Public purchases slightly over 15 per cent of GDP
Public sector
offinnkj, Public purchasing, goods, services, general government, central government, local government, general government enterprisesGeneral government , Public sector
Public purchases, public, gross fixed capital formation, investment

Public purchasing


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Key figures

4.1 %

increase i public purchases from 2014 to 2015

Public purchasing, NOK million
20151SharePer cent
2014 - 20152011 - 2015
1The figures for the latest year is provisional.
Total public purchases (A + B)480 768100.04.124.8
A. General government404 18584.16.328.1
Central government excluding defence affairs196 31140.85.536.0
Defence affairs and services24 5775.18.82.9
Local government183 29738.16.824.5
B. General government enterprises76 58315.9-6.010.0
Central government excluding oil5 2811.18.439.2
Oil sector66 81113.9-6.211.4
Local government enterprices4 4910.9-16.6-23.3

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Table 1 
Public purchasing. NOK million.

Public purchasing. NOK million.
Total public purchases (A + B)385 148398 173438 307461 740480 768
Purchase of goods and services208 821214 420228 975234 504247 352
Social benefits in kind58 13160 94163 47568 02072 275
Gross fixed capital formation118 196122 811145 857159 216161 141
A. General government315 502324 607352 868380 249404 185
Purchase of goods and services162 394167 436178 538190 119201 544
Social benefits in kind58 13160 94163 47568 02072 275
Gross fixed capital formation94 97796 229110 855122 110130 366
A1. Central government168 218173 738190 452208 648220 888
Purchase of goods and services86 12089 45095 504102 944109 289
Social benefits in kind37 38938 75140 04842 74746 137
Gross fixed capital formation44 70945 53654 90062 95765 462
A1.1. Central government excluding defence affairs144 337152 630168 517186 064196 311
Purchase of goods and services75 17178 07983 39790 57096 313
Social benefits in kind37 38938 75140 04842 74746 137
Gross fixed capital formation31 77835 80045 07252 74753 861
A1.2. Defence affairs and services23 88021 10821 93522 58324 577
Purchase of goods and services10 94911 37112 10712 37312 976
Social benefits in kind00000
Gross fixed capital formation12 9319 7379 82810 21011 601
A2. Local government147 284150 869162 416171 601183 297
Purchase of goods and services76 27477 98683 03487 17592 255
Social benefits in kind20 74222 19023 42725 27326 138
Gross fixed capital formation50 26850 69355 95559 15364 904
A2.1. Municipalities119 903123 025129 953139 119148 230
Purchase of goods and services63 10764 36966 97370 02472 860
Social benefits in kind18 51919 85420 97722 76723 335
Gross fixed capital formation38 27738 80242 00346 32852 035
A2.1. Counties27 38127 84432 46332 48235 067
Purchase of goods and services13 16713 61716 06117 15119 395
Social benefits in kind2 2232 3362 4502 5062 803
Gross fixed capital formation11 99111 89113 95212 82512 869
B. General government enterprises69 64673 56685 43981 49176 583
Purchase of goods and services46 42746 98450 43744 38545 808
Social benefits in kind00000
Gross fixed capital formation23 21926 58235 00237 10630 775
B1.1. Central government excluding oil3 7934 0384 3054 8735 281
Purchase of goods and services3 7283 9764 1994 7085 210
Social benefits in kind00000
Gross fixed capital formation656210616571
B1.2. Oil sector59 99865 99476 09871 23166 811
Purchase of goods and services38 56140 38442 51335 85937 856
Social benefits in kind00000
Gross fixed capital formation21 43725 61033 58535 37228 955
B2. Local government enterprises5 8553 5345 0365 3874 491
Purchase of goods and services4 1382 6243 7253 8182 742
Social benefits in kind00000
Gross fixed capital formation1 7179101 3111 5691 749

About the statistics


Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Public procurements: Defined as the sum of intermediate consumption, social benefits in kind and gross fixed capital formation for general government and unincorporated public enterprises. The definition is not a precise one, but as close as could be without organising a separate collection of data for this purpose.

General government: Defined in the same way as in the National Accounts, i.e. predominantly non-market activities under government control.

Unincorporated public enterprises: State, municipal and county municipal market activities that are not organised as separate legal entities, and companies where municipalities or county municipalities have unlimited economic control.

Intermediate consumption: Procurements of goods and services for use in the production of goods or services.

