257023
/en/jord-skog-jakt-og-fiskeri/statistikker/skoginnt/aar
257023
Stable forestry income
statistikk
2017-02-17T08:00:00.000Z
Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing;Income and consumption
en
skoginnt, Forest owners' income, personal forest owners, income from self-employment, forestry income, agricultural incomeIncome and wealth, Forestry , Income and consumption, Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing
true
Forest owners` income 2015. In 2015, one in six personal owners had profit from forestry. On average, this profit was NOK 41 000.

Forest owners' income

Updated

Next update

Key figures

21 055

personal forest owners achieved a profit from forestry in 2015

Numbers of forest owners and average entrepreneurial income from forestry. Comprises personal forest owners with positive entrepreneurial income from forestry1
20152014 - 2015
Number of ownersNOKChange in entrepreneurial income, per cent
1The statistics are based on data from tax statistics for personal taxpayers.
Total21 05541 0000.0
 
Productive forest area
25-99 decares2 11322 00029.4
100-249 decares4 43424 000-4.0
250-499 decares4 73830 0007.1
500-999 decares4 59137 0005.7
1 000-1 999 decares3 03551 0006.3
2 000-4 999 decares1 63480 000-7.0
5 000-19 999 decares463213 000-0.5
20 000 decares or more47527 000-2.6

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Average incomes, debt, gross wealth and assessed taxes for personal forest owners with positive entrepreneurial income from forestry. NOK

Average incomes, debt, gross wealth and assessed taxes for personal forest owners with positive entrepreneurial income from forestry. NOK1
Forest owners with positive entrepreneurial income from forestryGross income2DebtTaxable gross wealthAssessed taxPersonal income, salaries and pensionsPersonal income, salariesTotal entreprenurial incomeOf this entrepreneurial income forestry3Other income
1The statistics are based on data from tax statistics for personal taxpayers.
2Gross income is total taxable wages, salaries, pensions, entreprenurial income and property income.]
3Sickness benefit from forestry and agriculture is included in total entrepreneurial income income forestry.
2015
The whole country21 055672 0001 786 0003 398 000171 000338 000262 000248 00041 00086 000
 
County
Østfold1 659725 0002 294 0003 929 000184 000358 000279 000272 00040 00096 000
Akershus and Oslo1 902899 0002 175 0005 501 000261 000460 000360 000268 00056 000171 000
Hedmark2 917637 0002 089 0003 370 000156 000327 000236 000256 00068 00054 000
Oppland2 776597 0001 586 0003 088 000144 000303 000236 000239 00039 00056 000
Buskerud1 892727 0001 600 0003 728 000194 000347 000270 000270 00053 000110 000
Vestfold991764 0001 998 0003 550 000207 000386 000310 000271 00036 000107 000
Telemark1 064647 0001 219 0003 046 000161 000375 000280 000175 00038 00097 000
Aust-Agder734796 0001 439 0004 948 000223 000365 000276 000163 00044 000267 000
Vest-Agder694574 0001 735 0002 289 000138 000344 000247 000185 00037 00045 000
Rogaland347659 0002 228 0003 052 000161 000290 000234 000312 00029 00058 000
Hordaland722579 0001 148 0002 264 000143 000348 000285 000189 00021 00042 000
Sogn og Fjordane727576 0001 219 0002 757 000139 000310 000250 000221 00020 00045 000
Møre og Romsdal643570 0001 561 0002 464 000132 000281 000221 000257 00025 00032 000
Sør-Trøndelag1 571624 0001 479 0002 748 000153 000299 000235 000237 00024 00089 000
Nord-Trøndelag2 016644 0002 101 0002 803 000151 000279 000232 000305 00025 00060 000
Nordland353511 0001 386 0002 178 000110 000265 000186 000223 00037 00024 000
Troms - Romsa47610 0001 223 0002 458 000156 000393 000343 000188 00062 00029 000
Finnmark - Finnmárku0000000000
 
Productive forest area
25-99 decares2 113630 0001 427 0002 610 000157 000359 000270 000193 00022 00077 000
100-249 decares4 434632 0001 555 0002 807 000159 000354 000271 000212 00024 00066 000
250-499 decares4 738623 0001 650 0002 852 000154 000337 000264 000229 00030 00056 000
500-999 decares4 591639 0001 774 0003 090 000159 000323 000251 000257 00037 00058 000
1 000-1 999 decares3 035726 0001 953 0004 221 000191 000326 000255 000272 00051 000127 000
2 000-4 999 decares1 634814 0002 122 0004 405 000212 000325 000256 000332 00080 000157 000
5 000-19 999 decares463941 0003 717 0009 037 000270 000339 000271 000420 000213 000181 000
20 000 decares or more473 483 00013 093 00036 204 000898 000414 000328 0001 008 000527 0002 061 000

Table 2 
Incomes, debt, gross wealth and assessed taxes for personal forest owners with at least 25 decares productive forest area. NOK million

