Data for research – step by step
Statistics Norway provides microdata for research projects, and has data relating to persons, establishments and enterprises. The procedure for obtaining microdata is indicated below.
- Microdata applications from outside Norway
- 1. Formal requirements
- 2. Legal Basis
- 3. Data availability and mandatory exemptions from the duty of confidentiality
- 4. Complete and submit the application and attachments
- 5. You receive an offer with a price and delivery date from Statistics Norway
- 6. Respond to the offer within two weeks
- 7. Data exchanges between you and Statistics Norway
- 8. New project participants? Updated figures? Extended project period? Use the Project Changes Form
- 9. Confirm deletion of data
Microdata applications from outside Norway
Transfer of personal data outside the country’s borders is not allowed according to the statistics act. This means that any researcher or institution that wishes to apply for microdata will only ever be granted access to completely anonymous data. Due to the difficulty of anonymizing data in such a small country as Norway, this will rarely be feasible.
An alternative is to gain access to a Norwegian research project and be given access at the Norwegian Institution in connection with such a project. This requires that the participating members be pre-submitted to Statistics Norway and that the formal requirements below are fulfilled.
1. Formal requirements
If you are a researcher at an approved research institution you can apply for access to data for a research project. If your institution is not on the list of approved research institutions, the institution must apply for approval to email@example.com.
If you are not associated with an approved research institution, you can also apply for access to data from Statistics Norway if your research institution is conducting a specific project that is either
1) financed by The Research Council of Norway or other national or international research program, or
2) on behalf of a public body that uses the Standard agreement for research and report assignments (the research agreement) (in Norwegian).
If you are a master or PhD student, you can apply for access to data if your supervisor has research qualifications from one of the approved institutions.
In order to be able to submit an application, your project must have a legal basis, cf. step 2 and 4 below.
2. Legal Basis
If your project will be processing personal data, you need a legal basis according to the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). All research institutions are obliged to have a Data Protection Officer to assist you in this process.
If your project has a confidentiality permit dated earlier than 20.07.2018
Due to the introduction of the GDPR you need to add
- a reference to the project’s legal basis according to the GDPR
- a brief statement of the project’s compliance to the GDPR
All other projects
The project needs a Data Protection Impact Assessment – DPIA (Link in Norwegian)
Below is a list of data and variables commonly used in research, which researchers can obtain from Statistics Norway. The underlined text is linked to variable lists from which you can select the variables you require. Variables in the lists are electronically linked to available metadata (definitions and code lists). Lists for the remaining statistics are currently being devised.
Your completed variable list must be attached to your application for research data. Please note that you can only select variables that are covered by your confidentiality permit. Statistics Norway therefore recommends that you also include a copy of the variable list in your application for a confidentiality permit and exemption from confidentiality (see below).
- Accounting data
- Capital database
- Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises (in Norwegian)
- External trade
- Housing conditions
- Introduction programme for newly arrived immigrants
- Labour market
- Labour market and earnings
- Population and housing census from 1960-2011
- Welfare benefits
If your research project comprises data provided by someone other than Statistics Norway, you need to apply for an exemption from confidentiality from the data owner BEFORE applying to Statistics Norway. All applications and exemptions granted must be attached to the data application to Statistics Norway. For data supplied by Statistics Norway, any exemptions are granted by us without further application.
The IPLOS-register is an important health register comprising information on all persons that have applied for or have been granted municipal health care in the period 2007–2017. From 2018 onwards the municipalities report this information to The Norwegian Registry for Primary Health Care (KPR – kommunalt pasient- og brukerregister). You apply to The Norwegian Directorate of Health for data from both registers.
4. Complete and submit the application and attachments
When you have
- the confidentiality permit
- the exemptions from confidentiality for data delivered by others than Statistics Norway
- filled in variable lists
you can complete and submit the application to obtain data from Statistics Norway (in Norwegian).
It is important that you are precise when filling in the application form. When defining the population you want in sections 7.1 and 7.2, for example, ‘Resident in 2012’ is not sufficient information. Whether you mean ‘Resident as of 1.1.2013’ or ‘Resident 1.1.-31.12.2012’, you need to specify this in order to ensure you get the right data.
You must attach the following to your application to have it processed:
For all projects
- Project protocol
- Variable lists. Use the ones from Statistics Norway whenever available
- If relevant: Reason for extraordinary level of detail (date of birth and death, sub-municipality areas)
- Exemption from confidentiality for data delivered by others than Statistics Norway (see above, point 3)
- if the project includes (own) data that is collected voluntarily: Information letter and statement of consent
- If relevant: contract with the Research Council of Norway or Research Agreement with a public body (see above, point 1)
For projects that has a confidentiality permit dated earlier than 20.07.2018, etiher:
- The confidentiality permit from the Data Protection Officer and
- The licence from the Data Inspectorate, or
- The permit from the Regional Committee for medical and health research ethics (REK)
- Reference to the project’s legal basis according to the GDPR
- Brief statement of the project’s compliance to the GDPR
For projects that has legal bases dated from 20.07.2018 and onwards:
- Data Protection Impact Assessment – DPIA
- Any other documents referred to
- For health-related projects: Ethical approval from the Regional Committee for medical and health research ethics (REK)
Send the application and all attachments to firstname.lastname@example.org
You will be contacted by the executive officer assigned to your case.
5. You receive an offer with a price and delivery date from Statistics Norway
Statistics Norway sends you an offer containing a price for the service, as well as a delivery date for the data and information on how the data exchange will be carried out.
Statistics Norway does not charge for the actual data, but for the time it takes to process the application, clarifying the content and preparing and transferring the data. The total payment is subject to 25 per cent VAT.
6. Respond to the offer within two weeks
You need to accept the offer, sign and return the data agreement within two weeks. It is important that you specify the invoice address and your internal order number/reference number.
In addition you have to return the contract for supply of research data signed by the leader of your institution as well as a signed non-disclosure declaration for all project participants.
7. Data exchanges between you and Statistics Norway
If your own data or that of a third party is to be used in the project, it must be in a format that Statistics Norway can read. See the relevant guidelines:
The files can be sent via Statistics Norway’s secure area for file transfer. Read how to do it here:
All data from third parties must be sent to Statistics Norway before we can start processing the data, and before we can give you access to the data.
When Statistics Norway has made the data available for downloading, you will receive notification from your executive officer. The data will be available in the area for two weeks from when you receive notification. Make sure you download the data during this period.
When you have downloaded the data from Statistics Norway, it is important that you check that the delivery corresponds to your order. Your right to complain expires after six months.
8. New project participants? Updated figures? Extended project period? Use the Project Changes Form
Complete and submit the Project Changes Form (in Norwegian). If the change affects the legal basis for the project and/or exemptions from confidentiality for data delivered by others than SN, this must be completed BEFORE you change application to SN. The documentation must be attached to the application. A detailed specification of the documents is given in the Project Changes Form.
You are obliged to apply for the following project changes:
- Extended project period
- New project leader
- New project participants
- Participants leaving the project
- New institutions in the project
- Updated figures or new variables
- Changes in population
Statistics Norway will issue an adjusted contract for supply of research data that you sign and return to SN. The changes are valid as soon as the agreement with your signature has reached SN. The handling costs will be charged.
9. Confirm deletion of data
You must delete the data by the deadline specified in the agreement. When this is undertaken, sign and return the form that you received along with the agreement.