366631
/en/utenriksokonomi/statistikker/muh/maaned
366631
statistikk
2020-02-17T08:00:00.000Z
External economy
en
muh, External trade in goods, import, export, balance of trade (export minus import), mainland exports, imports excluding ships and oil platforms, trade ( between countries, continents and trade regions), international product groups (for example hs, sitc and bec), product groups (for example food, crude oil and metals)External trade , External economy
true

External trade in goods

Updated

Next update

Key figures

79.9

NOK billion – Exports of goods in January 2020

External trade in goods1
NOK billionChange in per cent
January 2020December 2019 - January 2020January 2019 - January 2020
1The figures are marked with the symbol *. This is Statistics Norways standard symbol for indicating preliminary figures. Due to the data collection method, the preliminary monthly figures published for ships and oil platforms are often incomplete. In retrospect, therefore, the trade in these goods could in some cases lead to revisions. Please see tables 1-3 for the impact these figures have on the external trade.
Exports79.9-5.3-7.8
Crude oil23.6-16.313.0
Natural gas15.9-6.1-31.7
Natural gas condensates0.81 600.8.
Ships and oil platforms0.0-100.0-100.0
Mainland exports39.61.5-6.9
Fish9.513.413.4
 
Imports58.8-0.1-3.0
Imports of ships and oil platforms0.2-74.4-80.8
 
The trade balance21.2-17.2-19.1
The mainland trade balance-19.0-0.710.8

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million

Imports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted main figures. NOK Million
Total importsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2015615 485588 519.8 71518 251
2016629 042609 376.19 666-
2017684 335661 447.12 67410 214
2018710 335707 503.2 832-
2019755 593748 762.6 831-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
January 201854 70153 88257 508819-
February 201850 97850 61053 476369-
March 201864 22263 87959 916344-
April 201863 53563 06562 169471-
May 201863 25363 09159 660162-
June 201859 01359 00658 7697-
July 201854 82254 81856 7945-
August 201856 42556 41358 78513-
September 201859 31759 18657 998131-
October 201865 58265 16962 587413-
November 201865 05565 05462 4121-
December 201853 42953 33157 65698-
January 201960 57559 66263 257913-
February 201962 23161 92065 458312-
March 201966 84566 25962 105586-
April 201962 23361 44360 275790-
May 201967 17067 00362 561167-
June 201960 01359 97760 17735-
July 201959 87659 34361 567533-
August 201959 92859 15061 612778-
September 201967 47367 17566 069298-
October 201966 76165 57863 0181 184-
November 201963 65663 10360 508553-
December 201958 83258 14863 383684-
January 202058 76658 59161 709175-

Table 2 
Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of goods, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Total exportsCommodities excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exportsShipsOil platforms
UnadjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2015835 267826 330.403 973.5 6113 326
2016751 583739 078.386 536.12 506-
2017863 624849 329.418 165.14 295-
2018997 363988 936.455 410.8 427-
2019903 909897 164.473 043.6 745-
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
January 201885 60882 98176 50736 99836 8382 627-
February 201875 88775 79777 33135 75437 26491-
March 201881 64381 59379 27937 38637 07650-
April 201879 77979 21778 47936 99236 226563-
May 201879 94278 43880 64037 54637 1231 505-
June 201879 32178 37582 98039 35237 713946-
July 201881 66381 16086 48234 25236 842502-
August 201886 92586 48889 60140 21941 198437-
September 201881 62580 16388 18836 12238 0981 461-
October 201898 22398 12990 65243 01339 89895-
November 201887 02786 91182 47342 08339 246117-
December 201879 71979 68578 07235 69238 13534-
January 201986 73786 66980 38542 53141 94468-
February 201976 45976 24777 42037 45338 937212-
March 201985 34584 95178 31740 56037 981394-
April 201977 25674 92376 58139 46140 2112 334-
May 201976 05475 96878 17841 74741 14086-
June 201966 04765 08971 09536 95337 173959-
July 201966 75266 52669 73136 39738 316226-
August 201965 56165 52269 13337 13739 09539-
September 201965 93264 25469 85737 67739 0681 678-
October 201971 78371 60366 48142 15338 687180-
November 201981 58081 18577 51941 95439 969395-
December 201984 40284 22680 36239 01940 082176-
January 202079 94379 94374 35539 60138 882--

