Research field

Energy and environmental policy

Research in this area addresses aspects related to supply, demand, efficiency and distribution in the markets for power, oil and gas. Key research themes include household energy demand, power market response to demand, and impact of changing climate and energy policy.


  • Alternatives to the Kyoto Protocol - The nature, design and feasibility of robust climate treaties

    In this project we study the design of future alternative climate agreements and analyze how they can be design to achieve broad participation and deep emissions cut.

  • Electrification of Transport: Challenges, mechanism and solutions (ELECTRANS)

    Electrification of the car fleet will increase the interdependence between the transport system and the electricity market. This will require new policy measures and improved coordination and collaboration between different policy makers and institutions. We assess different policy measures and investigate through numerical models how an electrification of the Norwegian car fleet may affect the transport system and the electricity market.

  • Household response to multiple environmental policy instruments

    This project analyses households’ response to energy and environmental policy measures. We focus on how multiple policy measure use affect behaviour, and if there are direct conflicts of interests between various environmental and energy policy measures.

  • Multiple instruments

    Standard economic theory provides simple and clear advice of how cost efficiency may be attained in the presence of imperfect markets and externalities. However, industry interests, concerns for regional settlement, income distribution and public revenue aspects imply political conflicts. Contradictory interests and unclear policy effects weaken the instruments.

  • Oil and gas markets towards 2050

    The objective of this project is to study the development of oil and gas markets, including how changes in policies may affect these markets.

  • Potential for energy savings in Norwegian households

    The main aim of the project is to analyse the potential for energy savings in Norwegian households and the effects of policy measures to reduce household energy consumption.

  • Prospects for Norwegian petroleum extraction and for the Norwegian economy as a whole

    PROSPECTS will analyse the medium and long-run prospects of the Norwegian petroleum sector and its role for the economy as a whole. For this purpose, the first stage of the project identifies important factors that affect the extraction on the Norwegian continental shelf and their impacts. The second stage will look at the role of the Norwegian petroleum sector for the Norwegian economy as a whole. Among other questions, we will be able to say more about the petroleum-dependency of the Norwegian economy and the prospects for the economy as the petroleum extraction era is coming closer to an end.

  • Recycling and natural resources

    Recycling affects both extraction of new resources as well as the need for energy and inputs to production of new goods. To evaluate whether recycling is a cost-effective instrument, sources for market failure underlying recycling as a political instrument must be indentified. Which markets failures recycling is meant to prevent are in general vaguely expressed in public documents.

  • WINDLAND. Spatial assessment of environment-economy trade-offs to reduce wind power conflicts

    Windland’s primary objective is to evaluate the loss of ecosystem services associated with wind energy installations, and to construct methods to use these data as input in designing policy instruments and regulations in order to reduce the conflicts of interest across stakeholders.