261580
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261580
8 in 10 new-borns receive home visits from the public health centres
statistikk
2016-06-28T10:00:00.000Z
Health;Public sector
en
helsetjko, Municipal health care service, municipal health care service, operating costs, health centres, school health service, health checks, health personnel (for example physiotherapists, health visitors, midwives), nursing home residentsKOSTRA , Health services , Public sector, Health
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Municipal health care services shows statistics on general practitioners, physiotherapists, expenses, health examinations in public health centres and school health services, the number of man-years and expenditures within these services.

Municipal health care service

Updated

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Municipal health services, key figures
201520152014 - 20152011 - 2015
Absolute figuresPer 10 000 inhabitantsPercentage change1Percentage change1
1Percentage change is based on absolute figures
2Due to change of data source, changes in man-years are not calculated.
Man-years for physicians in the municipal health service5 456.610.52.512.8
Man-years for physiotherapists4 689.79.02.09.2
Absolute figuresPer inhabitantPercentage change1Percentage change1
Gross operating expenditure municipal health in total (1 000 NOK)15 503 6712 973.53.626.9
Gross operating expenditure. Preventive health (enviormental health care) (1 000 NOK)1 263 329242.35.330.8
Gross operating expenditure. Diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation, function 241, (1 000 NOK)11 072 0162 123.53.325.7
Absolute figuresPer 10 000 inhabitants 0-20 yearsPercentage change1Percentage change1
Gross operating expenditure. Preventive health (enviormental health care) (1 000 NOK)3 168 3262 386.24.029.9
Man-years health centers and school health24 498.533.9::

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Man-years by occupational groups in the municipal health service. Centrality.

Man-years by occupational groups in the municipal health service. Centrality.
201520152014 - 20152011 - 2015
Absolute figuresPer 10 000 inhabitantsPercentage changePercentage change
Physicians5 456.610.52.512.8
Centrality 0 Remote municipalities855.814.23.07.4
Centrality 1 Fairly remote municipalities411.211.62.512.8
Centrality 2 Fairly central municipalities1 336.910.51.917.3
Centrality 3 Central municipalities2 852.79.62.512.5
 
Physiotherapists4 689.79.02.09.2
Centrality 0 Remote municipalities654.110.80.96.1
Centrality 1 Fairly remote municipalities328.99.3-0.69.3
Centrality 2 Fairly central municipalities1 140.49.01.38.4
Centrality 3 Central municipalities2 566.28.63.010.3

Table 2 
Man-years by physicians with different wage agreements in the municipal health service. Centrality.

Man-years by physicians with different wage agreements in the municipal health service. Centrality.
201520152014 - 20152011 - 2015
Absolute figuresPer 10 000 inhabitantsPercentage change1Percentage change1
1Percentage change is based on the absolute figures.
Physicians, total5 456.610.52.512.8
Centrality 0 Remote municipalities855.814.23.07.4
Centrality 1 Fairly remote municipalities411.211.62.512.8
Centrality 2 Fairly central municipalities1 336.910.51.917.3
Centrality 3 Central municipalities2 852.79.62.512.5
Physicians with agreement3 833.47.31.68.9
Centrality 0 Remote municipalities370.96.13.27.2
Centrality 1 Fairly remote municipalities278.67.95.011.2
Centrality 2 Fairly central municipalities999.67.9-1.08.7
Centrality 3 Central municipalities2 184.27.32.19.0
Physicians with regular pay1 037.12.05.737.2
Centrality 0 Remote municipalities324.95.44.211.1
Centrality 1 Fairly remote municipalities80.42.3-6.425.0
Centrality 2 Fairly central municipalities224.71.818.698.8
Centrality 3 Central municipalities407.21.43.342.3
Mandatory practitioners453.20.91.04.9
Centrality 0 Remote municipalities156.92.6-0.13.2
Centrality 1 Fairly remote municipalities51.11.42.67.6
Centrality 2 Fairly central municipalities95.40.86.77.4
Centrality 3 Central municipalities149.80.5-1.64.2
Physicians without agreement132.90.39.22.9
Centrality 0 Remote municipalities3.10.134.8-51.6
Centrality 1 Fairly remote municipalities1.10.0450.0-45.0
Centrality 2 Fairly central municipalities17.20.1-23.9-10.4
Centrality 3 Central municipalities111.50.415.49.7

Table 3 
Man-years by physiotherapists with different wage agreements in the municipal health service. Centrality.

