340775
/en/utenriksokonomi/statistikker/uhtjenester/kvartal
340775
statistikk
2018-09-04T08:00:00.000Z
External economy
en
uhtjenester, External trade in services, import, export, non-financial enterprises, service types (for example sea transport, petroleum services, research and development), trade, industry groups (for example transport, business services, mining and quarrying)External trade , External economy
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External trade in services

Updated

Next update

Key figures

- 4.3

trade balance, NOK billion

External trade in services for non-financial enterprises. NOK million
2nd quarter 2018Change in per cent
1st quarter 2018 - 2nd quarter 20182nd quarter 2017 - 2nd quarter 2018
Exports57 15512.43.3
Imports61 44713.16.1

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
External trade in services for non-financial enterprises, by service type

External trade in services for non-financial enterprises, by service type
2nd quarter 20182nd quarter 2018Change in per centChange in per cent
NOK millionShare1st quarter 2018 - 2nd quarter 20182nd quarter 2017 - 2nd quarter 2018
Exports
All service types57 155100.012.43.3
Contract work and repairs3 3305.83.1-17.0
Services related to oil and gas exploration excluding surveying4 7188.332.3-6.1
Building and construction projects4640.86.2-12.8
Wholesale trade and intermediate trade7201.39.89.3
Sea and coastal water transport23 37840.99.86.4
Transport by air and inland transport2 5774.51.3-2.5
Supporting and auxiliary transport activities, travel agency activities3 0595.433.416.9
Post and telecommunication2 2183.927.0-8.0
Renting of transportation, machinery and equipment1 2682.2-6.3-17.5
IT services2 9805.21.114.7
Research and development (R&D)7351.313.4-22.5
Business services9 07415.912.89.7
Leisure activities, cultural services and sports2990.515.0171.8
Other services2 3344.126.417.4
 
Imports
All service types61 447100.013.16.1
Contract work and repairs2 4964.130.4-13.4
Services related to oil and gas exploration excluding surveying7 94412.957.116.9
Building and construction projects8201.310.42.4
Wholesale trade and intermediate trade1 2812.1-4.9-33.5
Sea and coastal water transport6 24310.24.117.8
Transport by air and inland transport3 3695.512.517.3
Supporting and auxiliary transport activities, travel agency activities9 89216.113.812.1
Post and telecommunication1 7552.97.8-15.8
Renting of transportation, machinery and equipment5 1628.41.7-4.4
IT services5 6329.24.127.3
Research and development (R&D)7261.20.715.2
Business services11 62618.99.8-3.4
 1 1711.960.616.5
Other services3 3305.4-2.713.0

Table 2 
External trade in services for non-financial enterprises, by major industry activity

External trade in services for non-financial enterprises, by major industry activity
2nd quarter 2018Change in per cent
NOK millionShare1st quarter 2018 - 2nd quarter 20182nd quarter 2017 - 2nd quarter 2018
Exports
All industries57 155100.012.43.3
Mining and quarrying4 2577.425.210.3
Manufacturing4 8288.46.3-31.2
Construction2740.534.314.6
Wholesale and retail trade1 1772.19.5-6.7
Transportation and storage29 67251.910.27.8
Information and communication6 90812.114.511.7
Professional, scientific and technical activities8 01514.016.712.0
Administrative and support service activities1 6342.99.04.5
Other industries3900.720.7-23.2
 
Imports
All industries61 447100.013.16.1
Mining and quarrying14 11723.027.513.6
Manufacturing4 6097.519.8-23.4
Construction7591.215.018.6
Wholesale and retail trade5 0548.2-7.56.3
Transportation and storage18 52030.15.77.3
Information and communication8 67414.120.713.7
Professional, scientific and technical activities5 2898.69.6-1.1
Administrative and support service activities3 2875.39.18.6
Other industries1 1381.957.039.3

Table 3 
External trade in services for non-financial enterprises, by service type. Last 5 quarters. NOK million

External trade in services for non-financial enterprises, by service type. Last 5 quarters. NOK million
2nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 20182nd quarter 2018
Balance-2 611.0-6 004.0-4 313.0-3 455.0-4 292.0
 
