333921
/en/offentlig-sektor/statistikker/offogjeld/kvartal
333921
statistikk
2018-03-23T08:00:00.000Z
Public sector;Public sector
en
offogjeld, General government, financial assets and liabilities, central government, local government, stock, transactions, assets by type (for example bonds, shares, lending), net assets, liabilities by type (for example commercial papers, bonds, loans)Central government finances , General government , Local government finances , Public sector
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General government, financial assets and liabilities

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Key figures

12.9 %

increase in general government net financial assets compared to 2016 Q4

General Government. Financial assets and liabilities. NOK billion
StocksChange in per cent
4th quarter 20154th quarter 20164th quarter 20174th quarter 2015 - 4th quarter 20164th quarter 2016 - 4th quarter 2017
Total assets10 08810 34911 5732.611.8
Total liabilities1 2121 3331 39810.04.9
Net financial assets8 8769 01610 1761.612.9
 
Net financial assets, Per cent of GDP284.7289.2310.3

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Table 1 
General, central and local government. Assets and liabilities. NOK billion

General, central and local government. Assets and liabilities. NOK billion
StocksChange in per cent
4th quarter 20154th quarter 20164th quarter 20174th quarter 2015 - 4th quarter 20164th quarter 2016 - 4th quarter 2017
General government
Total assets10 08810 34911 5732.611.8
Total liabilities1 2121 3331 39810.04.9
Net financial assets8 8769 01610 1761.612.9
 
Central government
Total assets9 7089 93311 1282.312.0
Total liabilities71379883511.84.7
Net financial assets8 9959 13510 2931.612.7
 
Local government
Total assets4084434738.66.7
Total liabilities5275635906.84.9
Net financial assets-119-119-117

Table 2 
General Government. Financial assets and liabilities by financial object. NOK billion

General Government. Financial assets and liabilities by financial object. NOK billion
StocksChange in per cent
4th quarter 20154th quarter 20164th quarter 20174th quarter 2015 - 4th quarter 20164th quarter 2016 - 4th quarter 2017
TOTAL ASSETS10 08810 34911 5732.611.8
Currency and deposits21529532137.48.8
Bonds2 7852 7472 746-1.40.0
Loans7377488191.49.5
Shares and other equity5 9646 1477 2503.117.9
Other accounts receivable3874124386.56.3
TOTAL LIABILITIES1 2121 3331 39810.04.9
Bonds5155445425.7-0.4
Loans51258966214.912.3
Other accounts payable1841991948.1-2.8
NET FINANCIAL ASSETS8 8769 01610 1761.612.9

Table 3 
General government gross debt (Maastricht debt). Nominal values

General government gross debt (Maastricht debt). Nominal values
NOK BillionPercentage of GDP
4th quarter 20081 21846.7
4th quarter 20091 01041.5
4th quarter 20101 07941.6
4th quarter 201176727.4
4th quarter 201286429.1
4th quarter 201391429.7
4th quarter 201485827.3
4th quarter 201599231.8
4th quarter 20161 10035.3
4th quarter 20171 18736.2

About the statistics

The statistics provide information on financial assets and liabilities in the central and local government sectors. They include assets and liabilities classified by financial object and figures for general government gross debt as defined by the Maastricht criteria.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Total financial assets: Total financial assets at market value, consolidated.

Total liabilities: Total liabilities at market value, consolidated.

Net financial assets: Total financial assets - total liabilities.

Net revaluations: Other changes in volume plus revaluations due to changes in market prices of financial instruments.

Change in net financial assets: Net financial assets year (t) minus net financial assets year (t-1). This equals net borrowing/lending (t) + net revaluations (t)

Net borrowing/lending in financial accounts: Net acquisition of financial assets - net incurrence of liabilities

General government gross debt according to the Maastricht definition: Gross liabilities in the form of deposits, certificates, commercial papers and Treasury bills, bonds, and loans, at nominal value and consolidated (i.e. minus debt between units within general government). This figure is used for comparisons between the EU countries.