Man-years by physiotherapists with different wage agreements in the municipal health service. Centrality.
201520152014 - 20152011 - 2015
Absolute figuresPer 10 000 inhabitantsPercentage change1Percentage change1
1Percentage change is based on the absolute figures.
Physiotherapists, total4 689.79.02.09.2
Centrality 0 Remote municipalities654.110.80.96.1
Centrality 1 Fairly remote municipalities328.99.3-0.69.3
Centrality 2 Fairly central municipalities1 140.49.01.38.4
Centrality 3 Central municipalities2 566.28.63.010.3
Physiotherapists with agreement2 700.75.21.13.1
Centrality 0 Remote municipalities351.55.8-1.5-0.5
Centrality 1 Fairly remote municipalities177.95.0-1.73.1
Centrality 2 Fairly central municipalities697.55.50.21.7
Centrality 3 Central municipalities1 473.84.92.64.7
Physiotherapists without agreement0.00.0..
Centrality 0 Remote municipalities0.00.0..
Centrality 1 Fairly remote municipalities0.00.0..
Centrality 2 Fairly central municipalities0.00.0..
Centrality 3 Central municipalities0.00.0..
Physiotherapists with regular pay1 829.23.53.519.2
Centrality 0 Remote municipalities270.74.53.716.6
Centrality 1 Fairly remote municipalities134.13.80.618.1
Centrality 2 Fairly central municipalities408.83.22.923.0
Centrality 3 Central municipalities1 015.73.44.018.6
Mandatory practitioners159.70.31.412.5
Centrality 0 Remote municipalities32.00.56.03.6
Centrality 1 Fairly remote municipalities17.00.51.813.3
Centrality 2 Fairly central municipalities34.20.33.30.0
Centrality 3 Central municipalities76.60.3-1.223.7

Table 4 
Man-years for physicians by activity area

Man-years for physicians by activity area
201520152014 - 20152011 - 2015
Absolute figuresPer 10 000 inhabitantsPercentage change1Percentage change1
1Percentage change is based on the absolute figures.
Physicians, total5 456.610.52.512.8
Diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation4 428.98.52.011.8
School/health centre210.10.40.7-0.1
Preventive health vare, environmental health66.90.10.3-3.7
Other preventive health care83.70.21.5-1.6
Institutions for the aged and disabled569.61.17.033.3
Administration97.40.22.917.6
Other activity area0.00.0..
Unspesified0.00.0..

Table 5 
Man-years for physiotherapists by activity area

Man-years for physiotherapists by activity area
201520152014 - 20152011 - 2015
Absolute figuresPer 10 000 inhabitantsPercentage change1Percentage change1
1Percentage change is based on the absolute figures.
Physiotherapists, total4 689.79.02.09.2
Diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation3 803.97.31.58.0
School/health centre202.00.44.3-1.2
Preventive health vare, environmental health7.10.0-36.6-27.6
Other preventive health care148.10.39.940.8
Institutions for the aged and disabled453.50.93.216.6
Administration75.00.15.513.3
Other activity area0.00.0..
Unspesified0.00.0..

Table 6 
Actitity in health centre service and school health service.

Actitity in health centre service and school health service.
20152014 - 20152011 - 2015
Absolute figuresPercentage changePercentage change
Pregnancy care service
Number of pregnant with birth preparing course i health centre service9 2241511
Number of pregnant controlled at health centre service49 49124
PercentPercentage changePercentage change
Services for children
Newborn with visits in childs home from health centre personell8316
Children with 8 week control at health centre97-2-6
Children 2-3 years old with control at health centre service9800
Children 4 years old with control at health centre service9601
Children in first grade with control at health centre service9628