Exports
All service types55 30952 10059 14650 86757 155
Contract work and repairs4 0113 7024 3073 2293 330
Services related to oil and gas exploration excluding surveying5 0224 1184 6703 5664 718
Building and construction projects532474399437464
Wholesale trade and intermediate trade659549819656720
Sea and coastal water transport21 96820 78321 67621 29523 378
Transport by air and inland transport2 6422 6862 8452 5432 577
Supporting and auxiliary transport activities, travel agency activities2 6172 8392 5472 2933 059
Post and telecommunication2 4102 1051 8531 7462 218
Renting of transportation, machinery and equipment1 5371 3011 6861 3531 268
IT services2 5972 6573 3172 9492 980
Research and development (R&D)9488521 148648735
Business services8 2687 74710 7878 0459 074
Leisure activities, cultural services and sports110200160260299
Other services1 9882 0862 9311 8472 334
 
Imports
All service types57 92058 10463 45954 32261 447
Contract work and repairs2 8812 4422 8161 9142 496
Services related to oil and gas exploration excluding surveying6 7976 8067 7075 0587 944
Building and construction projects801776705743820
Wholesale trade and intermediate trade1 9271 3001 2901 3471 281
Sea and coastal water transport5 2985 3946 7475 9976 243
Transport by air and inland transport2 8723 4013 3762 9953 369
Supporting and auxiliary transport activities, travel agency activities8 8249 7739 7548 6899 892
Post and telecommunication2 0841 6991 6321 6281 755
Renting of transportation, machinery and equipment5 3985 4045 7055 0785 162
IT services4 4234 6905 6015 4095 632
Research and development (R&D)630660938721726
Business services12 03411 74413 01210 59111 626
Leisure activities, cultural services and sports1 0059231 2457291 171
Other services2 9463 0932 9323 4213 330

Table 4 
External trade in services for non-financial enterprises, major industry activity. Last 5 quarters. NOK million

External trade in services for non-financial enterprises, major industry activity. Last 5 quarters. NOK million
2nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 20182nd quarter 2018
Balance-2 611.0-6 004.0-4 313.0-3 455.0-4 292.0
 
Exports
All industries55 30952 10059 14650 86757 155
Mining and quarrying3 8603 4353 6593 3994 257
Manufacturing7 0155 7637 1554 5434 828
Construction239183168204274
Wholesale and retail trade1 2621 0361 8971 0751 177
Transportation and storage27 52326 42827 88526 92129 672
Information and communication6 1835 8336 9676 0356 908
Professional, scientific and technical activities7 1567 1229 2646 8688 015
Administrative and support service activities1 5631 8711 7681 4991 634
Other industries508431384323390
 
Imports
All industries57 92058 10463 45954 32261 447
Mining and quarrying12 42612 33013 66411 07414 117
Manufacturing6 0195 0686 0513 8464 609
Construction640710685660759
Wholesale and retail trade4 7534 9995 0535 4645 054
Transportation and storage17 26117 49319 29517 52618 520
Information and communication7 6297 1038 1987 1898 674
Professional, scientific and technical activities5 3495 4336 1724 8255 289
Administrative and support service activities3 0274 1453 4673 0133 287
Other industries8178228737251 138

Table 5 
Revisions from previous publication (per cent) by import/export, industry and time. Per cent

Revisions from previous publication (per cent) by import/export, industry and time. Per cent
1st quarter 20172nd quarter 20173rd quarter 20174th quarter 20171st quarter 2018
Imports
All industries-0.20.30.1-2.5-0.5
Mining and quarrying0.00.00.00.0-4.9
Manufacturing0.00.0-0.10.0-0.3
Construction0.00.00.60.60.2
Wholesale and retail trade9.45.00.64.7-2.2
Transportation and storage0.00.00.0-9.03.6
Information and communication-7.5-0.4-0.50.0-3.9
Professional, scientific and technical activities0.00.00.00.01.4
Administrative and support service activities0.0-0.10.90.5-1.0
Other industries0.00.00.00.09.2
 
