288598
/en/utenriksokonomi/statistikker/muh/maaned
288598
statistikk
2017-09-15T08:00:00.000Z
External economy
en
muh, External trade in goods, import, export, balance of trade (export minus import), mainland exports, imports excluding ships and oil platforms, trade ( between countries, continents and trade regions), international product groups (for example hs, sitc and bec), product groups (for example food, crude oil and metals)External trade , External economy
true

External trade in goods

Updated

Next update

Key figures

NOK 34.6 

billion was the mainland exports in August 2017

External trade in goods1
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent - so far this year
August 2017July 2017 - August 2017August 2016 - August 2017August 2017August 2016 - August 2017
1The figures are marked with the symbol *. This is Statistics Norways standard symbol for indicating preliminary figures.
2Due to the data collection method, the preliminary monthly figures published for ships and oil platforms are often incomplete. In retrospect, therefore, the trade in these goods could in some cases lead to major corrections in the figures. Please see tables 1-3 for the impact these figures have on the external trade.
Exports65 2947.88.8547 13713.4
Crude oil17 43317.9-3.7144 65424.9
Natural gas12 623-4.131.5117 23213.0
Natural gas condensates342-30.6137.93 33328.9
Ships and oil platforms2343.-56.98 57393.5
Mainland exports34 5537.510.2273 3446.9
Fish7 31212.76.659 0788.1
 
Imports52 86712.90.0427 9828.0
Ships and oil platforms210-98.5-99.58 893-0.6
 
The trade balance12 428-9.574.3119 15538.5
The mainland trade balance-18 303-30.16.5-145 745-10.8

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million

Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million
Total importsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2012507 601499 178.8 422-
2013527 722516 826.10 896-
2014562 455549 943.6 1786 334
2015615 485588 519.8 71518 251
2016609 516590 128.19 388-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
August 201547 09346 28549 209808-
September 201553 28852 92349 678365-
October 201553 64953 20949 452440-
November 201554 21252 69951 4441 512-
December 201550 99750 87750 598121-
January 201643 65743 41648 987241-
February 201649 54249 15750 120385-
March 201650 53248 81449 3941 718-
April 201650 35049 68447 917666-
May 201649 66449 27949 060385-
June 201653 79551 00048 2652 796-
July 201645 89745 07449 472823-
August 201652 87350 93849 4351 935-
September 201654 25651 21448 7393 042-
October 201652 70751 10849 5361 599-
November 201656 94651 98348 1524 963-
December 201649 29548 46050 678835-
January 201751 38148 05551 3173 326-
February 201748 82847 19950 3461 628-
March 201757 17655 87150 4511 305-
April 201743 90743 88450 33323-
May 201759 80859 10856 751701-
June 201767 17565 92461 8851 251-
July 201746 84046 19150 740649-
August 201752 86752 85651 03210-

Table 2 
Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Total exportsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exportsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2012935 292929 563.359 705.5 729-
2013916 532909 538.364 367.6 993-
2014909 036901 683.387 295.7 353-
2015835 267826 330.403 973.5 6113 326
2016751 399739 198.386 998.12 201-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
August 201567 65663 88467 16929 45532 6414473 326
September 201568 33668 33470 83035 61733 6383-
October 201573 82373 64868 91535 76834 079175-
November 201567 22966 89263 50033 51233 337338-
December 201566 84165 93663 11234 42034 383905-
January 201660 66560 17959 59230 81532 057486-
February 201660 39460 26359 72232 28232 956130-
March 201661 91261 84957 65333 01731 96463-
April 201661 51760 87763 06932 86131 830640-
May 201658 22558 10460 29430 56031 299121-
June 201660 35958 80161 10334 77032 9181 558-
July 201659 27458 63761 19730 14932 324637-
August 201660 00359 20962 06831 36332 449795-
September 201657 47957 25559 09734 92633 055224-
October 201668 88065 70261 48530 84830 8813 178-
November 201670 46668 80065 49333 20331 4271 665-
December 201672 22469 52066 37032 20632 8912 704-
January 201774 81371 09770 75031 86432 8263 716-
February 201769 76867 68569 72731 81533 5032 082-
March 201777 09375 88270 56238 75234 3351 211-
April 201766 11766 09468 45631 99335 19823-
May 201767 02466 62669 11735 05034 987398-
June 201766 44965 65067 90237 18834 685799-
July 201760 57960 57963 50932 12835 343--
August 201765 29464 95167 95934 55335 424343-

Table 3 
The trade balance. NOK Million

The trade balance. NOK Million
Exports-importsExports-imports (both excl. ships and oil platforms)Mainland exports - imports excl. ships and oil platforms
Yearly figures
2012427 691430 385-139 473
2013388 809392 712-152 459
2014346 581351 740-162 649
2015219 782237 811-184 546
2016141 882149 070-203 130
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
August 201520 56317 599-16 831
September 201515 04915 411-17 306
October 201520 17420 439-17 441
November 201513 01814 192-19 187
December 201515 84315 059-16 457
January 201617 00816 764-12 601
February 201610 85211 107-16 875
March 201611 38013 035-15 797
April 201611 16611 193-16 823
May 20168 5618 825-18 719
June 20166 5637 801-16 230
July 201613 37713 563-14 926
August 20167 1308 270-19 575
September 20163 2236 042-16 288
October 201616 17314 594-20 261
November 201613 51916 817-18 780
December 201622 92921 060-16 255
January 201723 43223 042-16 191
February 201720 94020 486-15 384
March 201719 91720 011-17 119
April 201722 21022 209-11 891
May 20177 2157 518-24 058
June 2017-726-274-28 736
July 201713 73914 388-14 064
August 201712 42812 095-18 303

Table 4 
Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates in totalCrude oilNatural gasNatural gas condensates
UnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2012569 858.306 825.252 253.10 779
2013545 171.288 126.248 778.8 268
2014514 388.282 663.223 625.8 100
2015422 356.197 116.220 676.4 565
2016352 199.187 595.160 787.3 817
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
August 201534 42936 61516 32114 94617 72222 683386
September 201532 71736 77214 72716 41117 74223 395247
October 201537 88034 93618 09016 48219 33517 792455
November 201533 37931 28213 86514 02619 03516 101480
December 201531 51628 94111 91212 20219 49115 820113
January 201629 36426 93712 13512 28216 66214 356567
February 201627 98227 77512 24313 13815 65914 29880
March 201628 83226 85412 18712 57516 25613 397389
April 201628 01628 50814 75114 11412 95513 782310
May 201627 54429 18315 56315 17111 85913 495123
June 201624 03127 64713 44914 36110 02512 809557
July 201628 48929 83717 34416 57310 73012 233415
August 201627 84629 67518 10716 5319 59612 155144
September 201622 32924 80414 14715 6257 87310 312309
October 201634 85431 93618 20316 51116 22014 914432
November 201635 59733 38318 74319 03516 48413 884371
December 201637 31534 36720 72421 31516 47013 376121
January 201739 23336 11021 88222 12516 91614 656434
February 201735 87035 62518 60020 16816 68015 162590
March 201737 13034 71818 21618 96418 42015 210493
April 201734 10034 50019 22718 24814 44715 365426
May 201731 57633 36018 14017 51113 13615 010300
June 201728 46232 82116 36317 38711 84315 233256
July 201728 45230 01414 79214 28713 16814 985492
August 201730 39832 47617 43315 89112 62315 873342

Table 5 
Imports of goods, main groups by SITC

Imports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
August 2016August 2017August 2016 - August 2017So far this yearAugust 2016 - August 2017
August 2016August 2017
Total52 87352 8670.0396 312427 9828.0
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)1 93510-99.58 9498 893-0.6
Imports excl. Ships and oil platforms50 93852 8563.8387 362419 0898.2
 
