Many new European immigrants
Population;Population;Immigration and immigrants
innvbef, Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents, foreign born, country of birth, citizenship, period of residence, immigration background, country backgroundImmigrants , Population, Population count, Population, Immigration and immigrants

Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents1 January 2011



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Many new European immigrants

The number of immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents grew by 48 600 to 600 900 persons in 2010. These two groups accounted for 12.2 per cent of the total population in Norway as per 1 January 2011.

Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents, by country background. 1970-2011.

During 2010, the population growth among immigrants was very high, with 41 200 persons. Only in the year 2008 has the growth of immigrants been higher, with 41 900. As in the last few years, the number of Polish immigrants grew the most in 2010, by 7 600. There has also been a noticeable increase in the number of Lithuanian and Swedish immigrants, by 5 700 and 2 800 respectively.

The increase in the number of immigrants during 2010 is mostly a result of immigration from Europe. The population growth among immigrants from Europe consisted of 27 400, out of a total population growth among immigrants of 41 200 persons.

With a total of 57 000 persons, immigrants from Poland make up the largest group. The other large groups of immigrants are Swedes (33 000), Germans (23 000) and Iraqis (21 000).

During 2010, the number of Norwegian-born to immigrant parents increased from 93 000 to 100 400 persons. Those with Pakistani parents made up the largest group of all Norwegian-born to immigrant parents, with 14 400. Norwegian-born to Somali parents were the second largest group (7 800), followed by those with parents from Vietnam (7 400), Iraq (6 600) and Turkey (5 900).

Most in Oslo

At the beginning of 2011, Oslo had the largest population of immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents, both in relative and absolute figures. Of Oslo’s 599 200 inhabitants, 170 200 were immigrants or Norwegian-born to immigrant parents, which is 28.4 per cent of the capital’s entire population. The largest groups are persons with backgrounds from Pakistan (21 600), Somalia (12 200), Sweden (12 100) and Poland (10 400). All suburbs in Oslo were above the national average of 12.2 per cent. The suburbs with the highest proportions of immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents are Søndre Nordstrand (48 per cent), Stovner and Alna (46 per cent).

Noticeable variation in the duration of residence

One result of high immigration in recent years is that a larger proportion of immigrants now have a short duration of residence in Norway. About 41 per cent have lived in Norway less than 5 years at the beginning of 2011. Among the largest immigrant groups, immigrants from Poland and Lithuania have the shortest stay, with 8 out of 10 having resided in Norway for less than five years. Among those with the longest stay in Norway, there were many immigrants from Denmark, Pakistan and Vietnam, where 6 out of 10 have been resident in Norway for 20 years or more.