288115
/en/utenriksokonomi/statistikker/muh/maaned
288115
statistikk
2018-01-15T08:00:00.000Z
External economy
en
muh, External trade in goods, import, export, balance of trade (export minus import), mainland exports, imports excluding ships and oil platforms, trade ( between countries, continents and trade regions), international product groups (for example hs, sitc and bec), product groups (for example food, crude oil and metals)External trade , External economy
true

External trade in goods

Updated

Next update

Key figures

24.7

NOK billion – trade surplus in December 2017

External trade in goods1
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent - so far this year
December 2017November 2017 - December 2017December 2016 - December 2017December 2017December 2016 - December 2017
1The figures are marked with the symbol *. This is Statistics Norways standard symbol for indicating preliminary figures.
2Due to the data collection method, the preliminary monthly figures published for ships and oil platforms are often incomplete. In retrospect, therefore, the trade in these goods could in some cases lead to major corrections in the figures. Please see tables 1-3 for the impact these figures have on the external trade.
Exports76 8121.56.4843 28612.2
Crude oil20 34117.5-1.8208 98311.4
Natural gas20 71712.725.8199 63924.2
Natural gas condensates167-79.733.84 98730.7
Ships and oil platforms2361-66.8-86.610 963-10.1
Mainland exports35 225-7.49.4418 7148.2
Fish7 904-9.4-3.592 3123.5
 
Imports52 091-38.65.7683 35412.1
Ships and oil platforms2148-97.2-82.321 74412.2
 
The trade balance24 721-370.57.8159 93212.7
The mainland trade balance-16 71759.7-2.8-242 896-19.6

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million

Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million
Total importsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2013527 722516 826.10 896-
2014562 455549 943.6 1786 334
2015615 485588 519.8 71518 251
2016609 516590 128.19 388-
2017683 354661 610.11 53110 214
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
December 201550 99750 87750 535121-
January 201643 65743 41648 866241-
February 201649 54249 15749 813385-
March 201650 53248 81449 1691 718-
April 201650 35049 68448 328666-
May 201649 66449 27948 802385-
June 201653 79551 00048 1052 796-
July 201645 89745 07450 538823-
August 201652 87350 93849 8491 935-
September 201654 25651 21448 8493 042-
October 201652 70751 10849 4381 599-
November 201656 94651 98347 5344 963-
December 201649 29548 46050 715835-
January 201751 37848 05251 0953 326-
February 201748 84447 22250 0811 622-
March 201757 20055 89550 1361 305-
April 201743 98243 95950 83223-
May 201759 79159 08656 119705-
June 201767 14465 63461 8961 510-
July 201746 99346 06651 548927-
August 201754 79253 18751 8521 606-
September 201759 74554 65254 666984 994
October 201756 58856 35851 747230-
November 201784 80679 55573 060315 220
December 201752 09151 94356 899148-

Table 2 
Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Total exportsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exportsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2013916 532909 538.364 367.6 993-
2014909 036901 683.387 295.7 353-
2015835 267826 330.403 973.5 6113 326
2016751 399739 198.386 998.12 201-
2017843 286832 323.418 714.10 963-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
December 201566 84165 93662 93134 42034 274905-
January 201660 66560 17958 67530 81532 039486-
February 201660 39460 26359 82432 28232 942130-
March 201661 91261 84958 30033 01731 92463-
April 201661 51760 87762 88232 86131 806640-
May 201658 22558 10460 15630 56031 243121-
June 201660 35958 80160 99534 77032 8551 558-
July 201659 27458 63761 07430 14932 346637-
August 201660 00359 20961 87231 36332 552795-
September 201657 47957 25559 42834 92633 342224-
October 201668 88065 70262 22530 84830 8793 178-
November 201670 46668 80065 53533 20331 3931 665-
December 201672 22469 52066 04632 20632 7862 704-
January 201776 57172 85571 39831 82632 7493 716-
February 201769 33667 25469 37731 81533 4622 082-
March 201776 26875 05770 66038 76934 2911 211-
April 201766 94966 92669 09532 00235 12923-
May 201767 84467 44669 80435 04134 935398-
June 201767 35166 54568 70137 27034 695807-
July 201761 98961 98964 84432 12235 365--
August 201767 76367 41170 29034 46035 441351-
September 201765 47564 66967 14534 64533 780806-
October 201771 26071 14067 26437 48536 058119-
November 201775 66874 58071 24738 05436 7221 087-
December 201776 81276 45172 53535 22536 649361-

Table 3 
The trade balance. NOK Million

The trade balance. NOK Million
Exports-importsExports-imports (both excl. ships and oil platforms)Mainland exports - imports excl. ships and oil platforms
Yearly figures
2013388 809392 712-152 459
2014346 581351 740-162 649
2015219 782237 811-184 546
2016141 882149 070-203 130
2017159 932170 713-242 896
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
December 201515 84315 059-16 457
January 201617 00816 764-12 601
February 201610 85211 107-16 875
March 201611 38013 035-15 797
April 201611 16611 193-16 823
May 20168 5618 825-18 719
June 20166 5637 801-16 230
July 201613 37713 563-14 926
August 20167 1308 270-19 575
September 20163 2236 042-16 288
October 201616 17314 594-20 261
November 201613 51916 817-18 780
December 201622 92921 060-16 255
January 201725 19424 803-16 226
February 201720 49220 032-15 407
March 201719 06819 162-17 126
April 201722 96722 967-11 957
May 20178 0538 360-24 045
June 2017208910-28 365
July 201714 99615 923-13 944
August 201712 97014 225-18 727
September 20175 73010 016-20 008
October 201714 67214 783-18 873
November 2017-9 138-4 975-41 501
December 201724 72124 508-16 717

Table 4 
Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates in totalCrude oilNatural gasNatural gas condensates
UnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2013545 171.288 126.248 778.8 268
2014514 388.282 663.223 625.8 100
2015422 356.197 116.220 676.4 565
2016352 199.187 595.160 787.3 817
2017413 609.208 983.199 639.4 987
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
December 201531 51628 63611 91211 92019 49115 889113
January 201629 36426 88712 13512 43916 66214 143567
February 201627 98227 83612 24313 18915 65914 36980
March 201628 83226 99712 18712 66416 25613 522389
April 201628 01628 53914 75114 15412 95513 610310
May 201627 54429 11915 56315 15211 85913 435123
June 201624 03127 57313 44914 23810 02512 841557
July 201628 48930 02917 34416 71710 73012 193415
August 201627 84629 49918 10716 5609 59611 878144
September 201622 32924 94514 14714 9917 87310 104309
October 201634 85432 10118 20317 28316 22015 173432
November 201635 59733 49318 74318 90416 48414 271371
December 201637 31533 77020 72420 55316 47013 447121
January 201741 02937 66821 03421 56419 56116 654434
February 201735 43835 30317 78419 37317 06415 589590
March 201736 28834 15817 16318 01618 63115 539493
April 201734 92435 32318 44117 57616 05616 828426
May 201732 40634 15217 64017 03514 46616 449300
June 201729 27533 68816 03816 89312 98116 755256
July 201729 86731 74214 10513 76215 26917 303494
August 201732 95134 92917 67616 14614 80318 152472
September 201730 02433 46116 07816 96713 69717 515249
October 201733 65630 94715 36614 57118 00716 872283
November 201736 52634 40817 31717 50718 38515 961823
December 201741 22537 12820 34120 12020 71716 942167

Table 5 
Imports of goods, main groups by SITC

Imports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
December 2016December 2017December 2016 - December 2017So far this yearDecember 2016 - December 2017
December 2016December 2017
Total49 29552 0915.7609 516683 35412.1
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)835148-82.319 38821 74412.2
Imports excl. Ships and oil platforms48 46051 9437.2590 128661 61012.1
 
