norwegian territories426123.794.2-39.7
M. Professional, scientific and technical activities48 715137 16290 475.7237 437.26 655.4
Østfold2 1184 8942 603.06 065.884.9
Akershus6 69315 41311 032.232 525.4637.5
Oslo11 69542 18030 824.090 717.13 166.7
Hedmark1 2642 8201 468.93 119.683.4
Oppland1 1882 7691 432.33 089.657.0
Buskerud2 4365 1753 021.47 771.570.4
Vestfold2 2825 0962 847.55 954.540.3
Telemark1 2792 9951 748.34 197.549.8
Aust-Agder8411 371726.21 633.612.4
Vest-Agder1 6203 9402 210.14 811.387.2
Rogaland4 01711 3467 732.519 946.2365.2
Hordaland4 19512 5278 149.321 589.6505.0
Sogn og Fjordane8011 699865.31 967.436.7
Møre og Romsdal1 9294 6452 841.56 773.9100.7
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)2 51910 8567 832.816 844.31 199.3
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)8111 839990.42 014.120.9
Nordland1 4013 6281 790.83 852.361.3
Troms - Romsa1 1532 9451 712.43 450.177.1
Finnmark - Finnmárku443991633.01 078.8-0.4
Other Norwegian territories4303313.634.80.1
N. Office administrative, office support and other business support activities21 364136 54555 925.0180 241.78 507.3
Østfold1 0645 1691 890.04 414.6153.3
Akershus2 84315 0436 360.926 383.01 997.8
Oslo3 72538 16816 786.664 066.53 617.3
Hedmark6362 9491 025.03 060.389.7
Oppland8352 653959.12 553.166.9
Buskerud1 2786 9462 931.18 199.0740.0
Vestfold9854 8361 918.54 575.5197.1
Telemark6492 8431 091.52 877.694.7
Aust-Agder4411 665561.12 350.432.6
Vest-Agder7193 4861 233.45 376.695.8
Rogaland1 69411 9905 123.715 718.1419.1
Hordaland1 76114 0775 700.713 980.4-68.5
Sogn og Fjordane4171 536553.41 577.3138.6
Møre og Romsdal8884 7132 018.15 373.1181.8
Sør-Trøndelag (-2017)1 0929 1653 728.29 202.4241.4
Nord-Trøndelag (-2017)4832 209812.81 979.2140.7
Nordland8143 6491 374.93 922.8240.3
Troms - Romsa6583 3751 214.33 131.082.2
Finnmark - Finnmárku3391 887564.41 282.635.5
Other Norwegian territories44318677.4218.311.1

Table 4 
Structural statistics. Principal figures, by industry class. Enterprises

Structural statistics. Principal figures, by industry class. Enterprises1
EnterprisesEmployed personsCompensation of employees (mill. NOK)Turnover (mill. NOK)2Production value (mill. NOK)23Value added (mill. NOK)2Gross Investment (mill. NOK)2
1More details can be found in StatBank Norway, figure number 07907.
2VAT is not included.
3Factor costs.
4The figures are exclusive of 68.201 House cooperative, 70.100 Activities of head offices and 81.109 Other combined facilities support activities.
The whole country4
2016118 261299 189152 960.9549 296.8546 518.0278 217.757 221.9
2017118 981307 364161 548.5578 337.4574 458.8294 384.556 523.3
 
