290238
/en/priser-og-prisindekser/statistikker/tpinaering/kvartal
290238
statistikk
2017-08-23T08:00:00.000Z
Prices and price indices;Establishments, enterprises and accounts
en
tpinaering, Business activities, price indices, price development, service price index, legal services, accounting and auditing, business advisory services, architectural services, car rental, labour supply services, cleaning servicesProducer and wholesale price indices, Establishments and enterprises , Establishments, enterprises and accounts, Prices and price indices
true

Business activities, price indices

Updated

Next update

Key figures

0.3 %

decrease in prices within advertising services

Business activities, price indices. 2010=100
Price indexChange in per cent
2nd quarter 20171st quarter 2017 - 2nd quarter 20172nd quarter 2016 - 2nd quarter 2017
1Price index for architectural services were published 15. September.
2The media agencies are not included in the index for NACE 73.1 - Advertising activities.
3Release of price index for Car rental is postponed.
4The priceindex for employment activities, 2nd quarter 2016, has been revised.
5Price index for cleaning activities, the period 3rd quarter 2015-1st quarter 2017 has been revised.
Legal activities127.21.45.0
Accounting and auditing activities124.90.95.5
Business and management consultancy activities114.01.21.0
Architectural activities1119.10.62.0
Civil engineering activities114.90.41.3
Technical testing and analysis111.10.1-0.5
Advertising2116.6-0.32.4
Car rental3......
Employment activities4127.70.52.4
Cleaning activities5119.41.22.1

About the statistics

The statistics show changes in prices for different services performed by Norwegian service providers. Exports of services are included, but imports are not.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Service Producer Price Index:
Producer Price Indices give relative measures on changes in prices over time for services produced by establishments registered in Norway. Because these indices contain the establishments’ profit, taxes, rates and dues are excluded, while received subsidies are included. We choose a base period which we set equal to 100, and express the changes in price according to this year.

Industrial cleaning services:
The price measured is invoiced prices on contracts, excl. vat. We use long-term contracts on regular tasks within traditional cleaning services. The contract is meant to be representative for the establishment in question. As a quality control, we ask the establishments to split the price changes in real price changes and changes in volume, areal size or other suitable variables.

Business and management consultancy activities:
The price measured is average charge-out rates per hour (the respondents are asked to report invoiced rates if available or alternatively to use list prices), excl. VAT.

Car rental:
The price we measure is included any possible additions regarding extra time/driving distance, insurance, airport fee or other additions. Vat, fuel expenditures and any one-way fees are not included.

Accounting and auditing activities:
The price measured is average charge-out rates per hour (the respondents are asked to report invoiced rates if available or alternatively to use list prices), excl. VAT.

Architectural services:
Hourly charge-out rates excl. vat.

Legal activities:
The price measured is average charge-out rates per hour (the respondents are asked to report invoiced rates if available or alternatively to use list prices), excl. VAT.

Employment activities:
The respondents report turnover (excl. VAT) and hours, divided into different fields of activity. We calculate an hourly charge-out rates.

Civil engineering activities:
The respondents report turnover (excl. VAT) hours worked, divided into different fields of acticvity. It is distinguished between consultancy and projection within the diffrent fields of activity. From this an hourly charge-out rate is calculated.

Advertising activities:
In this industry we use two distinct price methods. Hourly charge-out rates are the price measure for the advertising agencies. For the establishments involved in media representation we use price on repeated services.

Technical testing and analysis:
We divide the industry into six different subcategories; certification of systems, certification of product/personnel, testing and analysis, inspections and controls, measuring and validation services and classification. We ask the enterprises to describe two different services in every subcategori they have, and then we follow the changes in price for those services over time.

Standard classifications

The Standard Industrial Classification used in Statistics Norway (SIC2007), is based on the EU standard NACE Rev. 2.1. Within business activities we have the following:

- Legal services (SN2007: 69.100)
- Car rental (SN2007: 77.110)
- Industrial cleaning services (SN2007: 81.210)
- Accounting, bookkeeping and auditing activities (SN2007: 69.201 and 69.202)
- Business and management consultancy activities (SN2007: 70.220)
- Architectural services (SN2007: 71.111, 71.112 and 71.113)
- Employment activities (SN2007: 78.200)
- Civil enginnering activities (SN2007: 71.121)
- Advertising activities (SN2007: 73.100)
- Technical testing and analysis (SN2007:71.20)

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Business activities, price indices
Topic: Prices and price indices

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Construction and Service

Regional level

National

Frequency and timeliness

Frequency: Quarterly

Timeliness: The statistics is published within 45 days after the end of the period. The statistics for the second quarter is published within 60 days after the end of the period, due to summer holiday.

International reporting

The statistics will be reported to EUROSTAT

Microdata

Not relevant

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose is to measure the price development for:

- Legal activities (2005-)
- Car rental (2004-)
- Industrial cleaning services (2004-)
- Accounting and auditing activities (2007-)
- Business and management consultancy activities (2007-)
- Architectural services (1998-)
- Employment activities (2008-)
- Civil engineering activities (2008-)
- Advertising activities (2008-)
- Technical testing and analysis (2009-)

All indices developed later than 2006, apart from technical testing and analysis, has been estimated back to 2006, see chapter 3.6.

The statistics comply with the short-term statistics regulation.

Users and applications

The indices are used to analyse and survey the development in prices and costs in the industry, and in the National Accounts. Others with an interest in the market for the subjects in question also use it, for example institutions within research and development, and media.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given inthe Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway's key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally 

Coherence with other statistics

A value index is also produced for this industry group (only at a 3-digit level). You may also want to take a look at the structural business statistics . There is a difference in detailing level between preliminary and final figures.

