406658
/en/jord-skog-jakt-og-fiskeri/statistikker/skoginnt/aar
406658
statistikk
2020-03-11T08:00:00.000Z
Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing;Income and consumption
en
skoginnt, Forest owners' income, personal forest owners, income from self-employment, forestry income, agricultural incomeForestry , Income and wealth, Income and consumption, Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing
true

Forest owners' income

Updated

Next update

Not yet determined

Key figures

18 447

persons achieved a profit from forestry

Numbers of forest owners and average entrepreneurial income from forestry. Comprises personal forest owners with positive entrepreneurial income from forestry1
20182017 - 2018
Number of ownersNOKChange in entrepreneurial income, per cent
1The statistics are based on data from tax statistics for personal taxpayers.
Total18 44749 00011.4
 
Productive forest area
25-99 decares1 49123 0009.5
100-249 decares3 27526 00018.2
250-499 decares3 98433 000-5.7
500-999 decares4 20644 00012.8
1 000-1 999 decares3 12861 00022.0
2 000-4 999 decares1 79689 0007.2
5 000-19 999 decares515188 0003.3
20 000 decares or more52557 00024.3

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Average incomes, debt, gross wealth and assessed taxes for personal forest owners with positive entrepreneurial income from forestry. NOK

Average incomes, debt, gross wealth and assessed taxes for personal forest owners with positive entrepreneurial income from forestry. NOK1
Forest owners with positive entrepreneurial income from forestryGross income2DebtTaxable gross wealthAssessed taxPersonal income, salaries and pensionsPersonal income, salariesTotal entreprenurial incomeOf this entrepreneurial income forestry3Other income
1The statistics are based on data from tax statistics for personal taxpayers.
2Gross income is total taxable wages, salaries, pensions, entreprenurial income and property income.]
3Sickness benefit from forestry and agriculture is included in total entrepreneurial income income forestry.
2018
The whole country18 447744 0002 092 0004 202 000192 000367 000292 000295 00049 00082 000
 
County
Østfold (-2019)1 580832 0002 629 0004 378 000213 000388 000310 000321 00057 000123 000
Akershus and Oslo1 5001 014 0002 321 0007 304 000303 000497 000394 000331 00073 000186 000
Hedmark (-2019)2 345783 0002 652 0004 221 000193 000348 000262 000340 00084 00095 000
Oppland (-2019)2 475690 0001 826 0003 585 000171 000327 000265 000311 00050 00052 000
Buskerud (-2019)1 633825 0001 838 0004 270 000227 000399 000320 000324 00066 000101 000
Vestfold (-2019)809829 0002 303 0004 214 000219 000398 000331 000309 00043 000123 000
Telemark (-2019)970698 0001 443 0003 273 000181 000422 000335 000217 00038 00059 000
Aust-Agder (-2019)619722 0001 535 0004 600 000201 000383 000287 000214 00046 000124 000
Vest-Agder (-2019)580656 0002 000 0002 831 000160 000390 000298 000217 00031 00049 000
Rogaland345693 0002 404 0003 014 000165 000373 000270 000273 00032 00048 000
Hordaland (-2019)674623 0001 308 0002 506 000150 000390 000312 000194 00027 00039 000
Sogn og Fjordane (-2019)720648 0001 341 0002 993 000157 000322 000259 000265 00022 00061 000
Møre og Romsdal657611 0001 808 0002 430 000141 000326 000260 000251 00025 00034 000
Trøndelag - Trööndelage3 241655 0002 294 0004 817 000167 000318 000261 000293 00029 00044 000
Nordland270572 0001 812 0002 375 000120 000245 000179 000297 00040 00030 000
Troms - Romsa (-2019)29715 0001 907 0003 230 000185 000398 000322 000224 00030 00093 000
Finnmark - Finnmárku (-2019)0000000000
 
Productive forest area
25-99 decares1 491676 0001 825 0003 002 000165 000373 000293 000232 00023 00071 000
100-249 decares3 275704 0001 895 0003 201 000176 000372 000292 000267 00026 00066 000
250-499 decares3 984707 0002 011 0003 189 000174 000363 000294 000280 00033 00064 000
500-999 decares4 206709 0001 997 0004 764 000189 000353 000279 000297 00044 00060 000
1 000-1 999 decares3 128785 0002 126 0004 595 000206 000368 000292 000320 00061 00097 000
2 000-4 999 decares1 796815 0002 272 0004 852 000221 000387 000307 000327 00089 000101 000
5 000-19 999 decares5151 091 0003 529 0009 306 000308 000386 000305 000394 000188 000311 000
20 000 decares or more522 446 00013 523 00037 327 000758 000454 000407 0001 175 000557 000817 000

Table 2 
Incomes, debt, gross wealth and assessed taxes for personal forest owners with at least 25 decares productive forest area. NOK million

