Transport and tourism
kv_statres, The Norwegian Coastal Administration's activities (discontinued)Sea transport , Transport and tourism

The Norwegian Coastal Administration's activities (discontinued)

The statistics has been discontinued.


Key figures

7.2 %

fewer mandatory pilotage sailings with onboard pilot from 2015 to 2016

Norwegian Coastal Administration - StatRes, key figures
2015 - 2016
Vessel clearances408 17610.7
Sailings with mandatory pilotage116 3550.0
Sailing with mandatory pilotage pilot onboard38 911-7.2

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Vessel clearance by VTS centre and ship type

Vessel clearance by VTS centre and ship type
All VTS centres
All types of vessel360 877368 593408 176
Tanker14 20315 09713 548
Bulk and general cargo vessels55 14355 12156 655
Bulk vessel......
General cargo/other dry cargo vessel......
Passenger vessels243 740250 550289 777
Offshore vessels19 59019 75317 034
Tug and salvage vessels8 0107 6519 009
Fishing and hunting vessels3 9183 7403 772
Specialized vessels and support vessels000
Other16 27316 68118 381
All types of vessel93 25193 46693 258
Tanker5 7435 9455 277
Bulk and general cargo vessels19 46118 94419 630
Bulk vessel......
General cargo/other dry cargo vessel......
Passenger vessels48 17448 22648 302
Offshore vessels9 0428 9898 652
Tug and salvage vessels2 8913 1313 165
Fishing and hunting vessels---
Specialized vessels and support vessels000
Other7 9408 2318 232
All types of vessel155 438151 796151 631
Tanker3 9554 5273 965
Bulk and general cargo vessels23 32122 84923 989
Bulk vessel......
General cargo/other dry cargo vessel......
Passenger vessels108 545105 057106 550
Offshore vessels10 45910 6868 340
Tug and salvage vessels1 475844664
Fishing and hunting vessels3 2053 2773 044
Specialized vessels and support vessels000
Other4 4784 5565 079
All types of vessel103 580114 268154 716
Tanker2 8062 8532 659
Bulk and general cargo vessels8 0358 7628 888
Bulk vessel......
General cargo/other dry cargo vessel......
Passenger vessels86 42296 569134 228
Offshore vessels676033
Tug and salvage vessels1 7981 7493 205
Fishing and hunting vessels712462723
Specialized vessels and support vessels000
Other3 7403 8134 980
All types of vessel8 6089 0638 571
Tanker1 6991 7721 647
Bulk and general cargo vessels4 3264 5664 148
Bulk vessel......
General cargo/other dry cargo vessel......
Passenger vessels599698697
Offshore vessels22189
Tug and salvage vessels1 8461 9271 975
Fishing and hunting vessels115
Specialized vessels and support vessels000

Table 2 
Various indicators from the operational area of VTS centres

Various indicators from the operational area of VTS centres
All VTS centres
Traffic interventions7 2257 4036 973
Accidents in VTS area8314
Violations of sailing regulations362017
Violations of pilotage duty-1-
Event reports197180241
Other discrepancies406489
Traffic interventions2 3363 2632 587
Accidents in VTS area2-2
Violations of sailing regulations554
Violations of pilotage duty---
Event reports31225
Other discrepancies---
Traffic interventions3 0722 8812 846
Accidents in VTS area414
Violations of sailing regulations311513
Violations of pilotage duty-1-
Event reports168143190
Other discrepancies---
Traffic interventions1 363636931
Accidents in VTS area227
Violations of sailing regulations---
Violations of pilotage duty---
Event reports232226
Other discrepancies406489
Traffic interventions454623609
Accidents in VTS area--1
Violations of sailing regulations---
Violations of pilotage duty---
Event reports33-
Other discrepancies---

Table 3 
Availability for automatic identification system for ships (AIS), statistical measures for all base stations

Availability for automatic identification system for ships (AIS), statistical measures for all base stations1
December 2016
1Mode is supressed for availability last 24 months.
Availability (current month)
Standard deviation0.47
Minimum value97.66
Maximum value100.00
Availability last 24 months
Standard deviation3.76
Minimum value75.06
Maximum value100.00

Table 4 
Surveilance by plane and satelite

Surveilance by plane and satelite
Surveilance by plane( hours in the air)758589624
Satellite (number og photoes)582520503

