Minifacts about Norway 2013

 

2. Geography, climate and environment



Geographic dimensions
Compass extremes      
North: Knivskjelodden on Magerøy   71° 11' 09'' N.Lat.
South: Pysen in Mandal   57° 57' 31'' N.Lat.
West: Holmebåen at Utvær in Solund   04° 29' 57'' E.Long.
East: Hornøya in Vardø   31° 10' 07'' E.Long.
International borders, coastline      
Shared international borders, total   2 562 km
Sweden   1 630 km
Finland    736 km
Russia    196 km
Straight-line distance, Kinnarodden-Lindesnes   1 752 km
Length of coastline, mainland   28 953 km
Excluding fjords and bays   2 532 km
Length of island coastlines   71 963 km
Greatest breadth, mainland    432 km
Narrowest breadth, mainland   2 km
Area      
Kingdom of Norway    385 186 km2
Mainland (incl. freshwater bodies)    323 787 km2
Svalbard   61 022 km2
Jan Mayen    377 km2
Antarctica      
Bouvet Island   49 km2
Peter I Øy    156 km2
Queen Maud Land   2 700 000 km2
       
Largest lake Mjøsa  365 km2
Longest river Glomma  601 km
Highest waterfall Kjelfossen  840 m
Highest mountain Galdhøpiggen 2 469 m
Largest glacier Jostedalsbreen  507 km2
Longest fjord Sognefjorden  204 km
Largest inhabited island Hinnøya 2 205 km2
Source: Norwegian Mapping Authority.
More information: http://www.statkart.no/en/

Air temperature averages1



1 Average for 1961-1990 (current standard normal period) in degrees C.
Source:  Norwegian Meteorological Institute.
More information:  http://met.no/English/

Precipitation1 
  Oslo Bergen Trondheim Bodø Tromsø Vardø
Annual average  763 2 250  925 1 020 1 031  563
January 49  190 78 86 95 55
February 36  152 61 64 87 41
March 47  170 61 68 72 34
April 41  114 51 52 64 33
May 53  106 49 46 48 30
June 65  132 67 54 59 42
July 81  148 85 92 77 49
August 89  190 80 88 82 55
September 90  283  114  123  102 54
October 84  271  106  147  131 58
November 73  259 81  100  108 59
December 55  235 92  100  106 53
1  Average for 1961-1990 (current standard normal period) in mm.
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute.
More information: http://met.no/English/

Midnight sun (complete disc) and period of darkness. 2013
  Latitude (N) Midnight sun Period of darkness
  End Start
Svalbard (Longyearbyen) 78.2 19 Apr.-22 Aug. 16 Feb. 25 Oct.
North Cape 71.2 13 May-29 July 23 Jan. 18 Nov.
Hammerfest 70.6 16 May-26 July 21 Jan. 20 Nov.
Tromsø 69.7 20 May-22 July 16 Jan. 25 Nov.
Bodø 67.3 03 June-07 July 28 Dec. 15 Dec.
Source: Almanac for Norway 2013.
More information: http://www.almanakken.uio.no/

Protected areas under the Nature Conservation Act. 31 December 2011
  Number Area, km2
National parks 34 31 046
Nature reserves 2 048 5 645
Landscape protection areas  202 17 322
Other protected areas1   473  390
1  Include flora and fauna protection areas (biotope protection), nature relics with and without area protection and biotopes protected under the Wildlife Act and the Act relating to salmonids and fresh-water fish.
Source: Directorate for Nature Management.
More information: http://english.dirnat.no/ and http://www.environment.no/

Protected areas under the Nature Conservation Act. 31 December 2011



Source:  Directorate for Nature Management.
More information:  http://english.dirnat.no/

National land use. 2012
  Km2 Per cent
Land area, excluding Svalbard and Jan Mayen  305 470  100.0
Agricultural area 9 917 3.2
Of which fully cultivated 8 155 2.7
Productive forest area1  83 399 27.3
Other  203 999 66.8
1  Includes productive forest area above the coniferous forest line.
Source: Norwegian Mapping Authority, National Forest Inventory and Statistics Norway.
More information: http://www.ssb.no/en/arealstat/

Household waste
  1992 1998 2006 2011
Total household waste. 1 000 tonnes 1 012 1 364 1 940 2 183
Household waste. Kg per capita  237  309  414  438
         
Quantity recycled, including energy production. Kg per capita .. ..  287  363
         
Unsorted waste. Per cent 8 33 50 54
Waste for incineration. Per cent .. 23 32 44
Waste for land disposal. Per cent .. 43 18 2
Source: Statistics Norway.
More information: http://www.ssb.no/en/avfkomm/

Emissions to air1, compared with level of emissions in 1990. 1990=100



Source:  Statistics Norway and the Norwegian Pollution Control Authority.
More information:  http://www.ssb.no/en/klimagassn/ and http://www.environment.no/