0 Food and live animals3 4623 5412.343 18643 3950.5
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03162026.817523232.8
01 Meat and meat preparations170131-22.91 7251 491-13.6
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs909911.01 2311 2511.6
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof265251-5.24 5044 408-2.1
04 Cereals and cereal preparations428427-0.25 2315 209-0.4
05 Vegetables and fruit9411 04110.611 94812 0731.0
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey1381508.61 7131 698-0.9
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices3243322.73 9904 1052.9
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)5755750.16 7486 9703.3
09 Miscellaneous edible products517515-0.45 9205 9570.6
 
1 Beverages and tobacco7928466.88 9429 6227.6
11 Beverages49054611.65 9246 1954.6
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures302300-0.93 0183 42713.5
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels2 8522 659-6.831 69137 55318.5
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw21-17.32516-34.7
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits14727-81.81 9082 0024.9
23 Crude rubber54-8.71241315.5
24 Wood, lumber and cork2702834.84 5134 7264.7
25 Pulp and waste paper4543-4.1555524-5.6
26 Textile fibres and their waste71039.51111197.5
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales25430721.13 0872 980-3.5
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap1 8581 699-8.518 54024 05229.7
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials2652857.32 8283 0046.2
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials2 9902 617-12.523 15632 14438.8
32 Coal, coke and briquettes13817224.21 6682 10626.3
33 Petroleum, petroleum products2 5732 030-21.119 01127 35443.9
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation2 2451 561-30.415 10418 86824.9
34 Gas , natural and manufactured66133101.31 011964-4.6
342 Liquefied propane and butane48128166.2868840-3.2
35 Electric current21328232.51 4661 72117.3
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes656481-26.77 1237 1220.0
41 Animal oils and fats283166-41.33 3302 769-16.8
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated356296-16.83 5914 12214.8
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed171910.520323113.9
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.4 7175 75822.162 75869 19110.3
51 Organic chemicals52671736.38 3128 8456.4
52 Inorganic chemicals35463278.54 6785 32213.8
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials21124817.43 3373 5285.7
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products1 4031 61815.316 03018 88017.8
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc59668715.27 2777 6254.8
56 Fertilizers206157-23.92 7702 528-8.7
57 Plastics in primary forms30333610.94 5874 8515.8
58 Plastics in non-primary forms35940813.45 6135 7853.1
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.75895726.310 15411 82616.5
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material5 9556 63411.485 878117 85637.2
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins5643-23.35665690.4
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.3043236.25 1525 2381.7
63 Cork and wood manufactures514511-0.47 3167 6304.3
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof5565936.77 6117 6190.1
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles48154513.27 1497 6416.9
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.6667137.29 2299 4882.8
67 Iron and steel9061 13325.113 77014 6926.7
68 Non-ferrous metals53380350.88 1229 62418.5
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.1 9401 9701.626 96255 355105.3
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment19 89821 1736.4245 289265 3888.2
71 Power generating machinery and equipment73981510.29 31411 73426.0
72 Machinery for special industries1 6991 8368.024 83924 328-2.1
73 Metal working machinery133108-18.71 4541 4640.7
74 General industrial machinery and equipment2 3952 4894.031 97030 482-4.7
75 Office machines, data processing machines1 7321 670-3.616 78217 1662.3
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.2 6403 02914.724 39426 3127.9
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus2 6782 9128.831 48333 2785.7
78 Road vehicles6 2457 32517.369 25278 43613.3
781 Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons4 1595 20325.143 11850 48517.1
79 Other transport equipment including ships1 636989-39.535 80142 18717.8
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles7 8798 2915.2100 38399 924-0.5
81 Prefabricated buildings.6871 02849.69 4069 5972.0
82 Furniture and parts thereof1 1711 2436.114 83615 4974.5
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.14015510.51 6431 7597.1
84 Articles of apparel and accessories1 3761 4152.920 02120 5892.8
85 Footwear3013278.75 4545 5061.0
87 Professional and scientific instruments1 4911 399-6.216 37615 930-2.7
88 Photographic and optical goods2632650.72 9203 0925.9
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s2 4492 4590.429 72627 953-6.0
 
9 Commodities and transactions9590-5.31 1101 1584.3
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.0-.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind3834-10.2483417-13.6
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender20-89.21610-39.9
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)54552.161173119.6

Table 6 
Exports of goods, main groups by SITC

Exports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK MillionChange in per cent
December 2016December 2017December 2016 - December 2017So far this yearDecember 2016 - December 2017
December 2016December 2017
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total72 22476 8126.4751 399843 28612.2
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)20 72420 341-1.8187 595208 98311.4
Natural gas (SITC 343)16 47020 71725.8160 787199 63924.2
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)12116738.03 8174 98730.7
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)2 704361-86.612 20110 963-10.1
Mainland exports32 20635 2259.4386 998418 7148.2
 
0 Food and live animals8 5648 422-1.795 27498 4583.3
00 Live animals other than animals of div.0332-31.26537-43.0
01 Meat and meat preparations152776.822428928.7
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs49525.1777759-2.2
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof8 1897 904-3.589 18792 3123.5
04 Cereals and cereal preparations233340.531738020.1
05 Vegetables and fruit131837.1245171-30.2
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey1255.47543-42.5
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices2522-10.13463799.5
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)14920335.72 4492 4550.2
09 Miscellaneous edible products9515966.81 5891 6322.7
 
1 Beverages and tobacco68702.2996916-8.0
11 Beverages68691.6981906-7.6
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures01108.81610-36.8
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels1 4141 348-4.714 83616 50511.3
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw16291-43.7698621-11.1
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits10-74.24782.0
23 Crude rubber32-13.9435014.8
24 Wood, lumber and cork255253-0.73 1193 2785.1
25 Pulp and waste paper2382546.62 5862 90112.2
26 Textile fibres and their waste1816-12.72552612.4
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales321307-4.23 7753 734-1.1
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap3803892.24 0015 23630.9
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials3636-1.135441817.9
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials41 55147 76114.9398 557482 24221.0
32 Coal, coke and briquettes01190.05163-99.5
33 Petroleum, petroleum products23 42624 4894.5219 164257 38617.4
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation2 5473 93854.627 18542 84057.6
34 Gas , natural and manufactured17 62522 75429.1173 428219 04326.3
342 Liquefied propane and butane9271 56969.310 29116 46360.0
35 Electric current4995163.55 4485 8106.6
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes195158-19.22 2012 130-3.3
41 Animal oils and fats105103-1.01 0631 057-0.5
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated4517-61.3528499-5.4
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed4637-19.2611573-6.1
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.4 0144 67616.549 52254 64910.4
51 Organic chemicals1 0551 36028.913 74915 83715.2
52 Inorganic chemicals61877425.37 4318 22110.6
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials1011076.01 5741 81915.5
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products49067337.25 8786 3648.3
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc114106-7.01 3581 4224.7
56 Fertilizers1::::::
57 Plastics in primary forms36039911.05 0865 5469.1
58 Plastics in non-primary forms8981-9.01 2931 58522.5
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.1 1881 177-0.913 15213 8555.3
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material5 4066 70324.072 45081 50412.5
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins5901 726.68115995.5
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.4642-7.966475613.9
63 Cork and wood manufactures9210716.41 4171 56410.4
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof3853921.85 2325 114-2.3
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles981002.41 5661 526-2.5
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.1011065.01 5061 6429.0
67 Iron and steel8271 30958.312 07415 04824.6
68 Non-ferrous metals3 2973 93019.240 28247 29817.4
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.55762712.79 6298 398-12.8
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment8 8245 818-34.191 05181 935-10.0
71 Power generating machinery and equipment51273643.67 0208 09215.3
72 Machinery for special industries8561 02619.812 84710 403-19.0
73 Metal working machinery50510.460180033.2
74 General industrial machinery and equipment1 7001 155-32.020 42014 828-27.4
75 Office machines, data processing machines21025119.52 3142 60812.7
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.527497-5.65 2406 18718.1
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus1 371859-37.314 59313 311-8.8
78 Road vehicles4845238.26 9677 4256.6
79 Other transport equipment including ships3 114720-76.921 04918 280-13.2
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles2 1311 785-16.225 72424 110-6.3
81 Prefabricated buildings.11388-21.91 4331 5034.9
82 Furniture and parts thereof2292290.02 8752 790-3.0
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.7813.495950.0
84 Articles of apparel and accessories658022.575592222.1
85 Footwear88-4.21321362.9
87 Professional and scientific instruments1 122810-27.813 19710 286-22.1
88 Photographic and optical goods2321-11.3278255-8.1
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s563541-3.96 9598 12316.7
 