Exports
All industries0.50.2-0.10.9-1.3
Mining and quarrying0.00.00.00.0-14.5
Manufacturing0.00.00.00.04.4
Construction0.00.00.00.00.0
Wholesale and retail trade-0.8-0.5-1.322.73.9
Transportation and storage0.00.00.00.00.0
Information and communication1.00.2-0.10.2-6.4
Professional, scientific and technical activities2.62.30.62.10.9
Administrative and support service activities0.0-4.4-3.7-3.00.0
Other industries0.00.00.00.00.0

About the statistics

The statistics External trade in services show Norwegian non-financial corporations revenues on exports of services, and expenses for imports of services. The figures are collected as a quarterly sample survey.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Imports:
Imports of services comprise all services delivered to the reporting enterprise by companies, affiliates, legal persons or other units regarded as foreigners, and for which payments are made to the counterparts. The services can be delivered either in Norway or abroad.

Exports:
Exports of services comprise all services delivered from the reporting enterprise to companies, affiliates, legal persons or other units regarded as foreigners, and for which payments are made by the counterparts. The services can be delivered either in Norway or abroad.

Trade in services with foreign affiliates within the same reporting group shall be included in the quarterly report in the same manner as other trade in services with foreign companies, specified with type of service (CPA-code). Such trade in services must also be specified in individual items, and reported correspondingly as “herav eksport av konserninterne tjenester (of which internal export of services within the same group)´´ for export and “herav import av konserninterne tjenester (of which internal import of services within the same group)´´ for import of services.

In this context, “group´´ means units with a certain relationship, such as parent company, subsidiaries, (sister companies and others) and branches, etc.

  • A holding company or parent company is a company that owns enough voting stock in another firm to control management and operations by influencing or electing its board of directors.
  • A subsidiary is a company that is owned and directly controlled by the parent company.
  • A sub-subsidiary is a company that is owned and directly controlled by the subsidiary, but is not directly controlled by the parent company.

“Control´´ means possession of more than 50 per cent of the ownership of another company.

Country:
Import: the country the foreign trade partner (supplier) is registered in.
Export: the country the foreign trade partner (customer) is registered in.

Amounts in NOK 1000:
All amounts reported should be in NOK 1000.

Standard classifications

NACE:
Until the published statistics for the year 2009, the Standard Industrial Classification of Economic Activities 2002 (SN 2002) was being used, which is a Norwegian adaption of NACE REV. 1. (EUROSTAT). From the year 2010 Standard Industrial Classification of Economic Activities 2007 (SN 2007) was being used. SN 2007 correlates with the EU standard NACE REV. 2, and forms the basis for coding units according to principal activity in the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises. The use of common standards is essential in enabling the comparison and analysis of statistical data at national/ international level and over time.

CPA:
The EU product standard “Classification of Products by Activity´´ (CPA). 

Country:
Alfa-2-code of ISO 3166.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: External trade in services
Topic: External economy

Next release

Responsible division

Division for External Trade Statistics

Regional level

The statistics indicates non-financial enterprises' share of external trade in services.

Frequency and timeliness

The statistics are collected quarterly from non-financial enterprises reporting export and import of services with other countries. From 2006 until 2010 the statistics were published annually, and from the 1st quarter 2011 the statistics is being published on quarterly basis.

International reporting

The statistics is a part of the balance of payments and the national accounts, and data is used as a part of the reporting to international institutions such as IMF, OECD and the statistical office of the EU, Eurostat.

Microdata

The basic material, and the revised data, is stored in Statistics Norway.

Background

Background and purpose

The statistics on external trade in services was established in 2005 as the Central Bank of Norway discontinued the foreign payment statistics.

The purpose of the statistics is to give information about service flows between Norway and other countries. Income and expenditure in connection with exports and imports of services to and from other countries are important economic indicators, both in describing structural changes and in monitoring the economic trends.

Users and applications

The statistics are needed for prognoses and analyses performed by public authorities, research institutions and private organisations. International organisations like the UN statistical office, the statistical office of the EU (Eurostat) and others make use of the information that the external trade statistics gives. The external trade statistics are a part of the national and international statistical systems, and are also used in the compilation of the national accounts and the balance of payment statistics.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 08.am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given inthe Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

International trade in services for non-financial enterprises is an important source for export and import of services in the national accounts and the balance of payment.