L. Real estate activities
201651 23832 47814 796.5151 458.5151 213.492 959.637 409.5
201752 29832 66815 501.3163 096.4162 524.197 819.341 345.7
68 Real estate activities
201651 23832 47814 796.5151 458.5151 213.492 959.637 409.5
201752 29832 66815 501.3163 096.4162 524.197 819.341 345.7
M Professional, scientific and technical activities
201647 298134 76085 503.6222 198.6220 904.8110 783.42 878.9
201747 134135 87189 373.2233 201.8231 536.3116 265.26 674.3
69 Legal and accounting activities
20167 06933 94619 152.642 543.642 543.829 139.4165.3
20176 96234 56220 595.144 542.144 534.330 830.6374.9
70 Head offices, management consult.
201611 31314 0448 558.921 433.121 439.811 914.8261.3
201711 33014 8629 461.223 320.423 290.713 069.5406.1
71 Architecture, engineering activities
201612 36352 23440 921.0106 192.0105 155.348 899.31 588.2
201712 65751 10841 423.4111 116.9109 607.450 658.64 367.9
72 Scientific research and development
20167948 8757 081.911 918.111 898.56 870.4439.9
20177949 1007 497.112 333.912 557.56 863.7332.3
73 Advertising and market research
20162 7569 4064 537.423 070.923 089.65 786.6130.4
20172 7969 4804 818.023 892.823 904.56 219.5126.0
74 Other professional, scientific and technical activities
201611 62513 0344 313.114 096.914 048.66 478.8193.8
201711 21813 3684 544.814 834.414 655.56 765.7956.1
75 Veterinary activities
20161 3783 221938.72 944.02 729.21 694.1100.0
20171 3773 3911 033.63 161.32 986.41 857.6111.0
N. Administrative and service activities
201619 725131 95152 660.8175 639.7174 399.874 474.716 933.5
201719 549138 82556 674.0182 039.2180 398.480 300.08 503.3
77 Rental and leasing activities
20163 3397 9534 268.044 439.943 558.617 122.515 608.5
20173 3667 9104 313.943 410.242 333.818 348.46 953.8
78 Employment activities
20161 91348 01620 728.529 949.429 949.921 562.1130.4
20171 93853 41223 561.733 189.733 186.524 662.2129.0
79 Travel agency, tour operators
20162 4476 7842 577.437 935.037 881.43 520.2186.6
20172 4386 8922 640.040 331.740 257.13 716.6158.8
80 Security, investigation activities
201637813 4575 035.68 750.68 616.76 361.1340.9
201737713 9065 078.39 214.49 115.16 523.5405.5
81 Buildings, landscape service activities
20167 56841 61013 067.927 392.427 218.616 048.1546.7
20177 64342 65413 760.628 440.828 261.616 607.8545.2
82 Business support activities
20164 08014 1316 983.427 172.427 174.69 860.7120.4
20173 78714 0517 319.527 452.427 244.310 441.5311.0

Table 5 
Principal figures, by number of persons employed and industry division. Enterprises

Principal figures, by number of persons employed and industry division. Enterprises1
Number of persons employed2017
0-910-1920-4950-249250-
1VAT is not included.
2The figures are exclusive of 68.201 House cooperative, 70.100 Activities of head offices and 81.109 Other combined facilities support activities.
3Factor costs.
TOTAL2
Number of enterprises114 7682 2761 22761397
Employment (persons)96 22430 35636 58560 71583 484
Compensation of employees (NOK million)37 009.218 540.523 097.1....
Turnover (NOK million)270 959.048 273.469 642.9....
Production value (NOK million)3269 922.848 016.069 059.6....
Value added (NOK million)141 328.223 317.030 207.9....
Gross Investments (NOK million)43 768.91 473.43 385.7....
 