Table 3 
The trade balance for goods. NOK Million

The trade balance for goods. NOK Million
Exports-importsExports-imports (both excl. ships and oil platforms)Mainland exports - imports excl. ships and oil platforms
Yearly figures
2015219 782237 811-184 546
2016122 541129 701-222 841
2017179 289187 882-243 281
2018287 028281 433-252 093
2019148 316148 402-275 719
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
January 201830 90729 099-16 884
February 201824 90925 187-14 855
March 201817 42117 714-26 493
April 201816 24416 152-26 073
May 201816 68915 347-25 545
June 201820 30719 369-19 654
July 201826 84026 342-20 566
August 201830 50030 075-16 194
September 201822 30720 977-23 064
October 201832 64132 959-22 156
November 201821 97221 857-22 970
December 201826 29026 354-17 639
January 201926 16227 007-17 131
February 201914 22814 328-24 467
March 201918 50018 693-25 699
April 201915 02313 479-21 982
May 20198 8848 965-25 256
June 20196 0355 111-23 024
July 20196 8777 183-22 947
August 20195 6336 372-22 013
September 2019-1 542-2 922-29 499
October 20195 0216 025-23 424
November 201917 92418 082-21 149
December 201925 57026 078-19 129
January 202021 17721 352-18 989

Table 4 
Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million

Exports of crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates, unadjusted and seasonally adjusted figures. NOK Million
Crude oil, natural gas and natural gas condensates in totalCrude oilNatural gasNatural gas condensates
UnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjustedSeasonally adjustedUnadjusted
Yearly figures
2015422 356.197 116.220 676.4 565
2016352 542.187 595.161 129.3 817
2017431 163.223 073.203 105.4 985
2018533 526.261 334.265 435.6 758
2019424 121.247 778.170 594.5 749
 
Monthly figures (last 25 months)
January 201845 98341 39621 76321 02423 58019 005639
February 201840 04239 83818 61520 07020 66019 308767
March 201844 20741 79822 54822 26121 65918 792-
April 201842 22542 64221 95721 06519 58320 655686
May 201840 89242 87921 81021 47418 27721 083805
June 201839 02345 42821 37223 10517 65122 893-
July 201846 90949 33423 02423 40723 45925 861425
August 201846 26949 16623 20622 87322 06425 962999
September 201844 04149 77424 04325 13719 62924 843369
October 201855 11651 14427 77227 53526 60424 456739
November 201844 82741 52518 07918 14225 58822 8511 160
December 201843 99340 41917 14415 72126 68122 645168
January 201944 13839 59720 90720 16323 23218 316-
February 201938 79438 54417 87319 32020 40619 141515
March 201944 39141 95021 49920 96222 21619 378676
April 201935 46135 81621 11520 34614 12714 894219
May 201934 22135 91219 74619 67413 83415 958641
June 201928 13532 86814 07215 24713 34317 347720
July 201930 13031 64318 73819 17710 55811 637834
August 201928 38530 27118 97118 9539 08210 642332
September 201926 57730 08719 70720 4366 2297 875641
October 201929 45027 43018 97418 75710 0769 259399
November 201939 23136 24127 92727 98210 5829 500722
December 201945 20741 39328 24925 64916 90914 38049
January 202040 34236 15023 63422 82815 87912 416829

Table 5 
Imports of goods, main groups by SITC

Imports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per cent
January 2019January 2020January 2019 - January 2020
Total60 57558 766-3.0
Of this:
Ships and oil platforms (partof SITC 793)913175-80.8
Imports excl. ships and oil platforms59 66258 591-1.8
 
0 Food and live animals4 3784 5644.2
00 Live animals other than animals of div.0311125.0
01 Meat and meat preparations10395-8.2
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs1211253.6
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof850549-35.4
04 Cereals and cereal preparations571569-0.5
05 Vegetables and fruit1 0951 008-8.0
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey13416925.5
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices34244429.8
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)6186566.2
09 Miscellaneous edible products53264621.4
 
