87 per cent were employed
Labour market and earnings;Health
hesospers, Health care personnel, health care personnel (for example doctors, nurses, dentists), social work personnel (for example social workers, child welfare officers, care workers), labour force status, man-years, health and social care studies, health and social services, further education (for example health visitor, midwife, anaesthetist), GP, immigrant backgroundHealth services , Employment , Labour market and earnings, Health

Health care personnel2001, 4th quarter



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87 per cent were employed

87 per cent with health care education aged 16-66 were employed 1 October 2001. 78 per cent of these were employed in health care services.


The employment per cent varied from 98 per cent for physicians and dental specialists to 77 per cent for chiropodists. The employment per cent for large groups, such as nurses and auxiliary nurses were 89 and 82 per cent respectively.

78 per cent worked in health care services

78 per cent of all employees with health care education were employed in health care services, 9 per cent in public administration, research or education and 13 per cent in other services. Concerning the portion working outside health care services there are great varieties among the different groups. Pharmacists and medical laboratory technologists are typical education groups who have support functions for the health care service, for instance in production and wholesale of pharmaceutical goods. 16 of the physicians and 12 per cent of the nurses were working outside the health care service. However, some of them are still practicing what they are trained to. It may for instance be in research and education, and in industrial health services. There are also some jobs in public administration that demand health care competence, for instance in supervisory agencies.

Statistics that show man-years for some sub-groups in the health care services are also available, see Statistics Norway's Health Statistics .

86 per cent females

At 1 October 2001, 86 per cent of the employees were females, the same as 1 October 2000. Of education groups with a large portion of men, 60 per cent or more were paramedics, dental technicians, optometrists, certified prosthetists, chiropractors, specialised physicians, dentists and specialists in dentistry. Physicians and psychologists have a nearly equal portion of males and females. However, females are in majority among physicians younger than 40 years.

Compared with females, males have a higher employment per cent in each education group. Among male physicians and dentists the employment was 2.5 and 4.1 percentage points higher, respectively. Among nurses and auxiliary nurses the male employment was 4.9 and 0.5 percentage points higher.

Elderly dentists, younger physicians

Physicians and dentists have substantial differences in the age composition. 66 per cent of the physicians were 39 years or younger, compared with 27 per cent of the dentists. 4 per cent of the professional health workers for mentally retarded were 55 years or older, 13 per cent among the nurses, 17 per cent among the auxiliary nurses, 19 per cent among midwives and 27 per cent among health visitors.

Few, but an increasing portion employed in provision businesses

Employees employed in companies who hire out capacity for work are not grouped in the service where they are hired out, but in the service "provision of personnel". 500 persons with health care education were employed in Norwegian registered provision of personnel companies. The corresponding number 1 October 2000 was 250 persons. The largest education groups were nurses, auxiliary nurses and medical secretaries. 1 October 2001 170, or about 0.3 per cent of the employed nurses, worked in provision of personnel companies. The number doubled since the previous year.

The number of foreign nurses decreased

1.4 per cent of all employed health care personnel with health care education, had foreign citizenship and had worked in Norway for less than five years. The portion among nurses was 2.3 per cent and among physicians and specialized physicians the portion was 7 per cent. Most of these personnel were from the Nordic countries. The portion of nurses from abroad went down compared with 2000; especially the number of Swedish nurses has decreased. The number of Danish and Finnish nurses decreased by 8 and 10 per cent respectively. The number of physicians and specialised physicians with citizenship outside the Nordic countries has increased by 15 per cent since 2000, while physicians and specialised physicians from the Nordic countries decreased by 6 per cent.

From employees to man-years

Part-time work is widespread for many groups with health care education.

87 per cent of all health care educated persons were employed. However, on the other hand the agreed on man-years per cent was 75. The employment adjusted for maternity leave was 73 per cent, adjusted for doctor-certified sickness the employment per cent went down to 60 per cent, which is 20 per cent point below the employment per cent.

The difference between the number employed and man-years varies a lot among the different educations groups. Man-years are higher than number of persons among physicians and medical specialists. The reason is that a large portion is employed - and that agreed on man-years often are higher than an ordinary man-year. A large portion has moreover more than one job, and overtime is part of the agreed on working hours.

44 per cent with other education in health care services

142 000 persons or 44 per cent of the employees in the health care service do not have a health care education. 116 000 have secondary level education or lower. Typical occupations for these are administrative occupations, cleaning and kitchen work. But there are also some unskilled employees.

The number of employees in the health care service without health care education has increased 2 per cent since 2001.

New register based personnel statistics

For the first time Statistics Norway presents register based statistics for health care personnel. The statistics cover 37 education groups. Some statistics for different specialist educations among physicians and dentists are also presented. The statistics will be presented every year with status per 1 October.


Table 1-6: Number of persons with health care education, by category of personnel and employment. 1 October 2000 and 2001. Absolute figures and as per cent of employed

Table 7-23: Employed persons with health care education, total and by category of personnel and settled man-years. 1 October 2001

Table 7-12: Per cent of employed and per cent of settled man-years

Table 13-16: Industry and per cent 1 October 2001

Table 17-19: Aged 16-66 industry and change in per cent 1 October 2000 and 2001

Table 20-23: Total aged 16-66 and per cent

Table 24-26: Employed persons aged 16-66, with health care education working in other industries than the health care industry, public administration and research and education industry, by category of personnel and industry. 1 October 2001. Per cent

Table 27: Employed persons and settled man-years, with health care education, by category of personnel. 1 October 2000 and 2001. Change in per cent

Table 28-29: Employed persons aged 16-66 with foreign citizenship with health care education working in the health care industry that have been working in Norway less than 5 years

Table 30-32: Employed specialized physicans and dentists in the health care industry, by speciality. 1 October 2000 and 2001