0 Food and live animals3 8303 679-3.928 68128 060-2.2
00 Live animals other than animals of div.032016-23.811916236.3
01 Meat and meat preparations156131-16.41 2021 049-12.8
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs1071145.9862844-2.2
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof385321-16.62 9612 787-5.9
04 Cereals and cereal preparations4794932.93 4533 393-1.7
05 Vegetables and fruit878851-3.18 3658 247-1.4
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey155140-9.61 0801 036-4.1
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices31636716.32 4832 5834.0
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)779701-10.04 3314 3500.4
09 Miscellaneous edible products554546-1.53 8253 609-5.6
 
1 Beverages and tobacco6967538.35 7886 0464.5
11 Beverages4605039.33 9484 0011.3
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures2352506.11 8392 04511.2
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels2 8813 64326.520 53425 24622.9
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw21-46.61711-33.4
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits162142-12.51 2551 43614.4
23 Crude rubber1310-19.394972.7
24 Wood, lumber and cork3683762.23 0813 1743.0
25 Pulp and waste paper4543-5.4379355-6.2
26 Textile fibres and their waste10100.074774.1
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales297253-14.92 1241 971-7.2
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap1 7672 57545.711 60316 11938.9
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials2162338.01 9062 0065.2
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials1 9792 34618.613 62720 39649.7
32 Coal, coke and briquettes15718517.61 1381 40423.4
33 Petroleum, petroleum products1 6082 05227.610 93817 45559.6
334 Petroleum oils, other than crude1 2121 68038.68 07411 72545.2
34 Gas , natural and manufactured15577-50.0742454-38.9
342 Liquefied propane and butane13071-45.6666368-44.8
35 Electric current5931-47.28091 08333.9
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes69379614.94 3294 4993.9
41 Animal oils and fats307286-7.02 0431 732-15.2
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated36148433.82 1612 63221.8
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed242711.01241358.5
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.5 3326 13615.141 59345 5679.6
51 Organic chemicals6231 02163.95 4216 14013.3
52 Inorganic chemicals34144931.73 1683 4187.9
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials30334112.72 2752 3372.7
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products1 3641 54213.110 45212 05715.4
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc6316371.04 7684 8000.7
56 Fertilizers2202325.51 9531 721-11.8
57 Plastics in primary forms4134263.33 1063 1852.5
58 Plastics in non-primary forms44849911.53 8153 8661.3
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.992989-0.36 6358 04221.2
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material7 4537 8915.957 37668 81619.9
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins485516.2372371-0.3
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.52861015.53 4203 4470.8
63 Cork and wood manufactures6106150.84 7364 9905.4
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof6606711.65 0234 897-2.5
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles59866511.24 8715 1295.3
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.7957980.46 0086 0681.0
67 Iron and steel1 3551 240-8.59 4929 160-3.5
68 Non-ferrous metals63079626.45 5766 22111.6
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.2 2272 4409.617 87928 53359.6
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment20 94018 519-11.6157 804164 3244.1
71 Power generating machinery and equipment765729-4.76 4818 74334.9
72 Machinery for special industries1 9791 882-4.917 39216 447-5.4
73 Metal working machinery13496-28.19111 00410.2
74 General industrial machinery and equipment2 4182 310-4.421 89019 930-9.0
75 Office machines, data processing machines1 4191 67117.710 64510 8852.3
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.2 0092 0954.314 68016 0439.3
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus2 5372 7106.820 28621 0293.7
78 Road vehicles5 0835 85215.144 14849 04111.1
781 Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons3 3733 72110.326 67830 11212.9
79 Other transport equipment including ships4 5961 173-74.521 37021 203-0.8
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles8 9688 9990.465 83864 237-2.4
81 Prefabricated buildings.885816-7.86 0115 679-5.5
82 Furniture and parts thereof1 2431 2500.69 90710 2653.6
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.1641778.01 0991 1575.3
84 Articles of apparel and accessories2 3892 4070.713 16213 3251.2
85 Footwear667633-5.03 8623 807-1.4
87 Professional and scientific instruments1 2471 2742.210 85810 677-1.7
88 Photographic and optical goods22025214.91 8821 9724.8
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s2 1532 1901.719 05717 356-8.9
 
9 Commodities and transactions1031062.37407906.7
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.0-.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind4440-7.5329285-13.5
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender01218.8108-20.8
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)60658.540149724.0

Table 6 
Exports of goods, main groups by SITC

Exports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
August 2016August 2017August 2016 - August 2017So far this yearAugust 2016 - August 2017
August 2016August 2017
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total60 00365 2948.8482 349547 13713.4
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)18 10717 433-3.7115 779144 65424.9
Natural gas (SITC 343)9 59612 62331.5103 740117 23213.0
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)144342137.52 5853 33328.9
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)795343-56.94 4308 57393.5
Mainland exports31 36334 55310.2255 816273 3446.9
 
0 Food and live animals7 3987 7925.358 71763 0537.4
00 Live animals other than animals of div.0322-12.94421-52.2
01 Meat and meat preparations182433.013516522.0
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs6852-23.7501496-1.2
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof6 8587 3126.654 64459 0788.1
04 Cereals and cereal preparations27309.920423917.1
05 Vegetables and fruit1411-17.0171101-40.7
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey114-62.06628-57.1
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices234074.221025622.2
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)235195-16.91 6271 603-1.5
09 Miscellaneous edible products142122-14.31 1141 065-4.4
 
1 Beverages and tobacco8482-2.2644579-10.1
11 Beverages81820.4632573-9.3
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures31-77.9137-47.4
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels1 1981 2464.09 83210 5547.3
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw131510.2405387-4.3
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits1174.324153.4
23 Crude rubber3549.8323614.5
24 Wood, lumber and cork2502562.62 1242 119-0.2
25 Pulp and waste paper237219-7.71 7241 92011.4
26 Textile fibres and their waste232819.61711731.5
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales30636920.62 5382 484-2.1
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap343329-3.92 6213 17421.1
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials212411.721725618.2
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials31 63036 51315.4254 367309 14721.5
32 Coal, coke and briquettes2180-99.93431-99.8
33 Petroleum, petroleum products20 38221 6176.1138 154175 84027.3
334 Petroleum oils, other than crude2 1033 79580.419 37827 47741.8
34 Gas , natural and manufactured10 62114 33435.0112 288129 72215.5
342 Liquefied propane and butane8291 48779.47 14210 67049.4
35 Electric current40856237.63 5823 5850.1
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes193179-7.31 4341 399-2.4
41 Animal oils and fats9510812.96776790.2
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated4437-17.0346337-2.8
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed5334-35.5410384-6.5
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.4 1585 28527.133 55036 0787.5
51 Organic chemicals1 1201 61844.59 34410 57913.2
52 Inorganic chemicals66774311.45 1605 3674.0
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials13016527.11 1041 23511.8
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products44256828.63 8763 9120.9
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc11413619.28779285.8
56 Fertilizers1::::::
57 Plastics in primary forms608479-21.13 5583 6903.7
58 Plastics in non-primary forms122110-9.88151 05329.2
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.9551 46553.48 8179 3145.6
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material6 2876 6015.048 61153 4159.9
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins65-22.45345-15.0
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.486942.741353629.9
63 Cork and wood manufactures11813413.39451 0177.6
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof4794871.73 5673 428-3.9
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles117113-3.11 0551 017-3.5
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.1271270.39851 10011.7
67 Iron and steel1 2601 188-5.88 3739 98819.3
68 Non-ferrous metals3 2143 67514.426 68430 61314.7
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.918803-12.56 5375 669-13.3
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment7 2095 543-23.157 48556 492-1.7
71 Power generating machinery and equipment541534-1.24 7145 81623.4
72 Machinery for special industries938715-23.89 0846 623-27.1
73 Metal working machinery6411071.241652325.6
74 General industrial machinery and equipment1 4051 160-17.514 03810 372-26.1
75 Office machines, data processing machines16921727.81 5041 6016.4
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.36745323.43 3153 99520.5
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus1 635977-40.29 5778 896-7.1
78 Road vehicles49259320.74 6524 8824.9
79 Other transport equipment including ships1 598784-50.910 18513 78535.3
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles1 7651 98312.417 16715 877-7.5
81 Prefabricated buildings.170110-35.7982971-1.1
82 Furniture and parts thereof2232292.71 9011 787-6.0
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.81022.56766-0.7
84 Articles of apparel and accessories669746.044853419.3
85 Footwear2015-23.885860.7
87 Professional and scientific instruments77598727.39 0037 019-22.0
88 Photographic and optical goods202316.8171160-6.7
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s4835136.24 5105 25416.5
 