Incomes, debt, gross wealth and assessed taxes for personal forest owners with at least 25 decares productive forest area. NOK million1
Number of forest ownersGross income2DebtTaxable gross wealthAssessed taxPersonal income, salaries and pensionsPersonal income, salariesTotal entreprenurial incomeOf this entrepreneurial income forestry3Other income
1The statistics are based on data from tax statistics for personal taxpayers.
2Gross income is total taxable wages, salaries, pensions, entreprenurial income and property income.]
3Sickness benefit from forestry and agriculture is included in total entrepreneurial income.
2018
In total116 31575 980150 340370 90119 78352 17436 36313 15691110 650
 
County
Østfold (-2019)4 6753 5308 69217 2249122 0481 52179589687
Akershus and Oslo9 4879 07317 22370 3542 8065 4013 8201 2811102 390
Hedmark (-2019)8 4575 22012 38622 9911 2603 3882 3221 231196600
Oppland (-2019)9 2095 57911 46424 3321 3693 5852 6191 433124561
Buskerud (-2019)6 6625 1969 09728 3521 4253 0972 3031 0351081 064
Vestfold (-2019)3 5582 7746 72514 3847461 6931 25857535506
Telemark (-2019)5 4733 4235 86813 4158762 6121 88646037352
Aust-Agder (-2019)3 7272 5344 40112 2556801 7331 21029828503
Vest-Agder (-2019)5 6323 3666 50615 5648612 6121 77238718368
Rogaland5 3533 8209 49418 2381 0022 5861 85572611507
Hordaland (-2019)9 2306 03510 08728 2681 6314 5603 21462318852
Sogn og Fjordane (-2019)6 1093 4785 83415 3958572 4911 76067416313
Møre og Romsdal8 4024 9598 93518 9051 2373 7312 60276716461
Trøndelag - Trööndelage13 1618 10919 71538 2792 0345 4594 0271 87993771
Nordland9 1234 7307 85016 9631 1133 7492 17660611374
Troms - Romsa (-2019)7 5703 8665 55714 8639113 2211 8803471298
Finnmark - Finnmárku (-2019)4872895051 1186320813939042
 
Productive forest area
25-99 decares38 56223 84241 922106 2106 16417 81011 7672 678343 354
100-249 decares30 61818 95235 58780 6564 84213 8449 5612 844842 264
250-499 decares20 62213 44626 80056 1803 4079 1006 4952 5341301 812
500-999 decares14 7389 88822 17557 2282 6156 3014 6302 3461861 241
1 000-1 999 decares7 5455 79812 65335 6721 5583 2322 4441 589192978
2 000-4 999 decares3 3662 7816 92521 0508061 5131 174805160463
5 000-19 999 decares7861 0493 2509 64131433726027597438
20 000 decares or more782221 0284 2647738328529100

Table 3 
Entrepreneurial income forestry for personal forest owners, by size of income

Entrepreneurial income forestry for personal forest owners, by size of income1
20172018
Entrepreneurial income forestry. NOK millionForest owners with positive entrepreneurial incomeEntrepreneurial income forestry. NOK millionForest owners with positive entrepreneurial income
1The statistics are based on data from tax statistics for personal taxpayers.
Total76217 40291118 447
Entrepreneurial income forestry
1 - 49 000 NOK18414 35519014 713
50 000 - 99 999 NOK1081 5391291 854
100 000 - 249 000 NOK1561 0091891 240
250 000 - 499 999113325141409
500 000 - 999 999 NOK85124104158
1 000 000 NOK or more1165015873

About the statistics

The statistics provide an overview of personal forest owners income, debt and wealth.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Forest property

Property with at least 25 decares of productive forest area. Property parcels belonging to the same owner within one municipality are treated as one property.

Personal forest owner

Forest owner owning forest area as an individual owner. Forest areas owned jointly by several individuals are included for one of the owners; the reference owner.

Central government, the Educational Fund, common forest owned by the central government (Statsallmenning), common forest not owned by the central government (Bygdeallmenning), limited company, foundation, municipality etc.

 Gross income

Total wages and salaries pesnsins, entrepreneurial income and proeprty income.

 Personal wages and salaries

Comprise payments in cash and in kind, taxable sick pay and unemployment benefit.

 Pensions

Cover all benefit paid by social security and private pension and life insurance benefit.

 Entrepreneurial income

A result of activities of a self-employed person, and is estimated from profit and loss account and balance sheet. The entrepreneurial income is transferred to the tax return and is included in the calculation of ordinary income.

 Entrepreneurial income from agriculture

This is positive entrepreneurial income from agriculture according to tax return. Including 2011, entrepreneurial social security benefits in agriculture,forestry and fishery are included. As from 2012 social security benefits from primary industry are include in total entreprenurial income. Deductions such as membership payments to industry organisations, the year's entrepreneurial deficit, interest on debt and a separate agricultural deduction are not deducted.

