400624
/en/arbeid-og-lonn/statistikker/aku/kvartal
400624
statistikk
2021-01-28T08:00:00.000Z
Labour market and earnings;Labour market and earnings;Immigration and immigrants
en
aku, Labour force survey, LFS, labour market, employees, unemployed, economically active, labour force, labour force status, employees by industry, underemployment, part-time work, hours of work, temporary staffUnemployment , Employment , Labour market and earnings, Labour market and earnings, Immigration and immigrants
true

Labour force survey

From 2021 there is a new LFS questionnaire, which leads to a break and a dissemination pause for many of the tables.

Updated

Next update

Key figures

70.3 %

labour force

Population aged 15-74, by labour force status and sex
4th quarter 20204th quarter 2019 - 4th quarter 2020
Absolute numbersPer cent1Change in absolute numbersChange in percentage points1
1The labour force is calculated as a share of the population in the same age group. Labour force = number of employed persons + number of unemployed persons. Employed persons is calculated as a share of the population in the same age group. Unemployed is calculated as a share of the labour force in the same age group.
Labour force
Both sexes2 843 00070.33 000-0.2
Males1 512 00073.30-0.4
Females1 331 00067.24 000-0.1
 
Employed persons
Both sexes2 706 00067.0-26 000-0.9
Males1 434 00069.6-14 000-0.9
Females1 272 00064.2-12 000-0.9
 
Unemployed
Both sexes137 0004.829 0001.0
Males77 0005.112 0000.8
Females59 0004.516 0001.2

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Population aged 15-74 by labour force status (LFS) and sex. 1000

Population aged 15-74 by labour force status (LFS) and sex. 1000
Annual average3rd quarter 20194th quarter 20191st quarter 20202nd quarter 20203rd quarter 20204th quarter 2020
20192020
Persons, total
Both sexes4 0154 0354 0184 0264 0304 0324 0354 042
Males2 0472 0572 0482 0532 0552 0562 0572 061
Females1 9681 9771 9691 9731 9751 9761 9781 981
 
The labour force
Both sexes2 8302 8402 8642 8402 8312 8282 8592 843
Males1 5021 5081 5231 5121 5021 4991 5171 512
Females1 3281 3331 3421 3271 3291 3291 3421 331
 
Employed persons
Both sexes2 7242 7102 7552 7322 7282 6992 7062 706
Males1 4421 4351 4641 4481 4451 4281 4331 434
Females1 2821 2751 2911 2841 2831 2721 2741 272
 
Unemployed
Both sexes106130109108103129153137
Males6073596557728577
Females4658504346576859
 
Persons outside of the labour force
Both sexes1 1851 1941 1531 1861 1991 2041 1761 199
Males545550526541553556540549
Females640645627646646647636649

Table 2 
Population aged 15-74 by labour force status (LFS) and sex. Changes from the same period in the previous year. 1000

Population aged 15-74 by labour force status (LFS) and sex. Changes from the same period in the previous year. 1000
Annual average3rd quarter 20194th quarter 20191st quarter 20202nd quarter 20203rd quarter 20204th quarter 2020
20192020
Persons, total
Total2220222224201716
Males10101011121098
Females1291211111098
 
Labour force, total
In total281037333112-53
Males1561728206-60
Females13521511604
 
Employed persons
In total30-14422436-20-49-26
Males15-7231423-8-31-14
Females14-7191013-11-17-12
 
Unemployed
In total-224-510-5324429
Males-113-615-3162612
Females-1121-5-2171816
 
Persons outside of the labour force
Total-59-16-11-782313
Males-45-6-17-83148
Females-15-1070493

Table 3 
Population aged 15-74 by labour force status(LFS) and sex. Per cent

Population aged 15-74 by labour force status(LFS) and sex. Per cent
Annual average3rd quarter 20194th quarter 20191st quarter 20202nd quarter 20203rd quarter 20204th quarter 2020
20192020
Labour force in per cent of the population
Both sexes70.570.471.370.570.270.170.970.3
Males73.473.374.373.773.172.973.873.3
Females67.567.468.167.367.367.267.967.2
 
Employed persons in per cent of the population
Both sexes67.867.268.667.967.766.967.167.0
Males70.569.771.470.570.369.469.669.6
Females65.164.565.665.164.964.364.464.2
 
Unemployed persons in per cent of the labour force
Both sexes3.74.63.83.83.64.65.44.8
Males4.04.83.94.33.84.85.65.1
Females3.44.33.73.33.54.35.14.5
 
Outside the labour force in per cent of the population
Both sexes29.529.628.729.529.829.929.129.7
Males26.626.725.726.326.927.126.226.7
Females32.532.631.932.732.732.832.132.8

Table 4 
Persons aged 15-74, employed by contractual/usual working hours per week and unemployed, by age and sex (LFS). 1 000

Persons aged 15-74, employed by contractual/usual working hours per week and unemployed, by age and sex (LFS). 1 0001
Annual average3rd quarter 20194th quarter 20191st quarter 20202nd quarter 20203rd quarter 20204th quarter 2020
20192020
1Short part-time=1-19 working hours. Long part-time=20-36 working hours, with exception of persons with 32-36 hours who classify themselves as full-time employed. Full-time = 37 or more hours, including the exceptions mentioned above.
15-74 years
Both sexes
Total4 0154 0354 0184 0264 0304 0324 0354 042
Employed persons2 7242 7102 7552 7322 7282 6992 7062 706
Short part-time327322315327339324301324
Long part-time354342364354339343344341
Full time2 0332 0352 0662 0382 0382 0202 0502 031
Not reported working hours1011111211131110
Unemployed persons106130109108103129153137
 
15-19 years
Both sexes
Total319317318319317317316316
Employed persons110106121115106101113103
Short part-time6261626363616062
Long part-time12111514991311
Full time3433423734303830
Not reported working hours11211111
Unemployed persons1820181918232217
 
20-24 years
Both sexes
Total340339341341340340338338
Employed persons224221231223221225224216
Short part-time7370677582705870
Long part-time3736403430394235
Full time112112122111105114122108
Not reported working hours23233333
Unemployed persons1923191618242621
 
25-54 years
Males
Total1 1231 1261 1231 1251 1261 1261 1251 128
Employed persons964956970961966950950957
Short part-time3740363840433541
Long part-time5154535054525456
Full time873859879869869852857858
Not reported working hours33333433
Unemployed persons3442343930414849
 
