Increasing number of deaths abroad
dodsarsak, Causes of death (discontinued), causes of death (for example cancer, cardiovascular diseases, accidents), deaths, place of death, fatal accidents, suicide, cot deaths, infant mortalityCauses of death, Births and deaths, Health, Population

Causes of death (discontinued)2007

The Norwegian Institute of Public Health has the role of data processor for the Cause of Death Registry as from 1 January 2014, and is the publisher of causes of death statistics from the statistical year 2013. Applications for access to data held in the Cause of Death Registry should be sent to datatilgang@fhi.no.



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Increasing number of deaths abroad

An increasing number of Norwegian residents die abroad, and for many of them information on the cause of death is missing, which means a 20 per cent increase in deaths from 2000 to 2007. In nine out of ten incidents the causes of deaths was not available.

One out of three persons dying abroad was younger than 55 years of age, and there is reason to believe that several of these deaths were accidents (transport accidents, drowning, falls or deaths caused by narcotics or medicaments). Insufficient information concerning deaths abroad is a common problem in the European countries. Statistics Norway participates internationally to improve the quality of collecting Causes of Death abroad.

Deaths in 2007 by diffirent causes of deaths

Mortality due to diseases of the respiratory organs is still increasing

There were approximately 42 000 deaths registered in 2007. Cardiovascular diseases were the cause of 35 per cent of the deaths and cancer the cause of 25 per cent. Taken together cardiovascular diseases and cancer were the cause of six out of ten deaths in Norway. The number of deaths due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, emphysema and bronchitis or other diseases of the respiratory organs, has risen for both women and men. In 2007 these were the cause of one out of ten deaths. Accidents were the cause of nearly 2000 deaths, whereas most men. The main causes of deaths due to accidents were fall accidents, unspecified fractures, transport accidents and poisoning. Four out of five deaths by fall accidents or unspecified fractures were among people older than 80 years of age.

Cancer main cause of death for those below 55

Among people younger than 55 years there were approximately 3000 deaths; and closely 70 per cent were men. The five most common causes were cancer, suicide, narcotics and medicaments, transport accidents, and ischaemic heart diseases. For this age group there has been a decline of deaths by cancer of nearly 25 per cent since 1997. Cancer deaths affected more women than men younger than 55 years of age, while men were overrepresented for other causes of death.

In 2007 there were near 150 deaths due to lung cancer for people younger than 55 years of age. For women this number has remained stable during the last five years. For men there has been a declining tendency in the same period. In the age group over 55 years the number for men regarding lung cancer has been stable while there has been an increasing tendency for women over the last few years

Deaths under and over 55 years by sex and causes of deaths

Death caused by narcotics and medicaments more common among men than among women

The figures for deaths caused by narcotics and medicaments and deaths by suicide in 2007 are on almost the same level as for earlier years. More than 80 per cent of all deaths caused by narcotics and medicaments and almost 70 per cent of all suicides were in the age group under 55 years. Deaths caused by narcotics or medicaments were almost three times more frequent among men than among women. For men these causes of death were most frequent in the age group 15-29 years, while for women they occurred most frequently in the age group 30-39 years. Deaths caused by opioids amounted to 57 per cent of all deaths induced by narcotics and medicaments.

A summary from the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA http://www.emcdda.europa.eu) of deaths related to narcotics in the age group 15-64 years in Europe shows Norway and Denmark holding high positions with more than 5 deaths per 100 000 residents in this age group. By comparison Finland has fewer than 4 deaths per 100.000 residents in this cause group, Sweden 2 deaths, and France, Poland and the Netherlands all have 1 death per 100.000 residents.

Infant mortality

In 2007 a total of 185 children died during their first year. Two out of three children in this age group died in their first month. Half of the deaths are caused by diseases or conditions arising in the perinatal period, and more than one quarter are caused by congenital diseases dominated by congenital malformations of the circulatory system. 18 children died from sudden infant death syndrome.

Figures from the Nordic countries (NOMESCO 2006) show that Greenland had the highest infant mortality at 14.3 deaths per 1000 live births, whereas Island had the lowest infant mortality at 1.4. The corresponding figures for Sweden and Norway were approximately 3.0 while the infant mortality in Denmark was somewhat higher at 3.9 deaths per 1000 live births.