 Entreprenurial income from forestry

This is positive entrepreneurial income from forestry according to tax return. In addition, entrepreneurial income from forestry also comprises sickness benefit for persons without entreprenurail income in agriculture and fisheries.

 Other income

Consist mainly of interest income, dividends, realised capital gains, rent and other income from property.

Standard classifications

Classification of forest properties by size class

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Forest owners' income
Topic: Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing

Responsible division

Division for Housing, Property, Spatial and Agricultural Statistics

Regional level

County level.

Frequency and timeliness

The statistics are published yearly.

International reporting

Not relevant

Microdata

Edited microdata are stored at Statistics Norway.

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the statistics is to provide an overview of personal forest owners income, dept and property. The statistics also provide information on age, sex, income and education of forest owners.

Statistics on forest owners income based on sample surveys were published in the 1990's and after The sample survey of forestry 2004.

Users and applications

The main users of the statistics are professional forestry organisations, The Ministry of Agriculture and Food and various research and educational institutions.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given inthe Statistics Release Calendar. Read more about principles for equal treatement of all users on ssb.no.

Coherence with other statistics

Statistics on the farmers' income and property are provided yearly. These statistics comprise natural persons operating agricultural holdings.

Statistics Norway also presents income statistics for all self-employed persons .

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§2-1 and 3-2

EEA reference

Not relevant

Production

Population

Including 2010, the statistics built on properties in the Farm Register of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority with personal owner and at least 25 decares of productive forest area. Information about the owners came from the Land Register/Cadastre owned by The Norwegian Mapping Authority.

As from 2011, the number of forest properties and productive forest area are based on new cartographic data analysis and data on owners and properties from the cadastre (Land Register) in combination with data from the Farm Register.

In the statistics on personal forest owners, the forest owners' productive forest areas in Norway are aggregated, independent of municipality borders. Statistics on incomes are based on the forest owners' municipality for tax purposes. Other individual statistics on personal forest owners are based on the municipality where the forest owners live.

Statistics on average incomes, debt, gross property and assessed taxes are published for personal forest owners with positive self-employment income from forestry. Married couples and registered partners / cohabitants who jointly operate the forest property, may share the taxable entrepreneurial income. Statistics are therefor also made on average incomes, debt, gross property and assessed taxes for forest owners and their spouses, registered partners and cohabitants.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are derived from existing administrative data files.

The Farm Register of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority served until 2010 as the backbone of the statistics and information about the owners came from the Land register. As from 2011, the number of forest properties and productive forest area are based on new cartographic data analysis and data on owners and properties from the Cadastre in combination with data from the Farm Register.

More information about the personal forest owners comes from the Central Population Register, the Register on Personal Tax Returns and the Register on Tax Assessment for Personal Taxpayers.

The statistics are derived from the whole population of personal forest owners.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

None. The statistics are based on existing administrative registers.

The statistics are based on linked data files that were edited separately when established. The information on the productive forest area of the properties in the Farm Register is checked if errors are suspected. Examples: i) If a forest property has commercial felling and does not have a forest area. ii) If a large forest property does not have commercial felling.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

Figures are not presented if there is a risk of identifying any respondent.

Comparability over time and space

In the period 2007-2010, the Farm register has been updated and improved. The improvement has resulted in 3 000-4 000 more forest properties.

As from 2011, the number of forest properties and productive forest area are based on new cartographic data analysis and data on owners and properties from the cadastre (Land Register) in combination with data from the Farm Register. This resultet in more than 10 000 new forest properties. Most of them have had minor forestry activity.

Statistics on the forest owners' income based on sample surveys were published in the 1990's and in the Sample survey of forestry 2004. As from 2005, statistics on the forest owners' income based on registers have been published annaully.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

The most important source of error is that taxpayers may fill in incorrect information on income, deductions, property or debt in the personal tax return or place amounts under wrong items. In most cases this will be detected and corrected by the local tax offices. Nevertheless, errors that do not influence the assessment of taxes may be ignored. Furthermore, errors may also originate during the scanning of the tax return forms, despite of the fact that controls are executed.

Another concern is the quality of the registers. The productive forest area of properties or the property borders are sometimes missing or erroneous. Furthermore, errors may arise when data are entered into the various administrative registers.

With regard to co-operative ownership, the statistics on forest owners comprise only the reference owner. Self-employment income from forestry for the remaining personal owners in the co-operative is not included. Analysis from 2011 show that entrepreneurial income from forests for these owners were approximately 0,4 per cent of the total entrepreneural income from forestry. In total, 3-4 per cent of the self-employment income from forestry is missing.

In reality, the number of personal forest owners with entrepreneurial income from forestry is higher than in these statistics show, because only the reference owner in a co-ownership is included here. Some personal forest owners are deceased and no new owner has been registered, some live abroad or information is missing for other reasons. These owners amount to 3-4 per cent of the personal forest owners and are excluded from the statistics on incomes.

Revision

Not relevant