9 Commodities and transactions557128.07868366.3
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind01.051 847.6
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender00-50.9162-85.2
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)556926.27718297.5

Table 7 
Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.
ImportsExports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
December 2016December 2017December 2016December 2017
Total609 516683 35412.1751 399843 28612.2
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries123 908133 9618.192 728114 00822.9
EFTA9 22210 92218.47 9167 749-2.1
EU379 201401 9086.0587 705678 02115.4
OECD465 105528 82213.7653 857752 64415.1
Developing countries118 339125 4436.068 04962 234-8.5
LDC - least developed countries3 7884 0025.65 4683 327-39.2
 
Continents and countries
Europe407 056434 8466.8604 992698 65615.5
Belgium11 03510 518-4.732 69640 27423.2
Denmark34 02636 8688.429 94439 61832.3
Estonia4 7655 41513.61 2011 55929.8
Finland14 67014 9111.69 97613 18332.1
France20 12020 8723.750 25254 1437.7
Greece56968019.51 0711 1022.9
Ireland4 4475 82330.911 6959 801-16.2
Iceland1 8412 92358.83 6774 52423.0
Italy18 27920 88614.39 84711 32515.0
Lithuania6 7207 42310.55 1066 22321.9
Netherlands24 30726 3158.379 84283 8145.0
Poland21 38223 0327.717 39918 8398.3
Portugal2 6202 468-5.84 7574 9824.7
Romania2 9232 434-16.776195024.8
Russia9 73212 63629.82 2682 186-3.6
Slovakia3 1833 3455.1324313-3.4
Spain13 82113 079-5.413 70319 19040.0
United Kingdom30 75632 4845.6155 502177 98514.5
Switzerland7 3137 9378.54 2363 212-24.2
Sweden72 62978 4578.048 26455 72415.5
Czech Republic6 8627 2926.31 8571 9977.5
Turkey6 5916 8834.44 1786 89064.9
Germany72 93775 8013.9107 095130 84622.2
Hungary2 7112 7360.980488510.1
Austria4 4565 05913.51 8072 14718.8
Other countires in Europe8 3618 5692.56 7306 9443.2
 
Asia126 526161 43427.672 22971 279-1.3
Hong Kong80697420.81 6801 594-5.1
India3 5103 93812.22 1602 3639.4
Japan14 26914 074-1.410 2519 882-3.6
China67 06967 1950.219 75517 002-13.9
Malaysia2 3463 29440.41 5052 13541.9
Singapore2 8413 0678.08 4829 73414.8
South Korea17 09446 239170.510 7368 303-22.7
Taiwan4 0644 1752.71 6931 6960.2
Thailand3 4275 83670.32 3602 5879.6
Vietnam3 2814 36433.02 6343 03215.1
Other countires in Asia7 8198 2785.910 97312 95118.0
 
North and Central America52 98363 27319.447 84453 13411.1
Canada10 76113 32523.88 18110 11123.6
United States39 02246 34718.831 29238 69823.7
Other countries in North- and Central-America3 2003 60112.58 3714 325-65.0
 
South America14 07514 3502.06 4915 790-10.8
Brazil9 0989 7517.24 1274 1851.4
Chile1 128958-15.11 132636-43.8
Peru1 9031 526-19.81041094.8
Other countries in South-America1 9462 1158.71 128860-23.8
 
Africa7 6838 0795.217 14212 527-26.9
Angola431254-41.13 8941 367-64.9
Botswana1 140172-84.91--100.0
South Africa1 8572 32725.31 479696-52.9
Other countires in Africa4 2555 32625.211 76810 464-11.1
 
Oceania1 1941 37114.82 7001 900-29.6
Australia67997443.41 5821 6071.6
New Zealand400393-1.8343246-28.3
Other countires in Oceania1154-96.577547-93.9

Table 8 
Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.
Imports excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
December 2016December 2017December 2016December 2017
Total590 128661 61012.1386 998418 7148.2
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries123 605133 0657.771 09679 95112.5
EFTA9 17210 0519.67 0637 6888.8
EU376 751398 5765.8246 517272 80210.7
OECD450 655508 82112.9304 018334 96410.2
Developing countries112 689123 1509.362 16859 622-4.1
LDC - least developed countries3 7884 0025.65 2813 200-39.4
 
Continents and countries
Europe403 153429 3756.5263 707292 25010.8
Belgium11 03510 518-4.711 96414 80723.8
Denmark33 95336 8638.622 21324 3109.4
Estonia4 7655 41513.61 2011 55929.8
Finland14 66414 8971.67 4117 5531.9
France20 08220 8723.916 11814 471-10.2
Greece56968019.59811 0537.3
Ireland4 4445 79230.33 9524 0051.3
Iceland1 7912 05214.63 4394 46429.8
Italy18 27518 5711.68 5078 7903.3
Lithuania6 7207 42110.43 5404 10115.8
Netherlands23 91226 2309.734 29341 13620.0
Poland20 99122 9639.417 15417 6602.9
Portugal2 6202 468-5.84 3504 89312.5
Romania2 8632 434-15.076195024.8
Russia9 63912 63631.12 1002 1844.0
Slovakia3 1833 3455.1324313-3.4
Spain12 62913 0613.49 67010 4858.4
United Kingdom30 60632 3655.729 74134 90917.4
Switzerland7 3137 9378.53 6203 212-11.3
Sweden72 59878 4518.137 33742 90014.9
Czech Republic6 8627 2926.31 8571 9977.5
Turkey5 3555 6154.94 1025 91344.1
Germany72 89175 1333.129 98531 3734.6
Hungary2 7112 7360.980488510.1
Austria4 4565 05913.51 8072 14718.8
Other countries in Europe8 2268 5694.26 4766 180-4.6
 
Asia111 446145 43430.568 76268 9060.2
Hong Kong80697420.81 5471 5943.0
India3 5103 93812.21 8592 11413.7
Japan14 26913 574-4.910 2519 882-3.6
China62 83966 8686.418 76116 927-9.8
Malaysia2 3463 29440.41 5052 13541.9
Singapore2 8262 373-16.07 8608 74311.2
South Korea6 25932 207414.610 3457 790-24.7
Taiwan4 0644 1752.71 6581 6962.3
Thailand3 4275 83670.32 3602 4614.3
Vietnam3 2813 93920.12 6343 03215.1
Other countries in Asia7 8198 2565.69 98212 53225.5
 
North and Central America52 68863 02319.631 82937 73818.6
Canada10 76113 32523.83 5364 37123.6
United States39 02246 34718.825 92830 79018.8
Other countries in North and Central America2 9053 35115.42 3652 5779.0
 
South America14 07514 3502.05 6395 7902.7
Brazil9 0989 7517.23 9834 1855.1
Chile1 128958-15.1785636-19.0
Peru1 9031 526-19.81041094.8
Other countries in South America1 9462 1158.776786012.1
 
Africa7 6838 0594.915 25012 153-20.3
Angola431254-41.13 8941 367-64.9
Botswana1 140172-84.91--100.0
South Africa1 8572 32725.36536966.6
Other countries in Africa4 2555 30624.710 70210 090-5.7
 