68 Real estate activities
Number of enterprises51 90127791272
Employment (persons)22 5733 5662 5832 6271 319
Compensation of employees (NOK million)7 805.72 419.22 155.6....
Turnover (NOK million)142 263.17 820.96 373.5....
Production value (NOK million)141 736.97 778.26 372.4....
Value added (NOK million)86 684.03 887.23 412.3....
Gross Investments (NOK million)39 412.4471.71 359.1....
69 Legal and accounting activities
Number of enterprises6 374400132497
Employment (persons)12 9485 2453 6515 5957 123
Compensation of employees (NOK million)5 770.53 291.82 372.43 909.15 251.2
Turnover (NOK million)13 283.55 688.04 266.111 014.510 290.0
Production value (NOK million)13 282.65 687.94 266.111 007.810 290.0
Value added (NOK million)9 080.84 226.83 120.47 595.96 806.8
Gross Investments (NOK million)128.635.338.774.697.7
70 Head offices, management consult.
Number of enterprises11 1131286623.
Employment (persons)9 3891 7202 0011 752.
Compensation of employees (NOK million)4 499.81 512.61 786.71 662.2.
Turnover (NOK million)13 316.52 802.63 456.03 745.2.
Production value (NOK million)13 319.02 803.33 456.03 712.3.
Value added (NOK million)7 223.31 753.02 250.61 842.7.
Gross Investments (NOK million)357.618.320.49.7.
71 Architecture, engineering activities
Number of enterprises11 8724462299614
Employment (persons)14 3595 9806 8858 90414 980
Compensation of employees (NOK million)7 683.54 704.85 986.68 327.414 721.2
Turnover (NOK million)31 872.211 354.416 204.119 446.932 239.3
Production value (NOK million)31 780.011 285.315 971.419 158.731 412.0
Value added (NOK million)12 880.15 545.27 666.39 721.514 845.4
Gross Investments (NOK million)970.1297.5419.4316.22 364.7
72 Scientific research and development
Number of enterprises6803047307
Employment (persons)8064041 4333 0813 376
Compensation of employees (NOK million)522.5321.91 213.02 454.02 985.9
Turnover (NOK million)1 919.2521.11 728.93 646.24 518.6
Production value (NOK million)2 216.6520.11 749.33 643.34 428.2
Value added (NOK million)-14.3162.3681.22 663.73 370.8
Gross Investments (NOK million)61.423.917.9107.4121.7
73 Advertising and market research
Number of enterprises2 59611456282
Employment (persons)3 2341 5281 6052 401712
Compensation of employees (NOK million)..878.21 104.61 297.7..
Turnover (NOK million)..3 137.96 457.59 118.3..
Production value (NOK million)..3 162.66 450.79 118.3..
Value added (NOK million)..1 001.51 351.31 689.1..
Gross Investments (NOK million)..17.313.939.4..
74 Other professional, scientific and technical activities
Number of enterprises11 0668647172
Employment (persons)8 9441 1201 2811 453570
Compensation of employees (NOK million)2 387.2686.1854.6....
Turnover (NOK million)9 809.72 119.11 743.4....
Production value (NOK million)9 699.52 081.01 714.0....
Value added (NOK million)4 271.6758.4972.1....
Gross Investments (NOK million)859.646.233.0....
75 Veterinary activities
Number of enterprises1 3105593.
Employment (persons)2 052724274341.
Compensation of employees (NOK million)..286.3112.9131.4.
Turnover (NOK million)..632.8242.1252.9.
Production value (NOK million)..582.6219.0243.2.
Value added (NOK million)..378.2139.4148.4.
Gross Investments (NOK million)..12.67.13.5.
77 Rental and leasing activities
Number of enterprises3 2386441212
Employment (persons)2 9358691 1332 283690
Compensation of employees (NOK million)1 119.4..712.81 529.0..
Turnover (NOK million)21 719.3..5 153.212 345.7..
Production value (NOK million)21 488.5..4 887.511 908.1..
Value added (NOK million)9 386.8..2 230.84 870.6..
Gross Investments (NOK million)1 364.1..1 132.43 799.3..
78 Employment activities
Number of enterprises1 40415017517732
Employment (persons)2 2942 1095 60517 95425 450
Compensation of employees (NOK million)939.91 117.42 696.38 486.810 321.3
Turnover (NOK million)2 808.92 470.93 968.011 160.112 781.7
Production value (NOK million)2 806.72 470.93 967.111 160.112 781.7
Value added (NOK million)1 219.71 178.02 838.68 878.710 547.1
Gross Investments (NOK million)45.61.417.764.20.1
79 Travel agency, tour operators
Number of enterprises2 2849346141
Employment (persons)2 7551 2181 3931 220306
Compensation of employees (NOK million)848.7..525.1639.1..
Turnover (NOK million)9 742.4..9 171.115 321.8..
Production value (NOK million)9 698.5..9 154.915 317.7..
Value added (NOK million)1 212.5..794.1948.8..
Gross Investments (NOK million)130.0..4.58.4..
80 Security, investigation activities
Number of enterprises28139351210
Employment (persons)5315491 0831 20610 537
Compensation of employees (NOK million)147.0123.6269.5208.44 329.7
Turnover (NOK million)439.6219.51 237.2268.77 049.4
Production value (NOK million)439.2219.51 234.5268.76 953.3
Value added (NOK million)224.6136.8718.0222.95 221.3
Gross Investments (NOK million)9.85.2111.43.2275.9
81 Buildings, landscape service activities
Number of enterprises7 1132781696716
Employment (persons)9 8913 7445 1236 66217 234
Compensation of employees (NOK million)1 998.51 313.31 927.42 572.15 949.3
Turnover (NOK million)6 340.12 592.93 888.85 225.210 393.7
Production value (NOK million)6 328.82 583.33 871.45 182.310 295.8
Value added (NOK million)3 490.41 521.32 174.02 809.66 612.5
Gross Investments (NOK million)196.456.1156.557.478.8
82 Business support activities
Number of enterprises3 53611684492
Employment (persons)3 5131 5802 5355 2361 187
Compensation of employees (NOK million)1 436.2..1 379.52 752.8..
Turnover (NOK million)10 572.6..5 752.96 367.0..
Production value (NOK million)10 352.5..5 745.46 386.4..
Value added (NOK million)2 540.0..1 858.83 740.3..
Gross Investments (NOK million)95.0..53.861.4..

