329161
/en/utenriksokonomi/statistikker/muh/aar
329161
statistikk
2018-01-15T08:00:00.000Z
External economy
en
muh, External trade in goods, import, export, balance of trade (export minus import), mainland exports, imports excluding ships and oil platforms, trade ( between countries, continents and trade regions), international product groups (for example hs, sitc and bec), product groups (for example food, crude oil and metals)External trade , External economy
true

External trade in goods

Updated

Next update

Key figures

418.7

NOK billion - mainland exports in 2017

External trade in goods
NOK MillionShare in per centChange in per cent
201720172016 - 2017
Imports683 354100.012.1
Ships and oil platforms21 7443.212.2
 
Exports843 286100.012.2
Crude oil208 98324.811.4
Natural gas199 63923.724.2
Natural gas condensates4 9870.630.7
Ships and oil platforms10 9631.3-10.1
Mainland exports418 71449.78.2
 
The trade balance159 932.12.7
The mainland trade balance-242 896.-19.6

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Imports and exports of goods, by groups of end use (BEC)

Imports and exports of goods, by groups of end use (BEC)
2017
ImportsExports
NOK MillionShare in per centNOK MillionShare in per cent
1The figures show supplies and consumables to the Norwegian part of the continental shelf and to foreign ships and aeroplanes. Due to the large range of goods, we have established our own commodity numbers for publishing.
Total683 354100.0843 286100.0
 
Goods for fixed capital formation143 95621.148 6505.8
Means of trandsport, excl. passenger motor vehicles39 3725.814 1751.7
Other goods for fixed capital formation, excl. ships and oil platforms104 58415.334 4754.1
Intermediate comsumption210 07530.7174 76720.7
Food11 9211.72 4820.3
Parts for machinery and transport equipment61 5709.037 1624.4
Other intermediate consumption136 58320.0135 12216.0
Building and construction articles99 22514.526 1223.1
Energy products30 1064.4481 92957.1
Gasolines, diesel oils and light destillates10 0521.530 5213.6
Crude oil and remaining mineral fuels18 3342.7445 59852.8
Electric current1 7210.35 8100.7
Consumer goods149 08921.8111 33913.2
Durable consumer goods29 3334.33 9470.5
Whereof transport equipment, excl. passenger cars5 4940.84750.1
Semi-durable consumer goods40 6285.92 8900.3
Non-durable consumer goods79 12711.6104 50212.4
Whereof food39 2485.796 55011.4
Passenger cars50 4857.44730.1
Unclassified goods14170.150.0

Table 2 
Imports and exports of goods, by product groups (CPA)

Imports and exports of goods, by product groups (CPA)
2017
ImportsExports
NOK MillionShare in per centNOK MillionShare in per cent
1These figures comprises mostly trade with used ships, aircraft and oil platforms.
Total683 354100.0843 286100.0
 
Products of agriculture, forestry and fishing17 5602.658 5106.9
01 Products of agriculture, hunting and related services15 6302.35670.1
02 Products of forestry, logging and related services4780.11 7290.2
03 Fish and other fishing products1 4520.256 2146.7
 
Mining and quarrying15 0252.2413 61549.0
05 Coal and lignite1 0750.210.0
06 Crude petroleum and natural gas5 4320.8408 62248.5
07 Metal ores5 6840.81 3740.2
08 Other mining and quarrying products2 8330.43 6180.4
 
Manufactured products640 44093.7353 09741.9
10 Food products41 0406.044 8715.3
11 Beverages6 3680.99070.1
12 Tobacco products3 4270.5100.0
13 Textiles7 8001.11 5100.2
14 Wearing apparel19 8812.91 0950.1
15 Leather and related products7 6441.13760.0
16 Wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture14 2732.13 2410.4
17 Paper and paper products8 7461.37 4740.9
18 Printing and recording services300.040.0
19 Coke and refined petroleum products23 7983.567 5438.0
20 Chemicals and chemical products42 1436.238 7864.6
21 Basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceutical preparations19 3302.813 9111.6
22 Rubber and plastics products21 1843.14 3200.5
23 Other non-metallic mineral products10 2941.52 6950.3
24 Basic metals40 5755.965 2797.7
25 Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment57 5248.410 4411.2
26 Computer, electronic and optical products59 8868.819 7412.3
27 Electrical equipment35 2185.213 4201.6
28 Machinery and equipment n.e.c.66 1959.730 4843.6
29 Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers75 77711.17 2300.9
30 Other transport equipment48 4117.114 9691.8
31 Furniture14 6852.12 3260.3
32 Other manufactured goods16 2102.42 4660.3
 
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning1 7210.35 8100.7
35 Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning1 7210.35 8100.7
 
Water supply3 4790.55 0980.6
37 Sewerage services00.0-0.0
38 Waste collection, treatment and disposal services3 4790.55 0980.6
 
Information and communication services4 5050.77220.1
58 Publishing services4 2760.67020.1
59 Motion picture, video and television programme production services, sound recording and music publishing2290.0210.0
 
Professional, scientific and technical services80.000.0
71 Architectural and engineering services60.000.0
74 Other professional, scientific and technical services20.000.0
 
Arts, entertainment and recreation services6170.12960.0
90 Creative, arts and entertainment services4930.12550.0
91 Library, archive, museum and other cultural services1240.0410.0
 
Other services-0.000.0
96 Other personal services-0.000.0
 
Unknown product1-0.06 1380.7
00 Unknown-0.06 1380.7

Table 3 
Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries. NOK Million

Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries. NOK Million
ImportsExportsTrade balance
201620172016201720162017
Total609 516683 354751 399843 286141 882159 932
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries123 908133 96192 728114 008-31 180-19 953
EFTA9 22210 9227 9167 749-1 306-3 173
EU379 201401 908587 705678 021208 504276 113
OECD465 105528 822653 857752 644188 752223 822
Developing countries118 339125 44368 04962 234-50 290-63 209
LDC - least developed countries3 7884 0025 4683 3271 680-675
 
Continents and countries
Europe407 056434 846604 992698 656197 937263 810
Belgium11 03510 51832 69640 27421 66129 756
Denmark34 02636 86829 94439 618-4 0822 750
Estonia4 7655 4151 2011 559-3 564-3 855
Finland14 67014 9119 97613 183-4 694-1 727
France20 12020 87250 25254 14330 13233 271
Greece5696801 0711 102502423
Ireland4 4475 82311 6959 8017 2473 979
Iceland1 8412 9233 6774 5241 8351 601
Italy18 27920 8869 84711 325-8 431-9 561
Lithuania6 7207 4235 1066 223-1 614-1 200
Netherlands24 30726 31579 84283 81455 53457 498
Poland21 38223 03217 39918 839-3 983-4 193
Portugal2 6202 4684 7574 9822 1372 514
Romania2 9232 434761950-2 162-1 484
Russia9 73212 6362 2682 186-7 464-10 450
Slovakia3 1833 345324313-2 859-3 031
Spain13 82113 07913 70319 190-1186 111
United Kingdom30 75632 484155 502177 985124 747145 501
Switzerland7 3137 9374 2363 212-3 077-4 725
Sweden72 62978 45748 26455 724-24 365-22 733
Czech Republic6 8627 2921 8571 997-5 005-5 296
Turkey6 5916 8834 1786 890-2 4137
Germany72 93775 801107 095130 84634 15955 045
Hungary2 7112 736804885-1 907-1 851
Austria4 4565 0591 8072 147-2 648-2 912
Other countries in Europe8 3618 5696 7306 944-1 631-1 625
 
Asia126 526161 43472 22971 279-54 297-90 155
Hong Kong8069741 6801 594873620
India3 5103 9382 1602 363-1 350-1 575
Japan14 26914 07410 2519 882-4 019-4 192
China67 06967 19519 75517 002-47 314-50 193
Malaysia2 3463 2941 5052 135-842-1 159
Singapore2 8413 0678 4829 7345 6406 667
South Korea17 09446 23910 7368 303-6 358-37 937
Taiwan4 0644 1751 6931 696-2 371-2 479
Thailand3 4275 8362 3602 587-1 067-3 249
Vietnam3 2814 3642 6343 032-646-1 331
Other countries in Asia7 8198 27810 97312 9513 1544 673
 
