Investments in agriculture in 2014
Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing
lu, Sample survey of agriculture and forestry, agriculture, horticulture, forestry, farming, supplementary industries (for example camp sites, hunting and fishing rights, rental), labour input, maintenance, machines and tools, energy consumption, investmentsAgriculture , Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing
Investments in buildings and machinery in agriculture. Energy consumption in agriculture.

Sample survey of agriculture and forestry


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Key figures

13 %

of agricultural holdings invested in farm buildings in 2014

Investment in farm buildings and machinery and implements for agriculture and horticulture. Fixed 2014-kroner
Holdings, total41 90044 800
Holdings with investment in farm buildings (per cent)1315
Investment per holding with investment (NOK)606 000583 000
Holdings with investment in machinery and implements (per cent)3132
Investment per holding with investment (NOK)193 000229 000

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Table 1 
Holdings with investment in farm buildings

Holdings with investment in farm buildings
Holdings with investmentPer cent holdings with investment
The whole country6 8006 4006 8006 8005 4101112141513
Eastern Norway2 5002 6002 9003 1002 1831012141612
Agder and Rogaland1 2001 0001 3001 1009051414191715
Western Norway1 3001 2001 1001 2001 0681011111312
Trøndelag1 1001 0001 1009008441214151314
Northern Norway7006005006004121214131612

Table 2 
Investment in farm buildings. Fixed 2014-kroner

Investment in farm buildings. Fixed 2014-kroner
Investment, total (NOK 1000)Investment per holding with investment (NOK)
The whole country1 501 0003 011 0003 763 0003 984 0003 279 000221 000472 000551 000583 000606 000
Eastern Norway614 0001 235 0001 432 0001 515 0001 144 000245 000483 000496 000492 000524 000
Agder and Rogaland231 000550 000777 000853 000625 000191 000543 000604 000755 000690 000
Western Norway289 000335 000509 000701 000526 000215 000291 000473 000603 000493 000
Trøndelag190 000626 000748 000523 000699 000179 000619 000713 000603 000828 000
Northern Norway176 000265 000297 000391 000286 000261 000411 000560 000654 000694 000

Table 3 
Maintenance of farm buildings

Maintenance of farm buildings
Holdings, totalHoldings, with maintenancePer cent holdings with maintenanceMaintenance, total. 1 000 NOKMaintenance expenditure per holding with maintenance1
1Fixed 2014-kroner
200847 70039 900841 259 00031 537
201144 80036 800821 144 00031 000
201441 90032 500781 540 00047 000
Eastern Norway17 50013 40076665 00050 000
Agder and Rogaland6 1004 70078256 00054 000
Western Norway8 8006 90078243 00035 000
Trøndelag6 1004 80079227 00047 000
Northern Norway3 4002 70080149 00055 000

Table 4 
Investment in machinery and implements for agriculture and horticulture. Fixed 2014-kroner

Investment in machinery and implements for agriculture and horticulture. Fixed 2014-kroner
Investment, total (NOK 1 000)Investment per holding with investment (NOK)
The whole country3 025 0003 025 0003 077 0003 262 0002 508 000189 000204 000206 000229 000193 000
Eastern Norway1 563 0001 432 0001 397 0001 564 0001 186 000211 000223 000217 000261 000204 000
Agder and Rogaland310 000360 000443 000441 000325 000178 000186 000203 000210 000200 000
Western Norway438 000416 000463 000477 000431 000156 000161 000170 000172 000168 000
Trøndelag438 000504 000506 000479 000400 000182 000216 000223 000226 000211 000
Northern Norway275 000313 000269 000302 000167 000173 000204 000204 000241 000153 000

Table 5 
Consumption of electricity in agriculture. Excl. Greenhouses.

Consumption of electricity in agriculture. Excl. Greenhouses.
Holdings, totalHoldings with reported consumptionConsumption, total (1000 kWh)Value, total (1 000 NOK)1Consumption per holding with reported consumption (1000 kWh)
1Fixed 2014-kroner
200847 70042 2001 106 200879 00026
201144 80043 300981 600757 00023
201441 90041 500980 000729 00024
Eastern Norway17 50017 400402 000295 00023
Agder and Rogaland6 1006 000172 000124 00029
Western Norway8 8008 700147 000113 00017
Trøndelag6 1006 100169 000129 00028
Northern Norway3 4003 40090 00068 00027

Table 6 
Consumption of diesel in agriculture. Excl. Greenhouses.