About the statistics

The structural business statistics for business activities are a part of the industrial statistics of Statistics Norway, and present detailed information about the activities in this sector on the basis of accounting information.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Enterprise

In the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) an enterprise is the smallest combination of legal entities that is an organizational unit producing goods or services, which benefits from a certain degree of autonomy in decision making.

Local kind-of-activity unit (local KAU)

The SIC defines a local KAU as a functional unit, which at a single physical location is engaged primarily in activities within a specific activity group.

Owners

Owners include owners of sole proprietorships, or general partnerships, and family members who work for the enterprise on a daily basis without receiving regular wages. Co-owners of limited companies and cooperatives who are paid for working for the enterprise are not included, nor are family members of owners of sole proprietorships or general partnerships when they receive regular wages.

Employees

The number of employees is collected through the Register of Employees and Employers (the Aa-register). An employee is a person that works for an employer and receive compensation in the form of wages, pay, fee, bonuses, payment in kind etc. There are conditions that the work should last for at least six days and that the employee must be employed on average four or more hours a week for the employee to be notifiable to the Aa-register.

Employment

Employment is the sum of owners and employees. Compared to the Registerbased Employment Statistics http://www.ssb.no/regsys_en/ where persons are counted only in the main industry where they are employed, the structural statistics allows persons with more than one job to be counted as employee in several industries at the same time. The statistics on employment will therefore not be directly comparable.

Employment figures in the structural statistics show an average number during the year.

Temporary staff from employment agencies are not included in the employment figures.

Turnover/sales
Turnover is defined as the sum of remuneration for rendering of services to customers and sales of merchandise, and gross income from other activities. Rental income, commissions and special taxes are included, while subsidies and profits from sales of business assets are not. VAT is not included in the statistics.

stvareh_turnover_fig

Merchandise
Merchandise is goods bought and resold with no added value.

Compensation of employees
Compensation of employees includes wages, holiday pay, fees, etc., employer's national insurance contribution, reportable pension costs and other personnel costs. Compensation of employees does not include remuneration to owners of sole proprietorships or partnerships or to family members without regular wages.

Production value
Production value means sales corrected for changes in stocks of finished goods, work in progress, and goods and services purchased for resale. Purchases of goods and services for resale are deducted, while capitalized own investment work is added.

stvareh_production_fig

Value added
Value added is figured as the sum of production value less the purchase of goods and services (for other goods and services than those purchased for resale) and special public taxes, and corrected for changes in stocks of raw materials and consumer goods. Special public subsidies for manufactured/sold merchandise and other public subsidies/reimbursements are included.

stvareh_value_fig

Gross investments
Gross investments are the total value of new capital goods such as buildings and plant, machinery, tools, implements, software, vehicles (except for personal use), both new and used. Improvements are added while sales of used capital stock are deducted. Investment figures are minus incoming value added tax.

Acquisitions
This includes investments in new assets and improvements of own assets.

New investments include all newly acquired fixed assets acquired and completed in the course of the year, excluding investments in unimproved property. In assessing the value of the business asset, cost price is used for purchases and production cost for own manufactures. Acquisitions through financial leasing are included when the asset is entered as an asset in the balance sheet.