Table 5 
Vessels standby for events of pollution and rescue

Vessels standby for events of pollution and rescue1
1The number of vessels are adjuste by the number of day they are available.
Pollution preparedness - Vessel with Coastal Administration6.06.06.0
Pollution preparedness - Vessel with Coast guard11.011.010.0
Pollution preparedness - Other vessels1.01.01.0
Rescue preparedness4.04.04.0

Table 6 
Incidents of immediate pollution

Incidents of immediate pollution
All pollution areas556553677
Events relating to ships8572104
Events based on land257313382
Events relating to offshore industry1179090

Table 7 
Sailings with mandatory pilotage, by exercise of pilotage duty

Sailings with mandatory pilotage, by exercise of pilotage duty
All traffic units
All sailings where pilotage is required114 733116 314116 355
Pilot exemption2 2771 4421 202
Pilot on board44 42741 94638 911
Navigator with pilot exemption certificate on board68 02972 92676 242

Table 8 
Ship accidents on sailings with required pilotage, by pilotage fulfilment

Ship accidents on sailings with required pilotage, by pilotage fulfilment
All sailings where pilotage is required171416
Pilot exemption000
Pilot on board976
Navigator with pilot exemption certificate on board8710

About the statistics

The statistics describe activities, services and results related to the Norwegian Coastal Administration’s work on maritime safety and emergency response to acute pollution in Norwegian waters.


Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Indicators on activities/services and results

Regions and departments for maritime traffic

The Norwegian Coastal Administration has split the operating part of the pilot services into seven departments for maritime traffic, geographically defined as one or several counties.

  • Oslofjorden Department for Maritime Traffic (Østfold, Oslo, Akershus, Buskerud and Vestfold)
  • Skagerrak Department for Maritime Traffic (Telemark and the counties of Agder)
  • Rogaland Department for Maritime Traffic 
  • Vestlandet Department for Maritime Traffic (Hordaland and Sogn & Fjordane) 
  • Møre and Trøndelag Department for Maritime Traffic 
  • Nordland Department for Maritime Traffic 
  • Troms and Finnmark Department for Maritime Traffic 

The organization of The Norwegian Coastal Administration is made up of eight major operative units. Five out of these, the regions, have geographically defined responsibilities. The Regions have a variety of tasks but they all have at least one department of maritime traffic. The departments of maritime traffic are sorted under the regions as follows:

  • Region 1, South Eastern - Oslofjorden Department for Maritime Traffic and Skagerrak Department for Maritime Traffic 
  • Region 2, Western - Rogaland Department for Maritime Traffic and Vestlandet Department for Maritime Traffic 
  • Region 3, Central - Møre and Trøndelag Department for Maritime Traffic
  • Region 4, Nordland - Nordland Department for Maritime Traffic
  • Region 5, Troms and Finnmark - Troms and Finnmark Department for Maritime Traffic

Vessel traffic services (VTS) and VTS centres

VTS is a commonly used abbreviation for vessel traffic services and is both used for the areas - VTS area - and the centres - VTS centre - set up to manage traffic. The areas and the responsibilities of the centres are given by law  FOR-2009-12-15-1684 .

The VTS centres exercise rules for sailing and other regulations of traffic in granted areas. These are the areas:

Fedje VTS is located on the island municipality of Fedje in North Hordaland and covers the area from the Sogne Sea in the north to the Hjelte Fjord at Sture in the south. The VTS centre was established in 1992 and its main duties are related to oil shipments from the Sture and Mongstad terminals, in addition to traffic control centre tasks in an area with high traffic density.

Kvitsøy  VTS was established in 2003 and is located in Kvitsøy Municipality in Rogaland. The VTS Centre covers the area from Bømla Fjord in the north to the Jæren Reef in the south. The centre's main duties include traffic monitoring in connection with shipments from the gas terminal at Kårstø, in addition to general monitoring of coastal traffic in an area with a relatively high traffic density.

Brevik  VTS is located at Brevikstrømmen in Porsgrunn Municipality. It covers the approaches to the major industrial area in Grenland, where a large portion of the ship traffic consists of gas carriers and vessels with other hazardous cargo. The Brevik VTS Centre is the Norwegian Coastal Administration's oldest centre and was established in 1978 as a result of the petrochemical development at Rafnes. There is a special dispensation scheme with regard to compulsory pilotage in this area.

Horten  VTS is located in the port of Horten. It was established in 1999, and its area of responsibility is to monitor and regulate shipping in the waters from Færder to Spro/Steilene at Nesodden. The waters in this area are the responsibility of the Oslo Port Traffic Control Centre.

