Outdoor activities – active, but with gender disparities
Norwegians are fond of outdoor activities. Eight in ten enjoy walking in the woods and hiking in the mountains. For both men and women, shorter walks and hiking are the most popular activities. However, a larger share of men go fishing, hunting and on boat trips than women, whilst women to a larger extent go berry-picking or mushroom-picking.
- Full set of figures
- Sports and outdoor activities, survey on living conditions
The Survey of Living Conditions EU-SILC 2017 examines outdoor activities during the last twelve months within the Norwegian population. As in previous years, the most popular activities are short walks and short hikes in the woods and mountains. Eighty-four per cent of the population aged 16 and over report that they have been on a short walk, and 66 per cent have been on at least 25 short walks.
Norwegians are active in the outdoors…
Norwegians have a reputation for being fond of outdoor hikes. Eight in ten Norwegians have been on shorter trips in the forest or in the mountains, and five in ten have been on longer trips in the forest or in the mountains (see figure 1). It is also said that Norwegians are born with skis on their feet. In 2017, 34 per cent of the population went on a shorter skiing trip in the forest or in the mountains, and 23 per cent have been on a longer skiing trip in the forest or in the mountains.
Figure 1. Outdoor activities during the last 12 months. Aged 16 years and above. 2017
|Riding i the nature||4|
|Been alpine skiing, snowboarding or telemark||21|
|On a longer trip skiing in the forest or in the mountains||23|
|On a trip with canoe/kayak/rowboat||24|
|On a shorter trip skiing in the forest or in the mountains||34|
|On cycle tour in the nature||35|
|On berry-picking or mushroom-picking||36|
|On fishing trip||42|
|On a trip in a motor boat or sailing-boat||42|
|On a longer trip for hikes in the forest or in the mountains||53|
|Bathing in sea or freshwater||66|
|On a shorter trip for hikes in the forest or in the mountains||78|
|On a shorter walk||84|
…but not as active as before
Compared with previous years, there appears to be a decline in the proportion of the population that has been on a trip in the forest or in the mountains, with or without skis. In 2011, 42 per cent had been on a shorter skiing trip in the forest or in the mountains. The corresponding figure for 2017 is 34 per cent. For some of the outdoor activities, we have comparable data dating back to 1997. As shown in figure 2, there has been a small decline in the proportion that has been hunting, fishing, berry-picking or mushroom-picking, and bathing in the sea or freshwater in the period 2001-2017. While 42 per cent had been berry-picking or mushroom-picking in 2001, the corresponding figure in 2017 is 36 per cent. The proportion that has been on a shorter walk, however, has increased from 80 per cent in 2001 to 84 per cent in 2017. The decline in outdoor activities is small, and as shown in figure 2, there are variations from year to year. Since outdoor activities are affected by weather, year-to-year variation could just as well be a result of different weather conditions.
Hunting and fishing activities more popular among men
Skating is just as common among women as among men (7 per cent). However, this activity is the only activity in the survey where there are no gender disparities (see figure 3). Shorter walks, berry-picking, mushroom-picking and horse riding in nature are more popular among women than men. Four out of ten women have been berry-picking or mushroom-picking. The corresponding figure for men is three out of ten. On the other hand, a larger share of men go on trips in the forest or in the mountains than women, both with and without skis. Twenty-five per cent of men and 20 per cent of women have been on a longer skiing trip in the forest or in the mountains. Outdoor activities such as fishing, hunting and boat trips are also more prevalent among men than women.
Figure 2. Outdoor activities during the last 12 months, by sex. Aged 16 years and above. 2017
|Riding i the nature||2||6|
|On a longer trip skiing in the forest or in the mountains||25||20|
|Been alpine skiing, snowboarding or telemark||26||17|
|On berry-picking or mushroom-picking||30||41|
|On a shorter trip skiing in the forest or in the mountains||35||32|
|On cycle tour in the nature||38||32|
|On a trip in a motor boat or sailing-boat||46||37|
|On fishing trip||52||32|
|On a longer trip for hikes in the forest or in the mountains||56||50|
|On a shorter trip for hikes in the forest or in the mountains||79||76|
|On a shorter walk||83||86|
Berry and mushroom-picking popular among the elderly
As in previous years, the activity level is lower for the older population than the younger within most of the mapped outdoor activities. There are however some exceptions. More of the elderly population has been on a shorter walk and berry or mushroom-picking than the younger population. Whilst 37 per cent of the elderly (67 years and above) had been berry or mushroom-picking, the corresponding share among the youngest group (16-24 years) was 24 per cent.
People’s choice of outdoor activity is partly based on where they live. Some activities are more common in the least populated areas, like berry and mushroom-picking, hunting and fishing. Half of those living in the most sparsely populated area have been on a fishing trip. The corresponding figure for those living in the most densely populated area is 37 per cent. Other activities, such as skiing in the forest or in the mountains or alpine skiing, snowboarding or Telemark skiing, are more popular in the densely populated areas.
Outdoor activities increase with education level
The degree of activity for most of the mapped outdoor activities increases with education level (see figure 4). Half of the population with a long tertiary education have gone on a short skiing trip. This applies to two out of ten with a lower secondary education. Seven out of ten people with a long tertiary education have been on a longer trip in the forest or in the mountains, compared to four out of ten with a lower secondary education. There is also a higher proportion that has been fishing, skating and bathing in the sea or freshwater among persons with a higher education compared to people with a lower secondary education.
Figure 4. Outdoor activities during the last 12 months, by education. Aged 16 years and above. 2017
|Below upper secondary level||Upper secondary level||Tertiary education, short||Tertiary education, long|
|On a shorter walk||79||85||89||89|
|On a shorter trip for hikes in the forest or in the mountains||67||78||87||90|
|On a longer trip for hikes in the forest or in the mountains||40||51||66||71|
|On fishing trip||39||43||43||44|
|On a shorter trip skiing in the forest or in the mountains||20||30||49||55|
|Been alpine skiing, snowboarding or telemark||17||20||26||31|
|On a longer trip skiing in the forest or in the mountains||13||20||32||44|
There is also a connection between self-defined economic status and outdoor activities. Employed persons and students are generally more active in outdoor activities than the unemployed. Sixty-four per cent of employed persons have been on a longer trip in the forest or in the mountains. The share among the unemployed is 39 per cent. Only 17 per cent of the unemployed have been on a shorter skiing trip in the forest or in the mountains. Among employed persons, the corresponding proportion is 42 per cent.