Oceania1 0841 36926.31 8121 8773.6
Australia67997443.41 5821 6071.6
New Zealand400393-1.820424620.6
Other countries in Oceania52-60.02624-7.7

Table 9 
Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million

Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million
So far this year
December 2017
Total importsFood and live animals (SITC 0)Beverages and tobacco (SITC 1)Crude materials, inedible, except fuels (SITC 2)Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials (SITC 3)Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes (SITC 4)Chemicals and related products n.e.s. (SITC 5)Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material (SITC 6)Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)Miscellaneous manufactured articles (SITC 8)Commodities and transactions (SITC 9)
Total683 35443 3959 62237 55332 1447 12269 191117 856265 38899 9241 158
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countires)401 90827 4338 72715 43425 1773 24150 79365 034151 52753 4311 109
Nordic countries133 96110 5382 4897 69215 2631 97814 17825 41136 12619 2441 042
Developing countries125 44310 58529010 8591 4121 4684 03415 35845 22636 17238
Russia12 636876165553 4811 5621 0004 8659418613
India3 938808138023861 0933681 2440
Japan14 07478411505502 6809 7261 0199
China67 195952126320111 6947 39433 57423 27611
Singapore3 06720218549611 0101051 410335185
South Korea46 2392942771540525 40819 969376127
United States46 3471 1022252621 8614277 0991 65428 3725 3415
Canada13 325343149 64717009073441 5193772
Brazil9 7512 84706 34900109195202389
South Africa2 3274074896100552845431414

Table 10 
Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million

Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million
So far this year
December 2017
Total exportsFood and live animals (SITC 0)Beverages and tobacco (SITC 1)Crude materials, inedible, except fuels (SITC 2)Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials (SITC 3)Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes (SITC 4)Chemicals and related products n.e.s (SITC 5)Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material (SITC 6)Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)Miscellaneous manufactured articles (SITC 8)Commodities and transactions (SITC 9)
Total843 28698 45891616 505482 2422 13054 64981 50481 93524 110836
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countries)678 02163 57960113 327440 4901 29832 79765 36546 88913 508166
Nordic countries114 00816 7003494 09746 5345268 72715 17116 1965 67138
Developing countries62 23414 651251 8929 94029213 5155 49213 4352 9920
Russia2 1861221224403886346411685 186
India2 363220255403162365730795-
Japan9 8824 4673248891121 0891 1871 744242-
China17 0023 369111 108555366 3741 2393 4089020
Singapore9 734783144 73741 0642082 395537-
South Korea8 3032 419196654206331 0182 5788850
United States38 6986 18913426012 9133763 2235 1537 6152 8350
Canada10 11182513796 747202325581 343295-
Brazil4 1851 063237171 1886051 021260-
South Africa6962930516715517193-

Table 11 
Mainland exports by county of production.

Mainland exports by county of production.1
NOK MillionChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
December 2016December 2017December 2016 - December 2017So far this yearDecember 2016 - December 2017
December 2016December 2017
11) County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
The whole country32 20635 2259.4386 998418 7148.2
 
County of production1
Østfold1 6001 092-31.816 33016 7502.6
Akershus550368-33.16 6355 323-19.8
Oslo702657-6.48 5808 5940.2
Hedmark2893045.23 8143 9493.5
Oppland520475-8.76 2286 94211.5
Buskerud7941 18449.112 83214 0279.3
Vestfold9891 982100.414 94420 70438.5
Telemark1 4181 74523.118 55420 91712.7
Aust-Agder234231-1.33 4703 079-11.3
Vest-Agder2 6882 6910.127 77229 1444.9
Rogaland3 0293 1634.432 48237 11314.3
Hordaland5 2905 7649.056 43366 62218.1
Sogn og Fjordane1 1011 2089.713 37614 2886.8
Møre og Romsdal2 8883 60824.939 15740 1212.5
Sør-Trøndelag1 5211 6196.416 94519 44114.7
Nord-Trøndelag44557128.36 9815 959-14.6
Nordland1 8272 21321.125 52827 4127.4
Troms - Romsa758642-15.37 7948 78012.7
Finnmark - Finnmárku50172143.95 6936 32011.0
Svalbard--.5150-100.0
Jan Mayen--.--.
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 3751 347-2.014 47415 91510.0
Re-exports of goods produced abroad3 1733 146-0.941 94040 729-2.9
County not stated514492-4.36 5226 5861.0

Table 12 
Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million

Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million
December 2017
Total mainland exportsDistribution by the SITC
Food, beverages and tobacco (SITC 0 and 1)Fish (subgroup of food, SITC03)Crude materials, except fuels (SITC 2 and 4)Fuels (SITC 3)Manufactured goods, except foods, beverages and tobacco (SITC 5-9)
1County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
2The text is changed from the point in time of publication of figures for March 2017. Direct transit was erroneously included.
The whole country35 2258 4927 9041 5066 53518 692
 
County of production1
Østfold1 0927131790843
Akershus368354100322
Oslo657291240604
Hedmark3041971270158
Oppland47542131457
Buskerud1 184205101 131
Vestfold1 982691581 119737
Telemark1 74519527391 660
Aust-Agder23118-17-196
Vest-Agder2 69118163112 641
Rogaland3 1634083171631 5191 073
Hordaland5 7641 2501 2201202 9951 399
Sogn og Fjordane1 20849148245-673
Møre og Romsdal3 6081 8201 76413111 656
Sør-Trøndelag1 6191 1271 11025-467
Nord-Trøndelag57128928753-228
Nordland2 2131 0991 09050-1 064
Troms - Romsa64257355910-59
Finnmark - Finnmárku721492492451813
Svalbard------
Jan Mayen------
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 34752147123551775
Re-exports of goods produced abroad23 1467717531622 854
County not stated4925956400393

Table 13 
Revisions on preliminary monthly figures on imports of goods, commodity groups by SITC

Revisions on preliminary monthly figures on imports of goods, commodity groups by SITC
New figuresChange from last publication of figuresChange from first publication of figures.
NOK millionPer centPer cent
Measure period
January 2017 - November 2017
Total631 2631.73.0
Of which:
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)21 59690.0485.5
Imports excl. ships and oil platforms609 6670.10.0
 
0 Food and live animals39 854-0.1-0.1
00 Live animals other than animals of div.032120.0-0.1
01 Meat and meat preparations1 3600.0-0.2
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs1 1510.00.0
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof4 1580.0-0.2
04 Cereals and cereal preparations4 7830.0-0.1
05 Vegetables and fruit11 0330.00.0
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey1 5480.00.4
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices3 7730.0-0.1
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)6 395-0.3-0.4
09 Miscellaneous edible products5 4420.0-0.1
 