Vardø  VTS became operational on 1 January 2007. The VTS Centre, which has NOR VTS as it call name, covers traffic monitoring in the northern areas, from the Barents Sea to Lofoten by means of radar monitoring, ship reporting and AIS.

Vardø VTS also administers the state tugboat emergency preparedness scheme in Northern Norway. From 1 July 2008 the Vardø VTS Centre was made responsible for monitoring all tankers and other hazardous traffic along the entire coast and the sea area around Svalbard, with the exception of the areas of operation for the Norwegian Coastal Administration's other four VTS centres.

Statistics on Vardø VTS is not included with the other VTS centres. The reason is that the responsibility of Vardø VTS differs so much from the others.

Vessel clearance 

All sailings in a VTS area need clearance from the VTS centre. If the vessel only visits 1 port in the VTS area then one port calling will mean 2 vessel clearances - one for arrival and one for departure. All vessels over 24 meters of length needs a vessel clearance in VTS areas. More details can be found in the law  FOR 2009-12-15-1684 .

SafeSeaNet (SSN)

SafeSeaNet Norway is Norway's Single Window portal for ship reporting. This is a messaging service for ships arriving and departing Norwegian ports. Duty to notify is detailed in law: FOR 2009-12-17 nr 1633 . These vessels have to notify:

  • Vessels that intend to cross the Norwegian baseline and/or arrive in a Norwegian port.
  • Vessels that are required to report HAZMAT, ISPS and Port State Control information.
  • All vessels of 300 gross tons or more must give notice prior to arrival or departure unless otherwise specified.
  • Fishing vessels, traditional ships and pleasure craft with a length of 45 meters or more.
  • Vessels over 1 000 gross tons with a bunker quantity of 300 tons or more.
  • All ships irrespective of size, carrying dangerous or polluting cargo.

For vessels with hazmat cargo there will be one notification at departure and another one for arrival at port. For all other vessels there will be one notification per sailing.

Indicators from VTS areas

The indicators from VTS areas is a varied collection of statistics. Their association to the VTS area is many times the only thing they have in common. The indicators are:

  • Traffic interventions includes request to alter course and speed
  • Information from VTS centre to vessel on everything from weather etc. This indicator was discontinued in 2013.
  • Accidents in VTS area
  • Violations of sailing regulations
  • Violations of pilotage duty
  • Event reports
  • Other discrepancies, e.g. number of times there have been a loss of surveillance camera, VHF or AIS signal

Pilot and pilotage

A person employed by the Coastal Administration and set to be an advisor to the navigator of a ship.

Sailing with compulsory pilotage

A sailing is a vessels travel between two points. A sailing with compulsory pilotage is a sailings where navigator must show sufficient knowledge of the straits and the vessels in operation. Areas of compulsory pilotage and how to fulfil the requirements is described in the law  FOR 1994-12-23 . The duty is met either through hiring a pilot, documenting that the navigator holds a pilot exemption certificate, or a one time exemption can be granted from the Coastal Administration.

Pilot exemption certificate

Certificate issued, by the Coastal Administration, to navigators that attend training with ensuing tests demonstrating knowledge on straits and ships.Starting from 2015, new pilot exemption certificates may be granted following a test conducted by a pilot or following an evaluation conducted by an approved assessor in the shipping company.


The Coastal Administration can in special cases, upon the application from the master of the ship, grant an exemption from the duty to use a pilot.

AIS and base station

AIS is an abbreviation for automatic identification system. This is a VHF based system for traffic surveillance. There is a transmitter/receiver on every boat communicating with base stations on land. The base stations are located so to achieve the greatest possible coverage of the coast.

Maritime- or ship accidents

An event at or around one or several ships resulting in harm/damage to ship or person.

Nav installations

Common term for various installations meant to aid navigation, e.g. lighthouses and AIS base stations. 


Time of functional operation of Nav installations, usually given as in percentage

Vessels standby for pollution and rescue

Vessels in standby for pollution and rescue will have on board all gear necessary for oil cleanup. Vessels prepared to rescue will have crew trained for these events. 

Events with acute or immediate pollution

The Coastal Administration is responsible for the operative part the state's preparedness against acute pollution. Forurensningsloven § 38 defines what one is to understand as acute pollution. The law states further that the response to all such events must be coordinated by the Coastal Administration.

Surveillance by satellite and air plane

The Coastal Administration monitors the seas by satellite images and air planes. Surveillance by air plane is measured by flight hours while measuring the surveillance by satellite is done by counting images studied. The costal Administration sometimes receives images from Norsk oljevernforening for operatørselskap (NOFO) and European Maritime Safety organization (EMSA). Images from NOFO and EMSA are not included here.