Females
Total1 0671 0711 0681 0691 0711 0711 0711 072
Employed persons865861870864870859857860
Short part-time8579848082817874
Long part-time166158171166160156155161
Full time612622613615624619622622
Not reported working hours23223322
Unemployed persons2633282726314036
 
55-66 years
Males
Total378385379381382385387387
Employed persons273278275278277278278279
Short part-time1618151519181719
Long part-time2019202119201817
Full time236240239241238239242242
Not reported working hours11110101
Unemployed persons676565107
 
Females
Total369373369371372371374376
Employed persons235237235238237236238238
Short part-time3534333533323336
Long part-time5454535655555451
Full time146149148146149148149151
Not reported working hours11010110
Unemployed persons34424356
 
67-74 years
Both sexes
Total419423420420421422423424
Employed persons5451535352504853
Short part-time2020182020192022
Long part-time131112141212811
Full time2019221920191919
Not reported working hours10100100
Unemployed persons01000221

Table 5 
Persons in the labour force aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). 1 000

Persons in the labour force aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). 1 000
Annual average3rd quarter 20194th quarter 20191st quarter 20202nd quarter 20203rd quarter 20204th quarter 2020
20192020
Both sexes
Total2 8302 8402 8642 8402 8312 8282 8592 843
15-19 years128126138134125124134120
20-24 years243244250240239249250237
25-29 years312315318310318313315313
30-39 years636646641642644639646656
40-54 years942931943939929929934934
55-66 years516527520522524522531530
67-74 years5452535352524953
 
Males
Total1 5021 5081 5231 5121 5021 4991 5171 512
15-19 years6262696862596760
20-24 years129128133128127133131123
25-29 years161164165161165163165163
30-39 years339342341341339340342347
40-54 years499491499498491488491495
55-66 years278285281283283283288286
67-74 years3535353535343336
 
Females
Total1 3281 3331 3421 3271 3291 3291 3421 331
15-19 years6564696663656760
20-24 years114116117112112117119114
25-29 years151150154150153151149149
30-39 years297304300301305299304309
40-54 years443440444441437441444438
55-66 years237242239240241239243244
67-74 years1917181816171617

Table 6 
Persons in the labour force aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). As per cent of all in each group

Persons in the labour force aged 15-74, by age and sex (LFS). As per cent of all in each group
Annual average3rd quarter 20194th quarter 20191st quarter 20202nd quarter 20203rd quarter 20204th quarter 2020
20192020
Both sexes
15-74 years70.570.471.370.570.270.170.970.3
15-19 years40.139.743.441.939.339.242.537.9
20-24 years71.372.073.570.370.373.373.870.3
25-29 years84.385.485.884.085.985.085.685.1
30-39 years87.888.088.488.088.187.288.088.7
40-54 years86.085.186.185.784.884.885.485.4
55-66 years69.069.469.569.569.569.069.869.5
67-74 years12.912.212.712.612.312.311.612.6
 
Males
15-74 years73.473.374.373.773.172.973.873.3
15-19 years38.038.142.141.337.736.441.437.1
20-24 years73.173.275.672.671.875.375.070.5
25-29 years84.987.186.984.987.486.587.986.4
30-39 years91.290.991.691.290.690.490.991.8
40-54 years88.887.588.888.687.386.987.688.3
55-66 years73.673.974.274.274.073.374.574.0
67-74 years16.816.716.916.817.116.715.817.4
 
Females
15-74 years67.567.468.167.367.367.267.967.2
15-19 years42.241.444.942.640.942.243.838.8
20-24 years69.470.771.267.968.771.272.670.1
25-29 years83.683.784.783.084.483.583.183.7
30-39 years84.384.985.084.685.583.984.985.5
40-54 years83.082.583.382.782.182.583.182.3
55-66 years64.364.864.764.764.864.464.964.9
67-74 years9.27.88.68.67.78.17.67.9

Table 7 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by sex and contractual/usual working hours per week (LFS). 1 000

Employed persons aged 15-74, by sex and contractual/usual working hours per week (LFS). 1 0001
Annual average3rd quarter 20194th quarter 20191st quarter 20202nd quarter 20203rd quarter 20204th quarter 2020
20192020
1Part-time = 1-36 hours, with exception of persons with 32-36 working hours who classify themselves as full-time employed. Full-time = 37 hours and over and the cases mentioned above.
Both sexes
Total2 7242 7102 7552 7322 7282 6992 7062 706
Part-time, total682664679682679666645666
Short part-time. 1-9 hours143137131144151136123137
Short part-time. 10-19 hours185185184183188187178187
Long part-time. 20-29 hours191186196197184185185188
Long part-time. 30-36 hours164156168157155158159153
Full time, total2 0332 0352 0662 0382 0382 0202 0502 031
Full time. 32-36 hours190202199187199200209199
Full-time. 37-44 hours1 6551 6591 6631 6651 6671 6491 6621 656
Full-time. 45 hours and more183167198181166163171169
Average contractual/usual working hours34.234.234.534.234.034.134.434.1
 
Males
Total1 4421 4351 4641 4481 4451 4281 4331 434
Part-time, total215219215218226221209222
Short part-time. 1-9 hours5353505359554654
Short part-time. 10-19 hours6467636569696268
Long part-time. 20-29 hours5757586156565760
Long part-time. 30-36 hours4242433841424440
Full time, total1 2231 2101 2441 2251 2151 2011 2181 208
Full time. 32-36 hours9310010092989910597
Full-time. 37-44 hours988983992995993977981980
Full-time. 45 hours and more138123149133119119126127
Average contractual/usual working hours36.436.136.636.335.936.136.436.1
 
Females
Total1 2821 2751 2911 2841 2831 2721 2741 272
Part-time, total466445463464453446437444
Short part-time. 1-9 hours9083819192827783
Short part-time. 10-19 hours121119121117119118117120
Long part-time. 20-29 hours134128138135128129127128
Long part-time. 30-36 hours121115124120114116115114
Full time, total810824822814823819832823
Full time. 32-36 hours9710210095100100104102
Full-time. 37-44 hours667676671670674672681677
Full-time. 45 hours and more4544494747444542
Average contractual/usual working hours31.832.032.131.831.832.032.231.9

Table 8 
Population aged 15-74, by main activity, part-time employment and age (LFS). 1 000