Table 7 
Man-years in the health centre service and school health service

Man-years in the health centre service and school health service
20152014 - 20152011 - 2015
Absolute figuresPercentage changePercentage change
Personnel, total. function 2324 498.5
Man-years midwives. function 232322.7
Man-years public Health Nurses. function 2322 469.4
Man-years other nurses. function 232504.8
Man-years without professional education . function 232332.2
Man-years for Physicians. function 232210.110
Man-years for Physiotherapists. function 232202.04-1

Table 8 
Gross operating expenditure municipal health and care

Gross operating expenditure municipal health and care
20152014 - 20152011 - 2015
Absolute figuresPercentage changePercentage change
1Government grants for municipal co-financing of general hospitals function 255 was closed from 2015.
Gross operating expenditure, total all functions117 823 099-3.223.4
Preventive health care, school/health centre3 168 3264.029.9
Preventive health care1 263 3295.330.8
Activation of elderly og disabled5 582 3452.224.1
Diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation11 072 0163.325.7
Nursing and care services in institutions41 311 499-0.417.5
Nursing and care services, home-based50 466 4061.627.1
Co-financing of somatic services133 749-99.4.
Emergency health and care services526 83038.5.
Institution facilities4 398 5992.512.9

About the statistics

The municipal health care service statistics include information about general practitioners, physiotherapists, public health centres, school health services, healthy life centres, other preventive health care and expenditures.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Man-year

These data are intended to embrace all kinds of activities within the home based services and the institutions, and are not only restricted to health care functions. The data also contain administration and management personnel and as far as the institutions are concerned, kitchen and cleaning functions etc. The personnel are registered on the basis of their formal education by December 31st. The figures are reported in man-years, which means that the total numbers of part-time employees are converted into number of full time employees. Thus the total number of man-years is based on the assumption of stability among the personnel during the year. Employees without the specified education are recorded in collective groups.

Man-years - positions

For personnel, the recording unit is hours per week, and applies to hours set for those with permanent full-time or part-time positions. The number of hours per week is recalculated into man-years (full-time positions) by dividing the number of contract working hours per week. In practice this means that we have divided by 36 hours for physiotherapists and 37.5 hours for Doctors, and 35.5 for the other occupational groups.

Organisation

Organisation means the forms of association the individual physicians and physiotherapists have with the municipality. Municipalities offer practitioners four possible forms of association. The two most common forms are fixed salary and contract.

Physicians and physiotherapists with fixed salaries

Physicians and physiotherapists with fixed salaries are municipal employees, in municipal medical officer or physiotherapist positions advertised by the municipality. These positions may be full or part-time. The municipalities cover all expenses of the positions, but the National Insurance scheme provides fixed grants to the municipalities per position. The duties of these fixed-salary physicians and physiotherapists are set by municipal instructions.

Physicians and physiotherapists with municipal contracts

Physicians and physiotherapists with municipal contracts are basically private practising physicians and physiotherapists who sign an agreement with the municipality or borough. The provisions of this agreement are based on an agreement between the Norwegian Association of Local Authorities, Ministry of Health and Care Services and the physicians' and physiotherapists' organizations. The agreement implies that all physicians are obliged to participate in the medical duty service and municipal responsibilities such as care of the elderly and preventive medicine. How much the individual doctor is to perform these duties and the opening hours of the curative practice are defined in the specific agreements between the individual practitioner and the municipality/borough. The basis of the income of physicians and physiotherapists with municipal agreements is National Insurance reimbursements, patient co-payments and a fixed amount (operating grant) from the municipality as compensation for the agreement. Physicians and physiotherapists with combinations of fixed salary part-time positions and part-time contract practice are regarded as practitioners with a municipal contract.

Physicians and physiotherapists without municipal contracts

There are also practitioners with private practices who do not have a contract with the municipality. For the individual patient, it is of no financial significance if you go to a mandatory practitioner, doctor with fixed salary or doctor with a municipal contract. Physicians without a municipal contract may, with certain limitations, take as high a co-payment as the patient is willing to pay.

Following changes in sections 5-4, 5-7 and 5-8 of the National Insurance Act of 1 July 1998, national insurance reimbursements are no longer to be paid to private practising health professionals who do not have an operating agreement with the municipality or county. Exceptions have been made for general practitioners pending the introduction of the regular GP scheme.