9 Commodities and transactions8270-14.0543542-0.1
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind01636.001698.9
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender10-88.7111-88.1
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)8170-14.05325401.7

Table 7 
Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.
ImportsExports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
August 2016August 2017August 2016August 2017
Total396 312427 9828.0482 349547 13713.4
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries79 76686 2908.261 62374 07320.2
EFTA6 2876 94010.44 7115 0106.3
EU247 493263 6436.5378 246436 91415.5
OECD301 548330 3739.6421 110487 12715.7
Developing countries76 90178 1131.644 45242 273-4.9
LDC - least developed countries2 7742 419-12.83 8272 411-37.0
 
Continents and countries
Europe265 958283 8526.7388 043450 42916.1
Belgium6 8216 678-2.122 02324 68412.1
Denmark21 47323 96811.620 31725 81627.1
Estonia3 1253 53613.27551 01734.7
Finland9 4279 7113.06 4727 51016.0
France13 74813 7500.031 77331 468-1.0
Greece41645910.37367491.8
Ireland2 7653 74135.37 1516 043-15.5
Iceland1 2001 87256.02 4233 07426.9
Italy12 51614 46915.66 0077 47424.4
Lithuania4 2534 85214.13 3264 20426.4
Netherlands15 34117 19412.151 32355 9599.0
Poland14 00614 9546.810 88311 9199.5
Portugal1 7101 704-0.43 3963 218-5.2
Romania1 8301 681-8.1533478-10.3
Russia6 6967 79416.41 0331 46742.0
Slovakia1 9282 13710.820224119.3
Spain9 3958 730-7.19 16812 63237.8
United Kingdom20 57421 8776.394 550122 28329.3
Switzerland5 0425 030-0.22 2841 925-15.7
Sweden47 08150 2026.631 76736 94316.3
Czech Republic4 3954 6265.31 2241 3177.6
Turkey3 9374 0182.12 6234 52872.6
Germany48 00550 3915.072 71879 1268.8
Hungary1 7851 753-1.854063517.6
Austria2 9703 44916.11 2751 3223.7
Other countires in Europe5 5195 276-4.43 5414 39724.2
 
Asia79 53689 59112.647 68445 820-3.9
Hong Kong51062722.91 179975-17.3
India2 3412 60011.11 4931 6117.9
Japan9 9539 438-5.26 2305 898-5.3
China42 90841 610-3.012 96211 580-10.7
Malaysia1 5551 78314.71 0181 67364.3
Singapore2 0512 1685.75 6596 0587.1
South Korea7 76317 332123.36 8595 255-23.4
Taiwan2 7952 8823.11 0831 1687.8
Thailand2 1682 44812.91 4511 74520.3
Vietnam2 2643 08136.11 6832 18830.0
Other countires in Asia5 2285 6227.58 0677 669-4.9
 
North and Central America35 34538 7659.729 90137 28424.7
Canada6 6439 09436.94 8187 52356.1
United States26 41227 0542.421 31026 47724.2
Other countries in North- and Central-America2 2902 61714.33 7733 284-55.0
 
South America9 3139 5462.54 0953 767-8.0
Brazil6 0576 3885.52 6322 7173.2
Chile799664-16.9776395-49.1
Peru1 1951 022-14.5647517.2
Other countries in South-America1 2621 47216.6623580-6.9
 
Africa5 4745 406-1.210 5948 666-18.2
Angola40422-94.62 9451 113-62.2
Botswana849112-86.80-.
South Africa1 1661 50128.73744119.9
Other countires in Africa3 0553 77123.47 2757 142-1.8
 
Oceania68682219.82 0311 170-42.4
Australia39855439.21 058980-7.4
New Zealand284264-7.0258155-39.9
Other countires in Oceania440.071535-95.1

Table 8 
Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.
Imports excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
August 2016August 2017August 2016August 2017
Total387 362419 0898.2255 816273 3446.9
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries79 54685 6057.647 12152 96712.4
EFTA6 2526 2610.14 6234 9587.2
EU246 185260 6585.9163 296177 7058.8
OECD296 307322 8018.9201 869218 0508.0
Developing countries73 27177 2205.440 55240 104-1.1
LDC - least developed countries2 7742 419-12.83 6392 284-37.2
 
Continents and countries
Europe264 248279 9936.0173 741190 0439.4
Belgium6 8216 678-2.17 9769 54919.7
Denmark21 46423 96411.614 80616 0278.2
Estonia3 1253 53613.27551 01734.7
Finland9 4219 7113.15 0274 997-0.6
France13 71513 7500.310 6688 902-16.6
Greece41645910.36466998.2
Ireland2 7623 74135.42 5432 355-7.4
Iceland1 1651 1932.42 3353 02129.4
Italy12 51212 154-2.95 2465 7299.2
Lithuania4 2534 85214.12 1942 70323.2
Netherlands14 94617 10814.522 92426 33014.9
Poland14 00014 9366.710 88311 1082.1
Portugal1 7101 704-0.42 9893 2187.7
Romania1 8301 681-8.1533478-10.3
Russia6 6967 79416.41 0331 46541.8
Slovakia1 9282 13710.820224119.3
Spain8 6718 7120.56 5696 5680.0
United Kingdom20 54521 7575.920 03024 44922.1
Switzerland5 0425 030-0.22 2841 925-15.7
Sweden47 05550 1996.724 44728 42716.3
Czech Republic4 3954 6265.31 2241 3177.6
Turkey3 6443 8224.92 5873 55137.3
Germany47 99449 9674.120 56820 257-1.5
Hungary1 7851 753-1.854063517.6
Austria2 9703 44916.11 2751 3223.7
Other countries in Europe5 3835 280-1.93 4573 7538.6
 
Asia72 59184 83016.945 50245 222-0.6
Hong Kong51062722.91 046975-6.8
India2 3412 60011.11 1911 48524.7
Japan9 9538 938-10.26 2305 898-5.3
China39 64541 6105.012 43811 505-7.5
Malaysia1 5551 78314.71 0181 67364.3
Singapore2 0351 567-23.05 5696 0588.8
South Korea4 09814 119244.56 6115 114-22.6
Taiwan2 7952 8823.11 0831 1687.8
Thailand2 1682 44812.91 4511 61911.6
Vietnam2 2642 65617.31 6832 18830.0
Other countries in Asia5 2275 6007.17 1827 5395.0
 
North and Central America35 05138 5149.922 10124 84312.4
Canada6 6439 09436.92 5283 01619.3
United States26 41227 0542.417 83320 28513.7
Other countries in North and Central America1 9962 36618.51 7401 542-11.4
 
South America9 3139 5462.53 6313 7673.7
Brazil6 0576 3885.52 4882 7179.2
Chile799664-16.9533395-25.9
Peru1 1951 022-14.5647517.2
Other countries in South America1 2621 47216.65465806.2
 
Africa5 4745 386-1.69 6468 320-13.7
Angola40422-94.62 9451 113-62.2
Botswana849112-86.80-.
South Africa1 1661 50128.73744119.9
Other countries in Africa3 0553 75122.86 3276 7967.4
 
