Slight increase in own production
The central government’s own production expenditure in 2011 is estimated at NOK 250 billion; an increase of approximately 4 per cent compared to the previous year.
Own production expenditure rose in most government units from 2010 to 2011. The sharpest increase was registered for units within the main division labelled Transport communication and other economic affairs , where both t he Norwegian National Rail Administration and the Norwegian Coastal Administration increased their own production by more than 10 per cent. In the largest division; the specialist health service , own production rose by about 5 per cent.
Substantial growth in transfers to others
Contrary to own production expenditure, total central government expenditure increased considerably from 2010 to 2011. The reason for this was significantly higher transfers from the central government to other sectors. Transfers to others are made up of social benefits to households, grants to the local government sector and foreign economic aid to other countries and international organisations. The main reason for the growth in transfers was the fact that a reduction in tax revenue allocated to the local government sector was compensated with increased grants from the central government.
Increase in employment
The total number of positions in central government was 286 423 in November 2011. Ninety-six per cent of these positions were main positions. When adjusted for long-term leave and part-time jobs calculated as full-time equivalents (FTEs), this corresponds to 231 118 contracted FTEs. This is 2.5 per cent more FTEs than the previous year. Measured as employed persons in main positions, 10 per cent of all employed persons worked in central government in 2011. This share is the same as in 2010.
The share of immigrants in central government increased from 8.1 per cent of the FTEs in 2009 to 8.4 per cent in 2010, and further to 8.7 per cent in 2011.
The share of immigrants as well as the increase from 2010 to 2011 is higher in the private sector than in central government. Measured as employed persons, the share of immigrants was 13 per cent in the private sector and 8.6 per cent in central government in 2011. The increase in the share of immigrants from 2010 to 2011 was 0.3 percentage points in central government and 1.3 percentage points in the private sector.
A quarter in Oslo
Twenty-five per cent of the FTEs in central government are located in Oslo in 2011. Comparisons within counties show that the highest share of all employed persons working in central government was in Troms, with 18 per cent, followed by Oslo with 15 per cent and Sør-Trøndelag with 14 per cent. Rogaland had the lowest share employed in central government, with 7 per cent.
In the StatRes system, the value of the government's production of goods and services is labelled own production , and is measured as the sum of compensation of employees and purchased goods and services. Total expenditure is measured as the sum of own production , transfers to others and investments .
The employment statistics include employed persons aged 15 years and older who work in central government.
Immigrants are defined as persons who are born abroad to two foreign-born parents, and who have moved to Norway. Employed persons on short-term stays in Norway are not defined as immigrants as they are not registered as residents.
Further definitions are found in About the statistics .