North and Central America52 98363 27347 84453 134-5 139-10 139
Canada10 76113 3258 18110 111-2 580-3 214
United States39 02246 34731 29238 698-7 730-7 649
Other countries in North- and Central America3 2003 6018 3714 3255 171724
 
South America14 07514 3506 4915 790-7 584-8 561
Brazil9 0989 7514 1274 185-4 972-5 566
Chile1 1289581 1326364-322
Peru1 9031 526104109-1 799-1 417
Other countries in South-America1 9462 1151 128860-817-1 256
 
Africa7 6838 07917 14212 5279 4594 448
Angola4312543 8941 3673 4631 112
Botswana1 1401721--1 140-172
South Africa1 8572 3271 479696-377-1 631
Other countries in Africa4 2555 32611 76810 4647 5135 139
 
Oceania1 1941 3712 7001 9001 506528
Australia6799741 5821 607904634
New Zealand400393343246-57-146
Other countries in Oceania11547754766043

Table 4 
Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries. NOK Million

Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries. NOK Million
Imports excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exportsTrade balance
201620172016201720162017
Total590 128661 610386 998418 714-203 130-242 896
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries123 605133 06571 09679 951-52 509-53 113
EFTA9 17210 0517 0637 688-2 110-2 363
EU376 751398 576246 517272 802-130 234-125 773
OECD450 655508 821304 018334 964-146 636-173 857
Developing countries112 689123 15062 16859 622-50 521-63 528
LDC - least developed countries3 7884 0025 2813 2001 493-802
 
Continents and countries
Europe403 153429 375263 707292 250-139 446-137 125
Belgium11 03510 51811 96414 8079294 289
Denmark33 95336 86322 21324 310-11 740-12 552
Estonia4 7655 4151 2011 559-3 564-3 855
Finland14 66414 8977 4117 553-7 254-7 344
France20 08220 87216 11814 471-3 964-6 401
Greece5696809811 053413373
Ireland4 4445 7923 9524 005-492-1 786
Iceland1 7912 0523 4394 4641 6482 412
Italy18 27518 5718 5078 790-9 767-9 781
Lithuania6 7207 4213 5404 101-3 180-3 319
Netherlands23 91226 23034 29341 13610 38114 906
Poland20 99122 96317 15417 660-3 837-5 302
Portugal2 6202 4684 3504 8931 7302 424
Romania2 8632 434761950-2 102-1 484
Russia9 63912 6362 1002 184-7 539-10 452
Slovakia3 1833 345324313-2 859-3 031
Spain12 62913 0619 67010 485-2 959-2 576
United Kingdom30 60632 36529 74134 909-8652 544
Switzerland7 3137 9373 6203 212-3 693-4 725
Sweden72 59878 45137 33742 900-35 261-35 551
Czech Republic6 8627 2921 8571 997-5 005-5 296
Turkey5 3555 6154 1025 913-1 254298
Germany72 89175 13329 98531 373-42 905-43 761
Hungary2 7112 736804885-1 907-1 851
Austria4 4565 0591 8072 147-2 648-2 912
Other countries in Europe8 2268 5696 4766 180-1 750-2 389
 
Asia111 446145 43468 76268 906-42 684-76 528
Hong Kong8069741 5471 594740620
India3 5103 9381 8592 114-1 652-1 824
Japan14 26913 57410 2519 882-4 019-3 693
China62 83966 86818 76116 927-44 079-49 941
Malaysia2 3463 2941 5052 135-842-1 159
Singapore2 8262 3737 8608 7435 0356 369
South Korea6 25932 20710 3457 7904 085-24 418
Taiwan4 0644 1751 6581 696-2 406-2 479
Thailand3 4275 8362 3602 461-1 067-3 375
Vietnam3 2813 9392 6343 032-646-906
Other countries in Asia7 8198 2569 98212 5322 1634 276
 
North and Central America52 68863 02331 82937 738-20 860-25 284
Canada10 76113 3253 5364 371-7 225-8 954
United States39 02246 34725 92830 790-13 094-15 557
Other countries in North- and Central America2 9053 3512 3652 577-540-774
 
South America14 07514 3505 6395 790-8 436-8 561
Brazil9 0989 7513 9834 185-5 116-5 566
Chile1 128958785636-343-322
Peru1 9031 526104109-1 799-1 417
Other countries in South America1 9462 115767860-1 178-1 256
 
Africa7 6838 05915 25012 1537 5674 095
Angola4312543 8941 3673 4631 112
Botswana1 1401721--1 140-172
South Africa1 8572 327653696-1 204-1 631
Other countries in Africa4 2555 30610 7023 0976 4484 786
 
Oceania1 0841 3691 8121 877729508
Australia6799741 5821 607904634
New Zealand400393204246-197-146
Other countries in Oceania5226242122

Table 5 
Imports of goods, main trading partners

Imports of goods, main trading partners
NOK MillionShare in per cent
2015201620172017
Total615 485609 516683 354100.0
 
Sweden70 61772 62978 45711.5
Germany69 44672 93775 80111.1
China64 84567 06967 1959.8
United States39 62639 02246 3476.8
South Korea25 56817 09446 2396.8
Denmark35 16234 02636 8685.4
United Kingdom39 43930 75632 4844.8
Netherlands22 39624 30726 3153.9
Poland18 67121 38223 0323.4
Italy18 42518 27920 8863.1
France20 20220 12020 8723.1
Finland13 79814 67014 9112.2
Japan13 34114 26914 0742.1
Canada12 54110 76113 3251.9
Spain11 08913 82113 0791.9

Table 6 
Exports of goods, main trading partners

Exports of goods, main trading partners
NOK MillionShare in per cent
2015201620172017
Corrected 17 January 2018.
Total835 267751 399843 286100.0
 
United Kingdom167 986155 502177 98521.1
Germany148 501107 095130 84615.5
Netherlands91 80279 84283 8149.9
Sweden49 31348 26455 7246.6
France52 42250 25254 1436.4
Belgium40 66732 69640 2744.8
Denmark32 81129 94439 6184.7
United States37 09931 29238 6984.6
Spain12 76013 70319 1902.3
Poland16 15217 39918 8392.2
China23 84319 75517 0022.0
Finland9 1559 97613 1831.6
Italy7 4169 84711 3251.3
Canada5 5448 18110 1111.2
Japan9 92310 2519 8821.2

Table 7 
Mainland exports of goods, main trading partners

Mainland exports of goods, main trading partners
NOK MillionShare in per cent
2015201620172017
Total403 973386 998418 714100.0
 
Sweden35 10037 33742 90010.2
Netherlands38 62534 29341 1369.8
United Kingdom32 45229 74134 9098.3
Germany31 74129 98531 3737.5
United States32 21425 92830 7907.4
Denmark22 39222 21324 3105.8
Poland14 75617 15417 6604.2
China23 65118 76116 9274.0
Belgium12 11911 96414 8073.5
France14 83116 11814 4713.5
Spain8 3509 67010 4852.5
Japan9 92310 2519 8822.4
Italy6 9118 5078 7902.1
Singapore11 0197 8608 7432.1
South Korea16 23610 3457 7901.9

Table 8 
Imports of goods, commodity groups by the SITC

Imports of goods, commodity groups by the SITC
NOK MillionChange in per cent
2015201620172016 - 2017
Totall615 485609 516683 35412.1
 
0 Food and live animals42 23843 18643 3950.5
00 Live animals other than animals of div.0317217523232.8
01 Meat and meat preparations1 7471 7251 491-13.6
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs1 1221 2311 2511.6
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof4 2164 5044 408-2.1
04 Cereals and cereal preparations5 2785 2315 209-0.4
05 Vegetables and fruit11 33411 94812 0731.0
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey1 6241 7131 698-0.9
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices3 9983 9904 1052.9
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)6 2546 7486 9703.3
09 Miscellaneous edible products6 4945 9205 9570.6
 