Oceania68682019.51 1971 148-4.1
Australia39855439.21 058980-7.4
New Zealand284264-7.011915530.3
Other countries in Oceania42-50.02013-35.0

Table 9 
Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million

Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million
So far this year
August 2017
Total importsFood and live animals (SITC 0)Beverages and tobacco (SITC 1)Crude materials, inedible, except fuels (SITC 2)Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials (SITC 3)Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes (SITC 4)Chemicals and related products n.e.s. (SITC 5)Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material (SITC 6)Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)Miscellaneous manufactured articles (SITC 8)Commodities and transactions (SITC 9)
Total427 98228 0606 04625 24620 3964 49945 56768 816164 32464 237790
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countires)263 64317 6205 43610 35015 9632 20333 80642 782100 72234 011751
Nordic countries86 2906 4981 5685 2179 6681 2379 68116 46323 21812 042697
Developing countries78 1136 9991967 3111 1488252 5368 42527 18023 46132
Russia7 794563123791 9889666143 0826112913
India2 600535022012337162588340
Japan9 4384935303651 5976 7886299
China41 6106430166281 0145 09919 91814 7528
Singapore2 1681311424961746771 004182163
South Korea17 332202155112629 7776 97426516
United States27 0546861531731 0932604 2641 14615 6583 6173
Canada9 09422596 54716808282418682062
Brazil6 3881 64004 3790057150127286
South Africa1 5013043663600141313551014

Table 10 
Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million

Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million
So far this year
August 2017
Total exportsFood and live animals (SITC 0)Beverages and tobacco (SITC 1)Crude materials, inedible, except fuels (SITC 2)Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials (SITC 3)Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes (SITC 4)Chemicals and related products n.e.s (SITC 5)Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material (SITC 6)Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)Miscellaneous manufactured articles (SITC 8)Commodities and transactions (SITC 9)
Total547 13763 05357910 554309 1471 39936 07853 41556 49215 877542
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countries)436 91441 3123718 517280 10585621 38742 90532 5888 79181
Nordic countries74 07311 0262252 66028 9623575 8049 85811 5083 63735
Developing countries42 2739 111161 2146 9601869 2753 7799 7831 9480
Russia1 46799114040215472429107748
India1 611150164280141444621872-
Japan5 8982 442216935587078291 222165-
China11 5801 9468729555274 4847662 4426240
Singapore6 058552133 4263685155786446-
South Korea5 2551 441167281123796881 8215670
United States26 4774 090961379 5672502 1113 0525 2661 9070
Canada7 5235418595 053161673421 122216-
Brazil2 71755622903856377660233-
South Africa4111970314453511412-

Table 11 
Mainland exports by county of production.

Mainland exports by county of production.1
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
August 2016August 2017August 2016 - August 2017So far this yearAugust 2016 - August 2017
August 2016August 2017
11) County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
The whole country31 36334 55310.2255 816273 3446.9
 
County of production1
Østfold1 1211 36922.110 30411 2449.1
Akershus4614722.44 5813 525-23.1
Oslo63771612.45 7995 8110.2
Hedmark354317-10.52 6052 6060.0
Oppland4865002.94 0684 51010.9
Buskerud1 231913-25.88 9269 3034.2
Vestfold1 3881 71123.310 46514 06334.4
Telemark1 3232 18465.113 17213 9455.9
Aust-Agder246217-11.82 3082 119-8.2
Vest-Agder2 2672 4528.217 97218 7964.6
Rogaland2 3152 99929.521 18124 44915.4
Hordaland4 0235 54937.937 58144 19517.6
Sogn og Fjordane9051 09521.07 8198 81512.7
Møre og Romsdal3 2382 948-9.025 51325 086-1.7
Sør-Trøndelag1 9221 640-14.711 29412 68812.3
Nord-Trøndelag936411-56.14 6363 929-15.3
Nordland2 7152 246-17.316 41817 6767.7
Troms - Romsa60584139.04 8915 61914.9
Finnmark - Finnmárku30946550.53 6903 9055.8
Svalbard2180-100.03420-100.0
Jan Mayen--.--.
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 1251 61743.79 24310 32811.7
Re-exports of goods produced abroad3 2183 4186.228 54726 236-8.1
County not stated31847248.44 4634 4960.7

Table 12 
Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million

Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million
August 2017
Total mainland exportsDistribution by the SITC
Food, beverages and tobacco (SITC 0 and 1)Fish (subgroup of food, SITC03)Crude materials, except fuels (SITC 2 and 4)Fuels (SITC 3)Manufactured goods, except foods, beverages and tobacco (SITC 5-9)
1County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
2The text is changed from the point in time of publication of figures for March 2017. Direct transit was erroneously included.
The whole country34 5537 8747 3121 4256 11519 139
 
County of production1
Østfold1 36962517721 128
Akershus472607160395
Oslo716322301653
Hedmark31712-1250180
Oppland50010130485
Buskerud91320510860
Vestfold1 71131-701 011599
Telemark2 18425938402 081
Aust-Agder21723-19-174
Vest-Agder2 45215132702 410
Rogaland2 9992851811981 4311 086
Hordaland5 5491 1951 165422 9971 314
Sogn og Fjordane1 09540340363-629
Møre og Romsdal2 9481 5171 47611721 312
Sør-Trøndelag1 6401 1411 11736-463
Nord-Trøndelag41113613361-214
Nordland2 2461 1681 15748-1 029
Troms - Romsa8417687485-68
Finnmark - Finnmárku465347347176041
Svalbard00----
Jan Mayen------
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 617539487205562311
Re-exports of goods produced abroad23 41863204183 305
County not stated4724742240401

Table 13 
Revisions on preliminary monthly figures on imports of goods, commodity groups by SITC

Revisions on preliminary monthly figures on imports of goods, commodity groups by SITC
New figuresChange from last publication of figuresChange from first publication of figures.
NOK millionPer centPer cent
Measure period
January 2017 - July 2017
Total375 1150.21.4
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)8 88311.3167.2
Imports excl. ships and oil platforms366 233-0.1-0.1
 
0 Food and live animals24 3810.0-0.1
00 Live animals other than animals of div.031470.0-0.1
01 Meat and meat preparations9180.0-0.1
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs7300.00.0
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof2 4670.00.0
04 Cereals and cereal preparations2 9000.00.0
05 Vegetables and fruit7 3960.00.0
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey8960.40.8
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices2 2160.0-0.2
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)3 6490.0-0.2
09 Miscellaneous edible products3 0640.0-0.2
 
1 Beverages and tobacco5 2930.00.0
11 Beverages3 4980.00.0
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures1 7950.00.2
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels21 6030.10.1
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw100.0-0.9
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits1 294-0.1-0.1
23 Crude rubber860.0-0.4
24 Wood, lumber and cork2 7990.0-0.2
25 Pulp and waste paper312-0.3-0.4
26 Textile fibres and their waste670.0-0.2
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales1 718-0.10.1
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap13 5440.20.3
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials1 773-0.2-0.1
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials18 0500.03.1
32 Coal, coke and briquettes1 2190.00.1
33 Petroleum, petroleum products15 4030.03.6
334 Petroleum oils, other than crude10 0450.00.2
34 Gas , natural and manufactured3760.01.7
342 Liquefied propane and butane2970.00.0
35 Electric current1 0520.00.3
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes3 7030.00.0
41 Animal oils and fats1 4460.0-0.1
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated2 1480.00.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed1090.0-0.2
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.39 4310.00.0
51 Organic chemicals5 1200.20.3
52 Inorganic chemicals2 9690.0-0.2
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials1 997-0.2-0.4
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products10 5150.00.1
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc4 1630.0-0.1
56 Fertilizers1 4901.00.8
57 Plastics in primary forms2 7590.0-0.3
58 Plastics in non-primary forms3 367-0.2-0.3
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.7 053-0.1-0.3
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material60 9260.0-0.2
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins3160.00.0
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.2 837-0.1-0.2
63 Cork and wood manufactures4 375-0.1-0.2
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof4 227-0.1-0.1
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles4 464-0.1-0.2
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.5 270-0.1-0.2
67 Iron and steel7 920-0.1-0.3
68 Non-ferrous metals5 4240.0-0.5
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.26 0930.0-0.2
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment145 8060.53.6
71 Power generating machinery and equipment8 015-1.5-2.0
72 Machinery for special industries14 565-0.1-0.1
73 Metal working machinery908-0.1-0.2
74 General industrial machinery and equipment17 620-0.1-0.4
75 Office machines, data processing machines9 214-0.1-0.4
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.13 948-0.1-0.2
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus18 3180.0-0.1
78 Road vehicles43 1890.0-0.2
79 Other transport equipment including ships20 0304.737.0
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles55 238-0.1-0.3
81 Prefabricated buildings.4 8630.0-0.1
82 Furniture and parts thereof9 015-0.1-0.4
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.980-0.1-0.1
84 Articles of apparel and accessories10 9180.0-0.2
85 Footwear3 174-0.1-0.1
87 Professional and scientific instruments9 403-0.1-0.4
88 Photographic and optical goods1 7200.0-0.3
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s15 1660.0-0.4
 