Population aged 15-74, by main activity, part-time employment and age (LFS). 1 0001
Annual average3rd quarter 20194th quarter 20191st quarter 20202nd quarter 20203rd quarter 20204th quarter 2020
20192020
1
2The term employed here includes full-time employed persons, as well as part-time workers who consider the employment as their main activity.
15-74 years
Persons
Total4 0154 0354 0184 0264 0304 0324 0354 042
Part-time employees682664679682679666645666
Employed2
Total2 4592 4482 4942 4612 4572 4392 4542 443
Part-time employees426414428422419420404412
Attended school, studied
Total504500479495516506470507
Part-time employees161157161162168157147157
Homeworking
Total3936403635393833
Part-time employees44434364
Early retired/disabled
Total406416395407413411415425
Part-time employees2929262929292931
Retired
Total394398394398400401394396
Part-time employees2020182221211822
Other activities/Unspecified
Total214236215229209235264237
Part-time employees4239414338374140
 
15-19 years
Persons
Total319317318319317317316316
Part-time employees7472777772707373
Employed2
Total4241514742374538
Part-time employees889118778
Attended school, studied
Total257258247251261262249259
Part-time employees5959626059586059
Other activities/Unspecified
Total2018201915182218
Part-time employees75664566
 
20-24 years
Persons
Total340339341341340340338338
Part-time employees11010610710911310899105
Employed2
Total144143152142135147152137
Part-time employees3231303131333029
Attended school, studied
Total153149147152159145137155
Part-time employees6866686874655965
Homeworking
Total12121222
Part-time employees00000000
Other activities/Unspecified
Total4146404544454744
Part-time employees9999791011
 
25-54 years
Persons
Total2 1902 1982 1912 1952 1972 1972 1962 200
Part-time employees339330343334336332322332
Employed2
Total1 7581 7451 7731 7521 7571 7381 7381 747
Part-time employees273264281267264267258267
Attended school, studied
Total9191838995998191
Part-time employees3432313435342832
Homeworking
Total2927282626292825
Part-time employees33333342
Early retired/disabled
Total177182173183187179180182
Part-time employees111391213131313
Other activities/Unspecified
Total134152135144132152169156
Part-time employees1918191820151818
 
55-66 years
Persons
Total748759748752754756761763
Part-time employees125124122127127125123123
Employed2
Total481490484487491489490491
Part-time employees99101971001041029998
Homeworking
Total871077686
Part-time employees11101111
Early retired/disabled
Total203207200198200207207212
Part-time employees1616161615151618
Retired
Total2823262828251822
Part-time employees32344222
Other activities/Unspecified
Total2832283229303032
Part-time employees55464564
 
67-74 years
Persons
Total419423420420421422423424
Part-time employees3331303432312833
Employed2
Total3330343232292930
Part-time employees1411121312101011
Homeworking
Total01011101
Part-time employees00000000
Retired
Total367374368370372376375374
Part-time employees1718161717191620
Other activities/Unspecified
Total1818161717161919
Part-time employees32332122

Table 9 
Average number of man-weeks worked (37.5 hours), by industry division (LFS). 1 000

Average number of man-weeks worked (37.5 hours), by industry division (LFS). 1 0001
Annual average3rd quarter 20194th quarter 20191st quarter 20202nd quarter 20203rd quarter 20204th quarter 2020
20192020
1The time series is not adjusted for alternating holidays.
00-99 Total2 0431 9661 8392 1172 0911 9671 8022 007
01-03 Agriculture, forestry and fishing5654595454605548
05-09 Mining and quarrying5050435550514852
10-33 Manufacturing170159146179173157148157
35-39 Electricity, water supply, sewerage, waste management2324222224242324
41-43 Construction184180170188184180168188
45 Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles3936363939363337
46 Wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles8684768892787590
47 Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles127117126132120111115123
49-53 Transportation and storage103101961051079598104
55-56 Acommodation and food service activities6044596151325539
58-63 Information and communication8990819394957991
64-66 Financial and insurance activities4043364042453945
68-75 Real estate, professional, scientific and technical activities152149131160163149131152
77-82 Administrative and support service activities98879310198867688
84 Public adm., defence, soc. security139136121144147141115141
85 Education156156118172172165124162
86-88 Human health and social work activities384378347398395389340388
90-99 Other service activities8377758383707677

Table 10 
Employed persons aged 15-74, and average number of man-weeks worked (a 37.5 hours) per week, by sex and status. 1 000. Actual working hours, by sex and status. Hours per week

Employed persons aged 15-74, and average number of man-weeks worked (a 37.5 hours) per week, by sex and status. 1 000. Actual working hours, by sex and status. Hours per week
Annual Average3rd quarter 20194th quarter 20191st quarter 20202nd quarter 20203rd quarter 20204th quarter 2020
20192020
Employed persons total
Both sexes
Total2 7242 7102 7552 7322 7282 6992 7062 706
Salaried employees2 5482 5442 5732 5612 5542 5382 5422 541
Self-employed172162178168171158159160
Family workers34433455
Males
Total1 4421 4351 4641 4481 4451 4281 4331 434
Salaried employees1 3201 3171 3371 3291 3231 3141 3161 317
Self-employed121115125118121111113115
Family workers12112232
Females
Total1 2821 2751 2911 2841 2831 2721 2741 272
Salaried employees1 2291 2261 2361 2321 2321 2231 2261 224
Self-employed5147525050464546
Family workers22321223
 
Employed persons at work
Both sexes
Total2 2712 1991 9812 3382 3272 2431 9632 263
Salaried employees2 1172 0571 8342 1882 1782 1031 8312 118
Self-employed151138143147147136128141
Family workers34432345
Males
Total1 2251 1851 0771 2571 2571 2051 0661 213
Salaried employees1 1161 0849721 1521 1501 1059711 110
Self-employed108991041051069993100
Family workers12112232
Females
Total1 0461 0149041 0801 0691 0378971 051
Salaried employees1 0009748621 0361 0289988601 008
Self-employed4338394240373540
Family workers22220223
 
Man-weeks worked
Both sexes
Total2 0421 9661 8372 1162 0911 9671 8002 007
Salaried employees1 8911 8351 6891 9711 9551 8381 6731 874
Self-employed149129146144136127125130
Family workers12210222
Males
Total1 1831 1311 0701 2201 2071 1221 0431 152
Salaried employees1 0701 0339591 1111 1051 0269471 051
Self-employed11297110109101959499
Family workers11100111
Females
Total859835767896884844757855
Salaried employees821802730860850812725822
Self-employed3732363535323132
Family workers11110111
 