Standard classifications

Financial instrument: Financial assets and liabilities are classified by main type, aiming at having relatively uniform groups. The classification is based on the international guidelines for National Accounts.

Debtor/creditor sector: Financial assets and liabilities are classified according to which financial sector in the economy the individual debtor or creditor belongs to. Classification is based on international guidelines.

In addition central and local government are classified by institutional sub-sectors.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: General government, financial assets and liabilities
Topic: Public sector

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Public Finance

Regional level

National level only

Frequency and timeliness

Quarterly

International reporting

Eurostat og International Monetary Fund (IMF).

Microdata

The microdata are stored in SAS and Oracle databases, and the disseminated data are stored in the FAME database.

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose is to offer comparable time series over a long period of time for the general government's financial assets and liabilities based on the international guidelines for financial accounts.

General government financial assets and liabilities is publised in a new format from 2009 with comparable figures from 1995 to the present. The statistics is based on the database system Finse, a system for the compilation of financial transactions, assets and liabilities by institutional sectors.

Users and applications

The statistics is used in the National Accounts. Other important users are the Ministry of Finance, the Central Bank of Norway, research institutions and mass media.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The statistics are based on the guidelines for financial accounts in the international National Accounts standards: System of National Accounts (the UN et al.) and the European System of Accounts (the EU), plus the IMF's A Manual on Government Finance Statistics.

General government revenue and expenditure is disseminated the same way and based on the same international guidelines as General government financial assets and liabilities.

The statistics are included in the Financial accounts, which again is part of the National Accounts.

Legal authority

The Statistics Act, § 2-2

EEA reference

Council Regulation 2223/96. Also Council Regulations 3056/93 and 475/2000, which are not EEA relevant, but connected to the Economic and Monetary Union.

Production

Population

The population comprises all state, municipal and county municipal administrative bodies limited according to the National Accounts regulations for general government. Public corporations and unincorporated public enterprises (financial or non-financial) are not included. The basic sources are the central government's fiscal account, the individual accounts for municipalities and county municipalities, and accounts for other state, municipal and county municipal units (e.g. funds) that are considered part of general government. Counterpart information is also extensively used to give a realistic view of General government's financial situation. In practice there may be gaps due to lack of an overview of the population.

Data sources and sampling

Financial accounts are mainly based on quarterly accounting statistics for financial corporations and mutual funds, quarterly balance of payments data and quarterly data from the Norwegian Central Securities Depository (VPS). The compilations are also based on annual accounting statistics for general government and different types of register-statistics. For areas with incomplete statistical coverage, it is necessary to rely on estimations, judgements and supplementary sources such as statistics for paid and assessed taxes and tax return statistics for individual taxpayers.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

The financial accounts are based on source statistics collected by various divisions in Statistics Norway.

The compilation process comprises a long list of reconciliation procedures and consistency checks, which also contributes to the quality assurance of the different statistical sources.

The source statistics may have to be adjusted in order to fulfil the requirements of the financial accounts; first source data have to be adapted to financial accounts data structure; source data are then balanced in the database system. In cases where we have two or more data sources for the same asset relationship, one data serie is selected according to predetermined rules. The most important choice is between creditor and debtor information. Discrepancies occur when there are differences in information given from the creditor and debtor respectively.

Discrepancies can be explained by different definitions or different estimations of value, but can also occur due to errors and shortcomings in the statistical sources. In cases where errors are revealed, this is reported to the division responsible for the compilation of the statistics in question.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

Not relevant

Comparability over time and space

The Finse database provides comparable quarterly figures over time from 1995.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

The financial accounts are compiled using different statistical sources. The uncertainty in the financial accounts figures is related to the uncertainty in source data and the compilation methods. Since the database system is an integrated system containing many routines for balancing and consistency checks of data, one could assume that the financial accounts help reduce some of the uncertainty in the source data. On the other hand, the financial accounts require compilation of figures in areas where source statistics are very limited or even lacking. The uncertainty can be substantial in these areas.

 

Revision

In FINSE the figures are revised, as new information becomes available. In order to avoid breaks in the timeseries, new data sources are incorporated in previously published years.

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