Legal authority

The Statistics Act, Sections 2-1, 2-2 and 2-3

EEA reference

Regulation (EC) No 1158/2005 of the European Parliament and the Council of July 6 2005 amending Council Regulation (EC) No 1165/98 concerning short-term statistics.

Production

Population

For business activities, the population are all establishments in Norway with the NACE codes:

- Legal services (SN2007: 69.100)
- Car rental (SN2007: 77.110)
- Industrial cleaning services (SN2007: 81.210)
- Accounting, bookkeeping and auditing activities (SN2007: 69.201 and 69.202)
- Business and management consultancy activities (SN2007: 70.220)
- Architectural services (SN2007: 71.111, 71.112 and 71.113)
- Employment activities (SN2007: 78.200)
- Civil engineering activities (SN2007:71.121)
- Advertising activities (SN2007:73.100)
- Technical testing and analysis (SN2007:71.20)

The media agencies are not included in the index for advertising agencies.

The statistical unit is establishment for all the indices, except car rental (chains), Employment activities (enterprises), Civil engineering activities (enterprises) and Technical testing and analysis (enterprises).

Data sources and sampling

Statistics Norway’s Business Register is used to draw the sample. Price data are collected via separate questionnaire-based surveys. The establishment’s turnover is based on figures from the questionnaire and Statistics Norway’s own business structural statistics.

We divide the establishments into size groups, determined by the number of employees. We use a PPS-sample (Probability Proportional to Size), i.e. larger establishments are more likely to be included in the sample.

Business and management consultancy activities:
The sample, that consists of about 160 establishments, is drawn from a total population of 6 825 establishments , and covers about 33.5 per cent of the total turnover.

Accounting and bookkeeping:
The sample, that consists of about 90 establishments, is drawn from a total population of 4 250 establishments, and covers about 10 per cent of the total turnover.

Auditing activities:
The sample, that consists of about 90 establishments, is drawn from a total population of 1 100 establishments, and covers about 50 per cent of the total turnover.

Legal activities:
The sample, that consists of about 90 establishments, is drawn from a total population of 2 290 establishments, and covers about 25 per cent of the total turnover.

Industrial cleaning services:
The sample, that consists of about 90 establishments, is drawn from a total population of 2 500 establishments, and covers about 40 per cent of the total turnover.

Car rental:
The sample consists of 4 chains, which covers about 350 establishments. This is the majority of the total turnover.

Architectural services:
The sample consists of all establishments in the population, with 10 or more employees. From this we get a sample of 95 establishments, from a total population of 2500, which covers about 50 per cent of the total turnover.

Employment activities:
The sample consists of NHO Services members. We have about 75 enterprises, which covers about 70 per cent of the total turnover.

Civil engineering activities:
The sample that consists of about 200 enterprises is drawn from a population of 3 000 enterprises and covers about 50 per cent of the total turnover.

Advertising activities:
The sample consists of about 120 establishments, drawn from a population of 2 500. The sample covers above 40 per cent of the total turnover in the industry.

Technical testing and analysis:
The sample consists of all the enterprises in the population with 10 or more emloyees. These 80 enterprises covers about 90 per cent of the total turnover.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

The survey is based on a quarterly questionnaire. Basically we ask the establishments to answer the questionnaire electronic. The questionnaire is posted by the end of the quarter, with a three weeks deadline. Respondents that have not returned the questionnaire by the deadline are given a postal reminder, together with a one-week extension of the deadline. If the questionnaire still is not returned, the respondent is given a fine and a one-week final extension of the deadline.

The postal questionnaires are read optically, and the electronic questionnaires are automatically loaded into the revision application. Every questionnaire are afterwards controlled and revised, both automatically and manually. If price changes seems unlikely large, the respondents are contacted.

The establishments are divided into strata. For each establishment we calculate price changes (ratios) from the price reference period to the statistical period. The individual price changes are aggregated and weighed according to the criteria decided for the indices. All price changes are included in the total index. The weights being used are calculated from the establishments turnover. Turnover data are collected every other year in connection with rotation of the sample.

According to Eurostat every service producer price index must have 2006 as base year (2006=100). Therefore, indices developed later than 2006 has been estimated back to 2006. In industries where historical price information not have been available, change in wage development has been used.

From the 1st quarter of 2012 the base year is changed to 2010=100.

For more detailed information on a specific index, we recommend the publications mentioned in chapter 7.1.

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

It is impossible to identify sensitive information from the statistics.
The use of collected data from respondents will be in accordance with the demands in the Statistics Act provisions. The information will be stored properly and kept confidential.

Comparability over time and space

According to Eurostat’s guidelines, we use 2006 as the base year for all the indices we send to them. Because of this, we can compare the indices.

From the 1st quarter of 2012, we publish our indices with 2010 as the base year. This gives a lower index level, but does not interfere with the annual and quarterly changes.

From the 1st quarter of 2013, the data we send to Eurostat will also be with 2010 as the base year.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Errors might be caused by not correctly answered questionnaires. The respondents can state the same price even though there has been a price change from previous quarter. If something suggests a measurement error, the respondent is contacted. Data are also controlled when the questionnaires are optically read. In general, the production system ensures that the data is controlled on both detailed and aggregated level.

Non-response will always be a factor in questionnaire-based surveys. Some respondents do not return the questionnaires, or the questionnaires are rejected because they are incompletely filled out. Over 95 percent of the questionnaires are returned to Statistics Norway.

Sampling errors are not calculated since this measurement of uncertainty is not relevant for the index.

Revision

Not relevant

Contact