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statistikk
2019-06-06T08:00:00.000Z
Wholesale and retail trade and service activities
en
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Business activities, breakdown of turnover by product2017

Content

About the statistics

Definitions

Name and topic

Name: Business activities, breakdown of turnover by product
Topic: Wholesale and retail trade and service activities

Responsible division

Division for Structural Business Statistics

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Enterprise

In the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) an enterprise is the smallest combination of legal entities that is an organizational unit producing goods or services, which benefits from a certain degree of autonomy in decision making.

Turnover

Turnover is defined as the sum of remuneration for rendering of services to customers and sales of merchandise, and gross income from other activities. Rental income and commissions are included, while special taxes, subsidies and profits from sales of businesses assets are not. VAT is not included in the statistics.

Standard classifications

The Standard Industrial Classification used in Statistics Norway, is based on the EU standard NACE Rev. 2 and the UN standard ISIC Rev. 3.

The types of products are to a certain degree identical with new CPA, which are to be introduced in 2008, but are not as detailed as this.

Administrative information

Regional level

National level.

Frequency and timeliness

Annual. Final figures are published within 16 months after the end of the reference period.

The statistic are published after the following cycle:

Annually:

Nace 69.1 Legal activities

Nace 69.2 Accounting, book-keeping and auditing activities. Tax consultancy

Nace 70.2 Management consultancy activities

Nace 71.1 Architectural activities and technical consultancy activities

Nace 71.2 Technical testing and analysis

Nace 73.1 Advertising services

Nace 73.2 Market research and public opinion polling

Nace 78 Labour recruitment and provision of personnel

Nace 69.1, 69.2, 70.2, 73.1 and 78 were collected for the reference year 2008. Nace 71.1, 71.2, 73.1, 73.2 and 78 were collected for the reference year 2009.

International reporting

The statistics are reported to Eurostat.

Nace 73.1 and 78 are reported yearly and nace 69.1, 69.2, 70.2, 71.1, 71.2 and 73.2 every second year.

Microdata

Primary data and the compiled statistics are stored temporarily in the programming language SAS, and stored permanently as text-files.

Background

Background and purpose

The statistics provides detailed information about the products which are produced within nace 69.2, 70.2, 71.1., 71.2, 73.1, 73.2 og 78.

The statistic fulfill the requirements in annex 8 in the SBS-regulation. The statistic were published for the first time in 2006, for the reference year 2004.

Users and applications

The data are needed by the National accounts (NR). In addition ministries and various trade organizations want and need statistical data and the public’s need for information has to be met too. The statistic are also used to provide weight information for service producer price indexes (SPPI).

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given inthe Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway's key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally 

Coherence with other statistics

The statistic is a part of Statistics Norway industrial statistics covering most industries. The data are needed by the National accounts ( NR). The statistic are also used to provide weight information for service producer price indexes ( SPPI).

Legal authority

The Statistics Act, Sections 2-2, 2-3 and 3.2.

EEA reference

Council Regulation no. 58/97 of 20 December 1996, changed 11 of March 2008 (EC) No. 295/2008 of the European Parliament.

Production

Population

Business services, breakdown of turnover by product and include the industry groups and subgroups:

Nace 69.1 Legal activities

Nace 69.2 Accounting, book-keeping and auditing activities. Tax consultancy

Nace 70.2 Management consultancy activities

Nace 71.1 Architectural activities and technical consultancy activities

Nace 71.2 Technical testing and analysis

Nace 73.1 Advertising services

Nace 73.2 Market research and public opinion polling

Nace 78 Labour recruitment and provision of personnel

The statistics comprises most of the enterprises that are registered in the above groups , as long as the enterprises were registered with activity in Norway in the relevant statistical year.

The exception is enterprises within the public service sectors 110, 510 and 550. Such units are not included in the structural business statistics for real estate, renting and business activities even though they should happen to have operations in the abovementioned industries.

However, all other enterprises in the public sector or owned by the public sector, i.e. units with sector codes 610, 630, 635, 660 and 680, are included in the statistics if they have activity in the abovementioned industries.

Data sources and sampling

Data are collected directly from the enterprises through a survey. In addition, information about turnover for every enterprise in the population are collected through the Structural Business Statistic.

The population consists of all enterprises in the relevant industry groups with registered activity in the reference year. The population is divided into subpopulations, called strata, after criteria like industrial classification and number of employees. In some of the strata, all enterprises are always included in the sample. From the remaining strata, a representative selection of enterprises is drawn. The enterprises in the sample are identical with enterprises in the sample for Structural Business Statistic.

The enterprises in the sample provide information about turnover, divided between different products. For the enterprises outside the sample information about total turnover are collected through the Structural Business Statistic.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

The questionnaires are sent out in April/May after the end of the statistical year, with a response deadline of four or five weeks. The enterprises that do not respond to the first letter will receive reminders in writing up until six months after the first deadline. Failure to respond is subject to fines.

The questionnaires are particular controlled for industry codes and breakdown of turnover into products.

The raw data are checked against reports for last year, the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises, the Register of Annual Company Reports in Brønnøysund and other available sources like the Internet, and by contacting the respondent if necessary.

For the enterprises where a complete Trading statement (NO) with supplementary form exists, no variables are estimated. For these enterprises the information in the forms are used.

For the enterprises outside the sample we collect turnover from the Structural Business Statistics. We estimate the value of each product in every single enterprises, based on key from the sample in the same strata.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

If less than three enterprises represents a statistical variable, the numbers are not published. The reason is the risk that the units can be identified. This is especially critical when regional data are published.

Comparability over time and space

So far the statistic has only been published for the reference year 2004.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

The results of a statistical survey will as a rule contain some measurement and processing errors. Measurement errors occur when the provider of the data gives erroneous answers due to forgetfulness, misunderstanding of the question etc.

Processing errors are errors from coding or errors that occur during the transferring of information from the questionnaire to the machine-readable medium or during revision.

Non-response will always be a factor in form-based surveys. This is because some respondents either do not return their forms or return them incompletely filled out.

Non-response can also be due to mergers, acquisiions, bankruptcy, etc.

Non-response from important units will be followed-up in the manual revision process. Other enterprises, which do not respond, will be treated the same way as the enterprises outside the sample.

Sampling errors is the uncertainty that occurs when the figures are produced on the basis of a sample of data, and not the whole population. The sampling error is the expected deviation between the result of the sample and the result if the whole population were examined.

Imbalances in the sample (e.g. misleading stratification) can cause errors for the variables for which information has not been obtained for all units in the population. Statistics Norway assumes explicitly by the imputation that enterprises outside the sample have the same cost and income structure as enterprises in the sample.

The Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises, the Register of Annual Company Reports in Brønnøysund, the VAT Register and the Register of Employees and Employers (the AA Register) are used in order to define the population and help collect the necessary data.

Errors in these administrative registers - like time gaps in registration, incorrectly identified unit characteristics etc. may therefore be a potential source of uncertainty in the statistics and may for instance have an impact when dividing the population into adequate strata.

Revision

Not relevant