Public sector
offinnkj, Public purchasing, goods, services, general government, central government, local government, general government enterprisesGeneral government , Public sector

Public purchasing


Next update

Not yet determined

Key figures

4.8 %

increase i public purchases from 2015 to 2016

Public purchasing, NOK million
20161SharePer cent
2015 - 20162012 - 2016
1The figures for the latest year is provisional.
Total public purchases (A + B)500 537100.04.825.7
A. General government425 25985.06.131.0
Central government excluding defence affairs206 48941.35.835.3
Defence affairs and services25 9475.25.722.9
Local government192 82238.56.327.8
B. General government enterprises75 27815.0-1.751.6
Central government excluding oil5 5961.16.038.6
Oil sector63 33812.7-5.2-4.0
Local government enterprices6 3441.341.379.5

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Table 1 
Public purchasing. NOK million.

Public purchasing. NOK million.
Total public purchases (A + B)398 173438 307461 740477 564500 537
Purchase of goods and services214 420228 975234 504247 374256 560
Social benefits in kind60 94163 47568 02071 65275 432
Gross fixed capital formation122 811145 857159 216158 538168 545
A. General government324 607352 868380 249400 981425 259
Purchase of goods and services167 436178 538190 119201 566210 312
Social benefits in kind60 94163 47568 02071 65275 432
Gross fixed capital formation96 229110 855122 110127 763139 515
A1. Central government173 738190 452208 648219 665232 437
Purchase of goods and services89 45095 504102 944109 203115 342
Social benefits in kind38 75140 04842 74745 51447 833
Gross fixed capital formation45 53654 90062 95764 94869 262
A1.1. Central government excluding defence affairs152 630168 517186 064195 120206 489
Purchase of goods and services78 07983 39790 57096 258101 653
Social benefits in kind38 75140 04842 74745 51447 833
Gross fixed capital formation35 80045 07252 74753 34857 003
A1.2. Defence affairs and services21 10821 93522 58324 54525 947
Purchase of goods and services11 37112 10712 37312 94513 688
Social benefits in kind00000
Gross fixed capital formation9 7379 82810 21011 60012 259
A2. Local government150 869162 416171 601181 316192 822
Purchase of goods and services77 98683 03487 17592 36394 970
Social benefits in kind22 19023 42725 27326 13827 599
Gross fixed capital formation50 69355 95559 15362 81570 253
A2.1. Municipalities123 025129 953139 119146 233156 587
Purchase of goods and services64 36966 97370 02472 95775 184
Social benefits in kind19 85420 97722 76723 33524 364
Gross fixed capital formation38 80242 00346 32849 94157 039
A2.1. Counties27 84432 46332 48235 08336 235
Purchase of goods and services13 61716 06117 15119 40619 786
Social benefits in kind2 3362 4502 5062 8033 235
Gross fixed capital formation11 89113 95212 82512 87413 214
B. General government enterprises49 64285 43981 49176 58375 278
Purchase of goods and services46 98450 43744 38545 80846 248
Social benefits in kind00000
Gross fixed capital formation2 65835 00237 10630 77529 030
B1.1. Central government excluding oil4 0384 3054 8735 2815 596
Purchase of goods and services3 9764 1994 7085 2105 353
Social benefits in kind00000
Gross fixed capital formation6210616571243
B1.2. Oil sector65 99476 09871 23166 81163 338
Purchase of goods and services40 38442 51335 85937 85635 523
Social benefits in kind00000
Gross fixed capital formation25 61033 58535 37228 95527 815
B2. Local government enterprises3 5345 0365 3874 4916 344
Purchase of goods and services2 6243 7253 8182 7425 372
Social benefits in kind00000
Gross fixed capital formation9101 3111 5691 749972

About the statistics


Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Public procurements: Defined as the sum of intermediate consumption, social benefits in kind and gross fixed capital formation for general government and unincorporated public enterprises. The definition is not a precise one, but as close as could be without organising a separate collection of data for this purpose.

General government: Defined in the same way as in the National Accounts, i.e. predominantly non-market activities under government control.

Unincorporated public enterprises: State, municipal and county municipal market activities that are not organised as separate legal entities, and companies where municipalities or county municipalities have unlimited economic control.

Intermediate consumption: Procurements of goods and services for use in the production of goods or services.

Social benefits in kind: Procurements of goods and services that are transferred to households.

