The immigrant population counts 349 000
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innvbef, Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents, foreign born, country of birth, citizenship, period of residence, immigration background, country backgroundImmigrants , Population, Population count, Population, Immigration and immigrants

Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents1 January 2004



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The immigrant population counts 349 000

At the beginning of 2004 the immigrant population in Norway was 349 000 and accounted for 7.6 per cent of the total population. The immigrant population increased by 16 100, or 4.9 per cent, in 2003. In comparison, the entire Norwegian population increased by 25 200.

As of 1 January 2004 the population of first generation immigrants without Norwegian background was 289 000. In addition, 60 000 people born in Norway to two foreign-born parents belong to the immigrant population. First-generation immigrants are people who have immigrated to Norway and were born abroad to parents who were also born abroad.

The number of first-generation immigrants increased by 11 800, or 4.3 per cent. The increase is considerably lower than in 2002, but slightly higher than in 2001, when we look at the absolute figures. The number of people born in Norway to two foreign-born parents increased by 4 300, or 7.8 per cent. This is almost the same level as in the two previous years.

The immigrant population, by western/non-western background. 01.01.1980-01.01.2004

The immigrant population in per cent. 1 January 2004

More have non-western background

The immigrant population has changed a lot since 1980. The western immigrant population has increased from 65 000 in 1980 to 99 300 in 2004, while the non-western immigrant population has increased from 29 500 in 1980 to 249 600 in 2004. In 1980, people with non-western background made up 31 per cent of the immigrant population. Now, at the beginning of 2004, the non-western population makes up 72 per cent.

Looking at the origin of the immigrant population, the majority are from Asia (40 per cent), followed by people from Eastern Europe (16 per cent), the Nordic countries (15 per cent), Africa (12 per cent) and Western Europe (10 per cent).

The immigrant population at 1 January 2004. The ten largest groups

Majority from Pakistan

People from Pakistan make up the majority of the immigrant population, (26 300), followed by those with background from Sweden with (22 900), Denmark (19 300), Vietnam (17 400) and Iraq (17 300).

If we look at first-generation immigrants as one group, the majority come from Sweden (21 900), followed by Denmark (17 900), Pakistan and Iraq (14 900 each) and Bosnia-Herzegovina (13 300).

Ten largest nasjonality groups. First-generation immigrants and persons
born in Norway with two foreign born parents. 1 January 2004
First generation immigrants       Persons born in Norway with two foreign born parents      
Total  289 104 Total 59 836
Sweden 21 890 Pakistan 11 412
Denmark 17 922 Vietnam 5 552
Pakistan 14 874 Turkey 4 251
Iraq 14 856 Sri Lanka 3 969
Bosnia- Herzegovina 13 271 Somalia 3 420
Somalia 12 166 Iraq 2 439
Vietnam 11 862 Morocco 2 291
Iran 11 634 India 2 289
Germany 10 515 Serbia and Montenegro 2 230
United Kingdom 10 325 Bosnia-Herzegovina 1 945

For people born in Norway to two foreign-born parents, the majority are of Pakistani background with 11 400. Vietnamese make up the second largest group with 5 600. People with background from Turkey make up 4 300, Sri Lanka 4 000 and Somalia 3 400. People with Swedish and Danish background make up 1 000 and 1 400 people respectively. The reasons why so few people with Swedish or Danish parents are born in Norway compared to other large immigrant groups, are that Swedes and Danes to a larger extent have children with a person of Norwegian origin, and if two Danes or two Swedes become a couple and have children, they are more likely than other groups to move back to their country of origin.

Danes have long duration of residence

There is a huge variation in the duration of residence for the different groups of first-generation immigrants. There are most Danes among those who have lived in Norway for 20 years or longer with 9 650. This accounts for almost 54 per cent of all the Danes in Norway. For the other large first-generation immigrant groups, there were large proportions of Americans (50 per cent), British (48 per cent), Pakistani (38 per cent) Germans (38 per cent) and Finnish (35 per cent) among those who have lived in Norway for 20 years or longer.

At the opposite end, 90 per cent of Afghanis have lived in Norway for less than five years. The corresponding figure for Russians is 70 per cent, Iraqis 69 per cent, Ethiopians 63 per cent, Somalis 60 per cent, Croatians 54 per cent and Thais 53 per cent. In recent years, Russian and Thai women have settled down in Norway following marriage to a Norwegian man, while the other groups mainly have taken residence because of the need for protection or family reunification with people who already have got protection in Norway.

Many Vietnamese with Norwegian citizenship

About 46 per cent of the immigrant population have Norwegian citizenship, but this varies between the different groups. 90 per cent of those with Vietnamese background have Norwegian citizenship. Also among those with origin from Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Morocco and Turkey more than 70 per cent have Norwegian citizenship. There tends to be a large proportion of people with Norwegian citizenship among the non-western group that have been resident in Norway for a long time. There are very few with western backgrounds that have Norwegian citizenship, despite a long time of residence.

Different age composition

The proportion of people aged 60 or over is a lot lower in the immigrant population than in the entire Norwegian population. For people born in Norway to two foreign-born parents this figure is close to 0 per cent for those aged 60 or over. However, there are many children in this group. 35 per cent are younger than 5 years old and 77 per cent are younger than 15 years old. Among the first-generation immigrants there are relatively few children compared with the entire Norwegian population, but there is a far higher proportion for those aged 25-44.

One in five in Oslo belongs to the immigrant population

114 000 of the people that belong to the immigrant population live in Oslo, and this is almost one third of the immigrant population in Norway. The immigrant population accounts for 21.8 per cent of the population in Oslo. The immigrant population with non-western background makes up 17.6 per cent of the population in Oslo and that of western background 4.3 per cent. The largest immigrant groups in Oslo are those with background from Pakistan (19 000), Somalia (7 000), Sweden (6 800) and Sri Lanka (6 700).