1 Beverages and tobacco8 7760.00.0
11 Beverages5 6490.0-0.1
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures3 1270.00.0
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels34 8940.00.2
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw15-0.4-1.3
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits1 9750.00.0
23 Crude rubber127-0.3-0.8
24 Wood, lumber and cork4 4430.0-0.2
25 Pulp and waste paper4800.0-0.5
26 Textile fibres and their waste1100.0-0.1
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales2 6730.00.1
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap22 3530.10.4
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials2 7190.0-0.1
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials29 5270.45.5
32 Coal, coke and briquettes1 9340.00.1
33 Petroleum, petroleum products25 3230.56.5
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation17 3070.00.3
34 Gas , natural and manufactured8310.00.7
342 Liquefied propane and butane7120.00.0
35 Electric current1 4390.00.2
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes6 6410.0-0.5
41 Animal oils and fats2 6030.0-1.2
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated3 8260.00.0
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed2120.0-0.2
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.63 4320.00.0
51 Organic chemicals8 1280.00.5
52 Inorganic chemicals4 6910.0-0.1
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials3 2800.0-0.2
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products17 2620.10.2
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc6 9390.0-0.3
56 Fertilizers2 3720.00.8
57 Plastics in primary forms4 5160.0-0.3
58 Plastics in non-primary forms5 3770.0-0.2
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.10 8690.0-0.5
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material111 2220.0-0.2
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins5250.00.0
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.4 915-0.1-0.3
63 Cork and wood manufactures7 1190.0-0.2
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof7 0260.0-0.2
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles7 0960.0-0.3
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.8 775-0.1-0.4
67 Iron and steel13 5590.0-0.3
68 Non-ferrous metals8 8210.0-0.3
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.53 3850.0-0.2
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment244 2154.57.6
71 Power generating machinery and equipment10 9200.0-3.7
72 Machinery for special industries22 492-0.1-0.3
73 Metal working machinery1 3560.0-0.3
74 General industrial machinery and equipment27 9920.0-0.4
75 Office machines, data processing machines15 4960.0-0.3
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.23 2830.0-0.2
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus30 3660.0-0.2
78 Road vehicles71 1110.0-0.1
79 Other transport equipment including ships41 19834.278.0
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles91 6340.0-0.4
81 Prefabricated buildings.8 5690.0-0.1
82 Furniture and parts thereof14 2530.0-0.3
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.1 6050.0-0.2
84 Articles of apparel and accessories19 1740.0-0.2
85 Footwear5 1790.0-0.1
87 Professional and scientific instruments14 5320.0-0.6
88 Photographic and optical goods2 8270.0-0.3
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s25 4940.0-0.6
 
9 Commodities and transactions1 0680.00.0
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind3830.00.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender90.00.3
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)6760.00.0

Table 14 
Revisions on preliminary monthly figures on exports of goods, commodity groups by SITC

Revisions on preliminary monthly figures on exports of goods, commodity groups by SITC
New figuresChange from last publication of figuresChange from first publication of figures
NOK MillionPer centPer cent
Measure period
January 2017 - November 2017
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total766 4740.30.8
Of which:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)188 642-0.1-2.3
Natural gas (SITC 343)178 9221.03.0
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333)4 8200.02.8
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)10 6023.7105.7
Mainland exports383 4890.0-0.1
 
0 Food and live animals90 0360.0-0.2
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03350.04.3
01 Meat and meat preparations262-0.2-1.1
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs7070.10.2
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof84 4080.0-0.2
04 Cereals and cereal preparations3480.0-0.3
05 Vegetables and fruit1530.0-0.3
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey410.0-0.2
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices3570.0-0.3
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)2 2530.0-0.5
09 Miscellaneous edible products1 4730.0-0.1
 
1 Beverages and tobacco847-0.1-0.3
11 Beverages837-0.1-0.3
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures90.00.1
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels15 1570.0-0.2
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw5290.10.6
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits70.00.0
23 Crude rubber470.0-0.2
24 Wood, lumber and cork3 025-0.1-0.7
25 Pulp and waste paper2 6480.00.0
26 Textile fibres and their waste2450.00.0
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales3 4270.0-0.1
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap4 8480.0-0.1
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials382-0.1-0.6
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials434 4820.40.2
32 Coal, coke and briquettes10.0-0.9
33 Petroleum, petroleum products232 897-0.1-1.8
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation38 9020.0-0.1
34 Gas , natural and manufactured196 2890.92.8
342 Liquefied propane and butane14 893-0.10.0
35 Electric current5 2940.00.0
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes1 9720.0-0.8
41 Animal oils and fats9540.0-0.2
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated4820.0-2.6
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed5360.00.0
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.49 9720.0-0.1
51 Organic chemicals14 4770.00.0
52 Inorganic chemicals7 4460.00.0
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials1 7120.00.0
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products5 6920.0-0.1
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc1 3160.0-0.1
56 Fertilizers1:::
57 Plastics in primary forms5 1470.0-0.1
58 Plastics in non-primary forms1 5040.0-0.2
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.12 6780.0-0.1
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material74 8010.00.1
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins69-0.6-0.9
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.7140.0-2.2
63 Cork and wood manufactures1 457-0.1-0.2
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof4 7220.0-0.1
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles1 4260.00.1
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.1 5360.0-0.1
67 Iron and steel13 7390.00.0
68 Non-ferrous metals43 3680.0-0.1
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.7 7710.01.3
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment76 1170.77.3
71 Power generating machinery and equipment7 3570.0-4.0
72 Machinery for special industries9 3770.0-0.4
73 Metal working machinery749-0.1-0.8
74 General industrial machinery and equipment13 6730.0-1.1
75 Office machines, data processing machines2 3570.0-0.7
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.5 6900.0-0.5
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus12 4520.1-0.2
78 Road vehicles6 9020.0-0.5
79 Other transport equipment including ships17 5603.149.1
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles22 3250.00.1
81 Prefabricated buildings.1 4152.32.2
82 Furniture and parts thereof2 5610.0-0.4
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.860.0-0.6
84 Articles of apparel and accessories8420.0-0.2
85 Footwear1290.0-0.5
87 Professional and scientific instruments9 476-0.10.6
88 Photographic and optical goods234-0.1-0.8
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s7 582-0.2-0.5
 
9 Commodities and transactions7660.0-1.2
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.00.0
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind40.00.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender20.00.0
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)7600.0-1.3

About the statistics

The external trade statistics comprise the development in Norway's trade with other countries in terms of value and volume figures. Aggregated as well as detailed imports and exports figures between Norway and partner countries, trade regions and continents are provided.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Imports and exports
Imports comprise mainly foreign manufactured goods entering Norway. This can also include re-importation of originally Norwegian-produced goods and processed goods. Exports comprise domestically produced goods sent out of Norway, i.e. the Norwegian statistical territory as defined in Section of population. Also included are reexportation of originally foreign-produced goods and processed goods.

Trade in goods is based on the physical movement of goods across borders, but for some items, such as ships, oil platforms and aircraft, trading often takes place without the occurrence of such movement. Whether there has been an import or export of such goods is therefore determined based on whether a change in economic ownership has taken place cf. also described in the Section of population. Economic ownership is defined as the person entitled to claim the economic benefit and who has the legal responsibility for the risk of the item.

Mainland exports
As from March 2013, the statistics on external trade in goods will use the term mainland exports on the exportation of goods other than crude oil, natural gas, natural gas condensates, ships and oil platforms. Previously, we also used the term traditional goods for these exports, as well as for imports excluding ships and oil platforms. (Balance of payments and the research department still use the term traditional goods. The balance of payments also includes items such as naphtha, propane and butane in its collective term crude oil and natural gas, external trade in goods does not.)

Goods

A good is a physical object. Trade in goods, both relate to and are bound by trade in services. Services are more intangible by nature than goods. Production and consumption of goods is often independent of each other, while a service is difficult to distinguish in the same manner. Sometimes it is difficult to determine whether an object is a commodity or a service, e.g. software. Software may be defined as a service even if it is stored in a physical product and production and consumption take place independently. The content, i.e. the developed software, is mostly a service.

Country
Country of origin is used for imports. With regard to exports, the country of destination is used.

For raw materials, the country of origin is determined according to where the goods are produced. For manufactured goods (processed and refined goods), this is the country in which the goods have obtained the form they have at the time of import. The country of destination is defined as the country, which, on the date of export, is the last known country for which the goods are intended.

For more specific principles in relation to country of origin, the rule for ships, aircraft and oil platforms is that country of origin is the country that previously owned the goods (economic ownership). For Norwegian-produced goods sold abroad and subsequently bought in Norway, the country from which the goods are imported shall be given as the country of origin (manufacturing country).

Mode of transport
Mode of transport is defined as the means of transportation used when goods cross the border, either by import or export (in the Database for Standard Classifications there is a detailed description of mode of transport ).

Quantity
For most goods, the quantity is expressed in kilograms (weight excluding packaging), except for ships and electricity, which are measured by gross tonnes and kWh respectively. However, for many goods, the quantity is also available in a different unit of measurement, such as pieces, barrels, cubic metres, carat, litres, pairs etc.