Exports and imports of services in the national accounts (and the balance of payment) include more than the trade in services by non-financial enterprises. Both the balance of payments and the national accounts include trade in services that all domestic sectors have with other countries. In addition to non-financial enterprises this is financial enterprises, non-profit organizations, households and public administration. In addition to this difference in extent, there also are some differences in definitions. The most important are that the national accounts (and the balance of payment):

  • Includes the freightage in connection with the value of imported goods (CIF-value), and not the import of services
  • Includes the value of Norwegian shipping enterprise's freightage in connection with export of goods from Norway, independent of who are paying for the commission, while external trade in services for non-financial enterprises only includes such freight if the foreign part is paying
  • Estimates import and export of insurance services as a share of premium payment.
  • Estimates import and export of indirect measured banking services.
  • Redefines some goods where the value is dominated by the service content.
  • Includes conventional estimated export and import according to Norway’s ownership in the Nordic airline company, SAS.

Another difference is that when it comes to freight income in shipping and distribution by country, external trade in services for non-financial enterprises follow the payments, while in balance of payment, statistics on arrivals of vessels are being used

All the conditions mentioned above give non-comparable numbers between the statistics of international trade in services for non-financial enterprises, and the numbers for exports and imports of services given in the national accounts and the balance of payments.

Legal authority

The Statistics Act, §§ 2-1 and 2-2 and 2-3 (compulsory fine).

EEA reference

EU-regulations 184/2005 incorporated in the EEA-agreement ruling the scope of the statistics, defining the variables and prescribing the format of the transmissions of data to the EU statistical office, Eurostat.

Production

Population

The statistics includes external trade in services and are accomplished as quarterly reporting and until 2008 also annually, from non-financial Norwegian enterprises.

The reporting unit is the legal persons who produce goods and services for sale. The population in this survey is built on information from the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises. The population is kept up to date by the use of different administrative register, such as the Register of Cross border Transactions and Currency Exchange, information through contact with the largest reporting enterprises and information through media.

 

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are based on information from non-financial enterprises. The respondents shall report data every quarter.

Population

The population concerning external trade in services for non-financial enterprises includes all enterprises. The population excludes small enterprises which have no or just a small amount of external trade in services. To join this very limited population, the rest of the enterprises must fulfill at least one of the following five criteria:

  • Total ingoing and outgoing cash flow transactions exceeding NOK 500 000, or outgoing transactions concerning import of services exceeding NOK 50 000 based on cash flow statistics
  • FATS (Foreign-controlled enterprises in Norway/ Norwegian controlled enterprises abroad)
  • The enterprise has been in the sample for at least four years, and has reported figures on external trade in services
  • Enterprises within the quarrying and mining industry, which has joined VAT number with an enterprise which fulfill the first criteria
  • The enterprise is within the external ocean transport industry, and has a turnover of at least NOK 5 000 000

When excluding all enterprises not fulfilling at least one of these five criteria, about 33 000 enterprises remain.

The population includes following sectors in institutional sectoral grouping:


• 1110 - Public unincorporated enterprises, owned by central government
• 1120 - Public unincorporated enterprises, owned by central government
• 1510 - Public unincorporated enterprises, owned by local government
• 1520 - Public unincorporated enterprises, owned by local government
• 2100 - Private non-financial incorporated enterprises
• 2300 - Private non-financial unincorporated enterprises
• 2500 - Private non-profit institutions serving enterprises
• 8200 -.Unincorporated enterprises within households
• 4900 - Other financial enterprises outside of insurance - only individual groups

The stratification is based on the desire to divide the population into homogeneous groups. The stratification  should ideally   reflect homogeneity inside of the group, and a difference in the service trade between the groups. The different strata are defined by industry, how important industries are for trade in services, figures from the foreign exchange register and division according to "FATS / non-FATS" enterprises.

From the population there is drawn a sample of enterprises stratified simply by chance. To allocate the sample between the strata, optimal allocation has been used.

The sample is distributed among enterprises with high significance of having external trade in services, and enterprises who are drawn randomly. . The companies with high significance belong to a group that we are quite sure they have trade in services abroad.