Actual working hours per week
Both sexes
Total33.833.634.834.033.732.934.433.3
Salaried employees33.533.534.633.833.732.834.333.2
Self-employed37.235.338.436.734.734.936.934.8
Family workers16.517.822.612.68.319.618.919.6
Males
Total36.235.837.336.436.035.036.735.7
Salaried employees36.035.837.136.236.134.936.635.6
Self-employed39.136.739.938.835.836.138.336.9
Family workers19.118.230.618.27.716.719.026.1
Females
Total30.830.931.931.131.030.631.730.5
Salaried employees30.830.931.831.231.030.531.730.6
Self-employed32.431.534.431.632.031.633.029.5
Family workers15.117.319.211.29.922.318.614.7

Table 11 
Employed persons aged 15-74 and absence from work during the whole reference week, by reason for absence and sex (LFS). Per cent

Employed persons aged 15-74 and absence from work during the whole reference week, by reason for absence and sex (LFS). Per cent
Annual average3rd quarter 20194th quarter 20191st quarter 20202nd quarter 20203rd quarter 20204th quarter 2020
20192020
Both sexes
In total100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
At work83.381.171.985.685.383.172.583.6
Temporarily absent, total16.718.928.114.414.716.927.516.4
Illness3.53.82.93.94.53.63.34.0
Holiday8.47.720.85.53.22.619.35.7
Taking time off/ working time arrangement1.71.81.41.91.81.61.32.3
Laid off0.01.60.00.01.04.50.40.6
Other reason/ unspecified3.04.02.93.14.24.63.23.8
 
Males
In total100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
At work84.982.673.686.887.084.474.484.5
Temporarily absent, total15.117.426.413.213.015.625.615.5
Illness2.83.12.53.23.63.02.83.2
Holiday8.37.620.25.73.32.618.46.0
Taking time off/ working time arrangement2.02.11.82.32.22.01.52.8
Laid off0.11.60.10.11.04.30.50.6
Other reason/ unspecified1.93.01.91.93.03.62.42.9
 
Females
In total100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0
At work81.679.570.084.183.481.670.482.6
Temporarily absent, total18.420.530.015.916.618.429.617.4
Illness4.34.63.54.75.54.33.94.9
Holiday8.57.821.45.23.22.620.35.3
Taking time off/ working time arrangement1.31.41.01.61.41.21.01.8
Laid off0.01.60.00.01.14.60.20.6
Other reason/ unspecified4.25.14.14.45.55.84.24.8

Table 12 
Employed persons aged 15-74 and absence from work during the whole reference week, by reason for absence and sex (LFS). 1 000

Employed persons aged 15-74 and absence from work during the whole reference week, by reason for absence and sex (LFS). 1 000
Annual average3rd quarter 20194th quarter 20191st quarter 20202nd quarter 20203rd quarter 20204th quarter 2020
20192020
Both sexes
In total2 7242 7102 7552 7322 7282 6992 7062 706
At work2 2702 1991 9812 3382 3272 2421 9632 263
Temporarily absent, total454511774394401457743443
Illness96104811071229789107
Holiday2302085731498870522154
Taking time off/ working time arrangement4648405350443563
Laid off14411281211016
Other reason/ unspecified81107808511412587103
 
Males
In total1 4421 4351 4641 4481 4451 4281 4331 434
At work1 2241 1851 0771 2571 2571 2061 0661 212
Temporarily absent, total218250387191188222367222
Illness4145364752424045
Holiday12010929682473726486
Taking time off/ working time arrangement2931263332292240
Laid off12311146278
Other reason/ unspecified2743272843523441
 
Females
In total1 2821 2751 2911 2841 2831 2721 2741 272
At work1 0461 0149041 0801 0691 0388971 051
Temporarily absent, total236261387204214234377221
Illness5559456070544962
Holiday10910027767413225967
Taking time off/ working time arrangement1717132018161323
Laid off02100145937
Other reason/ unspecified5465525771735361

Table 13 
Employees aged 15-74 with temporary jobs, by major industry division (LFS). 1000

Employees aged 15-74 with temporary jobs, by major industry division (LFS). 1000
Annual average3rd quarter 20194th quarter 20191st quarter 20202nd quarter 20203rd quarter 20204th quarter 2020
20192020
Total202197225198184189216197
01-03 Agriculture, forestry and fishing33332343
05-39 Mining etc., manufacture, power and water supply1313161211131413
41-43 Construction111114101091211
45-47 Wholesale and retail trade: repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles2321262118212221
49-53 Transportation and storage66865585
55-56 Accommodation and food service activities118141078136
58-63 Information and communication45455564
64-66 Financial and insurance activities11211111
68-82 Real estate, scientific, technical, administrative and support service activities2221242120202322
84 Public adm., defence, soc. security9119911111113
85 Education3030283231282834
86-88 Human health and social work activities5957635953566455
90-99 Other service activities1010119109109

Table 14 
Employees aged 15-74 with temporary jobs, by major industry division (LFS). In per cent of all employees

Employees aged 15-74 with temporary jobs, by major industry division (LFS). In per cent of all employees
Annual average3rd quarter 20194th quarter 20191st quarter 20202nd quarter 20203rd quarter 20204th quarter 2020
20192020
Total7.97.78.77.77.27.58.57.8
01-03 Agriculture, forestry and fishing9.88.99.710.27.58.311.08.7
05-39 Mining etc., manufacture, power and water supply4.54.35.44.23.84.64.64.2
41-43 Construction5.45.37.05.14.94.76.15.3
45-47 Domestic trade, car repair shop6.66.17.66.15.46.26.56.3
49-53 Transportation and storage5.34.76.84.93.84.76.44.1
55-56 Accomommodation and food service activities12.310.515.611.38.59.315.48.6
58-63 Information and communication3.74.93.64.64.95.05.94.0
64-66 Financial and insurance activities2.72.24.12.12.12.11.92.6
68-82 Real estate, scientific, technical, administrative and support service activities7.67.48.47.16.96.88.27.7
84 Public adm., defence, soc. security5.16.65.45.06.06.46.47.7
85 Education13.313.412.514.013.512.312.915.1
86-88 Human health and social work activities11.010.411.710.99.710.311.510.1
90-99 Other service activities10.09.510.99.39.99.19.99.1

Table 15 
Unemployed persons aged 15-74, by sex and age (LFS). 1 000 and per cent