Statistical value
Statistical value is the value when crossing the Norwegian border. Duties, VAT and other taxes are not included in the statistical value.

Upon import, the value should be set to the CIF (Cost Insurance Freight) value, i.e. the value of the goods at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with the delivery of goods to the border, transport costs and insurance. Similarly, for exports it is the value at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with transporting it there, called FOB (Free On Board) value. CIF and FOB are two types of delivery terms called Incoterms. The delivery terms are an agreement between buyer and seller as to who bears the risk, responsibility and cost of transportation of the goods to the agreed place. In the Database for Standard Classifications there is an overview of the different delivery terms .

For crude oil exported by ship directly from installations on the Norwegian continental shelf, the value upon departure from the installation is used. In the case of crude oil and natural gas that is piped abroad, this value is determined based onon when it leaves the Norwegian continental shelf. The value of transport in international waters and into a terminal abroad is regarded as export of services.

The statistical value of exports and imports of ships is the transfer value including takeover of debt. With regard toto fish landed abroad (exported) by Norwegian vessels and caught outside the Norwegian customs border, the statistical value is the value of the fish paid to the fishing operator upon the sale of stock (minus the sales organisation fee).

County of production
The county of production is defined as the county in which the added value is greatest.

Standard classifications

Classification of goods
The classification by HS (the international customs and statistics nomenclature, the Harmonized System) is a 6-digit grouping of goods organised primarily according to the material characteristics of goods at the time of crossing the border. Only in exceptional cases is the later use of the goods of any significance to the classification. The WCO (World Customs Organization) is responsible for this nomenclature.

The Norwegian customs tariff is based on the HS, but has two more digits, which are national codes. The 7th digit reflects national customs divisions/tariff rates (bound in the WTO - World Trade Organization). The 8th digit is used to cover the national statistical needs and and among others the interests of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority and Ministry of Foreign Affairs interests with regard to import and export regulations. In some cases, the 8th digit is also used to distinguish between goods subject to duties and/or fees. The Norwegian version is published annually on our website along with a text version of the nomenclature developed by Statistics Norway. The detailed commodity list , which includes all commodity numbers, also provides information about the validity of each commodity number.

Due to technological developments and changes in international trade, the HS nomenclature is normally updated every 5 years – with the most recent implementation on 1 January 2012. In addition, minor changes are made in the Norwegian customs tariff every year. The EU also uses the nomenclature of the HS in its publication of foreign trade figures. However, the EU version; the Combined Nomenclature (CN) - which also has eight digits - is more detailed than the Norwegian version. As mentioned previously, only the first 6 digits are common internationally.

When publishing external trade figures, the UN Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) is mainly used. Here the goods are grouped by level of processing (raw materials, semi-finished and finished goods). As from 1988 to 2006, the SITC-Rev.3 is used, but as of 2007 the SITC-Rev. 4 is used.

The classification BEC (Broad Economic Categories); the UN classification of commodities by end use, which is based on the SITC, is also used to some extent. This classification is not considered to be a "standard classification" in the same way as for example the SITC, and it is officially acknowledged that countries may have their own version of this grouping in order to satisfy national needs. In the Database for Standard Classifications the Norwegian version of this classification is found.

The various nomenclatures are listed on the UN’s website , as well as correspondence tables between the different nomenclatures HS, SITC and BEC and their different versions.

The product classification CPA divides goods by industry group, and in external trade we use extracts from this. CPA (Statistical Classification of Productivity by Activity in the European Community) is the EU's central Product by Activity classification. It is a product group that is closely linked to industry, i.e. distinctive products within each activity can be linked to the activity classification NACE Rev.2.

Grouping by country
The Norwegian list of countries used follows the international standard ISO-3166. EU countries use the same standard, except for some deviations of less importance.

In the external trade publications these country groupings are frequently used:

Nordic countries - trade with Sweden, Denmark, Greenland, Faroe Islands, Finland, Åland and Iceland
EFTA - trade with Iceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein
EU – in the Database for standard classifications current member states at any given time is available
OECD - for current member states at any given time see the OECD's website

Developing countries – as from 2007, the figures are according to the OECD’s DAC (DAC stands for Development Assistance Committee) for definitions of countries at any given time that are recognised as recipients of official foreign aid. The DAC list also includes a section on LDCs (Least Developed Countries - defined by the UN) - which we also use in the statistics.
(Until 2006, these countries were defined as developing countries in the Norwegian trade statistics: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), Croatia, Macedonia, Malta, Slovenia - Africa except South Africa - Asia excluding Japan, North and South America except USA, Canada and Greenland - Oceania except Australia and New Zealand.)

Former Comecon (only European Comecon countries in the Norwegian trade statistics): Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Estonia, Georgia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Hungary, Uzbekistan.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: External trade in goods
Topic: External economy

Next release

Responsible division

Division for External Trade

Regional level

Statistics on imports and exports of goods are published at country level. Export figures are also given by county of production.

Frequency and timeliness

Monthly figures are released on the 15th of the month after the observation period (the previous month), or the first subsequent working day. These figures are preliminary. With regard to the current year, all the monthly figures are updated in every publication

Corresponding yearly figures are published together with the monthly figures for December. With regard to the current year, all the monthly figures are updated in every publication. Final figures for the preceding year are released twice. For the first time in May the following year, while the corrected final figures are published in May one year later.

International reporting

Reports are sent to the EU statistical office (Eurostat), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization (WTO), International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the United Nations (UN).

Microdata

Non-revised and revised micro data are stored in accordance with Statistics Norway's guidelines for storing computer files (DataDok).

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the external trade statistics is to provide information about the commodity flows between Norway and other countries. Exports and imports are important economic indicators both in describing structural changes and in monitoring the economic trends. The monthly statistics of external trade in goods have been published since 1913 (value figures were published for the first time in 1866).

With regard to essential changes in the statistics, the commodity classification in line with the Harmonised System that was introduced in 1988 entailed a comprehensive restructuring of the distribution at a detailed level in relation to the earlier CCCN nomenclature (the Customs Cooperation Council Nomenclature).

The statistics are mainly financed from State assignments, but also rely to some extent on market income.

Users and applications

The external trade statistics are a part of the national and international statistical system, and are used in the compilation of the national accounts and the balance of payment statistics in Statistics Norway. The statistics are aimed at covering the business sector’s need for data in this area for their planning of production, marketing and sales.

The statistics are also intended for prognoses and analyses performed by public authorities, research institutions and private organisations. International organisations such as the UN´s statistical office, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD),  the statistical office of the EU (Eurostat) and others make use of the information provided in the external trade statistics.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The figures for external trade statistics are an important part of the quarterly balance of payments and national accounts and the annual national accounts .

Operational accounts (balance of payments comprises operating accounts and capital accounts), however, include several items on both the export and import side that are not included in the statistics on external trade. This applies to the export and import of services in their entirety. External trade statistics only cover the non-financial sector, while the balance of payments cover all institutional sectors (the non-financial sector produces goods and non-financial services, while financial firms are mainly concerned with financial disclosure and financial assistance services).

The balance of payments also collects estimates of trade in goods which are transported directly from abroad to the Norwegian continental shelf, imports of fuel and other oil products to Norwegian ships, aircraft and units abroad. Moreover the external account interprets some of the goods from the external trade statistics in goods as a service, such as computer games, software and licenses.

In the publication of the figures for external trade we give figures for crude oil, natural gas and condensates, while the balance of payments use the collective term “crude oil and natural gas”. Terms in foreign accounts also encompass items such as naphtha, propane and butane, while the external trade statistics do not.