Improvement of own assets includes the value of all capitalized improvements and major repairs purchased and executed by others and/or undertaken by own employees on own business assets. A precondition is that such improvements increase the efficiency/value of and/or prolong the lifetime of the business asset. The improvement is estimated at purchase price at time of purchase or at production cost when it is manufactured.

Sale of business assets
Sale of business assets is estimated at the sales value (replacement value) upon realization of used business assets over the course of the year. The amount includes investment tax. The business asset is regarded as sold when it is delivered.

Standard classifications

The Standard Industrial Classification (SN2007) used in Statistics Norway is based on the EU's NACE-standard.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Business activities, structural business statistics
Topic: Wholesale and retail trade and service activities

Responsible division

Division for Structural Business Statistics

Regional level

National level

Frequency and timeliness

Frequency: Annual

Timeliness: The statistics should be published within 10 months from the end of the reference period

International reporting

The statistics are reported to EUROSTAT

Microdata

Primary data and information on sample units and population are stored temporarily in the programming language SAS, and stored permanently as text-files.

Background

Background and purpose

The structural business statistics for real estate, renting and business activities are a part of the industrial statistics of Statistics Norway, and present detailed information about the activities in this sector on the basis of financial information.

The statistics are compiled in accordance with the EU regulation on structural business statistics, and were first published in 1979. Since 1995 final results have been published on both the enterprise level and the local kind-of-activity unit (local KAU) level. Preliminary figures for turnover and employment on the enterprise level were published for the first time for 2001 in accordance with the EU regulation.

Users and applications

Users include public and private sector agencies, private organizations, individuals and international organizations such as EUROSTAT, as well as the National Accounts and other divisions of Statistics Norway.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given inthe Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway's key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally

Coherence with other statistics

The structural business statistics for real estate, renting and business activities are adapted to the EU regulation on structural business statistics, in the same way as the structural business statistics for wholesale and retail trade, transport and communication, hotel and restaurants and construction are compiled by Statistics Norway.

Short-term statistics are published for certain industries in addition to the structural statistics. These show figures for shorter periods than one year and usually for the entire country as a whole.

The structural business statistics are used as a base when making the National accounts.

Legal authority

Statistics Act Sections 2-2 and 2-3

EEA reference

Council Regulation no. 58/97 of 20 December 1996, changed 11 of March 2008 (EC) No. 295/2008 of the European Parliament

Production

Population

The structural statistics for real estate, renting and business activities are organized according to the NACE-standard (see section 4.2) and include the following industry divisions:

68 Real estate activities

69 Legal and accounting activities

70 Activities of head offices; management consultancy activities

71 Architecture and engineering activities; technical testing and analysis

72 Scientific research and development

73 Advertising and market research

74 Other professional, scientific and technical activities

75 Veterinary activities

77 Rental and leasing activities

78 Employment activities

79 Travel agency, tour operator and other reservation service activities

80 Security and investigation activity

81 Service to buildings and landscape activity

82 Office administrative, office support and other business support activities

The structural business statistics comprise most of the enterprises that are registered in the abovementioned industry divisions, as long as the enterprise was registered with activity in Norway in the relevant statistical year.

The exception is enterprises within the public service sectors 110, 510 and 550. Such units are not included in the structural business statistics for transport and communication even though they should happen to have operations in one of the abovementioned industries.

However, all other enterprises in the public sector or owned by the public sector, i.e. units with sector codes 610, 630, 635, 660 and 680, are included in the statistics if they have activity in one of the abovementioned industries.

Data sources and sampling

For a sample of the enterprises in the population, including all enterprises with more than one local kind-of-activity unit (local KAU), the statistics are based on Trading Statements (NO) and a supplementary questionnaire. The Trading Statements are either attached to the questionnaires or submitted electronically via the Norwegian Internal Revenue Service.

Information, like the accounts and turnover, about the enterprises with only one local KAU outside the sample is obtained from the Register of Annual Company Reports in Brønnøysund, the VAT Register and/or trading statements (NO) electronically submitted via the Norwegian Internal Revenue Service. The remaining enterprises with only one local KAU are asked to report turnover through the structural survey of Statistics Norway.