9 Commodities and transactions6840.00.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind2440.00.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender7-0.20.4
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)4330.00.0

Table 14 
Revisions on preliminary monthly figures on exports of goods, commodity groups by SITC

Revisions on preliminary monthly figures on exports of goods, commodity groups by SITC
New figuresChange from last publication of figuresChange from first publication of figures
NOK MillionPer centPer cent
Measure period
January 2017 - July 2017
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total481 8420.1-0.6
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)127 2210.00.0
Natural gas (SITC 343)104 6090.0-6.7
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)2 9920.00.0
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)8 2307.0159.4
Mainland exports238 7910.0-0.2
 
0 Food and live animals55 261-0.1-0.2
00 Live animals other than animals of div.0319-0.1-0.2
01 Meat and meat preparations141-0.2-0.7
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs4440.20.3
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof51 766-0.1-0.2
04 Cereals and cereal preparations2090.0-0.3
05 Vegetables and fruit900.0-0.8
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey240.0-0.3
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices2170.00.0
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)1 408-0.1-0.6
09 Miscellaneous edible products9430.0-0.1
 
1 Beverages and tobacco4970.0-0.2
11 Beverages4910.0-0.2
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures60.00.0
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels9 3080.0-0.2
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw3730.00.4
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits30.00.0
23 Crude rubber310.0-0.3
24 Wood, lumber and cork1 8630.0-0.8
25 Pulp and waste paper1 7010.0-0.1
26 Textile fibres and their waste1460.00.0
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales2 115-0.1-0.1
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap2 8450.1-0.1
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials2320.00.2
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials272 6330.0-2.7
32 Coal, coke and briquettes10.02.8
33 Petroleum, petroleum products154 2230.00.0
334 Petroleum oils, other than crude23 6830.00.0
34 Gas , natural and manufactured115 3880.0-6.1
342 Liquefied propane and butane9 1830.20.2
35 Electric current3 0220.00.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes1 2200.0-0.1
41 Animal oils and fats5710.00.0
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated3000.0-0.2
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed3500.00.0
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.30 7940.0-0.2
51 Organic chemicals8 9610.0-0.3
52 Inorganic chemicals4 6250.00.1
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials1 0700.00.0
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products3 344-0.1-0.2
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc7920.0-0.1
56 Fertilizers1:::
57 Plastics in primary forms3 2100.0-0.1
58 Plastics in non-primary forms9430.0-0.2
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.7 8490.0-0.2
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material46 8140.00.2
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins400.00.0
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.4680.0-0.3
63 Cork and wood manufactures8830.0-0.2
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof2 9410.0-0.1
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles9040.00.3
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.9730.0-0.1
67 Iron and steel8 8000.0-0.2
68 Non-ferrous metals26 9380.0-0.1
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.4 8660.02.3
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment50 9491.010.1
71 Power generating machinery and equipment5 282-0.1-5.3
72 Machinery for special industries5 907-0.1-0.4
73 Metal working machinery413-0.3-0.4
74 General industrial machinery and equipment9 212-0.1-0.5
75 Office machines, data processing machines1 3840.0-1.0
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.3 542-0.3-0.3
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus7 918-0.2-0.7
78 Road vehicles4 2890.0-0.7
79 Other transport equipment including ships13 0024.465.5
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles13 8940.0-0.3
81 Prefabricated buildings.862-0.1-0.2
82 Furniture and parts thereof1 5580.0-0.6
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.56-0.3-0.9
84 Articles of apparel and accessories4370.0-0.5
85 Footwear710.0-0.9
87 Professional and scientific instruments6 0320.0-0.2
88 Photographic and optical goods136-0.5-1.3
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s4 7420.0-0.4
 
9 Commodities and transactions4720.00.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind00.00.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender10.00.0
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)4710.00.0

About the statistics

The external trade statistics comprise the development in Norway's trade with other countries in terms of value and volume figures. Aggregated as well as detailed imports and exports figures between Norway and partner countries, trade regions and continents are provided.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Imports and exports
Imports comprise mainly foreign manufactured goods entering Norway. This can also include re-importation of originally Norwegian-produced goods and processed goods. Exports comprise domestically produced goods sent out of Norway, i.e. the Norwegian statistical territory as defined in Section of population. Also included are reexportation of originally foreign-produced goods and processed goods.

Trade in goods is based on the physical movement of goods across borders, but for some items, such as ships, oil platforms and aircraft, trading often takes place without the occurrence of such movement. Whether there has been an import or export of such goods is therefore determined based on whether a change in economic ownership has taken place cf. also described in the Section of population. Economic ownership is defined as the person entitled to claim the economic benefit and who has the legal responsibility for the risk of the item.

Mainland exports
As from March 2013, the statistics on external trade in goods will use the term mainland exports on the exportation of goods other than crude oil, natural gas, natural gas condensates, ships and oil platforms. Previously, we also used the term traditional goods for these exports, as well as for imports excluding ships and oil platforms. (Balance of payments and the research department still use the term traditional goods. The balance of payments also includes items such as naphtha, propane and butane in its collective term crude oil and natural gas, external trade in goods does not.)

Goods

A good is a physical object. Trade in goods, both relate to and are bound by trade in services. Services are more intangible by nature than goods. Production and consumption of goods is often independent of each other, while a service is difficult to distinguish in the same manner. Sometimes it is difficult to determine whether an object is a commodity or a service, e.g. software. Software may be defined as a service even if it is stored in a physical product and production and consumption take place independently. The content, i.e. the developed software, is mostly a service.

Country
Country of origin is used for imports. With regard to exports, the country of destination is used.

For raw materials, the country of origin is determined according to where the goods are produced. For manufactured goods (processed and refined goods), this is the country in which the goods have obtained the form they have at the time of import. The country of destination is defined as the country, which, on the date of export, is the last known country for which the goods are intended.

For more specific principles in relation to country of origin, the rule for ships, aircraft and oil platforms is that country of origin is the country that previously owned the goods (economic ownership). For Norwegian-produced goods sold abroad and subsequently bought in Norway, the country from which the goods are imported shall be given as the country of origin (manufacturing country).

Mode of transport
Mode of transport is defined as the means of transportation used when goods cross the border, either by import or export (in the Database for Standard Classifications there is a detailed description of mode of transport ).

Quantity
For most goods, the quantity is expressed in kilograms (weight excluding packaging), except for ships and electricity, which are measured by gross tonnes and kWh respectively. However, for many goods, the quantity is also available in a different unit of measurement, such as pieces, barrels, cubic metres, carat, litres, pairs etc.