Unemployed persons aged 15-74, by sex and age (LFS). 1 000 and per cent
Annual average3rd quarter 20194th quarter 20191st quarter 20202nd quarter 20203rd quarter 20204th quarter 2020
20192020
Unemployed
Both sexes
In total106130109108103129153137
15-24 years3742373537484838
25-54 years6075626656728985
55-74 years9131071091714
Males
In total6073596557728577
15-24 years2023192121252521
25-54 years3442343930414849
55-74 years686566118
Females
In total4658504346576859
15-24 years1719181416232217
25-54 years2633282726314036
55-74 years35424366
 
Unemployed as per cent of the labour force
Both sexes
In total3.74.63.83.83.64.65.44.8
15-24 years9.911.59.59.410.112.812.410.6
25-54 years3.24.03.33.52.93.84.74.5
55-74 years1.52.21.81.21.81.62.92.4
Males
In total4.04.83.94.33.84.85.65.1
15-24 years10.412.19.310.811.212.912.811.3
25-54 years3.44.23.43.93.04.14.94.8
55-74 years1.92.41.91.41.82.03.42.5
Females
In total3.44.33.73.33.54.35.14.5
15-24 years9.510.89.77.88.912.511.99.8
25-54 years2.93.73.13.12.93.54.54.1
55-74 years1.01.91.60.81.71.22.32.2

Table 16 
Unemployed persons aged 15-74, by duration of job search (LFS). 1 000 and per cent

Unemployed persons aged 15-74, by duration of job search (LFS). 1 000 and per cent
Annual average3rd quarter 20194th quarter 20191st quarter 20202nd quarter 20203rd quarter 20204th quarter 2020
20192020
Total106130109108103129153137
1-4 weeks2426292225303219
5-13 weeks2326232721283027
14-26 weeks1631131419314627
27-39 weeks7117757924
40-52 weeks1417141815121921
53 weeks and over1311121210121112
 
Total100100100100100100100100
1-4 weeks2320272024232114
5-13 weeks2220212520222020
14-26 weeks1524121318243020
27-39 weeks786655618
40-52 weeks131313171591215
53 weeks and over128111110979
 
Average duration (weeks)29.826.527.928.627.824.924.129.7

Table 17 
Unemployed persons aged 15-74, by main activity (LFS). 1 000

Unemployed persons aged 15-74, by main activity (LFS). 1 0001
Annual average3rd quarter 20194th quarter 20191st quarter 20202nd quarter 20203rd quarter 20204th quarter 2020
20192020
1The distribution on main activity is based on the respondents’ self-perception regarding their situation. For example, a lot of unemployed people are attending education as their main activity.
Total1106130109108103129153137
Home working112212212
Attended school, studied12933272828403729
Unemployed16773667265687979
Other activities/Unspecified18231479203628

Table 18 
Unemployed and underemployed persons aged 15-74, by sex and desired working hours per week. Number of man-weeks (of 37,5 hours) supplied (LFS). 1 000

Unemployed and underemployed persons aged 15-74, by sex and desired working hours per week. Number of man-weeks (of 37,5 hours) supplied (LFS). 1 000
Annual average3rd quarter 20194th quarter 20191st quarter 20202nd quarter 20203rd quarter 20204th quarter 2020
20192020
1Includes the number of man-weeks desired by the unemployed persons and the desired man-weeks minus the present man-weeks of the underemployed persons
Both sexes
Unemployed persons
Total106130109108103129153137
1-19 hours2125202425143329
20-36 hours2127232017353225
37 hours or more6478666460808883
Average working hours desired (hours per week)3231323131323132
Number of man-weeks desired89109928884111125115
Underemployed persons
Total6982766875828387
1-19 hours57356768
20-36 hours2627282628272527
37 hours or more3948443741485252
Average working hours desired (hours per week)3434343334333434
Desired man-weeks subtracted present man-weeks2631292327313132
 
Number of man-weeks supplied, total1115140121111111142156147
 
Males
Unemployed persons
Total6073596557728577
1-19 hours8115121171512
20-36 hours9131095191512
37 hours or more4349454340465554
Average working hours desired (hours per week)3333343233333234
Number of man-weeks desired5364535549637369
Underemployed persons
Total2230252127322733
1-19 hours23223214
20-36 hours78778977
37 hours or more1420151216211923
Average working hours desired (hours per week)3335343234353634
Desired man-weeks subtracted present man-weeks9139711141213
 
Number of man-weeks supplied, total16277626260778582
 
Women
Unemployed persons
Total4658504346576859
1-19 hours131415121471817
20-36 hours1214131112161713
37 hours or more2129222020343329
Average working hours desired (hours per week)2929292928312929
Number of man-weeks desired3645393335485346
Underemployed persons
Total4752514748505654
1-19 hours34133554
20-36 hours1919211920181820
37 hours or more2528292524273329
Average working hours desired (hours per week)3433353434333433
Desired man-weeks subtracted present man-weeks1818191617171919
 
Number of man-weeks supplied, total15463584952657265

Table 19 
Employed persons aged 15-74, by sex, occupation and contractual/usual work time. Annual average

Employed persons aged 15-74, by sex, occupation and contractual/usual work time. Annual average
2020
TotalPart-timePercent Part-timeFull-timePercent Full-timeAverage working hours per week
Both sexes
In total2 71066424.52 03575.134.2
1. Managers228177.321092.438.6
2. Professionals76713317.363382.535.9
3. Technicians and associate professionals4286715.636184.235.5
4. Clerical support workers1474027.310772.432.8
5. Service and sales workers57430553.226345.928.0
6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers481530.43369.036.9
7. Craft and related trades workers251208.123091.837.2
8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers1501912.913086.536.9
0,9. Other occupations1174840.96858.229.9
 
Males
In total1 43521915.31 21084.436.1
1. Managers151106.914092.739.0
2. Professionals3153310.428189.337.2
3. Technicians and associate professionals2552710.722788.936.5
4. Clerical support workers651217.85481.834.6
5. Service and sales workers1888042.510756.830.0
6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers371129.72669.937.8
7. Craft and related trades workers236177.121992.837.5
8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers1331410.711888.737.3
0,9. Other occupations551527.43971.733.3
 
Females
In total1 27544534.982464.732.0
1. Managers7768.17191.737.8
2. Professionals45210022.135277.735.0
3. Technicians and associate professionals1733922.613477.234.0
4. Clerical support workers822934.95364.931.4
5. Service and sales workers38622558.515740.627.0
6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers11432.4765.834.1
7. Craft and related trades workers14425.21174.133.9
8. Plant and machine operators and assemblers17530.31269.533.7
0,9. Other occupations623352.92946.226.9

About the statistics

The purpose of the Labour Force Survey is to provide information on the development in employment and unemployment, and on the relationship to the labour market for different groups. The statistics are published quarterly, normally 4 weeks after the end of the quarter.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Concepts and definitions are in accordance with recommendations given by the International Labour Organization (ILO) and EU/Eurostat.