1 Beverages and tobacco8 0118 9429 6227.6
11 Beverages5 6195 9246 1954.6
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures2 3923 0183 42713.5
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels34 70331 69137 55318.5
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw282516-34.7
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits1 8891 9082 0024.9
23 Crude rubber1481241315.5
24 Wood, lumber and cork4 2314 5134 7264.7
25 Pulp and waste paper555555524-5.6
26 Textile fibres and their waste1121111197.5
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales3 3093 0872 980-3.5
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap21 72218 54024 05229.7
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials2 7102 8283 0046.2
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials28 17623 15632 14438.8
32 Coal, coke and briquettes1 8721 6682 10626.3
33 Petroleum, petroleum products23 80819 01127 35443.9
34 Gas , natural and manufactured9981 011964-4.6
35 Electric current1 4981 4661 72117.3
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes6 3097 1237 1220.0
41 Animal oils and fats3 2503 3302 769-16.8
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated2 8523 5914 12214.8
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed20720323113.9
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.60 03062 75869 19110.3
51 Organic chemicals7 4848 3128 8456.4
52 Inorganic chemicals5 7114 6785 32213.8
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials3 3333 3373 5285.7
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products14 75816 03018 88017.8
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc7 0657 2777 6254.8
56 Fertilizers2 9772 7702 528-8.7
57 Plastics in primary forms4 3994 5874 8515.8
58 Plastics in non-primary forms5 2555 6135 7853.1
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.9 04810 15411 82616.5
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material86 98885 878117 85637.2
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins6005665690.4
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.5 0775 1525 2381.7
63 Cork and wood manufactures6 8187 3167 6304.3
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof7 5567 6117 6190.1
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles6 9687 1497 6416.9
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.9 0349 2299 4882.8
67 Iron and steel14 53613 77014 6926.7
68 Non-ferrous metals7 2528 1229 62418.5
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.29 14726 96255 355105.3
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment250 081245 289265 3888.2
71 Power generating machinery and equipment11 3099 31411 73426.0
72 Machinery for special industries25 89824 83924 328-2.1
73 Metal working machinery1 4581 4541 4640.7
74 General industrial machinery and equipment33 58931 97030 482-4.7
75 Office machines, data processing machines17 01016 78217 1662.3
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.23 06024 39426 3127.9
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus31 44631 48333 2785.7
78 Road vehicles62 68469 25278 43613.3
79 Other transport equipment including ships43 62635 80142 18717.8
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles97 927100 38399 924-0.5
81 Prefabricated buildings.8 6649 4069 5972.0
82 Furniture and parts thereof14 89614 83615 4974.5
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.1 6201 6431 7597.1
84 Articles of apparel and accessories19 38420 02120 5892.8
85 Footwear5 0415 4545 5061.0
87 Professional and scientific instruments16 97616 37615 930-2.7
88 Photographic and optical goods2 8822 9203 0925.9
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s28 46429 72627 953-6.0
 
9 Commodities and transactions1 0221 1101 1584.3
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind---.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind482483417-13.6
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender51610-39.9
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)53561173119.6

Table 9 
Exports of goods, commodity groups by the SITC

Exports of goods, commodity groups by the SITC
NOK MillionChange in per cent
2015201620172016 - 2017
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total835 267751 399843 28612.2
 
0 Food and live animals77 49495 27498 4583.3
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03596537-43.0
01 Meat and meat preparations20022428928.7
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs764777759-2.2
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof71 97389 18792 3123.5
04 Cereals and cereal preparations28331738020.1
05 Vegetables and fruit185245171-30.2
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey887543-42.5
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices3113463799.5
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)2 2582 4492 4550.2
09 Miscellaneous edible products1 3721 5891 6322.7
 
1 Beverages and tobacco787996916-8.0
11 Beverages784981906-7.6
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures21610-36.8
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels15 88414 83616 50511.3
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw830698621-11.1
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits34782.0
23 Crude rubber27435014.8
24 Wood, lumber and cork3 1903 1193 2785.1
25 Pulp and waste paper2 4782 5862 90112.2
26 Textile fibres and their waste2512552612.4
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales3 9003 7753 734-1.1
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap4 8864 0015 23630.9
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials32035441817.9
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials482 396398 557482 24221.0
32 Coal, coke and briquettes5595163-99.5
33 Petroleum, petroleum products243 201219 164257 38617.4
34 Gas , natural and manufactured234 538173 428219 04326.3
35 Electric current4 0975 4485 8106.6
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes2 1212 2012 130-3.3
41 Animal oils and fats1 1041 0631 057-0.5
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated446528499-5.4
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed571611573-6.1
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.51 69849 52254 64910.4
51 Organic chemicals14 11813 74915 83715.2
52 Inorganic chemicals7 9307 4318 22110.6
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials1 3851 5741 81915.5
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products5 8025 8786 3648.3
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc1 3791 3581 4224.7
56 Fertilizers1::::
57 Plastics in primary forms4 8865 0865 5469.1
58 Plastics in non-primary forms1 4041 2931 58522.5
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.14 79413 15213 8555.3
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material77 25672 45081 50412.5
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins778115995.5
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.73266475613.9
63 Cork and wood manufactures1 3851 4171 56410.4
64 Paper, paperboard and manufact. thereof4 7205 2325 114-2.3
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles1 4121 5661 526-2.5
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.1 5051 5061 6429.0
67 Iron and steel12 70312 07415 04824.6
68 Non-ferrous metals43 40640 28247 29817.4
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.11 3169 6298 398-12.8
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment98 70491 05181 935-10.0
71 Power generating machinery and equipment10 8057 0208 09215.3
72 Machinery for special industries17 96412 84710 403-19.0
73 Metal working machinery66060180033.2
74 General industrial machinery and equipment24 93120 42014 828-27.4
75 Office machines, data processing machines2 5012 3142 60812.7
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment.5 8595 2406 18718.1
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus14 87114 59313 311-8.8
78 Road vehicles6 5786 9677 4256.6
79 Other transport equipment including ships14 53321 04918 280-13.2
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles27 90325 72424 110-6.3
81 Prefabricated buildings.1 3501 4331 5034.9
82 Furniture and parts thereof2 7912 8752 790-3.0
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.7895950.0
84 Articles of apparel and accessories72775592222.1
85 Footwear1381321362.9
87 Professional and scientific instruments15 92613 19710 286-22.1
88 Photographic and optical goods247278255-8.1
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s6 6466 9598 12316.7
 
9 Commodities and transactions1 0257868366.3
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind---.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind0051 847.6
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender19162-85.2
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)1 0067718297.5

Table 10 
Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million

Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million
2017
Total importsFood and live animals (SITC 0)Beverages and tobacco (SITC 1)Crude materials (inedible), except fuels (SITC 2)Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials (SITC 3)Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes (SITC 4)Chemicals and related products n.e.s. (SITC 5)Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material (SITC 6)Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)Miscellaneous manufactured articles (SITC 8)Commodities and transactions (SITC 9)
Total683 35443 3959 62237 55332 1447 12269 191117 856265 38899 9241 158
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countries)401 90827 4338 72715 43425 1773 24150 79365 034151 52753 4311 109
Nordic countries133 96110 5382 4897 69215 2631 97814 17825 41136 12619 2441 042
Developing countries125 44310 58529010 8591 4121 4684 03415 35845 22636 17238
Russia12 636876165553 4811 5621 0004 865941860
India3 938808138023861 0933681 2440
China67 195952126320111 6947 39433 57423 27611
Japan14 07478411505502 6809 7261 0190
Singapore3 067202185111 0101051 4103350
South Korea46 2392942771540525 40819 9693760
United States46 3471 1022252621 8614277 0991 65428 3725 3415
Canada13 325343149 647009073441 5193772
Brazil9 7512 84706 34900109195202389
South Africa2 3274074896100552845431414