Statistical value
Statistical value is the value when crossing the Norwegian border. Duties, VAT and other taxes are not included in the statistical value.

Upon import, the value should be set to the CIF (Cost Insurance Freight) value, i.e. the value of the goods at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with the delivery of goods to the border, transport costs and insurance. Similarly, for exports it is the value at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with transporting it there, called FOB (Free On Board) value. CIF and FOB are two types of delivery terms called Incoterms. The delivery terms are an agreement between buyer and seller as to who bears the risk, responsibility and cost of transportation of the goods to the agreed place. In the Database for Standard Classifications there is an overview of the different delivery terms .

For crude oil exported by ship directly from installations on the Norwegian continental shelf, the value upon departure from the installation is used. In the case of crude oil and natural gas that is piped abroad, this value is determined based onon when it leaves the Norwegian continental shelf. The value of transport in international waters and into a terminal abroad is regarded as export of services.

The statistical value of exports and imports of ships is the transfer value including takeover of debt. With regard toto fish landed abroad (exported) by Norwegian vessels and caught outside the Norwegian customs border, the statistical value is the value of the fish paid to the fishing operator upon the sale of stock (minus the sales organisation fee).

County of production
The county of production is defined as the county in which the added value is greatest.

Standard classifications

Classification of goods
The classification by HS (the international customs and statistics nomenclature, the Harmonized System) is a 6-digit grouping of goods organised primarily according to the material characteristics of goods at the time of crossing the border. Only in exceptional cases is the later use of the goods of any significance to the classification. The WCO (World Customs Organization) is responsible for this nomenclature.

The Norwegian customs tariff is based on the HS, but has two more digits, which are national codes. The 7th digit reflects national customs divisions/tariff rates (bound in the WTO - World Trade Organization). The 8th digit is used to cover the national statistical needs and and among others the interests of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority and Ministry of Foreign Affairs interests with regard to import and export regulations. In some cases, the 8th digit is also used to distinguish between goods subject to duties and/or fees. The Norwegian version is published annually on our website along with a text version of the nomenclature developed by Statistics Norway. The detailed commodity list , which includes all commodity numbers, also provides information about the validity of each commodity number.

Due to technological developments and changes in international trade, the HS nomenclature is normally updated every 5 years – with the most recent implementation on 1 January 2012. In addition, minor changes are made in the Norwegian customs tariff every year. The EU also uses the nomenclature of the HS in its publication of foreign trade figures. However, the EU version; the Combined Nomenclature (CN) - which also has eight digits - is more detailed than the Norwegian version. As mentioned previously, only the first 6 digits are common internationally.

When publishing external trade figures, the UN Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) is mainly used. Here the goods are grouped by level of processing (raw materials, semi-finished and finished goods). As from 1988 to 2006, the SITC-Rev.3 is used, but as of 2007 the SITC-Rev. 4 is used.

The classification BEC (Broad Economic Categories); the UN classification of commodities by end use, which is based on the SITC, is also used to some extent. This classification is not considered to be a "standard classification" in the same way as for example the SITC, and it is officially acknowledged that countries may have their own version of this grouping in order to satisfy national needs. In the Database for Standard Classifications the Norwegian version of this classification is found.

The various nomenclatures are listed on the UN’s website , as well as correspondence tables between the different nomenclatures HS, SITC and BEC and their different versions.

The product classification CPA divides goods by industry group, and in external trade we use extracts from this. CPA (Statistical Classification of Productivity by Activity in the European Community) is the EU's central Product by Activity classification. It is a product group that is closely linked to industry, i.e. distinctive products within each activity can be linked to the activity classification NACE Rev.2.

Grouping by country
The Norwegian list of countries used follows the international standard ISO-3166. EU countries use the same standard, except for some deviations of less importance.

In the external trade publications these country groupings are frequently used:

Nordic countries - trade with Sweden, Denmark, Greenland, Faroe Islands, Finland, Åland and Iceland
EFTA - trade with Iceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein
EU – in the Database for standard classifications current member states at any given time is available
OECD - for current member states at any given time see the OECD's website

Developing countries – as from 2007, the figures are according to the OECD’s DAC (DAC stands for Development Assistance Committee) for definitions of countries at any given time that are recognised as recipients of official foreign aid. The DAC list also includes a section on LDCs (Least Developed Countries - defined by the UN) - which we also use in the statistics.
(Until 2006, these countries were defined as developing countries in the Norwegian trade statistics: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), Croatia, Macedonia, Malta, Slovenia - Africa except South Africa - Asia excluding Japan, North and South America except USA, Canada and Greenland - Oceania except Australia and New Zealand.)

Former Comecon (only European Comecon countries in the Norwegian trade statistics): Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Estonia, Georgia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Hungary, Uzbekistan.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: External trade in goods
Topic: External economy

Next release

Responsible division

Division for External Trade

Regional level

Statistics on imports and exports of goods are published at country level. Export figures are also given by county of production.

Frequency and timeliness

Monthly figures are released on the 15th of the month after the observation period (the previous month), or the first subsequent working day. These figures are preliminary. With regard to the current year, all the monthly figures are updated in every publication

Corresponding yearly figures are published together with the monthly figures for December. With regard to the current year, all the monthly figures are updated in every publication. Final figures for the preceding year are released twice. For the first time in May the following year, while the corrected final figures are published in May one year later.

International reporting

Reports are sent to the EU statistical office (Eurostat), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization (WTO), International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the United Nations (UN).

Microdata

Non-revised and revised micro data are stored in accordance with Statistics Norway's guidelines for storing computer files (DataDok).

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the external trade statistics is to provide information about the commodity flows between Norway and other countries. Exports and imports are important economic indicators both in describing structural changes and in monitoring the economic trends. The monthly statistics of external trade in goods have been published since 1913 (value figures were published for the first time in 1866).

With regard to essential changes in the statistics, the commodity classification in line with the Harmonised System that was introduced in 1988 entailed a comprehensive restructuring of the distribution at a detailed level in relation to the earlier CCCN nomenclature (the Customs Cooperation Council Nomenclature).

The statistics are mainly financed from State assignments, but also rely to some extent on market income.

Users and applications

The external trade statistics are a part of the national and international statistical system, and are used in the compilation of the national accounts and the balance of payment statistics in Statistics Norway. The statistics are aimed at covering the business sector’s need for data in this area for their planning of production, marketing and sales.

The statistics are also intended for prognoses and analyses performed by public authorities, research institutions and private organisations. International organisations such as the UN´s statistical office, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD),  the statistical office of the EU (Eurostat) and others make use of the information provided in the external trade statistics.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The figures for external trade statistics are an important part of the quarterly balance of payments and national accounts and the annual national accounts .

Operational accounts (balance of payments comprises operating accounts and capital accounts), however, include several items on both the export and import side that are not included in the statistics on external trade. This applies to the export and import of services in their entirety. External trade statistics only cover the non-financial sector, while the balance of payments cover all institutional sectors (the non-financial sector produces goods and non-financial services, while financial firms are mainly concerned with financial disclosure and financial assistance services).

The balance of payments also collects estimates of trade in goods which are transported directly from abroad to the Norwegian continental shelf, imports of fuel and other oil products to Norwegian ships, aircraft and units abroad. Moreover the external account interprets some of the goods from the external trade statistics in goods as a service, such as computer games, software and licenses.

In the publication of the figures for external trade we give figures for crude oil, natural gas and condensates, while the balance of payments use the collective term “crude oil and natural gas”. Terms in foreign accounts also encompass items such as naphtha, propane and butane, while the external trade statistics do not.