1 Beverages and tobacco6396867.3
11 Beverages4665068.6
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures1731803.9
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels4 5083 701-17.9
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw55-0.8
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits375155-58.7
23 Crude rubber96-36.8
24 Wood, lumber and cork455344-24.3
25 Pulp and waste paper4543-4.1
26 Textile fibres and their waste121639.4
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales30435818.0
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap3 0642 516-17.9
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials2402587.8
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials3 5622 783-21.9
32 Coal, coke and briquettes1952118.3
33 Petroleum, petroleum products2 6082 251-13.7
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation2 1731 927-11.3
34 Gas , natural and manufactured13066-49.4
342 Liquefied propane and butane7047-97.8
35 Electric current629255-59.4
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes5946428.1
41 Animal oils and fats2652743.1
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated31235212.7
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed16171.4
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.6 0256 1151.5
51 Organic chemicals840585-30.4
52 Inorganic chemicals4995346.9
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials305277-9.2
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products1 6221 592-1.8
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc6056314.2
56 Fertilizers313233-25.5
57 Plastics in primary forms475392-17.4
58 Plastics in non-primary forms498485-2.6
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.8681 38759.8
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material8 2648 097-2.0
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins5442-22.5
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.4394707.1
63 Cork and wood manufactures673587-12.9
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof721688-4.5
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles735705-4.0
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.835760-9.0
67 Iron and steel1 6271 481-9.0
68 Non-ferrous metals7738408.7
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.2 4082 5244.8
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment23 56623 203-1.5
71 Power generating machinery and equipment2 7932 298-17.7
72 Machinery for special industries2 2842 3804.2
73 Metal working machinery154152-1.3
74 General industrial machinery and equipment3 1242 876-7.9
75 Office machines, data processing machines1 7841 693-5.1
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment2 2842 4929.1
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus3 3843 4361.5
78 Road vehicles5 7986 45811.4
781 Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons3 4013 93015.6
79 Other transport equipment including ships1 9621 418-27.7
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles8 9438 860-0.9
81 Prefabricated buildings814751-7.8
82 Furniture and parts thereof1 4171 320-6.9
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.1591675.2
84 Articles of apparel and accessories1 9571 9841.4
85 Footwear530490-7.6
87 Professional and scientific instruments1 5131 5633.3
88 Photographic and optical goods2562664.0
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s2 2982 3201.0
 
9 Commodities and transactions9511520.5
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind00.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind212833.7
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender12118.3
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)738515.7

Table 6 
Exports of goods, main groups by SITC

Exports of goods, main groups by SITC
NOK MillionChange in per cent
January 2019January 2020January 2019 - January 2020
1Due to confidentiality in commodity group 56, this group can not be published separately. This group is included in group 59.
Total86 73779 943-7.8
Of this:
Crude oil (part of SITC 333)20 90723 63413.0
Natural gas (SITC 343)23 23215 879-31.7
Natural gas condensates (part of SITC 333))-829.
Ships and oil platforms (part of SITC 793)68--100.0
Mainland exports42 53139 601-6.9
 
0 Food and live animals8 95510 03712.1
00 Live animals other than animals of div.03414207.7
01 Meat and meat preparations212941.4
02 Dairy products and birds' eggs63686.9
03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and prep. thereof8 3579 47613.4
04 Cereals and cereal preparations37395.7
05 Vegetables and fruit1714-18.0
06 Sugars, sugar prepatations and honey64-41.5
07 Coffee, tea, cocoa, spices44452.0
08 Feeding stuff for animals (not cereals)281232-17.4
09 Miscellaneous edible products125117-6.3
 
1 Beverages and tobacco85872.2
11 Beverages85871.9
12 Tobacco and tobacco manufactures00197.4
 
2 Crude materials, inedible, except fuels1 7061 7502.6
21 Hides, skins and furskins, raw121119-2.2
22 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits1118.1
23 Crude rubber22-7.8
24 Wood, lumber and cork357324-9.1
25 Pulp and waste paper2282509.4
26 Textile fibres and their waste2321-6.2
27 Crude fertilizers and crude minerales389372-4.6
28 Metalliferous ores and metal scrap55062714.1
29 Crude animal and vegetable materials34340.4
 
3 Mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials51 63346 611-9.7
32 Coal, coke and briquettes01330.3
33 Petroleum, petroleum products25 82428 76411.4
334 Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (other than crude); preparations, n.e.s., containing by weight 70% or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparation4 8304 261-11.8
34 Gas , natural and manufactured25 10617 620-29.8
342 Liquefied propane and butane1 6591 604-3.3
35 Electric current703226-67.9
 
4 Animal and vegetable oils, fats and waxes17423133.0
41 Animal oils and fats74148101.1
42 Fixed vegetable fats and oils, crude, refined or fractionated5035-30.5
43 Animal or vegetable fats and oils, processed5048-4.3
 