Table 11 
Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million

Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million
2017
Total exportFood and live animals (SITC 0)Beverages and tobacco (SITC 1)Crude amterials (inedible), except fuels (SITC 2)Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials (SITC 3)Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes (SITC 4)Chemicals and related products n.e.s. (SITC 5)Manufactured goods, classified chiefly by material (SITC 6)Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)Miscellaneous manufactured articles (SITC 8)Commodities and transactions (SITC 9)
Total843 28698 45891616 505482 2422 13054 64981 50481 93524 110836
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countries)678 02163 57960113 327440 4901 29832 79765 36546 88913 508166
Nordic countries114 00816 7003494 09746 5345268 72715 17116 1965 67138
Developing countries62 23414 651251 8929 94029213 5155 49213 4352 9920
Russia2 1861221224403886346411685 186
India2 363220255403162365730795-
Japan9 8824 4673248891121 0891 1871 7442420
China17 0023 369111 108555366 3741 2393 4089020
Singapore9 734783144 73741 0642082 3955370
South Korea8 3032 419196654206331 0182 578885-
United States38 6986 18913426012 9133763 2235 1537 6152 8350
Canada10 11182513796 747202325581 3432950
Brazil4 1851 063237171 1886051 021260-
South Africa6962930516715517193-

Table 12 
Mainland exports by county of production

Mainland exports by county of production
NOK MillionChange in per cent
2015201620172016 - 2017
1County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
2By county not stated means no information about county of production is available.
The whole country403 973386 998418 7148.2
 
County of production
Østfold14 70716 33016 7502.6
Akershus6 4886 6355 323-19.8
Oslo9 1328 5808 5940.2
Hedmark4 1013 8143 9493.5
Oppland6 2166 2286 94211.5
Buskerud14 44012 83214 0279.3
Vestfold21 32014 94420 70438.5
Telemark20 83718 55420 91712.7
Aust-Agder4 4783 4703 079-11.3
Vest-Agder33 10527 77229 1444.9
Rogaland34 60532 48237 11314.3
Hordaland59 93156 43366 62218.1
Sogn og Fjordane11 15213 37614 2886.8
Møre og Romsdal38 11939 15740 1212.5
Sør-Trøndelag16 80616 94519 44114.7
Nord-Trøndelag5 7916 9815 959-14.6
Nordland23 41525 52827 4127.4
Troms - Romsa6 4377 7948 78012.7
Finnmark - Finnmárku5 7515 6936 32011.0
Svalbard5585150-100.0
Jan Mayen---.
Norwegian goods produced in several counties11 67614 47415 91510.0
Re-exports of goods produced abroad147 20941 94040 729-2.9
County not stated27 6986 5226 5861.0

Table 13 
Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million

Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million
2017
Total mainland exportsDistribution by the SITC
Food, beverages and tobacco (SITC 0 and 1)Fish (subgroup of SITC 03)Crude materials except fuels (SITC 2 and 4)Fuels (SITC 3)Chemicals and related products n.e.s (SITC 5)Manufactured goods (SITC 6)Machinery and transport equipment (SITC 7)Miscellanous manufactured articles (SITC 8)
1County of production is defined as the county for the major value added. When the exports consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is hard to state, the definition Norwegian goods produced in several counties is used. In the case when the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered as produced in Norway. In the opposite it is considered as exports of goods produced abroad.
2County not stated implies no information about county of production is available.
The whole country418 71499 37492 31218 63568 63354 64981 50471 80824 110
 
County of production
Østfold16 7501 017602 411165 0763 8833 991354
Akershus5 3235323219752 5732941 141581
Oslo8 5943793037984 5373471 8471 097
Hedmark3 94912991 6902241799642445
Oppland6 94232316271031 4473 1902 000
Buskerud14 02735256021 1381 5527 8502 889
Vestfold20 704557280810 2651 4043 6001 9842 086
Telemark20 9172195743533415 6512 0561 798424
Aust-Agder3 079323-2110::948138
Vest-Agder29 14416814742228 65917 3182 222353
Rogaland37 1134 4373 4881 86216 0371 0208 9123 5401 305
Hordaland66 62215 04214 7001 51834 0092688 0236 7091 052
Sogn og Fjordane14 2885 4705 437440-::26073
Møre og Romsdal40 12119 89919 2551 470143 8588 5853 8872 407
Sør-Trøndelag19 44113 65113 39637102 3617451 2001 114
Nord-Trøndelag5 9592 8542 8146440::38068
Nordland27 41213 74613 6308840:8 686:40
Troms - Romsa8 7807 9217 690840::909
Finnmark - Finnmárku6 3205 0204 99339778439:41:
Svalbard00------0
Jan Mayen---------
Norwegian goods produced in several counties15 9156 2045 4202 7045 812194322527152
Re-exports of goods produced abroad140 7297192066121 3282 8004 01324 9266 331
County not stated126 5861 01894037474646272 9251 172

Table 14 
Imports of food and beverages, commodity groups by the SITC

Imports of food and beverages, commodity groups by the SITC1
NOK millionChange in per centTonsChange in per cent
2015201620172016 - 20172015201620172016 - 2017
1Food and beverages according to the definition of the WTO (http://www.wto.org/english/res_e/statis_e/technotes_e.htm) and is defined as the sum total of commodity group 0,11,22 og 4 in the nomenclature.
Total56 05558 14158 7141.04 766 1204 752 0274 841 5221.9
 
00 Live animals other than animals of div.0317217523232.87006997598.6
01 Meat and meat preparations1 7471 7251 491-13.631 72029 89424 019-19.7
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs1 1221 2311 2511.626 08128 29727 026-4.5
03 Fish, crustac.,molluscs and prep. thereof4 2164 5044 408-2.1220 691227 064214 754-5.4
04 Cereals and cereal preparations5 2785 2315 209-0.4735 121661 009635 850-3.8
05 Vegetables and fruit11 33411 94812 0731.0804 348860 124878 6432.2
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey1 6241 7131 698-0.9228 366211 396210 778-0.3
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices3 9983 9904 1052.987 15386 89187 4430.6
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)6 2546 7486 9703.3832 437819 481901 42310.0
09 Miscellaneous edible products6 4945 9205 9570.6501 571447 900407 828-8.9
11 Beverages5 6195 9246 1954.6234 357249 778277 84911.2
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits1 8891 9082 0024.9452 510449 420459 3632.2
41 Animal oils and fats3 2503 3302 769-16.8188 998194 636192 626-1.0
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated2 8523 5914 12214.8404 470473 456509 7057.7
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed20720323113.912 83111 98213 45612.3

Table 15 
Imports of food and beverages, by commodity groups (SITC) and selected trade areas

Imports of food and beverages, by commodity groups (SITC) and selected trade areas1
NOK MillionChange in per cent
2015201620172016 - 2017
1Food and beverages principally according to the definition of the WTO (http://www.wto.org/english/res_e/statis_e/technotes_e.htm) and is defined as the sum total of commodity groups 0,11,22 and 4 in the nomenclature of SITC.
Total56 05558 14158 7141.0
EU33 69135 81236 1681.0
Developing countries14 51614 04613 489-4.0
Other countries7 8498 2839 0579.4
 
Food and live animals
Total42 23843 18643 3950.5
EU25 93427 02727 4331.5
Developing countries11 22611 19610 585-5.5
Other countries5 0784 9635 3778.3
 
Beverages
Total5 6195 9246 1954.6
EU4 8885 0775 3535.4
Developing countries260310275-11.0
Other countries4725385675.4
 
Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes
Total6 3097 1237 1220.0
EU2 7313 5513 241-8.7
Developing countries1 7401 4981 468-2.0
Other countries1 8382 0752 413193.6
 
Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits
Total1 8891 9082 0024.9
EU138158140-11.1
Developing countries1 2901 0431 16111.3
Other countries46170780113.3

Table 16 
Export of fish, by species

Export of fish, by species1
Million NOKChange in per centTonnesChange in per cent
2015201620172016 - 20172015201620172016 - 2017
1Within the SITC classification group 03 'Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates', Statistics Norway has grouped everything by species based on the product groups in the HS nomenclature. Some discrepancies may occur since not all product groups are specified by species. The group 'Other fish' is the sum of the remaining product groups under SITC 03.
2Salmon contains more than the weekly figures of exports of salmon, fillets and other prepared salmon is also included.
3Due to confidentiality in group “Shrimps” from 2013 on, exports in this group can not be published separately. This group is therefore included in commodity group “Other crustaceous animals except shrimps and mollusk”.
Corrected 24 January.
Total71 97389 18792 3123.52 396 8812 232 9042 415 8978.2
 
