This is an archived release.
More than 2 000 died from lung cancer
The decline in mortality due to cardiovascular disease in recent decades continued in 2005. Overall cancer-related mortality continued to be stable, but the number of deaths from lung cancer increased.
In 2005, there were 41 152 deaths registered in Norway, comprising 21 087 women and 20 065 men. As in previous years, cardiovascular disease and cancer were the cause of more than 60 per cent of all deaths. However, mortality due to cardiovascular disease has been in decline for several decades, and this trend continued in 2005. In 1996, 205 deaths per 100 000 population were due to ischaemic heart diseases (cardiac infarction, angina pectoris, arterioscleroses), whereas the corresponding figure in 2005 was 131. The same positive trend can be seen in the decline in mortality from diseases affecting the brain’s blood supply (stroke, embolus, bleeding in brain arteries), which has fallen from 119 deaths per 100 000 population in 1996 to 80 deaths per 100 000 population in 2005.
Skin cancer on the rise
Cancer was the cause of 25.7 per cent of all deaths in 2005. This fairly moderate increase is due to cancer types with known causes (tobacco and excessive sunbathing). For the first time, the number of deaths from lung cancer passed 2 000, an increase of 10 per cent since 2001. Furthermore the number of deaths due to skin cancer increased by a substantial 29 per cent to 293 from 2001 to 2005. The decline in mortality due to cervix cancer also continued, but for the first time in many years there was no decrease in the number of people dying from breast or stomach cancer.
Relatively few infant deaths
Norway has one of the lowest infant mortality rates (number of infants who die before one year of age per 1 000 live births) in the world. Only Iceland, Singapore, Japan, Sweden and Finland have lower infant mortality rates (see World Health Organization). In 2005, 174 children died during their first year of life, giving an infant mortality rate of 3.1 per 1 000 live births. The table below shows infant deaths for 2004 and 2005 according to underlying cause of death and age. The table shows that there have been some changes in the underlying causes of death. To some extent these changes are the result of a new method for coding underlying causes of death (see below).
|Total||-24 hours||1-6 days||7-27 days||28 days-11 months|
|Causes of death|
|Conditions in the perinatal period||80||93||24||30||26||38||19||13||11||12|
|Sudden infant death syndrome||14||20||0||0||0||0||4||6||10||14|
Lack of medical death certificates
In recent years, Statistics Norway has focused on deaths that lack a medical death certificate, and as a result the share of lacking death certificates has fallen. An increasing number of Norwegian citizens die abroad, and for many of these deaths there is no official death certificate.
New system for classification of cause of death (ACME)
The mortality statistics are compiled in accordance with WHO regulations (ICD-10). ICD-10 includes a set of complex rules which determine the underlying cause of death based on the conditions entered by the physician in the cause of death section of the death certificate. Until the end of 2004, cause of death data were coded manually, but in 2005 the Norwegian Cause of Death Registry implemented a system for automated cause of death coding. This programme is called Automatic Coding of Medical Entities (ACME). By using ACME, the input information is given on the death certificate, and output is the underlying cause of death. Using automated data coding through ACME improves the consistency in data and the comparability of data, both within Norway and between countries (e.g. the Nordic countries).
Statistics Norway's Division for Health Statistics is the data processor for the Cause of Death Registry, which is owned by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health (FHI). For more information on causes of death, go to the FHI's website.
- Table 1 Deaths by underlying cause of death. The whole country. 1991-2005
- Table 2 Deaths by sex, age and underlying cause of death. The whole country. 2005
- Table 3 Deaths by sex, age and underlying cause of death. The whole country. 2005. Per 100 000 population
- Table 4 Infant deaths, by sex, age intervals and underlying cause of death. The whole country. 2005 (The table was released 14 April 2008)
- Table 5 Infant deaths. County. 1991-2005
- Table 6 Sex and age-specific death rates from cardiovascular diseases. Underlying cause of death. 1951-2005. Per 100 000 population
- Table 7 Sex and age-specific death rates from malignant neoplasms. Underlying cause of death. 1951-2005. Per 100 000 population
- Table 8 Suicide and suicide rate per 100 000 population, by sex and age. 1951-2005
- Table 9 Suicide by method. 1976-2005
- Table 10 Deaths by sex and underlying cause of death. County. 2005
- Table 11 Deaths by sex, age and underlying cause of death. The whole country. 2005 (The table was released 5 March 2008)
- Table 11-I. Certain infectious and parasitic diseases (A00-B99). 2005
- Table 11-II. Neoplasms (C00-D48). 2005
- Table 11-III. Diseases of the blood and bloodforming organs and certain disorders involving the immune mechanism (D50-D89). 2005
- Table 11-IV. Endoctrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases (E00-E90). 2005
- Table 11-V. Mental and behavioural disorders (F00-F99). 2005
- Table 11-VI. Diseases of the nervous system (G00-G99). 2005
- Table 11-VII. Diseases of the eye and adnexa (H00-H59). 2005
- Table 11-VIII. Diseases of the ear and mastoid prosess (H60-H95). 2005
- Table 11-IX. Diseases of the circulatory system (I00-I99). 2005
- Table 11-X. Diseases of the respiratory system (J00-J99). 2005
- Table 11-XI. Diseases of the digestive system (K00-K93). 2005
- Table 11-XII. Diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue (L00-L99). 2005
- Table 11-XIII. Diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue (M00-M99). 2005
- Table 11-XIV. Diseases of the genitourinary system (N00-N99). 2005
- Table 11-XV. Pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium (O00-O99). 2005
- Table 11-XVI. Certain conditions orginating in the perinatal period (P00-P96). 2005
- Table 11-XVII. Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities (Q00-Q99). 2005
- Table 11-XVIII. Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified (R00-R99). 2005
- Table 11-XX. External causes of morbidity and mortality (V01-Y89). 2005
- Table 12 Deaths caused by alcohol, narcotics and medicaments, by underlying cause of death. County. 2005
- Table 14 Deaths among children 1-17 years, by sex and underlying cause of death.2005
- Table 15 Deaths by accidents. 2005
- Table 16 Deaths by transport accidents. 2005
- Table 17 Deaths by traffic accidents, by group of road-user. 2005
- Table 18 Deaths from accidents, by place of occurence and activity. 2005(The table was released 14 April 2008)
- Table 19 Deaths of underlying cause of death, by place of death. Per cent. 2005
- Table 20 Deaths from different causes, by month of deaths. 2005
- Table 21 Sources for coding underlying cause of death. 2005. Per cent(The table was released 15 April 2008)
- Table 22 Deaths by sex, age and underlying cause of death. Oslo. 2005