Social benefits in kind: Procurements of goods and services that are transferred to households.

Gross fixed capital formation: Net acquisitions of fixed capital with duration of more than a year.

Standard classifications

Not relevant

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Public purchasing
Topic: Public sector

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Responsible division

Division for Public Finance

Regional level

National level only.

Frequency and timeliness


International reporting

Not relevant


The microdata are stored in the SAS and the Oracle databases.


Background and purpose

The purpose is to provide statistics that show the size and composition of public procurements. The statistics started in 1994.

Users and applications

Important users are the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Fisheries the Ministry of Local Government and Modernisation, municipalities, enterprises and mass media.



Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 08 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given inthe Statistics Release Calendar.

Coherence with other statistics

The statistics are mainly based on input from the statistics on General government revenue and expenditure. This statistics is again based on the international standards for National Accounts - System of National Accounts (the UN et al.) and the European System of Accounts (the EU), plus the IMF's A Manual on Government Finance Statistics. These standards do not include any specific definition of public procurements. Preliminary figures are disseminated for the first time in the year t+1 while the final figures are disseminated in the year t+3. Variances between preliminary and final figures may be considerable due to uncertain preliminary figures for unincorporated public enterprises.

No corresponding short-term statistics are disseminated, but quarterly operating expenses for the units included in the central government fiscal account are disseminated as part of the statistics on Central government fiscal account, revenue and expenditure.

Part of the statistics is included in the statistics on General government revenue and expenditure, which again is part of the National Accounts system.

Legal authority

The Statistics Act, § 2-2.

EEA reference

Council Regulation 3037/90, Commission Regulation 761/93, Council Regulation 3696/93, Council Regulation 2223/96.



The population comprises all state, municipal and county municipal administrative bodies limited according to the National Accounts regulations for general government, as well as unincorporated public enterprises (government units which sell industrial and commercial goods and services to the public). Publicly owned enterprises are not included. The basic sources are the central government's fiscal account, the individual accounts for municipalities and county municipalities, and accounts for other state, municipal and county municipal units (e.g. funds) that are considered part of general government, and unincorporated public enterprises. In practice there may be gaps due to lack of an overview of the population.

Data sources and sampling

Most of the data are collected from the statistics on General government revenue and expenditure. In addition there is a separate collection of accounts for unincorporated public enterprises.

In principle there is total counting of all units of unincorporated public enterprises, but in practice some minor accounts are not collected due to lack of resources and lack of an overview of the population.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Accounts for unincorporated public enterprises are collected on special forms (Industry Form 2). The one who responds to the enquiry is the individual who is responsible for accounting.

Reporting and record keeping burden

Approximately 30 minutes per respondent for each accounting year by approximately 10 respondents within unincorporated central government enterprises and 500 respondents within unincorporated local government enterprises, totalling approximately 35 day's work for the entire sampling.

For unincorporated public enterprises all totals are carefully checked, as well as other logical connections in and between the profit and loss account and the balance sheet. Checks are also carried out against important items in the enterprises' annual reports.

Seasonal adjustment

Not applicable


Not relevant

Comparability over time and space

One tries to avoid great breaks in the time series by preferably carrying out any large changes in connection with retroactive revisions. For the central government minor breaks may occur, since the specifications in the fiscal account may be adjusted at any time by resolutions in the National Assembly. Breaks in the time series occur relatively seldom for the municipal accounts, since the chart of accounts is established by the Local Government Act. Still from 1990 to 1991 there was a break due to revision of the municipal accounts regulations, and at present a revised chart of accounts is gradually being implemented as part of the KOSTRA project, with the new chart of accounts being fully introduced for the 2001 accounts. This no doubt leads to breaks, but the extent is difficult to determine. For unincorporated public enterprises breaks in the series will mainly occur in connection with changes in the accounting law (new law from 1999) or because of organisational changes, e.g. when units are reorganised as publicly owned enterprises, and thereby excluded from the statistics.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Most of the data are collected from the statistics on General government revenue and expenditure. The main problem is that public procurements is defined in such a schematic way that for instance own investment activities are regarded as procurements. If this were to have been done differently the statistics would have required considerably more resources. For unincorporated public enterprises processing errors may occur because of wrong entries in the profit and loss account or the balance sheet, or lack of specification of fixed assets in the balance sheet.

The non-respondents are rather few, about 5-10 units per year. These units are not significant either, so the previous year's figures are used if they are available.