Salmon247 59761 32364 6395.41 033 239978 9801 009 0343.1
Cod7 9098 7629 1474.4205 555215 847217 0740.6
Herring2 3393 1322 841-9.3214 774236 974295 27324.6
Mackerel3 8274 065263-93.5352 307309 01713 057-95.8
Coalfish2 0211 8031 9055.772 96272 59083 65115.2
Haddock1 2511 4451 68316.555 45471 19374 7315.0
Trout2 3133 9002 861-26.653 02968 44740 060-41.5
Shrimps3::::::::
Halibut77178193019.115 20013 87918 22031.3
Ling3003113285.57 5748 2927 682-7.4
Cusk18315518620.04 2043 8254 69522.7
Redfish28122226619.815 86414 89917 42517.0
Other fish1 6461 4335 544286.9326 254194 458588 934202.9
Other crustacean/ mollusc1 5341 8551 718-7.440 46644 50346 0613.5

Table 17 
Exports of fish, by continents.

Exports of fish, by continents.
NOK MillionChange in per centTonnesChange in per cent
2015201620172016 - 20172015201620172016 - 2017
1Salmon contains more than the weekly figures of exports of salmon, fillets and other prepared salmon is also included.
Corrected 24 January.
Total71 97389 18792 3123.52 396 8812 232 9042 415 8978.2
Europe51 37563 02963 1910.31 696 3841 518 6661 591 7554.8
Asia12 68917 66519 0077.6449 492489 671552 42812.8
North and Central America4 4345 7296 84619.582 41592 099103 06711.9
South America1 0098431 16137.744 15243 80253 96423.2
Africa2 1501 5771 75011.0120 73785 266111 77131.1
Oceania3173453583.83 7023 4002 912-14.4
 
Selected species
Salmon in total147 59761 32364 6395.41 033 239978 9801 009 0343.1
Europe36 46046 32747 2722.0825 839774 622771 424-0.4
Asia7 72010 67911 87211.2155 537153 112173 81313.5
North and Central America2 8033 6114 73131.041 17241 93554 28629.5
South America2017170.0326260238-8.5
Africa3534194446.07 4776 5006 8735.7
Oceania24227030312.22 8872 5512 400-5.9
 
Cod in total7 9098 7629 1474.4205 555215 847217 0740.6
Europe6 5207 1507 1890.5168 616170 166165 373-2.8
Asia6129131 06817.023 77434 11138 66113.3
North and Central America2202822996.03 8684 4153 715-15.9
South America47035853950.67 9746 2658 54236.3
Africa825047-6.01 234766711-7.2
Oceania696-33.38912472-41.9
 
Herring in total2 3393 1322 841-9.3214 774236 974295 27324.6
Europe2 0602 8312 434-14.0183 331210 695235 29611.7
Asia153170156-8.215 93012 52815 79526.1
North and Central America9182327.87521 2071 80749.7
South America232-33.3186209182-12.9
Africa115111227104.514 57612 33542 193242.1
Oceania0-0.0-0.
 
Mackerel in total3 8274 065263-93.5352 307309 01713 057-95.8
Europe1 3011 013198-80.5122 87478 37110 907-86.1
Asia1 9122 58864-97.5168 348186 8802 132-98.9
North and Central America64810-100.04 5374 89113-99.7
South America00-.019--100.0
Africa551383--100.056 54238 848--100.0
Oceania000.485-37.5

Table 18 
Exports of metals and manufactures of metals, by continents

Exports of metals and manufactures of metals, by continents1
NOK MillionChange in per centTonnesChange in per cent
2015201620172016 - 20172015201620172016 - 2017
1Metals and manufactures of metals is defined as the sum total of the commodity groups 67-69 in the UN Standard International Trade Classification, SITC.
Total67 42561 98570 74414.13 325 7873 439 4443 518 6052.3
Europe50 77448 88658 20119.13 162 2043 162 2043 256 9943.0
Asia9 3095 7315 115-10.8110 33687 61366 585-24.0
North and Central America4 3763 7855 48845.0135 111144 415146 6841.6
South America33944266550.315 12321 32925 48619.5
Africa1 9143 0531 192-60.911 12722 59721 590-4.5
Oceania7139984-15.29 9731 2861 265-1.6
 
Iron and steel12 70312 07415 04824.61 417 6921 495 2471 486 072-0.6
Europe9 6069 41011 90126.51 270 5351 313 7961 308 111-0.4
Asia1 0949169341.924 78329 00218 499-36.2
North and Central America1 1311 1101 60344.499 598116 496118 9712.1
South America15419831358.313 77418 71521 23813.5
Africa336411262-36.35 82216 57018 61612.3
Oceania384293521.73 179669637-4.8
 
Non-ferrous metals43 40640 28247 29817.41 761 0661 815 6751 910 5015.2
Europe35 76434 88241 54219.11 664 4961 745 1151 846 4775.8
Asia5 1653 4483 034-12.068 28948 72140 594-16.7
North and Central America2 3881 8092 46636.426 73119 62720 1572.7
South America5312723887.86511 7652 83860.8
Africa2091240.04843123171.6
Oceania1685-28.2414135117-13.3
 
Manufactures of metals11 3169 6298 398-12.8147 029128 522122 032-5.0
Europe5 4044 5944 7573.6109 084103 293102 406-0.9
Asia3 0511 3671 147-16.117 2649 8907 492-24.2
North and Central America8578661 41863.88 7828 2927 556-8.9
South America132118114-3.36988491 41066.1
Africa1 5592 622918-65.04 8215 7152 657-53.5
Oceania3146243-30.86 3804825116.0

About the statistics

The external trade statistics comprise the development in Norway's trade with other countries in terms of value and volume figures. Aggregated as well as detailed imports and exports figures between Norway and partner countries, trade regions and continents are provided.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Imports and exports
Imports comprise mainly foreign manufactured goods entering Norway. This can also include re-importation of originally Norwegian-produced goods and processed goods. Exports comprise domestically produced goods sent out of Norway, i.e. the Norwegian statistical territory as defined in Section of population. Also included are reexportation of originally foreign-produced goods and processed goods.

Trade in goods is based on the physical movement of goods across borders, but for some items, such as ships, oil platforms and aircraft, trading often takes place without the occurrence of such movement. Whether there has been an import or export of such goods is therefore determined based on whether a change in economic ownership has taken place cf. also described in the Section of population. Economic ownership is defined as the person entitled to claim the economic benefit and who has the legal responsibility for the risk of the item.

Mainland exports
As from March 2013, the statistics on external trade in goods will use the term mainland exports on the exportation of goods other than crude oil, natural gas, natural gas condensates, ships and oil platforms. Previously, we also used the term traditional goods for these exports, as well as for imports excluding ships and oil platforms. (Balance of payments and the research department still use the term traditional goods. The balance of payments also includes items such as naphtha, propane and butane in its collective term crude oil and natural gas, external trade in goods does not.)

Goods

A good is a physical object. Trade in goods, both relate to and are bound by trade in services. Services are more intangible by nature than goods. Production and consumption of goods is often independent of each other, while a service is difficult to distinguish in the same manner. Sometimes it is difficult to determine whether an object is a commodity or a service, e.g. software. Software may be defined as a service even if it is stored in a physical product and production and consumption take place independently. The content, i.e. the developed software, is mostly a service.

Country
Country of origin is used for imports. With regard to exports, the country of destination is used.

For raw materials, the country of origin is determined according to where the goods are produced. For manufactured goods (processed and refined goods), this is the country in which the goods have obtained the form they have at the time of import. The country of destination is defined as the country, which, on the date of export, is the last known country for which the goods are intended.

