Most new immigrants from the new EU countries
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innvbef, Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents, foreign born, country of birth, citizenship, period of residence, immigration background, country backgroundImmigrants , Population, Population count, Population, Immigration and immigrants

Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents1 January 2012



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Most new immigrants from the new EU countries

The number of immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents grew by 54 200 in 2011, which is the highest growth ever. At the beginning of 2012, there were 547 000 immigrants and 108 000 Norwegian-born to immigrant parents in Norway. Immigrants come from 219 different countries and independent regions.

At the beginning of 1992, immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents totalled 183 000 persons, or 4.3 per cent of Norway’s population. Twenty years later, at the beginning of 2012, these groups had risen to 655 000 persons or 13.1 per cent of the population.

Record-high growth in 2011

Immigrants accounted for most of the population growth in 2011, with 46 200 persons. The increase in the number of immigrants is mostly a result of immigration from the new EU/EEA countries. As in the last few years, the number of Polish immigrants grew the most in 2011, by 10 500. There has also been a noticeable increase in the number of Lithuanian immigrants, by 7 200.

Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents, by country background. 1970-2012

The Poles are the largest immigrant group

Counting 72 100 persons, immigrants from Poland make up the largest immigrant group. More immigrants come from Poland alone than from the whole of Africa.

The second largest immigrant group consists of persons with a Swedish background (34 800). More immigrants come from Sweden than from the whole American continent.

The other large groups of immigrants are Germans (23 700), Lithuanians (22 700), Iraqis (21 800) and Somalians (21 000).

108 400 are Norwegian-born to immigrant parents

In 2011, the number of Norwegian-born to immigrant parents increased by 8 000, from 100 400 to 108 400 persons. Those with Pakistani parents made up the largest group of all Norwegian-born to immigrant parents, with 14 800. Norwegian-born to Somali parents were the second largest group (8 400), followed by those with parents from Vietnam (7 600). Norwegian-born to immigrant parents accounted for 16 per cent of all children born in Norway in 2011.

Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents, in per cent of total population in municipality. 1 January 2012

Many children and young adults

The immigrant population is made up of a relatively high number of young adults compared with the population as a whole. Among immigrants, 48 per cent were aged 20-40 years, while the corresponding figure for the population as a whole was 27 per cent.

Among Norwegian-born to immigrant parents, children and young adults have always been in the majority. Eighty-two per cent in this group were aged 0-20 years, compared with 25 per cent in the population.

Immigrants in all municipalities

The five municipalities with the highest proportion of immigrants were Oslo (23 per cent), Drammen (18), Båtsfjord (17), Hemsedal (16) and Stavanger (16). Rindal and Beiarn had the lowest proportion with under two per cent.

The group of Norwegian-born to immigrant parents was mainly based in the Oslo area. In Oslo, Drammen, Lørenskog and Skedsmo they made up about five per cent of the population.


Immigrants : Persons born abroad of two foreign-born parents. Immigrants emigrated to Norway at some point.

Norwegian-born to immigrant parents are persons who are born in Norway of two parents born abroad, and in addition have four grandparents born abroad.

For more information see Classification of immigration category .