Consumption of diesel in agriculture. Excl. Greenhouses.
Holdings, totalHoldings with reported consumptionConsumption, total (1 000 litres)Value, total (NOK 1 000)1Consumption per holding with reported consumption (litres)
1Fixed 2014-kroner
200847 70042 500127 500935 0003 000
201144 80042 700131 4001 062 0003 100
201441 90038 500126 0001 056 0003 300
Eastern Norway17 50016 30061 000503 0003 700
Agder and Rogaland6 1005 40016 000132 0003 000
Western Norway8 8008 00018 000153 0002 200
Trøndelag6 1005 70021 000172 0003 600
Northern Norway3 4003 20011 00096 0003 400

About the statistics

The statistics give information about labour input and investments in agriculture.


Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Agricultural holding: All agricultural area operated by the same holder belongs to the same holding regardless of whether it includes several land numbers, title numbers and lease numbers.

Holder(s): The person(s) who is responsible for farming it.

Agricultural area in use: Comprises all owned and rented agricultural area in use at the holding, including fields that lie fallow a year. Agricultural areas include cultivated and surface-cultivated land, and other fertilized pastures.

Supplementary industry: An activity that uses the land, buildings or machinery belonging to the holding.

Gross income: The sum of all incomes excluded value added tax, and not deducted any costs.

Standard classifications

County where the holding is located, size of holding expressed in decares of utilized agricultural area and type of farming of the holding.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Sample survey of agriculture and forestry
Topic: Agriculture, forestry, hunting and fishing

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Primary Industry Statistics

Regional level

Part of the country.

Frequency and timeliness


International reporting

Data are delivered to Eurostat by agreement.


Reviewed and edited microdata are stored.


Background and purpose

The purpose of the Survey of Agriculture is to obtain relevant data not found in administrative data systems, and to obtain data for units not covered by administrative systems.

The Survey of Agriculture is designed to form a picture of the agriculture industry in Norway (the number of holdings and properties) through various questions. The questions vary from year to year (labour, liabilities, investments, fixed assets, rental of agricultural land, farm buildings, extended forest survey etc.).

Users and applications

Data from the survey are used by professional organizations, the Budget Committee for Agriculture, the Ministry of Agriculture and Food, the Ministry of Environment, various research institutions such as the Norwegian Agricultural Economics Research Institute and the Division for Environmental Statistics at Statistics Norway.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 10 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given inthe Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

Not relevant

Legal authority

Statistics Act Section 2-1, 2-2, 2-3

EEA reference

Not relevant



The population is active holdings registered in the administrative Farm Register of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority, and covers all units that meet one or more conditions relating to minimum operating standards. An example of such conditions is that a holding must have at least 5 decares of agricultural area in use.

Data sources and sampling

The majority of the data comes directly from respondents who fill out forms for the annual agricultural survey. The Agricultural Register provides information on the size of the agricultural and forest area, persons associated with the property/holding and what their association is with the property/holding.

Each year a sample is drawn from the Farm Register for the Survey of Agriculture. The size of the sample varies between 10 000 and 12 000 active holdings, stratified by the size of estimated standard output  and type of production in each county. Until 2011 the size of the agricultural area was used in stead of standard output.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Letters are sent to the holdings drawn for inclusion in the survey. The owner or holder of the property provides the data.

A number of controls and corrections are done to ensure consistency both on a single form and between forms and available register information.

The sample is stratified by location, standard output and farm type.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant


Figures based on few units (holdings) are not published if this causes risk for identifying any of the units concerned, or the results are considered to be all too uncertain for giving estimates.

Comparability over time and space

The statistics are basically comparable back to the end of 1940th. However, for some variables there will be a break e.g. between 1998 and 1999. The reason for this is that the method used for estimating the number of holdings from 1990 to 1998 gradually led to too high figures. This was evidently shown by the results of the complete census of agriculture for 1999.

In 2007, the question related to supplementary industries was expanded. In addition to ticking off for relevant industry, the respondents were asked to fill in the corresponding gross income. This modification may have caused a somewhat higher item non-response.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Primary data are obtained from the forms filled out by the respondents. They may contain errors made by the individual respondents when he or she filled out the form. A number of errors are discovered and corrected by those who go through forms during the revision process at Statistics Norway.

A number of errors during the collection and processing of the data are unavoidable and include errors that occur during revision, data processing errors etc. Extensive work has been carried out to reduce these errors as much as possible.

Non-response in the survey is due to the failure of individual respondents to deliver questionnaires or that a property has been sold or is no longer farmed as an independent unit.

Variance: All sample surveys will be encumbered by a certain amount of uncertainty. Generally, the fewer the observations are, the more uncertain the results. Groups based on few observations will be particularly sensitive to extreme values, i.e. values that deviate considerably from the average. Such extreme values are consequently assigned a weight equal to 1, so that they only represent themselves in the material.

Bias: All types of holdings are included in the Survey of Agriculture sample. To provide a better representation in certain counties with few holdings a higher percentage of holdings are selected in these areas.

Frame errors: The quality of the register basis from which the sample is selected also has an impact on the quality of the final result.


Not relevant