For more specific principles in relation to country of origin, the rule for ships, aircraft and oil platforms is that country of origin is the country that previously owned the goods (economic ownership). For Norwegian-produced goods sold abroad and subsequently bought in Norway, the country from which the goods are imported shall be given as the country of origin (manufacturing country).

Mode of transport
Mode of transport is defined as the means of transportation used when goods cross the border, either by import or export (in the Database for Standard Classifications there is a detailed description of mode of transport ).

Quantity
For most goods, the quantity is expressed in kilograms (weight excluding packaging), except for ships and electricity, which are measured by gross tonnes and kWh respectively. However, for many goods, the quantity is also available in a different unit of measurement, such as pieces, barrels, cubic metres, carat, litres, pairs etc.

Statistical value
Statistical value is the value when crossing the Norwegian border. Duties, VAT and other taxes are not included in the statistical value.

Upon import, the value should be set to the CIF (Cost Insurance Freight) value, i.e. the value of the goods at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with the delivery of goods to the border, transport costs and insurance. Similarly, for exports it is the value at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with transporting it there, called FOB (Free On Board) value. CIF and FOB are two types of delivery terms called Incoterms. The delivery terms are an agreement between buyer and seller as to who bears the risk, responsibility and cost of transportation of the goods to the agreed place. In the Database for Standard Classifications there is an overview of the different delivery terms .

For crude oil exported by ship directly from installations on the Norwegian continental shelf, the value upon departure from the installation is used. In the case of crude oil and natural gas that is piped abroad, this value is determined based onon when it leaves the Norwegian continental shelf. The value of transport in international waters and into a terminal abroad is regarded as export of services.

The statistical value of exports and imports of ships is the transfer value including takeover of debt. With regard toto fish landed abroad (exported) by Norwegian vessels and caught outside the Norwegian customs border, the statistical value is the value of the fish paid to the fishing operator upon the sale of stock (minus the sales organisation fee).

County of production
The county of production is defined as the county in which the added value is greatest.

Standard classifications

Classification of goods
The classification by HS (the international customs and statistics nomenclature, the Harmonized System) is a 6-digit grouping of goods organised primarily according to the material characteristics of goods at the time of crossing the border. Only in exceptional cases is the later use of the goods of any significance to the classification. The WCO (World Customs Organization) is responsible for this nomenclature.

The Norwegian customs tariff is based on the HS, but has two more digits, which are national codes. The 7th digit reflects national customs divisions/tariff rates (bound in the WTO - World Trade Organization). The 8th digit is used to cover the national statistical needs and and among others the interests of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority and Ministry of Foreign Affairs interests with regard to import and export regulations. In some cases, the 8th digit is also used to distinguish between goods subject to duties and/or fees. The Norwegian version is published annually on our website along with a text version of the nomenclature developed by Statistics Norway. The detailed commodity list , which includes all commodity numbers, also provides information about the validity of each commodity number.

Due to technological developments and changes in international trade, the HS nomenclature is normally updated every 5 years – with the most recent implementation on 1 January 2012. In addition, minor changes are made in the Norwegian customs tariff every year. The EU also uses the nomenclature of the HS in its publication of foreign trade figures. However, the EU version; the Combined Nomenclature (CN) - which also has eight digits - is more detailed than the Norwegian version. As mentioned previously, only the first 6 digits are common internationally.

When publishing external trade figures, the UN Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) is mainly used. Here the goods are grouped by level of processing (raw materials, semi-finished and finished goods). As from 1988 to 2006, the SITC-Rev.3 is used, but as of 2007 the SITC-Rev. 4 is used.

The classification BEC (Broad Economic Categories); the UN classification of commodities by end use, which is based on the SITC, is also used to some extent. This classification is not considered to be a "standard classification" in the same way as for example the SITC, and it is officially acknowledged that countries may have their own version of this grouping in order to satisfy national needs. In the Database for Standard Classifications the Norwegian version of this classification is found.

The various nomenclatures are listed on the UN’s website , as well as correspondence tables between the different nomenclatures HS, SITC and BEC and their different versions.

The product classification CPA divides goods by industry group, and in external trade we use extracts from this. CPA (Statistical Classification of Productivity by Activity in the European Community) is the EU's central Product by Activity classification. It is a product group that is closely linked to industry, i.e. distinctive products within each activity can be linked to the activity classification NACE Rev.2.

Grouping by country
The Norwegian list of countries used follows the international standard ISO-3166. EU countries use the same standard, except for some deviations of less importance.

In the external trade publications these country groupings are frequently used:

Nordic countries - trade with Sweden, Denmark, Greenland, Faroe Islands, Finland, Åland and Iceland
EFTA - trade with Iceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein
EU – in the Database for standard classifications current member states at any given time is available
OECD - for current member states at any given time see the OECD's website

Developing countries – as from 2007, the figures are according to the OECD’s DAC (DAC stands for Development Assistance Committee) for definitions of countries at any given time that are recognised as recipients of official foreign aid. The DAC list also includes a section on LDCs (Least Developed Countries - defined by the UN) - which we also use in the statistics.
(Until 2006, these countries were defined as developing countries in the Norwegian trade statistics: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), Croatia, Macedonia, Malta, Slovenia - Africa except South Africa - Asia excluding Japan, North and South America except USA, Canada and Greenland - Oceania except Australia and New Zealand.)

Former Comecon (only European Comecon countries in the Norwegian trade statistics): Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Estonia, Georgia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Hungary, Uzbekistan.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: External trade in goods
Topic: External economy

Next release

Responsible division

Division for External Trade

Regional level

Statistics on imports and exports of goods are published at country level. Export figures are also given by county of production.

Frequency and timeliness

Monthly figures are released on the 15th of the month after the observation period (the previous month), or the first subsequent working day. These figures are preliminary. With regard to the current year, all the monthly figures are updated in every publication

Corresponding yearly figures are published together with the monthly figures for December. With regard to the current year, all the monthly figures are updated in every publication. Final figures for the preceding year are released twice. For the first time in May the following year, while the corrected final figures are published in May one year later.

International reporting

Reports are sent to the EU statistical office (Eurostat), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization (WTO), International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the United Nations (UN).

Microdata

Non-revised and revised micro data are stored in accordance with Statistics Norway's guidelines for storing computer files (DataDok).

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the external trade statistics is to provide information about the commodity flows between Norway and other countries. Exports and imports are important economic indicators both in describing structural changes and in monitoring the economic trends. The monthly statistics of external trade in goods have been published since 1913 (value figures were published for the first time in 1866).

With regard to essential changes in the statistics, the commodity classification in line with the Harmonised System that was introduced in 1988 entailed a comprehensive restructuring of the distribution at a detailed level in relation to the earlier CCCN nomenclature (the Customs Cooperation Council Nomenclature).

The statistics are mainly financed from State assignments, but also rely to some extent on market income.

Users and applications

The external trade statistics are a part of the national and international statistical system, and are used in the compilation of the national accounts and the balance of payment statistics in Statistics Norway. The statistics are aimed at covering the business sector’s need for data in this area for their planning of production, marketing and sales.

The statistics are also intended for prognoses and analyses performed by public authorities, research institutions and private organisations. International organisations such as the UN´s statistical office, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD),  the statistical office of the EU (Eurostat) and others make use of the information provided in the external trade statistics.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The figures for external trade statistics are an important part of the quarterly balance of payments and national accounts and the annual national accounts .

Operational accounts (balance of payments comprises operating accounts and capital accounts), however, include several items on both the export and import side that are not included in the statistics on external trade. This applies to the export and import of services in their entirety. External trade statistics only cover the non-financial sector, while the balance of payments cover all institutional sectors (the non-financial sector produces goods and non-financial services, while financial firms are mainly concerned with financial disclosure and financial assistance services).

The balance of payments also collects estimates of trade in goods which are transported directly from abroad to the Norwegian continental shelf, imports of fuel and other oil products to Norwegian ships, aircraft and units abroad. Moreover the external account interprets some of the goods from the external trade statistics in goods as a service, such as computer games, software and licenses.