Vacant authorised posts/ positions

Authorised posts or fixed-salary positions that are vacant at December 31st due to leave, illness or other reasons, are regarded as filled if the absence is less than four months, otherwise it is regarded as vacant.

Overtime

From the statistical year 1994, data on man-years worked by physicians also include hours worked under extended working time agreements pursuant to the central union federation special agreement between the Norwegian Association of Local Authorities and the Norwegian Medical Association. This agreement permits, for up to one year at a time, the signing of an agreement on extended working hours beyond 37.5 hours per week. Overtime work beyond this is not included.

Users of home based services

The figures cover all users of home help and home nursing or both services that were registered as active users at the end of the year. In general every person receiving services is regarded as one user, with one exception; households consisting of two or more persons receiving help are regarded as one user.

Institutions

These are defined as a group of buildings where parts of the floorage are shared between residents, the household is common and care personnel are present 24 hours a day. This definition embraces all kinds of institutions falling under the law mentioned above and are as follows: nursing homes, old peoples homes, combined nursing and old peoples homes and in addition various municipal dwellings with full-time services.

Dwellings for the aged and disabled

This category includes other kinds of municipal dwellings reserved for persons in need of help because of old age or handicap. They are also offered to mentally retarded persons who have left the traditional institutions according to a major reform concerning this group of disabled in 1991. These dwellings are not included in the institution-category, as they do not have a full-time service offer, and the residents own or pay rent for the dwelling. Some of them have care and nursing services during parts of the day. The other dwellings do not have this offer, and the residents are instead users of the home based services in the same way as other ordinary users. Many of these flats are adjusted for functionally disabled residents and some of them do also have to some extent common floorage and household.

Standard classifications

The 429 municipalities are grouped into 16 groups by population and economic conditions. The classification is based on Audun Langørgen and Rolf Aaberge (2011): Classification of municipalities by population and economic conditions of 2008. Report 2011/8, Statistics Norway. In the calculation of average figures for the county, municipalities are divided into 19 counties by the current standard for municipality classification (two first digit).

Regional statistics

The counties are divided into five groups. The classification is identical to subdivisions of counties in health regions apart from that there is established a separate group for Oslo.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Municipal health care service
Topic: Health

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Health Statistics

Regional level

Municipality, and for Oslo: parts of town.

Frequency and timeliness

Annual.

International reporting

Figures are annualy delivered to OECD.

Microdata

The web addresses are http://www.ssb.no/helsetjko   and http://www.ssb.no/pleie .

The statistics are published twice a year, preliminary figures are published in June and yearly figures in March the succeeding year.

Official statistics of Norway, Nursing and Care statistics and Municipal Health Services, was published yearly/each second year. From 2003, these publications are replaced by a common Municipal Health and Care services. Some figures are also published yearly in "Health Statistics in the Nordic Countries by NOMESCO and in "Social protection in the Nordic Countries" by NOSOSCO.

Background

Background and purpose

These statistics are supposed to meet the increasing need for information among the central authorities for planning purposes, supervision and evaluations of the municipalities' health and care services. In addition, the municipalities themselves are in need of comparable figures on county and national level to evaluate their own services. The statistics embrace an overview of the total input of the recourses in the general practitioners services, physiotherapist services, midwife services, school health services, and maternal and child health centre services. It also embrace all kinds of activities within the home based services and the institutions, and are not only restricted to nursing and care functions. The data also contain administration and management personnel and as far as the institutions are concerned, kitchen and cleaning functions etc.

he Municipal Health Services Act was enacted in 1982 and took effect in 1984. The purpose of the law was to strengthen the primary health services. From 1 January 1998 the law was expanded to include prison health services and county nursing homes. Under the act, the municipalities were given responsibility for board of health activities and user groups such as the mentally retarded and psychiatric patients. Municipal health service statistics provides the health authorities' with data for planning and supervisory purposes. They shall provide knowledge about the staff situation and about delivery of health care in the local health service.