According to the international recommendations persons above a specified age should be classified by their attachment to the labour market in a specified, short period, either a day or a week. In the Norwegian LFS the reference period is one week, and the sample of persons are classified in relation to their situation in that reference week.

Employed persons are persons aged 15-74 who performed work for pay or profit for at least one hour in the reference week, or who were temporarily absent from work because of illness, holidays etc. Conscripts are classified as employed persons. Persons engaged by government measures to promote employment are also included if they receive wages. Persons laid off 100 per cent with a continuous duration of until three months are defined as employed, temporarily absent.

Unemployed persons are persons who were not employed in the reference week, but who had been seeking work during the preceding four weeks, and were available for work in the reference week or within the next two weeks (in 1996-2005 one should be available within two weeks following the time of interview, and until 1996 one should be able to start working in the reference week). Persons laid off 100 per cent are defined as unemployed after three continuous months of leave.

Persons in the labour force are either employed or unemployed. The remaining group of persons is labelled not in the labour force.

Main activity

In addition to the measurement of employment and unemployment according to the international recommendations and definitions, it is also asked a single question in the LFS to all non-employed persons, and to the part-time employed persons, about their main activity. This variable gives the perons' self-perception regarding their activity or status. The purpose is to estimate how many people are in education, homemakers, pensioners etc., and how many have a part-time job besides. We also gain figures on how many of the unemployed people who are attending education. In the tables for those outside the labour force, i.e. neither employed nor unemployed, a group called "looking for work" is specified. They do not satisfy all the requirements to be classified as unemployed, but consider themselves as unemployed. 

Man-hours worked include all actual working hours, i.e. including overtime and excluding absence from work. Persons absent from work are not included in the calculation of actual working hours per week (in average) .

Contractual/usual working hours refer to the weekly number of working hours determined by the working contract. Absence from work because of illness, holidays etc. is not subtracted, and overtime is not included. Employees, whose contractual working hours vary from week to week, give information on both the actual reference week as well as the average of their contractual working hours per week (in the tables published the average numbers are normally used). For employees without contract on working hours, for self-employed and for unpaid family workers, data on their usual weekly working hours are used (as an average of their actual working hours during the last 4 weeks).

Full-time/part-time distinction is based on the contractual/usual working hours. Part-time: 1-36 hours, with exception of persons with 32-36 hours who classify themselves as full-time employed.

Full-time: 37 hours and over, and the cases mentioned above. For persons with more jobs, the working hours in the main and the second job are summarized.

Overtime

Overtime is defined as working hours which exceed the contractual working hours for full-time employees, conducted during a specified reference week. The overtime may be compensated by payment or by time off, or be without any compensation. Up to 2006 these questions were included in the survey only during the 2nd quarter each year. As from 2006 onwards they are included each quarter. 

A major revision of the LFS in 2006 led to a significant break in the time-series for overtime, i.e. lower estimates than published earlier. This was mostly due to changes in the questionnaire concerning working time.

Statistics on overtime include employees working full-time only. For persons with more jobs, the working hours in the main and the second job are summarized in order to classify them as either part- or full-time workers, as in LFS statistics generally.

For those with more jobs, overtime hours in the main job only are included. By calculating the overtime hours as a share of the total number of man-hours worked among full-time employees, the working hours in the second job are, however, included in the denominator. Persons temporarily absent from work are included in the denominator while calculating the share of employees working overtime, mainly to avoid seasonal variations.

Employees who just had an occasional job in the reference week, and on-call workers, are not asked about overtime, but they are included in the denominator if they were full-time employed in the reference week.

As from 2007 imputation is used concerning the overtime variables in case of proxy interviews and partial non-response.

Involuntary part-time employment comprises part-time employed persons seeking longer contractual/usual working hours by registering at the Employment Offices, advertising, contacting present employer etc., and who were able to start with increased working hours within a month.

Permanence of the job

The employees are asked whether they have a permanent job (a work contract of unlimited duration) or a temporary job (a work contract of limited duration). If the person has more than one job, only the main job is classified by permanence.

There are two kinds of working arrangements outside ordinary hours (Monday to Friday from 6 am to 6 pm).

  • Shift work is usually understood as working time outside normally working hours. What counts in the survey as shift work is based on the evaluation of the respondent. For respondents who have not answered the question on shift work, the value is imputed based on the answers they have given with regard to evening, night, Saturday and Sunday work.
  • Work outside ordinary hours, not shift work. This refers to work on evenings, nights, Saturdays and Sundays which is not shift work. Evening work is defined as work between 6 pm and 10 pm. Night work is between 10 pm and 6 am. Respondents who report that they work on one or more of these working time schedules outside ordinary hours are also asked about the frequency of this kind of work during a four week period. This is done for each of the working time schedule separately. Based on this, the work outside regularly hours is divided into the categories "regularly" or "sometimes". For evening and night work, the respondent must have this kind of work on at least half of their working days in the four week period to be defined as having regularly evening work and/or regularly night work. For work on weekends, they must work 2-4 Saturdays and/or 2-4 Sundays during the four week period to be defined as having regularly Saturday and/or Sunday work. The respondents who have these kinds of working schedules, but more seldom than indicated above, are defined as sometimes having this kind of work.

Working hour arrangements outside ordinary daytime are based on the contract for the employees, and on usual working time pattern for the self-employed. Up to 2006 these questions were included in the survey only during the 2nd quarter each year. As from 2006 onwards they are included each quarter, but only for ¼ of the sample, and the results are published once a year: Labour force survey. Patterns of working time.

Course participation refers to job related courses which the respondent was paid to attend. Only courses received during a period of four weeks are included. Up to 2006 these questions were asked only during the 2nd quarter each year. As from 2006 onwards they are included each quarter to the whole sample. Labour force survey. Education and training.

As from 2006 the definition of age was changed from completed years at the end of the year to completed years at the time of the reference week.

The persons are classified by marital status as unmarried, married and previously married according to information given by the respondents. Previously married includes widows, widowers, separated and divorced persons. In the tables married women include cohabitants.