From the statistical year 2015 the number of employees is collected via  A-ordningen, where employers are obligated to submit monthly reports for everyone who receives wages and salaries. Previously, these figures were collected through the register of Employers and Employees. These two sources are not directly comparable.

The Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises is used to obtain necessary information about the population. The VAT Register, the Central Coordinating Register for Legal Entities, information from trade organizations and direct input from the enterprises are used to update the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises.

The population consists of all enterprises in the relevant industry divisions with registered activity in the reference year. The population is divided into subpopulations, called strata, after criteria like industrial classification and number of employees. In some of the strata, all enterprises are always included in the sample. From the remaining strata, a representative selection of enterprises is drawn. All enterprises in this sample are asked to report a full set of Trading Statements and to complete a questionnaire.

This detailed survey of accounting data is combined with the additional information from the various registers and the structural survey of Statistics Norway to form the basis for the estimation of the financial structures of the different industries and the sector as a whole.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

The questionnaires are sent out within three months after the end of the statistical year, with a response deadline of three or four weeks. The enterprises that do not respond on the first letter will be given reminders in writing for about a further six months from the first deadline.

Revisions and corrections are carried out on the information obtained from the sample population and the structural survey. The raw data are checked against reports for last year, the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises, the Register of Annual Company Reports in Brønnøysund and other available sources, and by contacting the respondent if necessary.

For the enterprises where a complete NO with supplementary form exists, no variables are estimated. For these enterprises the information in the forms are used.

Afterwards we used the existing data from the annual accounts according to the Register of Annual Company Accounts and split them up into respective sub items according to the relative shares shown in the data from the NO sample. We subsequently took data according to the Structural Survey and from the "VAT Register" into account in the statistical calculation.

The other items are estimated according to the division in the sample (organized by subclass and same size groups with respect to turnover, operating expenditure or other relevant distribution keys).

Enterprises with sales according to the VAT Register or Structural Survey

The NO items are estimated with sales as a key for the enterprises outside the sample where sales are obtained from the "VAT Register" or from the Structural Survey.

Employment figures

Employment figures for the enterprises in the population are mainly obtained via  A-ordningen. If information about employment is not available there it can be calculated from wages and salaries.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

If less than three enterprises/Local KAUs represents a statistical variable, the numbers are not published. The reason is the risk that the units can be identified. This is especially critical when regional data are published.

Comparability over time and space

Preliminary figures for turnover and employment on the enterprise level were published for the first time for the reference year of 2001. Preliminary figures are published while data are still under revision, and may therefore deviate from the final figures that are published within 18 months of the end of the reference year. Preliminary data for the enterprises in the sample that has not yet responded at the time of publishing are estimated by using other sources.

Generally, when making comparisons with previously published figures it must be kept in mind that older data may have been corrected during later revisions. Updating of industries in the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises may also have caused revisions for some of the industries. These changes have not been dated back.

From the statistical year 2015 the number of employees is collected via A-ordningen, Previously, these figures were collected through the register of Employers and Employees. These two sources are not directly comparable.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Returned questionnaires are read optically and automatically checked. An optical image of the form is first saved electronically and then checked manually in order to ensure that the primary data are as correct as possible. Nevertheless, the results of a statistical survey may contain some measurement and processing errors.

Measurement errors occur when the provider of the data gives incorrect answers due to forgetfulness, misunderstanding of questions etc.

Processing errors are errors from coding or errors that occur during the transferring of information from the questionnaire to a machine-readable medium or during revisions.

Non-response, that is when the respondent does not return the form or returns the form with incomplete information, will always be an aspect of form-based surveys. In the structural business statistics, non-respondent enterprises are treated the same way as enterprises outside the sample population.

Not relevant

In the structural business statistics, the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises, the Register of Annual Company Reports in Brønnøysund, the VAT Register and the Register of Employees and Employers (the Aa-Register) are used in order to define the population and help collect the necessary data.

Errors in these administrative registers - like time gaps in registration, incorrectly identified unit characteristics etc. may therefore be a potential source of uncertainty in the statistics and may for instance have an impact when dividing the population into adequate strata.

Revision

Not relevant

Contact