From the 1st of January 2012 the Municipal Health Services Act is replaced by “Lov om kommunale helse- og omsorgstjenester m.m”

The statistics for the different parts of the municipal health and care service are based on annual data from the municipalities. For the first year, 1984, the data were basically limited to information about staff resources. From 1985 the statistics were expanded to include the maternal and child health centres and school health service. Staff without background as a health professional was included in the statistics for the school health service and maternal and child health centres in 1988 (maternal and child health centres) and 1994 (the school health service).

Since 1995, data on vaccinations in the school health service and maternal and child health centres were removed entirely from the questionnaires. Since then, they have been collected by the Norwegian Board of Health through a individual-based system (SYSVAK).

The official statistics of the public care and nursing services were for the first time collected in one data gathering and publishing routine in 1989. The background for this was the transfer of the responsibility for the nursing homes from the counties to the municipalities. Thus the total responsibility for all these services was transferred to the municipalities, and the administrative distinction between social (municipality services) and health services (county services) was abolished.

The statistical basis has undergone major changes since the statistical routine was established. This makes it difficult to follow the developments over time.

Users and applications

The Ministry of Health and Care Services, the Directorate of Health,

the Ministry of Local Government and Regional Development, the municipalities, research institutes and media.

Equal treatment of users

Not relevant

Coherence with other statistics

The statistics can be viewed in the context of several other KOSTRA areas and specialist health services.

Legal authority

For aggregated data (KOSTRA forms): The data are collected by Statistics Norway on behalf of the Ministry of Health and Care Services pursuant System Act (Act of 18 May 2001 No. 24) § 10

Statistics Norway also uses the information to the production of official statistics under the Statistics Act (Act of June 16, 1989 No. 54) § 2-2.

For individual data (pseudonym register for Individual-based Nursing and Care Statistics, IPLOS): System Act § 9, of IPLOS Regulations (17 February 2006 No. 204) § 2-1.The register-based statistics personnel is authorized by the Statistics Act § 3-2.

EEA reference

Not relevant.

Production

Population

The statistics are based on the registration of health care services in all municipalities, including all municipal health care institutions, both private and public.

 

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are based on the registration of health care services in all municipalities, including all municipal health care institutions, both private and public.

Health and care statistics are based on the following data sources:

  • Annual submission of three electronic questionnaires to all municipalities and institutions for the elderly and persons with disabilities through KOSTRA (Municipality-State-Reporting)
  • Annual submission of data about users and seekers of health care services at the individual level to IPLOS Register
  • Statistics Norway's register-based employment statistics.
  • General practitioner register from the directorate for health is data source for statistics on general practitioners and list length. The statistics cover all municipalities and districts in Oslo.
  • The statistics also includes all users and seekers of health and care services and all institutions within the municipal health care services, see Law on health and care services § 3-2 and regulations on the health care institution.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Collection of data

The statistics of the municipal health services is partly based upon annual dispatch of three questionnaires to all municipalities in Norway. These municipalities deliver electronic questionnaires that are included in the national statistics for the municipal health and care services. From 2002, all municipalities report by the KOSTRA system (Municipality - National authorities - Report).

Data are also collected through different data filing systems. For instance are the man-year data mainly based upon data filing systems for health personnel (From 2015: A-ordningen).

Register-based employment statistics: From 2015 onwards

From 2015 onwards a new joint reporting solution called a-ordningen gathers the reporting from the employers to the Ee-register, produced by the Norwegian Labour and Welfare Administration, as well as some reports to the Tax Administration and Statistics Norway. A-ordningen is a coordinated digital collection of data on employment, income and tax deductions to the Tax Administration, the Norwegian Labour and Welfare Organization and Statistics Norway. This new joint collection provides Statistics Norway with information on wages and employed persons directly from a-meldingen, which is the electronic message containing all the information collected, rather than the multiple sources used until 2014. You can find more information about the new reporting at www.altinn.no/en/a-ordningen.

A-ordningen has replaced the Register of Employers and Employees and the Register of End of the Year Certificates (Register of Wage Sums). In addition to a-ordningen other registers provide additional information, the most important is the Register for Personal Tax Payers administered by the Directorate of Taxes, the Register of Conscripts from the Armed Forces Personnel and National Service Centre and The Central Coordinating Register for Legal Entities.

