Increased food prices pulled CPI up
Prices and price indices;Income and consumption
kpi, Consumer price index, CPI, inflation, price trends, price increases, CPI-ATE, price index adjustment, deflation, deflator, product groups (for example food, housing, transport), service groups (for example telecom services, hotels and restaurants)Consumption, Consumer prices , Income and consumption, Prices and price indices

Consumer price index15 July 2013



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Increased food prices pulled CPI up

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) increased by 0.4 per cent from June to July, mainly due to higher food prices. The year-to-year growth in the CPI was 3.0 per cent in July, while the CPI-ATE increased 1.8 per cent in the same period.

Consumer Price Index 1998=100
Monthly change (per cent)12-month rate (per cent)Index
June 2013 - July 2013July 2012 - July 2013July 2013
CPI All-item index0.43.0134.4
Food and non-alcoholic beverages2.42.2128.0
Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels0.28.1165.2
Recreation and culture0.31.6117.4
Clothing and footwear-4.4-1.152.3
CPI-ATE (july 1999 = 100)0.41.8125.0
CPI by delivery sector
Other consumer goods produced in Norway2.010.6162.2
Imported consumer goods-
Other services with wages as dominating price factor0.23.7202.4
Figure 1. Consumer Price Index. Percentage change from the same month one year before

The CPI was 134.4 (1998=100) in July 2013, compared to 130.5 in the same month the year before.

Monthly change: higher prices on food, fuel and furniture

From June to July, the CPI rose by 0.4 per cent. Food prices increased 2.6 per cent and were the greatest contributor to the rise in the CPI. This increase can partly be explained by price adjustments made in the wake of the “Agricultural Agreement 2013”, which gives higher “measure prices” for some agricultural goods such as milk, mutton, potatoes, corn and fruit and vegetables. In the CPI, higher prices were registered for all food sub-groups, except for fresh fruit and fresh vegetables.

Fuel prices including lubricants went up 3.0 per cent from June to July. Prices of furniture, carpets etc. rose 3.8 per cent in the same period, mainly because of higher prices in July following sales activity in May and June. Increased prices on transportation and newspapers and periodicals among others also contributed to this month’s rise in the CPI.

The increase in the CPI was mainly dampened by prices of clothing and footwear, which went down 4.4 per cent from June to July. Prices on accommodation services usually go down in this period, and this year they fell by 9.8 per cent.

Year-to-year growth: electricity prices continued to contribute the most

The CPI rose by 3.0 per cent from July 2012 to July 2013. The main contributor to the year-to-year growth was the 35.3 per cent increase in prices of electricity including grid rent. The year-to-year growth for electricity can partly be explained by the low electricity prices during summer 2012, due to a high production of hydropower. The CPI without electricity (CPI-AEL) rose 1.8 per cent in the last twelve months, meaning electricity prices including grid rent pulled the CPI up more than one percentage point in the period.

Other important contributors to the growth in the CPI were imputed rentals for home owners, which rose by 3.1 per cent from July last year, and the prices of maintenance and repair of personal transportation equipment, which went up by 3.6 per cent in the same period. Alcoholic beverages and tobacco showed a joint price increase of 4.5 per cent. The price for restaurant services went up by 3.2 per cent in the same period.

Airfares fell 15.6 per cent in the last twelve months and were the main contributor to dampening the increase in the CPI. Both domestic and international flights showed similar decreases. Clothing prices fell by 2.0 per cent and prices on telephone services fell 2.6 per cent from July 2012 to July 2013.

Change in the year-to-year growth: marked rise in price growth

The year-to-year growth in the CPI rose from 2.1 per cent in June to 3.0 per cent in July. The main contributors were the development in electricity and food prices. Electricity including grid rent rose almost 12 per cent from June to July last year, while there was almost no decrease in the same period this year. Food prices rose by 2.6 per cent from June to July this year, while rising less than 1 per cent in the same period last year.

The index was pulled in the opposite direction by airfares, which showed a weaker increase in prices from June to July 2013 than for the same period last year.

The year-to year growth in the CPI adjusted for tax changes and excluding energy products (CPI-ATE) was 1.8 per cent in July; up 0.4 percentage points from the previous month.

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