The share of the randomly drawn enterprises was reduced by 20 per cent in 2016 to meet the demand for reduced reporting burden for medium and small enterprises. This means that the total sample now is about 2,700, of which 700 with high significance.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

The data  is sent to Statistic Norway electronically, either by filling the WEB questionnaire directly, or by reporting the data via file, via Altinn (Norwegian public reporting portals for Internet site for transmitting data). The reporting deadline for each quarterly reporting is the 25th day of the month following the end of the reporting period.

The data are checked when reported to Statistics Norway, and for some types of errors, the respondent is contacted to get the errors corrected. The data are also verified by comparing them with data from previous reports, accounting data, annual reports and other sources.

The trade in services is estimated by using a stratified expansion estimate. This estimator is calculated as follows:
1. Within each stratum, the average export / import  figures are calculated (ie based on the sample)
2. Because the sample is drawn stratified simply by chance, these averages could be good estimates of the actual averages in the  stratum. Any extreme observations are kept outside the calculation of the average
3. Within each stratum we multiply the calculated averages with the number of enterprises in the stratum (in the limited population). This will be an estimate of total exports / imports in the stratum.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant.

Confidentiality

Statistics Norway's principles for confidentiality are used. The Statistics will not be published if it is possible to identify one of the reporting enterprises. Because of this, there must not be less than three respondents. Furthermore one respondent should not cover more than 90 per cent, and the two largest respondents should not have more than 95 per cent of the trade in any figure made public.

Comparability over time and space

In conjunction with the first quarter of 2017, a change has been made in the compilation of service types. The service grouping railway and land transport services was merged with air transport services to a new group of air and land transport services. This applies to Tables 2 and 4, which show foreign trade services for non-financial corporations, by service type. In Statbank table 10192, the changes date back to Q1 2015. This means that the figures are not directly comparable with previous publications.


The statistics have also undergone a change of methodology, and figures for the foreign shipping industry were taken from the publication for 2010 and up to and including the publication for 1Q 2013. Figures for 2Q 2013 are therefore not comparable with early publications. This method conversion implies a change in the use of sources. See the national accounts' web pages on the Balance of payment http://www.ssb.no/utenriksokonomi/statistikker/ur.

See also under Coherence With other statistics above.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

The figures the companies shall report to SSB only concern external trade in services. It might be some difficulties in differing between goods and services, and between a Norwegian unit and a foreign unit. This might lead to weakness for the statistic, because the reported numbers might be wrong. Many of the reporting enterprises are involved in heavy projects, which may influence the figures, especially when the projects starts and are being closed.

A weakness of the statistic is that some respondent do not answer the survey. To reduce this problem with missing numbers, both partial- and total, numbers are being imputed.

The sampling error is the difference between the samples reported numbers and the numbers that would be if the whole population was investigated. To reduce this problem we try to make sure that the biggest companies are included in the sample.

Revision

External trade in services publishes preliminary figures quarterly. However, further revisions of the figures continue for five more quarters when the final figures are published. Corrections in data mean that the quarterly figures can be changed until publication of the final figures. The difference between the preliminary figures and the final figures is usually small at aggregated level. At the detailed level, and for individual quarters, revisions can have greater significance, in relative terms. Table 5 in each release of the statistics show the revisions form previous publications.

 

                                   Revision plan External trade in services

 

This year  
  (T)

Last year 
  (T-1)

The year before last 
  (T-2)

Publications

Q1

Q2

Q3

Q4

Q1

Q2

Q3

Q4

Q1

Q2

Q3

Q4

Q1 (June year T)

 

 

 

 

R4

R3

R2

R1

 

 

 

FR5

Q2 (Sept year T)

R1

 

 

 

FR5

R4

R3

R2

 

 

 

 

Q3 (Dec year T)

R2

R1

 

 

 

FR5

R4

R3

 

 

 

 

Q4 (Mar year  T+1)

R3

R2

R1

 

 

 

FR5

R4

 

 

 

 

R1 - FR5 = Revision number (R1 = first revision, FR5 = Final figures, Revison no. 5)