This is an archived release.
Total expenditure exceeds NOK 1 000 billion
The central government’s estimated total expenditure in 2012 is NOK 1 010 billion, an increase of 5 per cent compared to the previous year.
|1The figures previous to 2012 are too low due to errors in the data collection about conscripts and students at officer training schools. The correct level is estimated to 226 700 man-years in 2009, 229 100 in 2010 and 235 000 in 2011. Of all employed, 10.4 per cent were in the Central Government in 2009, and 10.5 per cent in 2010 and 2011.|
|Own production (NOK billion)||231.5||240.2||250.7||262.7|
|Investments (NOK billion)||41.5||36.3||35.0||39.0|
|Transfers (NOK billion)||599.7||635.3||675.9||708.5|
|Total expenditure (NOK billion)||872.7||911.9||961.6||1 010.1|
|Total expenditure per inhabitant (NOK 1000)||180.7||186.5||194.1||201.3|
|Wage costs, share of own production (per cent)||61.3||62.4||63.3||64.1|
|Share of persons employed with main-position in Central Government (incl. social security funds) (per cent)1||10.3||10.4||10.4||10.4|
|Contracted man-years adjusted for long term leaves (man-years)1||223 368||225 393||231 118||235 885|
|Share of Health and Social services||48.1||47.9||47.7||47.2|
|Share of women (per cent)||54.9||55.2||55.3||55.0|
|Share of 50 years and older (per cent)||34.9||35.5||36.1||35.6|
|Share of immigrants (per cent)||8.1||8.4||8.7||8.9|
|Share of tertiary education, more than 4 years (per cent)||25.7||25.9||26.4||27.0|
As a share of total government expenditure, more than one half is classed as Health and social services. Social benefits to households, administered by The Norwegian Labour and Welfare Service (NAV), constituted the largest portion of the expenditures. In 2012, NAV expenditure totalled NOK 389 billion – nearly 40 per cent of total government expenditure.
Increase within transport communication
Total expenditure rose in most government units from 2011 to 2012. The sharpest increase was registered for units within the main division labelled Transport communication and other economic affairs, where road investments by the Norwegian Public Roads Administration increased by more than 25 per cent. Correspondingly, railway investments by the Norwegian National Rail Administration rose by 17 per cent.
Own production expenditure related to the attacks of 22 July 2011
Own production totalled NOK 263 billion in central government in 2012, up 5 per cent from the previous year. Among the units with the sharpest increase in own production are the Government Administration Service and the Norwegian Public Construction and Property Management. Both of these increased own production by more than 25 per cent compared with 2011. The reason for this is increased spending on office rentals and security services after the attacks of 22 July 2011, which left parts of the government complex unusable. In addition, Courts of justice increased own production by almost 10 per cent in 2012, partly due to increased spending related to the trial in Oslo City Court.
Far smaller increase in man-years than previous years
There were nearly 235 900 contracted man-years adjusted for long term leave in central government in 2012. This is almost 900 more man-years than in the previous year and about 20 700 more man-years than in 2006, when corrected for the error in the published figures about conscripts and officers’ training school in previous years. See the text below for details.
The increase of 900 more man-years during the last year corresponds to a 0.4 per cent increase. This is clearly the lowest percentage increase during the period included in these statistics. The yearly percentage changes in the period 2007–2011 were between 1.1 per cent and 2.9 per cent more man-years.
The service divisions with the highest increase in the number of man-years from 2011 to 2012 were the Specialist Health Service, with 1 220 more man-years, the Police and Prosecution with 302 more man-years, and the Norwegian Public Roads Administration with 285 more man-years. The largest decrease during the last year was with the Norwegian Armed Forces excluding conscripts and officers’ training school, with 974 fewer man-years. Slightly less than half of this decrease was the result of a reorganisation where employees were transferred from central government to a new state corporation named the Aerospace Industrial Maintenance Norway. This was followed by the National Child Welfare, with 257 fewer man-years during the last year.
Other aspects described by the statistics
The statistics describe both man-years and different types of expenditure in the period 2006-2012. These figures are shown for the central government in total, the five main divisions of services, the 30 divisions of services, and the roughly 250 agencies/institutions. In addition, the statistics describe different characteristics of the employees, such as their sex and age distribution, level of education, share of immigrants, and working hours. These figures are shown for the central government in total compared to other sectors, and for the different divisions within the central government.
New data collection about conscripts and officers’ training school
Conscripts and officers’ training school are excluded from the man-year statistics in the period 2006-2008. The published figures for 2009-2011 in the Statbank tables are too low because of an error in the data collection. From 2012, the figures are based on a new data collection that is more closely linked to the reference week, and also includes officers’ training school.
This error in the man-year statistics before 2012 affects the figures for the Norwegian Armed Forces, the main division Defence, public order and safety, and the Central government in total. Based on new level numbers from The National Service Administration and assumptions regarding long-term leave, it is estimated that man-year figures are approximately 8 600 too low in the period 2006-2008 and 3 600 too low in 2009-2011.