This is an archived release.
Road and railway investments up
Government expenditure related to construction of roads and railways amounted to almost NOK 24 billion in 2013. This is more than 10 per cent higher than the previous year.
|1From 2012-2013, the number of man-years rose by more than 6 500. About 2 500 of these was the result of inclusion of 26 units in the man-years statistics from 2013.|
|2The figures previous to 2012 are too low due to errors in the data collection about conscripts and students at officer training schools. The correct level is estimated to 226 700 man-years in 2009, 229 100 in 2010 and 235 000 in 2011. Of all employed, 10.4 per cent were in the Central Government in 2009, and 10.5 per cent in 2010 and 2011.|
|Own production (NOK billion)||242.8||253.4||265.8||281.9|
|Investments (NOK billion)||38.8||37.1||40.1||48.7|
|Transfers (NOK billion)||633.5||674.0||705.8||738.1|
|Total expenditure (NOK billion)||915.0||964.5||1 011.7||1 068.7|
|Total expenditure per inhabitant (NOK 1000)||187.1||194.7||201.6||210.4|
|Wage costs, share of own production (per cent)||62.4||63.3||64.1||63.4|
|Share of persons employed with main-position in Central Government (incl. social security funds) (per cent)2||10.4||10.4||10.4||10.5|
|Contracted man-years adjusted for long term leaves (man-years)2||225 393||231 118||235 885||242 446|
|Share of Health and Social services||47.9||47.7||47.2||46.7|
|Share of women (per cent)||55.2||55.3||55.0||55.2|
|Share of 50 years and older (per cent)||35.5||36.1||35.6||35.8|
|Share of immigrants (per cent)||8.4||8.7||8.9||9.3|
|Share of tertiary education, more than 4 years (per cent)||25.9||26.4||27.0||27.7|
Investments in roads and railways have increased substantially in recent years. The Norwegian Public Railway Administration invested NOK 7.9 billion in railway infrastructure in 2013 – compared to NOK 2.3 billion in 2006. At the same time, investments in roads carried out by The Norwegian Public Roads Administration have increased every year since 2006, except in 2010 and 2011 when ownership for a large share of state roads was transferred to the local government. Road investments amounted to NOK 15.7 billion in 2013. However, it should be noted that this figure is influenced by a change in the Norwegian VAT Act related to road services.
In 2013, increased investment expenditure was also observed in a number of other government units. In public hospitals, the growth in investments in buildings and other fixed assets was the highest for five years, and estimated at NOK 6.2 billion. The Norwegian Air Force is in the process of acquiring new fighter aircrafts. This explains why increased military investments rose to more than NOK 8 billion in 2013.
Moderate increase in own production
In 2013, the central government spent NOK 282 billion on production of welfare services, labelled own production. This is six per cent more than the previous year, which is approximately the same rate as the average annual growth from 2006 to 2013. More than 40 per cent of total own production was related to health and social services, a division in which the public hospitals are the dominating units.
The sharpest growth in own production was observed in The Norwegian Public Roads Administration – up almost 30 per cent from 2012. The production in this unit is connected to road maintenance in addition to management of numerous driver and vehicle licensing offices and traffic control centres.
More than 240 000 man-years
There were nearly 242 500 contracted man-years adjusted for long-term leave in central government in 2013. Compared to 2012, the number of man-years rose by more than 6 500 in 2013. About 2 500 of these was the result of inclusion of 26 new units in the central government sector from 2013 (see text below).
The service divisions with the highest increase in the number of man-years from 2012 to 2013 were the public hospitals, with 1 566 more man-years. This was followed by The Norwegian Labour and Welfare Service and the Police and prosecution, with 681 and 444 more man-years respectively. The largest decrease during the last year was in National Child Welfare, with 425 fewer man-years.
New units included in the central government sector
In 2013, Statistics Norway evaluated a number of units with regard to sector classification. As a result, 26 units were reclassified to central government from other sectors. Most of these were cultural institutions such as theatres and museums. The new units are included in this release, and all expenditure indicators have been updated dating back to 2006. Employment statistics are, however, not updated for 2006-2012.
In 2013, Statistics Norway evaluated a number of units with regards to sector classification. As a result, 26 units were reclassified to central government from other sectors. Most of these were cultural institutions such as theatres and museums. The new units are included in this release, and all expenditure indicators have been updated backwards to 2006. Employment statistics are however not updated for 2006-2012.