In the publication of the figures for external trade we give figures for crude oil, natural gas and condensates, while the balance of payments use the collective term “crude oil and natural gas”. Terms in foreign accounts also encompass items such as naphtha, propane and butane, while the external trade statistics do not.

In addition to the statistics mentioned, external trade figures are included in many of the other statistics published by Statistics Norway, for example:

- Exports of salmon ,  weekly figures of salmon exports are published in addition to the regular monthly trade figures
- Indices of volume and price of external trade in goods mainly use external trade data as the basis for calculating figures. In addition, the total number of imports and exports, as well as fish and some selected commodity numbers for waste paper and scrap metal, are used as basic data in the producer price index  and the  price index of first-hand domestic sales
- External trade data are also used as basic data for statistics on transport  , the external trade in ICT goodsstatistics on fishery and emissions of greenhouse gases

 

Mirror statistics
Mirror statistics, in the context of external trade statistics, refer to a comparison between the statistics of two or more countries: exports of goods from one country should in principle equal the imports of the same goods in the partner country.

However, discrepancies are often identified in these figures for several reasons. Although there are international guidelines for the production of external trade statistics, there may still be differences in what the countries include. An example is differences in the usage of statistical trade systems, general or special trade, which causes delimitations to the statistics content. Countries may also have different methods for data collecting and processing, which can create distortions. Furthermore, some countries collect data from customs authorities and others directly from companies. 

Basically, there should be a certain difference in value between the countries, as the exporting country provides the FOB-value while the importing country in addition to this adds costs for insurance and freight all the way to the location of delivery, the CIF-value (see Definitions). Some countries collect data from customs authorities, others directly from companies. A common source of error between countries is caused by different information about which is the country of destination. Different threshold-values for inclusion of data can also create distortions, f.ex. in Norwegian external trade statistics, declarations with value less than NOK 1 000 are excluded from the import statistics. Other countries may have other delimitations. Different practise of confidentiality and demands for confidentiality, inaccurate definitions of certain commodities as well as conscious and unconscious misuse of codes can lead to use of different classification codes between countries.

From a Norwegian point of view, there is a need for comparing external trade data with the corresponding statistics of our main trading partners, principally European countries. It is in this context important to have knowledge of the rules practiced by the individual partners.

The Statistical Office of the European Union, Eurostat, publishes external trade data for EU countries, totally for the Union and separate for each member country. This statistics are produced according to EU regulations, which defines external trade as trade between the European Union trade and third countries. As a consequence of this, exports to countries in the EU from a non EU-member state are recorded as imported to EU in the first country where the goods cross the borders of the European Union. When forwarding the goods to the country of destination, the good is recorded as an item dispatched from the EU-country that first received the goods. Information about the country of origin of the commodity is not included in the records. Several of the EU-countries publishes in addition to the data presented in the Eurostat database, Comext ,  separately external trade statistics produced after national methodology. For information about this, consult Eurostat's annual report: Quality report on International trade statistics .

 

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§ 2-1, 2-2 and 3-2

EEA reference

EU regulations incorporated into the EEA agreement comprise contractual obligations pursuant toto EC regulations onon data collection and distribution of data to the EU’s statistical office, Eurostat. The current regulations are as follows:

Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries and repealing of Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/95

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 92/2010 of 2 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards data exchange between customs authorities and national statistical authorities, compilation of statistics and quality assessment

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 113/2010 of 9 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards trade coverage, definition of the data, compilation of statistics on trade by business characteristics and by invoicing currency, and specific goods or movements

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 1106/2012 of 27 November 2012 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards the update of the nomenclature of countries and territories

Production

Population

Statistics area and the economic territory
The scope of foreign trade statistics is based on international guidelines from the United Nations Statistical Commission.

The general recommendation is that the statistics should include all goods which add to or subtract from the stock of material resources of a country by entering (imports) or leaving (exports) its economic territory. In addition to the geographical dimension, a country's economic territory also includes ships, aircraft and oil platforms owned by national corporations. These are goods that are not necessarily located within the geographic area, but are still viewed as part of the material resources of a country. For these goods external trade is measured by the change of economic ownership.

There are two different statistical trade systems - the general trade system and the special trade system. UN recommends using the general trade system where a country's statistical area coincides with its economic territory. This implies that goods are recorded at the time they enter or leave the economic territory. The special trade system is used when the statistical area covers only a part of the economic territory. Statistics Norway follows, with a few exceptions, the general trade system.

The Norwegian economic territory consists of mainland Norway, Svalbard, Jan Mayen, Norwegian dependencies, territorial waters, including the airspace above these, the economic zone, the Norwegian part of the continental shelf, territorial enclaves abroad (embassies, consulates, military bases, research stations) and Norwegian ships, aircraft and oil platforms.

External trade statistics is mainly based on information drawn from customs declarations. However, the responsible area of the customs authorities only covers mainland Norway and its territorial waters. As a supplement, data on important trade in goods to and from the remaining areas of the economic territory are collected directly from respondents and registers.

The following are defined as statistical area:

Mainland Norway and its territorial waters
Customs declarations contain information on physical flows of goods crossing the customs border. Imports and export that are exempted from ordinary declaration are referred to in the Customs Act §§ 4-10 and 4-11. According to the recommendations from the UN, some flows of goods should be excluded from the statistics. This includes trade in Norwegian goods between the customs area and other parts of the Norwegian economic territory. To the extent possible, trade in foreign goods to and from foreign enclaves, ships, aircraft and oil platforms located in Norway are omitted. To distinguish this type of transactions customs procedure codes from the declarations are used. In general, trade transactions are recorded at the time when the goods enter or leave the customs territory. However there are some exceptions, cf. the treatment of goods in customs warehouses.

There are four different types of customs warehouses. Goods waiting on declearance,can be stored in either a general or a central warehouse. For imports the time of recording is set when the goods are taken out of the warehouse and not when they arrived in the economic territory. This means that the statistical processing of these data follows the special trade principle. However, in practice the time difference between storage and withdrawals from warehouses is usually so small that the statistical processing is considered to be approximately equal to the general trade principle. For the remaining two types of customs warehouse; duty free and storage for further processing, the statistical treatment is according to the general trade system.

Customs declarations of exports and imports of electric current do not provide enough information for statistical purposes, and data is therefore obtained directly from the respondent.

Svalbard and Jan Mayen
Import transported through the Norwegian mainland to Svalbard and Jan Mayen should be declared by customs. Data on exports of coal transported directly from Svalbard are collected directly from the respondents.

The Norwegian part of the continental shelf
Imports via the Norwegian mainland to Norwegian owned installations and vessels that operate on the continental shelf should be declared by customs. Exports of crude oil and natural gas delivered directly from the continental shelf are based on data from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate and the different operators.

Norwegian owned ships, aircraft and oil platforms
Exports and imports of ships, aircraft and oil platforms are based on information from Norwegian ship registers as well as from different respondents. Export of Norwegian goods (excluding bunkers) to foreign ships and aircraft in Norwegian ports and airports are covered by customs declarations.

Data on exports of fish caught by Norwegian fishing vessels outside the customs area and landed abroad is obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries.

 

In accordance with the UN recommendations the following trade in goods are not included in the statistics:

  • Goods in transit, ie goods attending the Norwegian economic territory to be directly transported to a recipient outside this area
  •  Goods traded through intermediate trade, ie goods transported between two foreign countries without entering the Norwegian economic territory
  • Goods physically crossing the country border, but defined as a service (including newspaper subscriptions, accompanied baggage, household goods)
  • Content delivered electronically (including e-books, downloadable games, etc.), defined purely as a service
  • Issued banknotes, securities and monetary gold
  • Samples, gifts and promotional material etc. with a low value
  •  Goods for repair or return after repair
  •  Goods in unaltered condition in return to vendor (claims etc.) and waste containers, replacement deliveries and free repairs (warranty)
  •  Items for temporary use, that are returned within 12 months (exhibition, demonstration, scientific research, loan, professional equipment, transport vehicles in international traffic, containers, equipment in use for the press, radio and television equipment, etc.)
  •  Change in ownership of non-financial assets
  •  Goods that are damaged on the journey to and from the Norwegian economic territory
  •  Satellites equipment moved to and launched in other countries without any change of ownership
  •  Goods functioning as means of transport (ship, aircraft, packaging, etc.)
  • Waste and scrap without any commercial value

 Furthermore goods totalling less than NOK 1 000 are omitted, these goods amounts to less than one per cent of the import and about 0.04 per cent of the export. Imports of goods for less than NOK 200 and exports of goods less than NOK 5.000 (except from goods that are subject to taxes and restrictions) are not subject to declaration by the Customs.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are mainly based on administrative information obtained from TVINN, which is the Norwegian Customs’ electronic information system for the exchange of customs declarations between businesses and Norwegian Customs. Some data is, however, obtained from other sources, and more information on this can be found in the paragraph on data collection.