The registers mentioned above are still being used to assure the quality of the data, to consolidate the consistency between different data sources as well as choosing the right main job and to classify people as employed. A few additional registers are also being used for these purposes, where the ARENA-register produced by the Norwegian Labour and Welfare Organization is one example. It provides data on unemployed and people engaged in labour market projects.

Individual data on recipients of care services are collected in IPLOS.

Quality control and revision

The new data are compared with data from the preceding year and various relative figures. In any case of conspicuous deviation from preceding years, the data basis is further checked and the figures are corrected as far as possible. Besides these controls, there are ordinary logical and validity controls intending to secure the logical relation between the items in the complemented questionnaires. In spite of an extensive revision of data some reservations must be taken concerning the figures presented on municipal level.

Upon the release of final figures, municipalities failing to give data will be included with figures from the preceding year.

A-ordningen: Controls are carried out at several stages. For information: http://www.ssb.no/en/arbeid-og-lonn/statistikker/regsys/aar/2016-05-27?fane=om#content

Estimations

In the case of non-response from either municipalities or institutions the questionnaires are completed with information from the previous year or by other methods of estimation.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

For IPLOS special rules apply for confidentiality. To protect the individual against detection, numbers less than five are being anonymised. In tables with row and column sums there are also a second anonymity used to prevent that one can calculate up to the numbers that are dotted.

Comparability over time and space

The statistical basis has undergone major changes since the statistical routine was established, but the Statistics Norway is able to present time-series for the most important health care variables back to 1987, and for nursing and care back to 1991.The statistical basis has undergone major changes since the statistical routine was established, but the Statistics Norway is able to present time-series for the most important health care variables back to 1987, and for nursing and care back to 1991.

From 2007 IPLOS is the source for statistics on users of care services in the municipalities. This means that the number of users of care services in 2007 are not directly comparable with previous years.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

In the case of non-response from either municipalities or institutions the questionnaires are completed with information from the previous year or by other methods of estimation.

Another source of error is connected with the fact that the delivery of health care is extremely diverse, so the form does not always fit all municipalities. A lack of correspondence between the registrations, and the actual situation of which the form was meant to survey may consequently occur.

Sources of error can apply to many parts of the statistics, as described below:

Man-years of physicians with operating agreements

According to the instructions the figures shall show the number of hours per week on which the agreement with the municipality is based. Sometimes the hours actually worked by the doctor are entered, even though they exceed the hours on which the agreement is based.

Man-years of fixed-salary physicians

The instructions state that overtime is not to be included. Some municipalities have nevertheless included "overtime". This has been removed insofar as the municipalities have been informed that such work is included.

Physicians and physiotherapists without municipal agreement

Work performed by physicians and physiotherapists without agreements shall be reported to the medical consultant/chief municipal medical officer. Experience shows that municipalities and boroughs do not have a full overview of these operations. The labour input of practitioners without an agreement may therefore be somewhat underestimated.

Breakdown into areas of activity

It may happen that the distribution of man-years in the various areas of activity is not given for physicians, physiotherapists and auxiliaries. When this is suspected, the municipality is contacted for update.

Man-years

In the basic material from the municipalities the amount of work is given in hours per week. Recalculation to man-years is undertaken at publication. There seems, however, to be differences among the municipalities as to the hours of a full-time position in the various occupational groups.

A new data source; A-ordningen:

From 2015 onwards the register based employment statistics will be based on a new data source for employees. Until the end of 2014, the main data source was the Employees register, produced by the Norwegian Labour and Welfare Organization. In 2015 this reporting was coordinated with the reporting of earnings and personnel data to the Tax Administration and Statistics Norway. This common reporting system is called a-ordningen. A-ordningen provides a better data basis compared to the Ee-register, as it is more accurate on the individual level in addition to covering a greater number of employments. Furthermore, it provides more frequent statistics for wage earners and will supply highly detailed figures on the development in the labour market. These include numbers on the municipal level by age and industry. This new data source means a change in the time series.

For more information, read About the Statistics: http://www.ssb.no/en/arbeid-og-lonn/statistikker/regsys/aar/2016-05-27?fane=om#content

Revision

Not relevant

Contact

Fact sheet