In addition to the statistics mentioned, external trade figures are included in many of the other statistics published by Statistics Norway, for example:

- Exports of salmon ,  weekly figures of salmon exports are published in addition to the regular monthly trade figures
- Indices of volume and price of external trade in goods mainly use external trade data as the basis for calculating figures. In addition, the total number of imports and exports, as well as fish and some selected commodity numbers for waste paper and scrap metal, are used as basic data in the producer price index  and the  price index of first-hand domestic sales
- External trade data are also used as basic data for statistics on transport  , the external trade in ICT goodsstatistics on fishery and emissions of greenhouse gases

 

Mirror statistics
Mirror statistics, in the context of external trade statistics, refer to a comparison between the statistics of two or more countries: exports of goods from one country should in principle equal the imports of the same goods in the partner country.

However, discrepancies are often identified in these figures for several reasons. Although there are international guidelines for the production of external trade statistics, there may still be differences in what the countries include. An example is differences in the usage of statistical trade systems, general or special trade, which causes delimitations to the statistics content. Countries may also have different methods for data collecting and processing, which can create distortions. Furthermore, some countries collect data from customs authorities and others directly from companies. 

Basically, there should be a certain difference in value between the countries, as the exporting country provides the FOB-value while the importing country in addition to this adds costs for insurance and freight all the way to the location of delivery, the CIF-value (see Definitions). Some countries collect data from customs authorities, others directly from companies. A common source of error between countries is caused by different information about which is the country of destination. Different threshold-values for inclusion of data can also create distortions, f.ex. in Norwegian external trade statistics, declarations with value less than NOK 1 000 are excluded from the import statistics. Other countries may have other delimitations. Different practise of confidentiality and demands for confidentiality, inaccurate definitions of certain commodities as well as conscious and unconscious misuse of codes can lead to use of different classification codes between countries.

From a Norwegian point of view, there is a need for comparing external trade data with the corresponding statistics of our main trading partners, principally European countries. It is in this context important to have knowledge of the rules practiced by the individual partners.

The Statistical Office of the European Union, Eurostat, publishes external trade data for EU countries, totally for the Union and separate for each member country. This statistics are produced according to EU regulations, which defines external trade as trade between the European Union trade and third countries. As a consequence of this, exports to countries in the EU from a non EU-member state are recorded as imported to EU in the first country where the goods cross the borders of the European Union. When forwarding the goods to the country of destination, the good is recorded as an item dispatched from the EU-country that first received the goods. Information about the country of origin of the commodity is not included in the records. Several of the EU-countries publishes in addition to the data presented in the Eurostat database, Comext ,  separately external trade statistics produced after national methodology. For information about this, consult Eurostat's annual report: Quality report on International trade statistics .

 

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§ 2-1, 2-2 and 3-2

EEA reference

EU regulations incorporated into the EEA agreement comprise contractual obligations pursuant toto EC regulations onon data collection and distribution of data to the EU’s statistical office, Eurostat. The current regulations are as follows:

Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries and repealing of Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/95

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 92/2010 of 2 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards data exchange between customs authorities and national statistical authorities, compilation of statistics and quality assessment

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 113/2010 of 9 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards trade coverage, definition of the data, compilation of statistics on trade by business characteristics and by invoicing currency, and specific goods or movements

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 1106/2012 of 27 November 2012 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards the update of the nomenclature of countries and territories

Production

Population

Statistics area and the economic territory
The scope of foreign trade statistics is based on international guidelines from the United Nations Statistical Commission.

The general recommendation is that the statistics should include all goods which add to or subtract from the stock of material resources of a country by entering (imports) or leaving (exports) its economic territory. In addition to the geographical dimension, a country's economic territory also includes ships, aircraft and oil platforms owned by national corporations. These are goods that are not necessarily located within the geographic area, but are still viewed as part of the material resources of a country. For these goods external trade is measured by the change of economic ownership.

There are two different statistical trade systems - the general trade system and the special trade system. UN recommends using the general trade system where a country's statistical area coincides with its economic territory. This implies that goods are recorded at the time they enter or leave the economic territory. The special trade system is used when the statistical area covers only a part of the economic territory. Statistics Norway follows, with a few exceptions, the general trade system.

The Norwegian economic territory consists of mainland Norway, Svalbard, Jan Mayen, Norwegian dependencies, territorial waters, including the airspace above these, the economic zone, the Norwegian part of the continental shelf, territorial enclaves abroad (embassies, consulates, military bases, research stations) and Norwegian ships, aircraft and oil platforms.

External trade statistics is mainly based on information drawn from customs declarations. However, the responsible area of the customs authorities only covers mainland Norway and its territorial waters. As a supplement, data on important trade in goods to and from the remaining areas of the economic territory are collected directly from respondents and registers.

The following are defined as statistical area:

Mainland Norway and its territorial waters
Customs declarations contain information on physical flows of goods crossing the customs border. Imports and export that are exempted from ordinary declaration are referred to in the Customs Act §§ 4-10 and 4-11. According to the recommendations from the UN, some flows of goods should be excluded from the statistics. This includes trade in Norwegian goods between the customs area and other parts of the Norwegian economic territory. To the extent possible, trade in foreign goods to and from foreign enclaves, ships, aircraft and oil platforms located in Norway are omitted. To distinguish this type of transactions customs procedure codes from the declarations are used. In general, trade transactions are recorded at the time when the goods enter or leave the customs territory. However there are some exceptions, cf. the treatment of goods in customs warehouses.

There are four different types of customs warehouses. Goods waiting on declearance,can be stored in either a general or a central warehouse. For imports the time of recording is set when the goods are taken out of the warehouse and not when they arrived in the economic territory. This means that the statistical processing of these data follows the special trade principle. However, in practice the time difference between storage and withdrawals from warehouses is usually so small that the statistical processing is considered to be approximately equal to the general trade principle. For the remaining two types of customs warehouse; duty free and storage for further processing, the statistical treatment is according to the general trade system.

Customs declarations of exports and imports of electric current do not provide enough information for statistical purposes, and data is therefore obtained directly from the respondent.

Svalbard and Jan Mayen
Import transported through the Norwegian mainland to Svalbard and Jan Mayen should be declared by customs. Data on exports of coal transported directly from Svalbard are collected directly from the respondents.

The Norwegian part of the continental shelf
Imports via the Norwegian mainland to Norwegian owned installations and vessels that operate on the continental shelf should be declared by customs. Exports of crude oil and natural gas delivered directly from the continental shelf are based on data from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate and the different operators.

Norwegian owned ships, aircraft and oil platforms
Exports and imports of ships, aircraft and oil platforms are based on information from Norwegian ship registers as well as from different respondents. Export of Norwegian goods (excluding bunkers) to foreign ships and aircraft in Norwegian ports and airports are covered by customs declarations.

Data on exports of fish caught by Norwegian fishing vessels outside the customs area and landed abroad is obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries.

 

In accordance with the UN recommendations the following trade in goods are not included in the statistics:

  • Goods in transit, ie goods attending the Norwegian economic territory to be directly transported to a recipient outside this area
  •  Goods traded through intermediate trade, ie goods transported between two foreign countries without entering the Norwegian economic territory
  • Goods physically crossing the country border, but defined as a service (including newspaper subscriptions, accompanied baggage, household goods)
  • Content delivered electronically (including e-books, downloadable games, etc.), defined purely as a service
  • Issued banknotes, securities and monetary gold
  • Samples, gifts and promotional material etc. with a low value
  •  Goods for repair or return after repair
  •  Goods in unaltered condition in return to vendor (claims etc.) and waste containers, replacement deliveries and free repairs (warranty)
  •  Items for temporary use, that are returned within 12 months (exhibition, demonstration, scientific research, loan, professional equipment, transport vehicles in international traffic, containers, equipment in use for the press, radio and television equipment, etc.)
  •  Change in ownership of non-financial assets
  •  Goods that are damaged on the journey to and from the Norwegian economic territory
  •  Satellites equipment moved to and launched in other countries without any change of ownership
  •  Goods functioning as means of transport (ship, aircraft, packaging, etc.)
  • Waste and scrap without any commercial value

 Furthermore goods totalling less than NOK 1 000 are omitted, these goods amounts to less than one per cent of the import and about 0.04 per cent of the export. Imports of goods for less than NOK 200 and exports of goods less than NOK 5.000 (except from goods that are subject to taxes and restrictions) are not subject to declaration by the Customs.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are mainly based on administrative information obtained from TVINN, which is the Norwegian Customs’ electronic information system for the exchange of customs declarations between businesses and Norwegian Customs. Some data is, however, obtained from other sources, and more information on this can be found in the paragraph on data collection.