Sampling is not not relevant as external trade is a total count of the goods defined in the population.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection

The vast majority of the data is, as mentioned, collected through the Customs’ TVINN register and transmitted electronically to Statistics Norway. However, some additional data, as shown below, is obtained separately.

Exports of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state
Preliminary and final figures for exported volumes of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state are collected through monthly reports from the operators and the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate. The prices, however, are obtained via various sources depending on whether they relate to crude oil or natural gas, and whether the data is being collected to compile preliminary or final figures.

From 2013 on, the development in the in gas prices from the producer price index (PPI) used to calculate the preliminary gas prices for foreign trade, while the level will be based on the value determined from the last registered price. PPI obtain figures for natural gas from the journal World Gas Intelligence (WGI).

Preliminary oil prices are still based on data from the operators.

For crude oil, the final prices: quarterly surveys from the licensees, as well as information from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate, the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy and the operators.

For natural gas, final prices: a quarterly average price based on information from a selection of licensees and operators.

Due to insufficient information about country of destination there are from 2013 on changes in the dissemination of the figures of exports of natural gas in gaseous state. From 2013, country of destination according to these figures will be based on the landing point of the pipelines with natural gas from the Norwegian continental shelf.

Imports and exports of ships and oil platforms
The data collection for vessels is based on current information from the Norwegian ship registers the Norwegian Ordinary Ship Register (NOR) and the Norwegian International Ship Register (NIS).

When it comes to oil platforms, information is collected from the Norwegian ship registers, the Customs’ TVINN register and importer/exporter.

Imports and exports of electricity
From 2016 information is collected from Customs' TVINN register. In previous years this information was received from the Nordic Power Exchange Nord Pool.

Imports and exports of aircraft
For some aircrafts, monthly reports are received from Statistics Sweden, while the rest are obtained through regular declarations in the TVINN system.

Exports of coal from Svalbard
Reports on the export of coal from Svalbard are received monthly from the exporter. 

Exports of fish caught by Norwegian vessels outside the Norwegian customs border
Since July 2010, the figures have been obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries (FDIR). Prior to that, the information was gathered through TVINN.

 

Data editing

Information from customs declarations is subject to statistical controls in the Customs declaration system (TVINN). The controls to check the estimated price, quantity and country were developed by the Customs in cooperation with Statistics Norway.

Data controls at Statistics Norway take place at different levels - some as soon as the data is loaded into the system (automatic recoding of variables). The manual part of the revision consists of different types of validity and probability tests. The former are controls of absolute errors, such as missing transport code, while the other type of test may check unlikely country codes or unreasonably high quantities for a specific type of good. The system aims to intercept the most serious errors in the data. Data collected from sources other than the Customs also undergo similar checks.

 

Estimations

External trade is based on a total count but some items are excluded, cf. section of population. There is no need for any statistical estimations of current figures, only aggregations, in order to enable us to publish in a timely manner.

 

Seasonal adjustment

 The seasonal adjustment method, which is used for the foreign trade monthly value series and the quarterly volume series, consists of pre-treatment of the values for the individual series using the seasonal adjustment programme X12-ARIMA. It was developed by the US Bureau of the Census, and is one of the most internationally known methods for seasonal adjustment. The purpose of the seasonally-adjusted figures is to show the real economic trends by eliminating interference caused by seasonal variations. There are two important corrections: one method adjusts for the number of weekdays of different kinds in each month. This can be important, since it is probable that exports and imports are distributed unevenly throughout the week. The second important correction is for the Easter holidays, since Easter can fall in different months and different quarters of the year. We assume that both imports and exports are affected the week before Easter, in the Easter week itself and the week after Easter. No special corrections are made for other holidays in the year.

Confidentiality

The Statistics Act § 2-6 covers the disclosure of information. The requirements for confidentiality in external trade of goods are practised so that data is suppressed only when the establishment/enterprise has a valid reason for confidential treatment and actively asks for it. This is called "passive confidentiality" and is in line with UN recommendations. This method is used by most countries. Exporters/importers can demand suppression when there are 3 or fewer companies that import or export an item type, or when a company has a market share of over 90 per cent, or if two firms have a market share of over 95 per cent.

Since Norway has a number of major manufacturers that are dominant in some product areas, some suppression of information exists on the export side. Between 5 and 10 per cent of mainland exports are affected by confidentiality. For imports, it is far less; around 1 per cent. Some commodity areas are more problematic with regard to dissemination, since suppression on highly aggregated levels must be carried out.

Comparability over time and space

The six-digit HS-based commodity classification is subject to revisions due to technological development and also development in the commodity spectres of the international trade. These adjustments are normally made every five years. The most recent HS revision was implemented on 1 January 2012. Furthermore, national adjustments are made every year at the national eight-digit level. These revisions can create breaks in the time series for some commodity numbers. Detailed information about this is available in the yearly Commodity List External Trade. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the HS are available on the UN website .

With regard to the divisions according to the SITC, the current SITC-Rev.4 was introduced in January 2007, when it replaced the previous SITC-Rev.3 (1988-2006). The relation between the figures for the years before and after 2007 can be misleading for some commodity numbers. The degree of influence depends on the value of the commodity numbers that now have a different group affiliation. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the SITC are also available on the UN website .

For the tables that use the CPA nomenclature, the 2008 edition is used for the whole series.

Other elements influencing the comparability over time: The imports and exports of ships and oil platforms in the statistics were extended in 1991 to include transactions that concern vessels under a foreign flag with a Norwegian-registered holding company. Furthermore, the definition of developing countries was changed in 2007, which affects the figures slightly.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Collection errors can occur from incorrect values, incomplete information or misinterpretation of data on customs declarations. Examples of this are use of wrong commodity number, country code, county of production or incorrect quantity.

Other sources of error include late updates, which sometimes occur for the trade with ships and oil platforms.It is also difficult to intercept the transit trade, i.e. the buying and selling of commodities in foreign territory where a Norwegian company is one of the partners. Neither do we have a good data basis to estimate the processing exports for the preparation of goods abroad or imports for processing in Norway.
The rules for customs clearance, which entail exemption from the duty to declare for exports of goods when the value is below NOK 5 000 and exemption for imports of goods when the value is below NOK 200, lead to lower figures than the real trade. This is not the best solution for preparation of the national accounts, where these lacking figures are estimated separately.
The calculation of seasonally-adjusted data beyond the usual seasonal effects is adjusted for the fact that trade is distributed unevenly across the week and taking into account the effect of Easter, as described in the section of estimations. However, beyond this nothing in particular is done. Therefore it would be natural to assume that the seasonally-adjusted December figures should be interpreted more cautiously because of the Christmas holidays.

The export trade statistics is a full count, so there are therefore no non-response errors or sampling errors .

Revision

External trade in goods publishes preliminary figures monthly. However, further revisions of the figures continue until April/May the next year, when the final figures are published. Corrections in data mean that the monthly figures can be changed until publication of the final figures. The difference between the preliminary release of monthly statistics and the final figures is usually small for mainland exports, typically below one per cent. At the detailed level and for individual months, revisions can have greater significance, in relative terms. Oil and gas figures can undergo major revisions, particularly in relation to oil and gas prices. As stated in the section for frequency and timeliness, we make some adjustments in the final figures. These adjustments will normally be of lesser importance, but sometimes relatively large defects or errors are revealed.

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