Gross fixed capital formation: Net acquisitions of fixed capital with duration of more than a year.

Standard classifications

Not relevant

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Public purchasing
Topic: Public sector

Responsible division

Division for Public Finance

Regional level

National level only.

Frequency and timeliness


International reporting

Not relevant


The microdata are stored in the SAS and the Oracle databases.


Background and purpose

The purpose is to provide statistics that show the size and composition of public procurements. The statistics started in 1994.

Users and applications

Important users are the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Fisheries the Ministry of Local Government and Modernisation, municipalities, enterprises and mass media.



Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 08 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given inthe Statistics Release Calendar.

Coherence with other statistics

The statistics are mainly based on input from the statistics on General government revenue and expenditure. This statistics is again based on the international standards for National Accounts - System of National Accounts (the UN et al.) and the European System of Accounts (the EU), plus the IMF's A Manual on Government Finance Statistics. These standards do not include any specific definition of public procurements. Preliminary figures are disseminated for the first time in the year t+1 while the final figures are disseminated in the year t+3. Variances between preliminary and final figures may be considerable due to uncertain preliminary figures for unincorporated public enterprises.

No corresponding short-term statistics are disseminated, but quarterly operating expenses for the units included in the central government fiscal account are disseminated as part of the statistics on Central government fiscal account, revenue and expenditure.

Part of the statistics is included in the statistics on General government revenue and expenditure, which again is part of the National Accounts system.

Legal authority

The Statistics Act, § 2-2.

EEA reference

Council Regulation 3037/90, Commission Regulation 761/93, Council Regulation 3696/93, Council Regulation 2223/96.



The population comprises all state, municipal and county municipal administrative bodies limited according to the National Accounts regulations for general government, as well as unincorporated public enterprises (government units which sell industrial and commercial goods and services to the public). Publicly owned enterprises are not included. The basic sources are the central government's fiscal account, the individual accounts for municipalities and county municipalities, and accounts for other state, municipal and county municipal units (e.g. funds) that are considered part of general government, and unincorporated public enterprises. In practice there may be gaps due to lack of an overview of the population.

Data sources and sampling

Most of the data are collected from the statistics on General government revenue and expenditure. In addition there is a separate collection of accounts for unincorporated public enterprises.

In principle there is total counting of all units of unincorporated public enterprises, but in practice some minor accounts are not collected due to lack of resources and lack of an overview of the population.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Accounts for unincorporated public enterprises are collected on special forms (Industry Form 2). The one who responds to the enquiry is the individual who is responsible for accounting.

Reporting and record keeping burden

Approximately 30 minutes per respondent for each accounting year by approximately 10 respondents within unincorporated central government enterprises and 500 respondents within unincorporated local government enterprises, totalling approximately 35 day's work for the entire sampling.

For unincorporated public enterprises all totals are carefully checked, as well as other logical connections in and between the profit and loss account and the balance sheet. Checks are also carried out against important items in the enterprises' annual reports.

Seasonal adjustment

Not applicable


Not relevant

Comparability over time and space

One tries to avoid great breaks in the time series by preferably carrying out any large changes in connection with retroactive revisions. For the central government minor breaks may occur, since the specifications in the fiscal account may be adjusted at any time by resolutions in the National Assembly. Breaks in the time series occur relatively seldom for the municipal accounts, since the chart of accounts is established by the Local Government Act. Still from 1990 to 1991 there was a break due to revision of the municipal accounts regulations, and at present a revised chart of accounts is gradually being implemented as part of the KOSTRA project, with the new chart of accounts being fully introduced for the 2001 accounts. This no doubt leads to breaks, but the extent is difficult to determine. For unincorporated public enterprises breaks in the series will mainly occur in connection with changes in the accounting law (new law from 1999) or because of organisational changes, e.g. when units are reorganised as publicly owned enterprises, and thereby excluded from the statistics.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Most of the data are collected from the statistics on General government revenue and expenditure. The main problem is that public procurements is defined in such a schematic way that for instance own investment activities are regarded as procurements. If this were to have been done differently the statistics would have required considerably more resources. For unincorporated public enterprises processing errors may occur because of wrong entries in the profit and loss account or the balance sheet, or lack of specification of fixed assets in the balance sheet.

The non-respondents are rather few, about 5-10 units per year. These units are not significant either, so the previous year's figures are used if they are available.