Sampling is not not relevant as external trade is a total count of the goods defined in the population.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection

The vast majority of the data is, as mentioned, collected through the Customs’ TVINN register and transmitted electronically to Statistics Norway. However, some additional data, as shown below, is obtained separately.

Exports of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state
Preliminary and final figures for exported volumes of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state are collected through monthly reports from the operators and the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate. The prices, however, are obtained via various sources depending on whether they relate to crude oil or natural gas, and whether the data is being collected to compile preliminary or final figures.

From 2013 on, the development in the in gas prices from the producer price index (PPI) used to calculate the preliminary gas prices for foreign trade, while the level will be based on the value determined from the last registered price. PPI obtain figures for natural gas from the journal World Gas Intelligence (WGI).

Preliminary oil prices are still based on data from the operators.

For crude oil, the final prices: quarterly surveys from the licensees, as well as information from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate, the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy and the operators.

For natural gas, final prices: a quarterly average price based on information from a selection of licensees and operators.

Due to insufficient information about country of destination there are from 2013 on changes in the dissemination of the figures of exports of natural gas in gaseous state. From 2013, country of destination according to these figures will be based on the landing point of the pipelines with natural gas from the Norwegian continental shelf.

Imports and exports of ships and oil platforms
The data collection for vessels is based on current information from the Norwegian ship registers the Norwegian Ordinary Ship Register (NOR) and the Norwegian International Ship Register (NIS).

When it comes to oil platforms, information is collected from the Norwegian ship registers, the Customs’ TVINN register and importer/exporter.

Imports and exports of electricity
From 2016 information is collected from Customs' TVINN register. In previous years this information was received from the Nordic Power Exchange Nord Pool.

Imports and exports of aircraft
For some aircrafts, monthly reports are received from Statistics Sweden, while the rest are obtained through regular declarations in the TVINN system.

Exports of coal from Svalbard
Reports on the export of coal from Svalbard are received monthly from the exporter. 

Exports of fish caught by Norwegian vessels outside the Norwegian customs border
Since July 2010, the figures have been obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries (FDIR). Prior to that, the information was gathered through TVINN.

 

Data editing

Information from customs declarations is subject to statistical controls in the Customs declaration system (TVINN). The controls to check the estimated price, quantity and country were developed by the Customs in cooperation with Statistics Norway.

Data controls at Statistics Norway take place at different levels - some as soon as the data is loaded into the system (automatic recoding of variables). The manual part of the revision consists of different types of validity and probability tests. The former are controls of absolute errors, such as missing transport code, while the other type of test may check unlikely country codes or unreasonably high quantities for a specific type of good. The system aims to intercept the most serious errors in the data. Data collected from sources other than the Customs also undergo similar checks.

 

Estimations

External trade is based on a total count but some items are excluded, cf. section of population. There is no need for any statistical estimations of current figures, only aggregations, in order to enable us to publish in a timely manner.

 

Seasonal adjustment

 The seasonal adjustment method, which is used for the foreign trade monthly value series and the quarterly volume series, consists of pre-treatment of the values for the individual series using the seasonal adjustment programme X12-ARIMA. It was developed by the US Bureau of the Census, and is one of the most internationally known methods for seasonal adjustment. The purpose of the seasonally-adjusted figures is to show the real economic trends by eliminating interference caused by seasonal variations. There are two important corrections: one method adjusts for the number of weekdays of different kinds in each month. This can be important, since it is probable that exports and imports are distributed unevenly throughout the week. The second important correction is for the Easter holidays, since Easter can fall in different months and different quarters of the year. We assume that both imports and exports are affected the week before Easter, in the Easter week itself and the week after Easter. No special corrections are made for other holidays in the year.

Confidentiality

The Statistics Act § 2-6 covers the disclosure of information. The requirements for confidentiality in external trade of goods are practised so that data is suppressed only when the establishment/enterprise has a valid reason for confidential treatment and actively asks for it. This is called "passive confidentiality" and is in line with UN recommendations. This method is used by most countries. Exporters/importers can demand suppression when there are 3 or fewer companies that import or export an item type, or when a company has a market share of over 90 per cent, or if two firms have a market share of over 95 per cent.

Since Norway has a number of major manufacturers that are dominant in some product areas, some suppression of information exists on the export side. Between 5 and 10 per cent of mainland exports are affected by confidentiality. For imports, it is far less; around 1 per cent. Some commodity areas are more problematic with regard to dissemination, since suppression on highly aggregated levels must be carried out.

Comparability over time and space

The six-digit HS-based commodity classification is subject to revisions due to technological development and also development in the commodity spectres of the international trade. These adjustments are normally made every five years. The most recent HS revision was implemented on 1 January 2012. Furthermore, national adjustments are made every year at the national eight-digit level. These revisions can create breaks in the time series for some commodity numbers. Detailed information about this is available in the yearly Commodity List External Trade. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the HS are available on the UN website .

With regard to the divisions according to the SITC, the current SITC-Rev.4 was introduced in January 2007, when it replaced the previous SITC-Rev.3 (1988-2006). The relation between the figures for the years before and after 2007 can be misleading for some commodity numbers. The degree of influence depends on the value of the commodity numbers that now have a different group affiliation. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the SITC are also available on the UN website .

For the tables that use the CPA nomenclature, the 2008 edition is used for the whole series.

Other elements influencing the comparability over time: The imports and exports of ships and oil platforms in the statistics were extended in 1991 to include transactions that concern vessels under a foreign flag with a Norwegian-registered holding company. Furthermore, the definition of developing countries was changed in 2007, which affects the figures slightly.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Collection errors can occur from incorrect values, incomplete information or misinterpretation of data on customs declarations. Examples of this are use of wrong commodity number, country code, county of production or incorrect quantity.

Other sources of error include late updates, which sometimes occur for the trade with ships and oil platforms.It is also difficult to intercept the transit trade, i.e. the buying and selling of commodities in foreign territory where a Norwegian company is one of the partners. Neither do we have a good data basis to estimate the processing exports for the preparation of goods abroad or imports for processing in Norway.
The rules for customs clearance, which entail exemption from the duty to declare for exports of goods when the value is below NOK 5 000 and exemption for imports of goods when the value is below NOK 200, lead to lower figures than the real trade. This is not the best solution for preparation of the national accounts, where these lacking figures are estimated separately.
The calculation of seasonally-adjusted data beyond the usual seasonal effects is adjusted for the fact that trade is distributed unevenly across the week and taking into account the effect of Easter, as described in the section of estimations. However, beyond this nothing in particular is done. Therefore it would be natural to assume that the seasonally-adjusted December figures should be interpreted more cautiously because of the Christmas holidays.

The export trade statistics is a full count, so there are therefore no non-response errors or sampling errors .

Revision

External trade in goods publishes preliminary figures monthly. However, further revisions of the figures continue until April/May the next year, when the final figures are published. Corrections in data mean that the monthly figures can be changed until publication of the final figures. The difference between the preliminary release of monthly statistics and the final figures is usually small for mainland exports, typically below one per cent. At the detailed level and for individual months, revisions can have greater significance, in relative terms. Oil and gas figures can undergo major revisions, particularly in relation to oil and gas prices. As stated in the section for frequency and timeliness, we make some adjustments in the final figures. These adjustments will normally be of lesser importance, but sometimes relatively large defects or errors are revealed.

Contact

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