In addition to the statistics mentioned, external trade figures are included in many of the other statistics published by Statistics Norway, for example:

- Exports of salmon ,  weekly figures of salmon exports are published in addition to the regular monthly trade figures
- Indices of volume and price of external trade in goods mainly use external trade data as the basis for calculating figures. In addition, the total number of imports and exports, as well as fish and some selected commodity numbers for waste paper and scrap metal, are used as basic data in the producer price index  and the  price index of first-hand domestic sales
- External trade data are also used as basic data for statistics on transport  , the external trade in ICT goodsstatistics on fishery and emissions of greenhouse gases

 

Mirror statistics
Mirror statistics, in the context of external trade statistics, refer to a comparison between the statistics of two or more countries: exports of goods from one country should in principle equal the imports of the same goods in the partner country.

However, discrepancies are often identified in these figures for several reasons. Although there are international guidelines for the production of external trade statistics, there may still be differences in what the countries include. An example is differences in the usage of statistical trade systems, general or special trade, which causes delimitations to the statistics content. Countries may also have different methods for data collecting and processing, which can create distortions. Furthermore, some countries collect data from customs authorities and others directly from companies. 

Basically, there should be a certain difference in value between the countries, as the exporting country provides the FOB-value while the importing country in addition to this adds costs for insurance and freight all the way to the location of delivery, the CIF-value (see Definitions). Some countries collect data from customs authorities, others directly from companies. A common source of error between countries is caused by different information about which is the country of destination. Different threshold-values for inclusion of data can also create distortions, f.ex. in Norwegian external trade statistics, declarations with value less than NOK 1 000 are excluded from the import statistics. Other countries may have other delimitations. Different practise of confidentiality and demands for confidentiality, inaccurate definitions of certain commodities as well as conscious and unconscious misuse of codes can lead to use of different classification codes between countries.

From a Norwegian point of view, there is a need for comparing external trade data with the corresponding statistics of our main trading partners, principally European countries. It is in this context important to have knowledge of the rules practiced by the individual partners.

The Statistical Office of the European Union, Eurostat, publishes external trade data for EU countries, totally for the Union and separate for each member country. This statistics are produced according to EU regulations, which defines external trade as trade between the European Union trade and third countries. As a consequence of this, exports to countries in the EU from a non EU-member state are recorded as imported to EU in the first country where the goods cross the borders of the European Union. When forwarding the goods to the country of destination, the good is recorded as an item dispatched from the EU-country that first received the goods. Information about the country of origin of the commodity is not included in the records. Several of the EU-countries publishes in addition to the data presented in the Eurostat database, Comext ,  separately external trade statistics produced after national methodology. For information about this, consult Eurostat's annual report: Quality report on International trade statistics .

 

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§ 2-1, 2-2 and 3-2

EEA reference

EU regulations incorporated into the EEA agreement comprise contractual obligations pursuant toto EC regulations onon data collection and distribution of data to the EU’s statistical office, Eurostat. The current regulations are as follows:

Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries and repealing of Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/95

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 92/2010 of 2 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards data exchange between customs authorities and national statistical authorities, compilation of statistics and quality assessment

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 113/2010 of 9 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards trade coverage, definition of the data, compilation of statistics on trade by business characteristics and by invoicing currency, and specific goods or movements

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 1106/2012 of 27 November 2012 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards the update of the nomenclature of countries and territories

Production

Population

Statistics area and the economic territory
The scope of foreign trade statistics is based on international guidelines from the United Nations Statistical Commission.

The general recommendation is that the statistics should include all goods which add to or subtract from the stock of material resources of a country by entering (imports) or leaving (exports) its economic territory. In addition to the geographical dimension, a country's economic territory also includes ships, aircraft and oil platforms owned by national corporations. These are goods that are not necessarily located within the geographic area, but are still viewed as part of the material resources of a country. For these goods external trade is measured by the change of economic ownership.

There are two different statistical trade systems - the general trade system and the special trade system. UN recommends using the general trade system where a country's statistical area coincides with its economic territory. This implies that goods are recorded at the time they enter or leave the economic territory. The special trade system is used when the statistical area covers only a part of the economic territory. Statistics Norway follows, with a few exceptions, the general trade system.

The Norwegian economic territory consists of mainland Norway, Svalbard, Jan Mayen, Norwegian dependencies, territorial waters, including the airspace above these, the economic zone, the Norwegian part of the continental shelf, territorial enclaves abroad (embassies, consulates, military bases, research stations) and Norwegian ships, aircraft and oil platforms.

External trade statistics is mainly based on information drawn from customs declarations. However, the responsible area of the customs authorities only covers mainland Norway and its territorial waters. As a supplement, data on important trade in goods to and from the remaining areas of the economic territory are collected directly from respondents and registers.

The following are defined as statistical area:

Mainland Norway and its territorial waters
Customs declarations contain information on physical flows of goods crossing the customs border. Imports and export that are exempted from ordinary declaration are referred to in the Customs Act §§ 4-10 and 4-11. According to the recommendations from the UN, some flows of goods should be excluded from the statistics. This includes trade in Norwegian goods between the customs area and other parts of the Norwegian economic territory. To the extent possible, trade in foreign goods to and from foreign enclaves, ships, aircraft and oil platforms located in Norway are omitted. To distinguish this type of transactions customs procedure codes from the declarations are used. In general, trade transactions are recorded at the time when the goods enter or leave the customs territory. However there are some exceptions, cf. the treatment of goods in customs warehouses.

There are four different types of customs warehouses. Goods waiting on declearance,can be stored in either a general or a central warehouse. For imports the time of recording is set when the goods are taken out of the warehouse and not when they arrived in the economic territory. This means that the statistical processing of these data follows the special trade principle. However, in practice the time difference between storage and withdrawals from warehouses is usually so small that the statistical processing is considered to be approximately equal to the general trade principle. For the remaining two types of customs warehouse; duty free and storage for further processing, the statistical treatment is according to the general trade system.

Customs declarations of exports and imports of electric current do not provide enough information for statistical purposes, and data is therefore obtained directly from the respondent.

Svalbard and Jan Mayen
Import transported through the Norwegian mainland to Svalbard and Jan Mayen should be declared by customs. Data on exports of coal transported directly from Svalbard are collected directly from the respondents.

The Norwegian part of the continental shelf
Imports via the Norwegian mainland to Norwegian owned installations and vessels that operate on the continental shelf should be declared by customs. Exports of crude oil and natural gas delivered directly from the continental shelf are based on data from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate and the different operators.

Norwegian owned ships, aircraft and oil platforms
Exports and imports of ships, aircraft and oil platforms are based on information from Norwegian ship registers as well as from different respondents. Export of Norwegian goods (excluding bunkers) to foreign ships and aircraft in Norwegian ports and airports are covered by customs declarations.

Data on exports of fish caught by Norwegian fishing vessels outside the customs area and landed abroad is obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries.

 

In accordance with the UN recommendations the following trade in goods are not included in the statistics:

  • Goods in transit, ie goods attending the Norwegian economic territory to be directly transported to a recipient outside this area
  •  Goods traded through intermediate trade, ie goods transported between two foreign countries without entering the Norwegian economic territory
  • Goods physically crossing the country border, but defined as a service (including newspaper subscriptions, accompanied baggage, household goods)
  • Content delivered electronically (including e-books, downloadable games, etc.), defined purely as a service
  • Issued banknotes, securities and monetary gold
  • Samples, gifts and promotional material etc. with a low value
  •  Goods for repair or return after repair
  •  Goods in unaltered condition in return to vendor (claims etc.) and waste containers, replacement deliveries and free repairs (warranty)
  •  Items for temporary use, that are returned within 12 months (exhibition, demonstration, scientific research, loan, professional equipment, transport vehicles in international traffic, containers, equipment in use for the press, radio and television equipment, etc.)
  •  Change in ownership of non-financial assets
  •  Goods that are damaged on the journey to and from the Norwegian economic territory
  •  Satellites equipment moved to and launched in other countries without any change of ownership
  •  Goods functioning as means of transport (ship, aircraft, packaging, etc.)
  • Waste and scrap without any commercial value

 Furthermore goods totalling less than NOK 1 000 are omitted, these goods amounts to less than one per cent of the import and about 0.04 per cent of the export. Imports of goods for less than NOK 200 and exports of goods less than NOK 5.000 (except from goods that are subject to taxes and restrictions) are not subject to declaration by the Customs.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are mainly based on administrative information obtained from TVINN, which is the Norwegian Customs’ electronic information system for the exchange of customs declarations between businesses and Norwegian Customs. Some data is, however, obtained from other sources, and more information on this can be found in the paragraph on data collection.