Input measured in NOK (closed series)

Own production is defined, in principle, as the sum of the costs of the input factors that the different activities use to carry out activities and produce services. These are wage costs, the purchase of goods and services and use of fixed assets. Figures concerning use of fixed assets, i.e. depreciation and imputed interests, are usually not available. Therefore, this element is excluded from own production. The enterprises’ costs of purchase of goods and services, which are replacements for their own production of similar services, do not enter into their own production concept. Such costs are instead classified as transfers. An example is the Children, Youth and Family Affairs’ (Bufetat) purchase of services form private child welfare institutions. The central government purchases services from (transfers money to) these institutions, which in return undertake the responsibility for the care of the child.

Wage costs are defined as the total remuneration payable to the employees, including social security contributions. Reimbursements are subtracted. In addition, for some enterprises an estimated amount, due to lack of pension contributions to the Norwegian Public Service Pension Fund, is included in the wage costs.

Purchase of goods and services covers the value of utilized goods and services used in the production. However, the health enterprises’ purchase of services from other state health enterprises is not included in this category. Similarly, purchases that are not utilizes in the production, are not part of the purchase concept. Such purchases enter into the category of transfers.

Expenses to purchase services between central government enterprises which include debit authorisation, are in StatRes included in own production both for the buyer (purchase of services) and the seller (wage costs). To avoid double entry of the expenses, the internal trades are eliminated as the enterprises are added up to main divisions of services. Hence, the sum of the divisions of services might appear as higher than the main divisions. Internal trades without debit authorisation are not observable in the data sources, and hence not eliminated.

Estimated contributions to the Norwegian Public Service Pension Fund correspond to the estimated amount added to the enterprises which do not have those pension costs included in their accounts.  

Transfers comprise current payments to the private and public sector, such as pensions, child allowance and sick pay and rehabilitation benefits to households, operating subsidies to the industry and commerce, and transfers to the local authorities, NGOs and foreign countries. Transfers within enterprises in the central government are not included, for instance the Ministry of Health’s transfers to health enterprises. Still, transfers cover purchases of goods and services that do not enter in the production, as mentioned under Purchase of goods and services.

Investments cover procurements of fixed capital such as buildings, machinery, roads, railroads and equipment. Net acquisition of land is also included in this category. Sales of fixed assets are deducted. Investments in financial objects, such as stocks are not included.

Total expenditure is made up of the sum of own production, transfers and investments.

Input measured in contracted man-years adjusted for long term leaves (closed series)

Contracted man-years adjusted for long term leaves is defined as the sum of the number of full-time jobs and part-time jobs converted to full-time equivalents, excluding man-years lost due to doctor-certified absence and parental leave.

Standard classifications

The population is based upon the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises’ (BoF), units that are classified as a central government enterprise. The institutional grouping of the economy into sectors is a standard that is based on recommendations for the National Account structure, provided by the United Nations. Norway’s institutional grouping of sectors is based on the Eurostat’s ESA 1995 , which recommends that each country should design their own sector structure which is adapted to the nation’s distinctive characteristics. The central government is a sub-sector within the general government.

Indicators on activities/services and results

Ships are grouped according to Standard for classification of type of vessels at Statistics Norway

Input measured in NOK (closed series)

Expenditure is classified by the structure of the national account, which broadly corresponds with the definitions in IMF's Government Finance Statistics Manual 2001 ( GFSM2001 ). The expenditure is classified into groups, based on whether it is related to the enterprise’s own production of service, transfers in cash or in kind, or investments.  In a few cases, the definitions are deviated for the purpose of a more realistic picture of the use of Resources.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: The Norwegian Coastal Administration's activities (discontinued)
Topic: Transport and tourism

Responsible division

Division for Energy, Environmental and Transport Statistics

Regional level

National figures are given for all indicators. Geographic regions commonly used within the Coastal Administration are used when deemed relevant.

Frequency and timeliness

Annual and within 9 months after period in question.

International reporting

No international reporting


Collected data is stored by Division for Public Finances, and will only be used for statistical purposes.


Background and purpose

The statistics describe activities, services and results related to the Norwegian Coastal Administration’s work on maritime safety and emergency response to acute pollution in Norwegian waters.

The statistics was originally developed as part of a broader statistics on resource input, activities, services, production and results of public sector activities in Norway (StatRes). The purpose of StatRes was to show the level of resources used by the central government, what this input provides in terms of activities and services, and what outcomes can be seen from the input.