Immigrants are defined as persons born abroad by foreign-born parents who have emigrated toNorway. In statistics based on the Labour Force Survey (LFS) they are divided in two groups by country of birth:

1) Immigrants from EU/EFTA-countries,North-America,AustraliaandNew Zealand. 

2) Immigrants from Eastern Europe except EU, Asia, Africa, Latin America and Oceania except Australia and New Zealand.

Standard classifications

The industrial classification is in accordance with the Standard Industrial Classification (NOS D 383), which is based on the EU-standard of NACE Rev. 2.

The occupational classification is based on the International Standard Classification of Occupations 2008 (ISCO-08). The Norwegian standard has been named STYRK-08 (Notater 17/2011). 

The educational classification is in accordance with the Norwegian Standard Classification of Education (NOS C617).

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Labour force survey
Topic: Labour market and earnings

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Labour Market and Wage Statistics

Regional level

County and the whole country.

Frequency and timeliness

Quarterly and annual, but monthly publishing of some key figures seasonally adjusted (averages of the last 3 months). Quarterly figures are normally published 5 weeks after the end of the quarter.

International reporting

The quarterly data files are sent to Eurostat. Tables are sent each month/quarter/year to Eurostat, OECD, ILO and IMF, as well as to the Nordic Yearbook.

Microdata

The basic material (survey results from the interviewers) as well as the statistical files (on the basis of revision and estimation procedures) are stored.

Background

Background and purpose

The main purpose of the survey is to provide data on employment and unemployment, and data on the labour force participation in different sections of the population. The Norwegian LFS started in 1972. For information about the history of the survey, and about breaks in the time-series, please cf. Labour Force Survey 2001 (NOS C748).

Users and applications

The surveys give information to the Labour Market Authorities and other users about the situation on the labour market, and provide data for labour force research and forecasts, as well as for international organizations and mass media.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 08 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given inthe Statistics Release Calendar.

For more information, see Principles for equal treatment of users in releasing statistics and analyses

Coherence with other statistics

The results from the LFS are used in the National Accounts Statistics.

For statistics at regional levels (counties and municipalities), the Registerbased Employment Statistics are recommended. These statistics also give figures on employees who are immigrants.

Statistics Norway also produces statistics on selected industries based on data from the establishments, containing figures on employment, compensation of employees, value of production and capital formation etc. These statistics contain more detailed information about each industry than it is possible to give from the LFS and the National Accounts Statistics.

Statistics on unemployed persons at the Employment Offices and government measures to promote employment are compiled by NAV on the basis of registers of unemployed persons and applicants for work.

The figures on unemployment based on the LFS differ from the figures on unemployed persons registered at the Employment Offices. The LFS-figures also include unemployed persons not registered at the Employment Offices, some of the participants in government measures to promote employment and some of the disabled persons. On the other hand, some of the registered unemployed are not classified as unemployed in the LFS, on the basis of the information given on seeking and availability for work. As from 2006 persons on lay-off (until 3 months) are no longer classified as unemployed, but as employed persons (temporarily absent from work) in the LFS, while they still are classified as unemployed in the registerbased statistics. However, if the period of lay-off exceeds 3 months, they are classified as unemployed in the LFS as well.

The Population and Housing Censuses (each 10th year) give statistics on employment during the last 12 months, in addition to the situation in a specified reference week. As from 2001 onwards employment data based on administrative registers are used. Statistics on labour conflicts and working days lost are compiled by Statistics Norway on the basis of information supplied mostly by the labour and employers's organizations. The Surveys of Level of Living (by Statistics Norway) give information on physical working environment as well as organizational working conditions.

The main source to describe the situation for the immigrants on the labour market is the registerbased statistics on employment and unemployment. By using data from the LFS as a supplement we will achieve still more information regarding this group, for example on actual and desired working hours, temporary employment and patterns of working time. Moreover the LFS has more data than the registers on job seeking and desire for work.

The main problem using the LFS for statistics on immigrants is the size of the sample and the statistical uncertainty. The group of immigrants in Norway is rather heterogeneous regarding their situation on the labour market, and therefore it is required to divide among at least two groups in the presentation of statistics. A further dividing by other variables will require long time-series in order to draw any conclusions.

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§ 2-2 and 2-3.

EEA reference

Council Regulation (EC) nos 577/98, 1991/2002 and 2257/2003, and Commission Regulation nos 1575/2000, 1897/2000, 2104/2002, 430/2005 and 377/2008.

Production

Population

The total population aged 15-74 is covered by the LFS. Up to 2006 the group was 16-74, and age defined as completed years at the end of the year. As from 2006 age is defined as completed years at the time of the reference week. Observation unit: person.

Data sources and sampling

The main source for the LFS is quarterly, representative sample surveys based on interview by telephone.

Inhabitants in all municipalities are randomly selected, on the basis of a register of family units. The sample consists of about 12 000 family units (24 000 persons) each quarter. Each family member aged 15-74 participates in the survey, answering questions about their situation during a specified reference week. As from 1996 each family participates in the survey 8 times during a period of 8 quarters (before 1996: 4 times during 6 quarters). Up to 1996 a two stage sampling procedure was applied. For more information, please cf. Labour Force Survey 2001 (NOS C748).

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Interview by telephone. Information from previous interviews are used while asking about any changes in the situation, instead of the same, comprehensive data collection every time. For the coding of industry, information from some registers is also used. Demographic data are collected from the Central Population Register, and data on education are based on a register of individual data collected by Statistics Norway from the educational institutions (but questions are also asked to get more updated information).

The respondent is usually the same person as the observation unit (but proxy interviews are done if it is not possible to get in contact with the observation unit; 14-15 per cent of the interviews are done by asking near family members). Data are collected weekly, i.e. the LFS is a continuous survey (all weeks are covered). Up to 1st quarter 1996 (from 2nd quarter 1988) the survey was based on one reference week each month, and in previous years on one week each quarter. Participation in the survey is compulsory, but compulsory fines are not used.

As the data collection is made by use of computer-assisted interviews, some procedures for electronic control of the registration of answers are included in the questionnaire, for example concerning the number of working hours during the reference week. In some cases the interviewers become a "warning" by recording an answer, in other cases maximum or minimum values have been set beforehand.

The analysis unit is person. The absolute numbers from the LFS are presented in the form of estimated total for the entire population aged 15-74. The weights or inflation factors vary, but have an average of about 195 for quarterly figures in 2017.