Sampling is not not relevant as external trade is a total count of the goods defined in the population.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection

The vast majority of the data is, as mentioned, collected through the Customs’ TVINN register and transmitted electronically to Statistics Norway. However, some additional data, as shown below, is obtained separately.

Exports of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state
Preliminary and final figures for exported volumes of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state are collected through monthly reports from the operators and the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate. The prices, however, are obtained via various sources depending on whether they relate to crude oil or natural gas, and whether the data is being collected to compile preliminary or final figures.

From 2013 on, the development in the in gas prices from the producer price index (PPI) used to calculate the preliminary gas prices for foreign trade, while the level will be based on the value determined from the last registered price. PPI obtain figures for natural gas from the journal World Gas Intelligence (WGI).

Preliminary oil prices are still based on data from the operators.

For crude oil, the final prices: quarterly surveys from the licensees, as well as information from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate, the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy and the operators.

For natural gas, final prices: a quarterly average price based on information from a selection of licensees and operators.

Due to insufficient information about country of destination there are from 2013 on changes in the dissemination of the figures of exports of natural gas in gaseous state. From 2013, country of destination according to these figures will be based on the landing point of the pipelines with natural gas from the Norwegian continental shelf.

Imports and exports of ships and oil platforms
The data collection for vessels is based on current information from the Norwegian ship registers the Norwegian Ordinary Ship Register (NOR) and the Norwegian International Ship Register (NIS).

When it comes to oil platforms, information is collected from the Norwegian ship registers, the Customs’ TVINN register and importer/exporter.

Imports and exports of electricity
From 2016 information is collected from Customs' TVINN register. In previous years this information was received from the Nordic Power Exchange Nord Pool.

Imports and exports of aircraft
For some aircrafts, monthly reports are received from Statistics Sweden, while the rest are obtained through regular declarations in the TVINN system.

Exports of coal from Svalbard
Reports on the export of coal from Svalbard are received monthly from the exporter. 

Exports of fish caught by Norwegian vessels outside the Norwegian customs border
Since July 2010, the figures have been obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries (FDIR). Prior to that, the information was gathered through TVINN.

 

Data editing

Information from customs declarations is subject to statistical controls in the Customs declaration system (TVINN). The controls to check the estimated price, quantity and country were developed by the Customs in cooperation with Statistics Norway.

Data controls at Statistics Norway take place at different levels - some as soon as the data is loaded into the system (automatic recoding of variables). The manual part of the revision consists of different types of validity and probability tests. The former are controls of absolute errors, such as missing transport code, while the other type of test may check unlikely country codes or unreasonably high quantities for a specific type of good. The system aims to intercept the most serious errors in the data. Data collected from sources other than the Customs also undergo similar checks.

 

Estimations

External trade is based on a total count but some items are excluded, cf. section of population. There is no need for any statistical estimations of current figures, only aggregations, in order to enable us to publish in a timely manner.

 

Seasonal adjustment

 The seasonal adjustment method, which is used for the foreign trade monthly value series and the quarterly volume series, consists of pre-treatment of the values for the individual series using the seasonal adjustment programme X12-ARIMA. It was developed by the US Bureau of the Census, and is one of the most internationally known methods for seasonal adjustment. The purpose of the seasonally-adjusted figures is to show the real economic trends by eliminating interference caused by seasonal variations. There are two important corrections: one method adjusts for the number of weekdays of different kinds in each month. This can be important, since it is probable that exports and imports are distributed unevenly throughout the week. The second important correction is for the Easter holidays, since Easter can fall in different months and different quarters of the year. We assume that both imports and exports are affected the week before Easter, in the Easter week itself and the week after Easter. No special corrections are made for other holidays in the year.

Confidentiality

The Statistics Act § 2-6 covers the disclosure of information. The requirements for confidentiality in external trade of goods are practised so that data is suppressed only when the establishment/enterprise has a valid reason for confidential treatment and actively asks for it. This is called "passive confidentiality" and is in line with UN recommendations. This method is used by most countries. Exporters/importers can demand suppression when there are 3 or fewer companies that import or export an item type, or when a company has a market share of over 90 per cent, or if two firms have a market share of over 95 per cent.

Since Norway has a number of major manufacturers that are dominant in some product areas, some suppression of information exists on the export side. Between 5 and 10 per cent of mainland exports are affected by confidentiality. For imports, it is far less; around 1 per cent. Some commodity areas are more problematic with regard to dissemination, since suppression on highly aggregated levels must be carried out.

Comparability over time and space

The six-digit HS-based commodity classification is subject to revisions due to technological development and also development in the commodity spectres of the international trade. These adjustments are normally made every five years. The most recent HS revision was implemented on 1 January 2012. Furthermore, national adjustments are made every year at the national eight-digit level. These revisions can create breaks in the time series for some commodity numbers. Detailed information about this is available in the yearly Commodity List External Trade. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the HS are available on the UN website .

With regard to the divisions according to the SITC, the current SITC-Rev.4 was introduced in January 2007, when it replaced the previous SITC-Rev.3 (1988-2006). The relation between the figures for the years before and after 2007 can be misleading for some commodity numbers. The degree of influence depends on the value of the commodity numbers that now have a different group affiliation. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the SITC are also available on the UN website .

For the tables that use the CPA nomenclature, the 2008 edition is used for the whole series.

Other elements influencing the comparability over time: The imports and exports of ships and oil platforms in the statistics were extended in 1991 to include transactions that concern vessels under a foreign flag with a Norwegian-registered holding company. Furthermore, the definition of developing countries was changed in 2007, which affects the figures slightly.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Collection errors can occur from incorrect values, incomplete information or misinterpretation of data on customs declarations. Examples of this are use of wrong commodity number, country code, county of production or incorrect quantity.

Other sources of error include late updates, which sometimes occur for the trade with ships and oil platforms.It is also difficult to intercept the transit trade, i.e. the buying and selling of commodities in foreign territory where a Norwegian company is one of the partners. Neither do we have a good data basis to estimate the processing exports for the preparation of goods abroad or imports for processing in Norway.
The rules for customs clearance, which entail exemption from the duty to declare for exports of goods when the value is below NOK 5 000 and exemption for imports of goods when the value is below NOK 200, lead to lower figures than the real trade. This is not the best solution for preparation of the national accounts, where these lacking figures are estimated separately.
The calculation of seasonally-adjusted data beyond the usual seasonal effects is adjusted for the fact that trade is distributed unevenly across the week and taking into account the effect of Easter, as described in the section of estimations. However, beyond this nothing in particular is done. Therefore it would be natural to assume that the seasonally-adjusted December figures should be interpreted more cautiously because of the Christmas holidays.

The export trade statistics is a full count, so there are therefore no non-response errors or sampling errors .

Revision

External trade in goods publishes preliminary figures monthly. However, further revisions of the figures continue until April/May the next year, when the final figures are published. Corrections in data mean that the monthly figures can be changed until publication of the final figures. The difference between the preliminary release of monthly statistics and the final figures is usually small for mainland exports, typically below one per cent. At the detailed level and for individual months, revisions can have greater significance, in relative terms. Oil and gas figures can undergo major revisions, particularly in relation to oil and gas prices. As stated in the section for frequency and timeliness, we make some adjustments in the final figures. These adjustments will normally be of lesser importance, but sometimes relatively large defects or errors are revealed.

Contact