Incomes, debt, gross wealth and assessed taxes for personal forest owners with at least 25 decares productive forest area. NOK million1
Number of forest ownersGross income2DebtTaxable gross wealthAssessed taxPersonal income, salaries and pensionsPersonal income, salariesTotal entreprenurial incomeOf this entrepreneurial income forestry3Other income
1The statistics are based on data from tax statistics for personal taxpayers.
2Gross income is total taxable wages, salaries, pensions, entreprenurial income and property income.]
3Sickness benefit from forestry and agriculture is included in total entrepreneurial income.
2015
In total118 37973 829144 328331 51219 06248 77334 46212 78287212 274
 
County
Østfold4 7573 3178 45716 1538581 9031 39480566609
Akershus and Oslo9 5259 45416 24661 5442 8295 0803 6511 2351063 140
Hedmark8 6994 89112 52221 7681 1923 1722 2051 195199524
Oppland9 3765 09811 19022 2111 2253 2912 4281 284108523
Buskerud6 7594 9238 96424 9751 3342 8632 1561 000991 060
Vestfold3 5962 7016 61112 3107271 5561 17460335541
Telemark5 5533 3795 79212 5918602 4081 75243641535
Aust-Agder3 8112 7324 67013 1197291 6631 20527233798
Vest-Agder5 6863 2716 22013 4788222 4521 69133026489
Rogaland5 4723 8069 14416 6441 0162 4731 83779610537
Hordaland9 7006 0409 69726 1641 6374 4893 22165415897
Sogn og Fjordane6 2123 3275 71413 9978142 3101 65363514381
Møre og Romsdal8 5054 6828 39017 8591 1703 4652 46674516472
Sør-Trøndelag7 4734 4228 46617 2761 0962 9462 12980138675
Nord-Trøndelag5 8363 2939 21512 7807712 0481 57098350262
Nordland9 2824 5297 41114 8971 0603 4782 04761413436
Troms - Romsa7 6223 7045 06912 8948692 9721 7533563377
Finnmark - Finnmárku5152595508535320313238018
 
Productive forest area
25-99 decares39 57323 85840 52198 2536 21816 88611 3672 719464 253
100-249 decares31 22518 31333 98672 5214 66312 9679 0932 8841062 462
250-499 decares20 96112 66625 94353 9023 2198 4766 1172 4671431 723
500-999 decares14 8649 49320 90446 0542 3735 7864 3072 2281701 479
1 000-1 999 decares7 5665 56712 22633 0221 5182 9732 2611 4061531 188
2 000-4 999 decares3 3422 6776 29315 3447211 3471 051756131574
5 000-19 999 decares7719553 3739 37226530224026899385
20 000 decares or more773001 0823 0448435275525210

Table 3 
Entrepreneurial income forestry for personal forest owners, by size of income

Entrepreneurial income forestry for personal forest owners, by size of income1
20142015
Entrepreneurial income forestry. NOK millionForest owners with positive entrepreneurial incomeEntrepreneurial income forestry. NOK millionForest owners with positive entrepreneurial income
1The statistics are based on data from tax statistics for personal taxpayers.
Total86621 37587221 055
Entrepreneurial income forestry
1 - 49 000 NOK22317 42322217 114
50 000 - 99 999 NOK1492 1291452 075
100 000 - 249 000 NOK1901 2541991 307
250 000 - 499 999136399124371
500 000 - 999 999 NOK8112193136
1 000 000 kroner or more87498952

About the statistics

The statistics provide an overview of personal forest owners income, debt and wealth.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Forest property

Property with at least 25 decares of productive forest area. Property parcels belonging to the same owner within one municipality are treated as one property.

Personal forest owner

Forest owner owning forest area as an individual owner. Forest areas owned jointly by several individuals are included for one of the owners; the reference owner.

Central government, the Educational Fund, common forest owned by the central government (Statsallmenning), common forest not owned by the central government (Bygdeallmenning), limited company, foundation, municipality etc.

 Gross income

Total wages and salaries pesnsins, entrepreneurial income and proeprty income.

 Personal wages and salaries

Comprise payments in cash and in kind, taxable sick pay and unemployment benefit.

 Pensions

Cover all benefit paid by social security and private pension and life insurance benefit.

 Entrepreneurial income

A result of activities of a self-employed person, and is estimated from profit and loss account and balance sheet. The entrepreneurial income is transferred to the tax return and is included in the calculation of ordinary income.

 Entrepreneurial income from agriculture

This is positive entrepreneurial income from agriculture according to tax return. Including 2011, entrepreneurial social security benefits in agriculture,forestry and fishery are included. As from 2012 social security benefits from primary industry are include in total entreprenurial income. Deductions such as membership payments to industry organisations, the year's entrepreneurial deficit, interest on debt and a separate agricultural deduction are not deducted.