 The estimation method uses more demographic data and register information relevant to the connection to the labour market in order to minimize standard errors and correct more for bias in the response sample in LFS since the nonresponse is not random. New method was launched in April 2018, is also used on LFS data back to 2006 to get the most comparable time series.

The estimation method in LFS is done in several stages, and are called multiple model calibration (MMK). Initially, the main labor market status of LFS, which is employed, unemployed, outside the workforce, are modeled consistent with a multinomial logit model, explained with a number of register variables known to all in the population. The register information are registered completely unemployed, on measures and persons with disabilities at NAV, register information on disability pensioners, education level, marital status, family size and immigrant category, country of origin, gender and age, residence, and information from the A scheme and the Tax Recovery Register. The model provides predictive probabilities every month for each main labor market status in LFS for everybody in the population.

The monthly weights in LFS are calibrated using these predicted probabilities and some register variables directly[1]. This means that the weights also become consistent with the population for the number in the population register by gender, different age groups and region, as well as consistent weights for the number of full / part-time wage earners by gender and registered employed (yes/no) cross classified by immigrants in 2 groups.

Multiple model calibration provides some variance reduction, utilizing more efficiently that we have available good help information about everyone in the population from various registries that Statistics Norway has linked.

The initial weights before calibration are the ratio of the number of people in the population to the gross sample per. county (NUTS3), and takes into account that people in different counties have different probabilities of being selected to LFS sample.

For more detailed technical information about the new estimation method, please see Documents 2018/16 [https://www.ssb.no/en/arbeid-og-lonn/artikler-og-publikasjoner/new-estimation-methodology-for-the-norwegian-labour-force-survey]

Week-proportional weighting of the months in quarterly averages

LFS have continuous data collection. In order for all reference weeks to weighted evenly in quarterly averages, we now make week-proportional adjustment of monthly weights in our quarterly averages. That is, the monthly weights are multiplied by 4/13 or 5/13 depending on whether the months in the LFS contain respectively 4 or 5 whole weeks. Weekly proportional weighting of quarterly average has been made on all quarterly figures in our StatBank back to 2006. Before that is the even adjustment off all monthly weights was used, i.e. multiplied by 1/3 for all months.



[1]That the weights are consistent for a register variable, such as gender, means that the sum of the weights in the responses in the LFS equals the number of the population for each category of the register variable, such as the number of men and the number of women in the population

Seasonal adjustment

Quarterly figures from LFS are not seasonally adjusted

Confidentiality

Not relevant

Comparability over time and space

New estimation method published in April 2018 uses more registers that will reduce nonresponse bias and sample uncertainty. This leads to a slightly lower level of employed and almost correspondingly higher levels for people outside the workforce than the previous method. The total number of unemployed changes only a little. To get the most comparable figures, the time series are revised back to 2006 in our StatBank. However, the adjustments vary slightly between groups and over time.

Breaks in the series up to 2001 are described in the publication Labour Force Survey 2001 (NOS C748).

The concepts in LFS are defined in accordance with international recommendations, cf item 4.1, to ensure comparability among the countries.

As from 2006 the LFS was revised, mainly to be in accordance with the EU-requirements based on new ILO recommendations. Some definitions and parts of the questionnaire were changed, and some new variables were added. As from 2006 age is defined as completed years at the time of the reference week, instead of completed years at the end of the year, as earlier. Moreover the lower age limit to be covered by the survey was lowered from 16 to 15, in accordance with the surveys in other countries.

These changes from 2006 led to breaks in the time-series for the LFS estimates. The revised survey gives some lower estimates for unemployment (1 000 persons as an annual average for 2006) and some higher estimates for employment (8 000 in 2006). A break in the time series also occured for the estimates of actual working hours per week and man-hours worked. For more information, please cf. http://www.ssb.no/aku_en/. Quarterly data for 2006 are published according to both the revised and the unrevised LFS, in order to improve the comparability for the figures between 2006 and 2005. The breaks in the time-series were most significant for figures divided by age groups.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

In all surveys errors may occur in connection with both the collection and the processing of data. The use of proxy interviews (asking near family members instead of the observation unit) often increase the problems of measurement. As an average the employment is underestimated because of proxy interviews.

The size of the nonresponse as a percentage of the gross sample has varied widely since the LFS began in 1972. The 20 first years were generally around 10-12 percent. In the years 1992-1997 it was particularly low, only 6-8 percent. Subsequently, the nonresponse rate gradually increased to 21 per cent in 2013. After systematic work,  the nonresponse has been reduced to around 14 per cent in 2018.

 Correction for total non-response is done in the estimating procedure. Partial non-response is adjusted for some variables.

Variance

The standard error for the quarterly average for the number of unemployed aged 15-74 is around 4600 in 2017. It corresponds to a coefficient of variation of 3.9 per cent. The standard error for the quarterly average for the number of employed aged 15-74 in LFS is about 8600 people in 2017. The coefficient of variation for employment figures will then be around 0.29 percent. More calculations will later be published in our StatBank.

If the reader wants an indication of the size of the standard error for quarterly figures and annual averages for other variables or group divisions, see the table below. These indications are only guiding, and can not be interpreted as precise calculations for any variable. Changes between two surveys will usually have the same absolute uncertainty as the two figures which are compared.

 

 

Indication of the standard error for other variables than in StatBank table 09937 and 09938

 
 

Quarterly figures

 

Annual averages

 

Absolute figures

As per cent of estimated value

Absolute figures

As per cent of estimated value

 
           

5 000

800

16,0

500

10,0

 

7 000

900

12,9

600

8,6

 

10 000

1 100

11,0

700

7,0

 

20 000

1 600

8,0

1 100

5,5

 

30 000

1 900

6,3

1 300

4,3

 

40 000

2 200

5,5

1 500

3,8

 

50 000

2 500

5,0

1 700

3,4

 

60 000

2 700

4,5

1 800

3,0

 

70 000

2 900

4,1

1 900

2,7

 

100 000

3 500

3,5

2 300

2,3

 

200 000

4 800

2,4

3 200

1,6

 

300 000

5 800

1,9

3 900

1,3

 

400 000

6 600

1,7

4 400

1,1

 

500 000

7 200

1,4

4 800

1,0

 

1 000 000

9 100

0,9

6 100

0,6

 

1 700 000

9 600

0,6

6 400

0,4

 

2 000 000

9 100

0,5

6 100

0,3

 

Revision

Not relevant