When StatRes was discontinued in 2015, the accompanying timeseries showing public sector resource input were also closed. These resource figures were calculated in a harmonized way for all participating government entities. At the same time, it was decided that the tables containing data on activities, services and results related to the Norwegian Coastal Administration’s work on maritime safety and emergency response to acute pollution in Norwegian waters should be continued as more limited operational statistics.

Users and applications

The target group of the statistics are users with an interest in activities, services and results related to the Norwegian Coastal Administration’s work on maritime safety and emergency response to acute pollution in Norwegian waters. Such users could be found among the various players in the national and international shipping industry, analysts, NGOs, the media, politicians, researchers, students, pupils and the general public.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 08 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The statistics is placed under the subject of Sea transport . Related statistics and documentation can be found here.

The statistics was part of the broader statistics of  Statres .

Legal authority

Not relevant

EEA reference

Not relevant



The statistics comprises all organizational units within The Norwegian Coastal Administration as described in official registers.

The statistics presents figures for the activities and services, results and related indicators of The Norwegian Coastal Administration.

The Norwegian Coastal Administration is the Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs expert's on maritime transport and ports, and accidents- and pollution prevention.

Data sources and sampling

Indicators on activities/services and results

All data gathered are coordinated by the head office of The Norwegian Coastal Administration.

Input measured in NOK (closed series)

The accounting figures for most of the published units were based on data reported to the Norwegian Government Agency for Financial Management (SSØ) in connection with the preparation of the state accounts (Report no. 3 to the Storting). Independent accounts for activities that are not covered by the state accounts were also used. The latter group includes the health enterprises, universities and university colleges, some state research institutes, trusts and administrative bodies with special authority. With regard to the child welfare authorities, the Norwegian Public Roads Administration and the Norwegian National Rail Administration, a combination of data from SSØ and separate collections from the respective accountants was used.

Input measured in contracted man-years (closed series)

Register-based employment statistics in Statistics Norway are based on individual register data from various registers. Information related to employees and agreed working hours per week is mainly collected from the Nav State Register of Employers and Employees, the End of the Year Certificate Register, the Tax Register (the Directorate of Taxes), and payroll registers. The Central Coordinating Register for Legal Entities in Brønnøysund and Statistics Norway’s Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises provide data on industries and sectors for enterprises and underlying establishments. NAV’s register of participants in labour market initiatives, recipients of parental benefits and doctor-certified absence are also included. The employment statistics is therefore based on a number of different sources. Statistics Norway has developed a system for common utilization of these sources. Work is currently underway to ascertain the degree of input using overtime.

Information related to man-years in compulsory military and civilian service is collected from the National Service Administration.


All indicators are based on studies considered complete counts.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Collection of data - Indicators on activities/services and results

Data is submitted by the Norwegian Coastal Administrations on aggregated levels in tables.

Control and revision - Indicators on activities/services and results

Figures are compared to earlier periods only at aggregated levels. The Coastal Administration is contacted when major changes are found. 

Estimation - Indicators on activities/services and results

Statistics Norway calculates basic statistical measures for the availability of the automatic identification system (AIS) using detailed data for each base station.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant


The fields of responsibility in the central government are to a large degree characterized by a single enterprise per division of service. It is difficult to shed light on this responsibility without exposing the actual government service. StatRes has divided the responsibilities into 5 main divisions of services, which is too coarse-screened to illuminate the variety in the central government activities. Statistics Norway has considered the confidentiality concerns, and found that the two conditions for exception in the Statistics Act § 2-6 are granted. The conditions are:

  1. The consideration of an appropriate structure of the statistics requires publications of a detailed level, including the risk of identification of a statistic unit without suppression.
  2. The publication with the risk of identification must not involve injuries (on physical or juridical person).

Consequently, confidentiality regarding central government enterprises is not taken into account in this statistics. Confidentiality is considered only on the subject of clients/users and employees.

This statistics does not cover graded information.

Comparability over time and space

Frame and definitions are held constant over time.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Measurement and processing errors - Indicators on activities/services and results

Primary data are compiled by the Coastal Administration. Most controls and editing is done here. The scale of measurement- and processing errors is not known. These sources of error are through well defined frames and definitions sought to keep constant over time.

Non-response errors

The various statistics are all considered complete counts through registers at the Coastal Administration and other registers. The level of non-response errors is not known.

Sampling errors

Not relevant.

Other sources of error

Errors in coverage can occur from lags in data entry at registers. The extent of these kinds of errors are not known.


Not relevant