 Entreprenurial income from forestry

This is positive entrepreneurial income from forestry according to tax return. In addition, entrepreneurial income from forestry also comprises sickness benefit for persons without entreprenurail income in agriculture and fisheries.

 Other income

Consist mainly of interest income, dividends, realised capital gains, rent and other income from property.

Standard classifications

Classification of forest properties by size class

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Forest owners' income
Topic: Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Primary Industry Statistics

Regional level

County level.

Frequency and timeliness

The statistics are published yearly.

International reporting

Not relevant

Microdata

Edited microdata are stored at Statistics Norway.

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the statistics is to provide an overview of personal forest owners income, dept and property. The statistics also provide information on age, sex, income and education of forest owners.

Statistics on forest owners income based on sample surveys were published in the 1990's and after The sample survey of forestry 2004.

Users and applications

The main users of the statistics are professional forestry organisations, The Ministry of Agriculture and Food and various research and educational institutions.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 10 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given inthe Statistics Release Calendar. Read more about principles for equal treatement of all users on ssb.no.

Coherence with other statistics

Statistics on the farmers' income and property are provided yearly. These statistics comprise natural persons operating agricultural holdings.

Statistics Norway also presents income statistics for all self-employed persons .

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§2-1 and 3-2

EEA reference

Not relevant

Production

Population

Including 2010, the statistics built on properties in the Farm Register of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority with personal owner and at least 25 decares of productive forest area. Information about the owners came from the Land Register/Cadastre owned by The Norwegian Mapping Authority.

As from 2011, the number of forest properties and productive forest area are based on new cartographic data analysis and data on owners and properties from the cadastre (Land Register) in combination with data from the Farm Register.

In the statistics on personal forest owners, the forest owners' productive forest areas in Norway are aggregated, independent of municipality borders. Statistics on incomes are based on the forest owners' municipality for tax purposes. Other individual statistics on personal forest owners are based on the municipality where the forest owners live.

Statistics on average incomes, debt, gross property and assessed taxes are published for personal forest owners with positive self-employment income from forestry. Married couples and registered partners / cohabitants who jointly operate the forest property, may share the taxable entrepreneurial income. Statistics are therefor also made on average incomes, debt, gross property and assessed taxes for forest owners and their spouses, registered partners and cohabitants.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are derived from existing administrative data files.

The Farm Register of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority served until 2010 as the backbone of the statistics and information about the owners came from the Land register. As from 2011, the number of forest properties and productive forest area are based on new cartographic data analysis and data on owners and properties from the Cadastre in combination with data from the Farm Register.

More information about the personal forest owners comes from the Central Population Register, the Register on Personal Tax Returns and the Register on Tax Assessment for Personal Taxpayers.

The statistics are derived from the whole population of personal forest owners.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

None. The statistics are based on existing administrative registers.

The statistics are based on linked data files that were edited separately when established. The information on the productive forest area of the properties in the Farm Register is checked if errors are suspected. Examples: i) If a forest property has commercial felling and does not have a forest area. ii) If a large forest property does not have commercial felling.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

Figures are not presented if there is a risk of identifying any respondent.

Comparability over time and space

In the period 2007-2010, the Farm register has been updated and improved. The improvement has resulted in 3 000-4 000 more forest properties.

As from 2011, the number of forest properties and productive forest area are based on new cartographic data analysis and data on owners and properties from the cadastre (Land Register) in combination with data from the Farm Register. This resultet in more than 10 000 new forest properties. Most of them have had minor forestry activity.

Statistics on the forest owners' income based on sample surveys were published in the 1990's and in the Sample survey of forestry 2004. As from 2005, statistics on the forest owners' income based on registers have been published annaully.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

The most important source of error is that taxpayers may fill in incorrect information on income, deductions, property or debt in the personal tax return or place amounts under wrong items. In most cases this will be detected and corrected by the local tax offices. Nevertheless, errors that do not influence the assessment of taxes may be ignored. Furthermore, errors may also originate during the scanning of the tax return forms, despite of the fact that controls are executed.

Another concern is the quality of the registers. The productive forest area of properties or the property borders are sometimes missing or erroneous. Furthermore, errors may arise when data are entered into the various administrative registers.

With regard to co-operative ownership, the statistics on forest owners comprise only the reference owner. Self-employment income from forestry for the remaining personal owners in the co-operative is not included. Analysis from 2011 show that entrepreneurial income from forests for these owners were approximately 0,4 per cent of the total entrepreneural income from forestry. In total, 3-4 per cent of the self-employment income from forestry is missing.

In reality, the number of personal forest owners with entrepreneurial income from forestry is higher than in these statistics show, because only the reference owner in a co-ownership is included here. Some personal forest owners are deceased and no new owner has been registered, some live abroad or information is missing for other reasons. These owners amount to 3-4 per cent of the personal forest owners and are excluded from the statistics on incomes.

Revision

Not relevant

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