5 Chemicals and related products n.e.s.5 8635 120-12.7
51 Organic chemicals1 6351 552-5.1
52 Inorganic chemicals765675-11.8
53 Dyeing, tanning and colouring materials195169-13.5
54 Medicinal and pharmaceutical products658536-18.6
55 Essential oils and resinoids etc160148-7.2
56 Fertilizers1:::
57 Plastics in primary forms559506-9.4
58 Plastics in non-primary forms111108-2.5
59 Chemical materials and products, n.e.s.1 7801 426-19.9
 
6 Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material7 7937 057-9.4
61 Leather, leather manufactures, furskins87-6.5
62 Rubber manufactures, n.e.s.558248.0
63 Cork and wood manufactures1621704.7
64 Paper, paperboard and manufactures thereof517454-12.1
65 Textile yarn, fabrics, made-up articles14017927.6
66 Non-metallic mineral manufactures, n.e.s.169138-18.8
67 Iron and steel1 385969-30.1
68 Non-ferrous metals4 5954 402-4.2
69 Manufactures of metals, n.e.s.761657-13.7
 
7 Machinery and transport equipment8 2836 343-23.4
71 Power generating machinery and equipment967775-19.9
72 Machinery for special industries82399721.2
73 Metal working machinery52543.7
74 General industrial machinery and equipment1 3881 3920.3
75 Office machines, data processing machines267253-5.3
76 Telecommunications apparatus and equipment5135395.0
77 Electrical machinery and apparatus9101 10521.4
78 Road vehicles7207656.2
79 Other transport equipment including ships2 642464-82.5
 
8 Miscellaneous manufactured articles2 1772 6082.6
81 Prefabricated buildings1251430.1
82 Furniture and parts thereof2622740.3
83 Travel goods, handbags etc.1280.0
84 Articles of apparel and accessories7964-18.9
85 Footwear1912-36.7
87 Professional and scientific instruments9569751.9
88 Photographic and optical goods212521.1
89 Miscellaneous manufactured articles, n.e.s7031 10757.5
 
9 Commodities and transactions679845.8
91 Postal packages not classified according to kind0-.
93 Special transactions and commodities not classified according to kind075124 900.0
96 Coin (other than gold coin), not being legal tender00-84.1
97 Gold, non-monetary (excluding gold, ores and concentrates)679846.5

Table 7 
Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods, by trade areas, continents and countries.
ImportsExports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
January 2019January 2020January 2019January 2020
Total60 57558 766-3.086 73779 943-7.8
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries13 37012 813-4.212 19713 1497.8
EFTA995678-31.950677453.0
EU36 34335 868-1.372 26960 311-16.5
OECD37 47736 726-2.073 03161 550-15.7
Developing countries12 46112 335-1.06 56211 68078.0
LDC - least developed countries502388-22.78411840.5
 
Continents and countries
Europe39 57938 885-1.873 69262 290-15.5
Belgium909901-0.93 9493 469-12.2
Denmark4 4194 275-3.34 3013 074-28.5
Estonia472383-18.910112220.8
Finland1 5261 405-7.9985681-30.9
France1 7601 8123.05 3324 204-21.2
Greece6045-25.010011616.0
Ireland40147318.0637413-35.2
Iceland169146-13.6250521108.4
Italy1 5441 6104.38451 16237.5
Lithuania67077515.747592294.1
Netherlands2 2511 926-14.410 3226 271-39.2
Poland1 9741 973-0.11 9601 631-16.8
Portugal311295-5.1574299-47.9
Romania32645439.310788-17.8
Russia1 4561 173-19.41461534.8
Slovakia258242-6.24338-11.6
Spain1 3661 229-10.01 3091 55418.7
United Kingdom3 1143 2434.119 48016 067-17.5
Switzerland820527-35.7256252-1.6
Sweden7 1826 915-3.76 6228 81033.0
Czech Republic5686137.916318916.0
Turkey57274630.45301 076103.0
Germany5 7976 1165.514 32710 285-28.2
Hungary2282478.37263-12.5
Austria619374-39.6251194-22.7
Other countires in Europe80798722.355563614.6
 
Asia13 35611 520-13.76 67311 27268.9
Hong Kong73752.7161138-14.3
India36745323.4263232-11.8
Japan1 3191 222-7.4677623-8.0
China7 0236 745-4.01 9616 279220.2
Malaysia500212-57.61611620.6
Singapore479180-62.433752054.3
South Korea1 618600-62.97661 42886.4
Taiwan447397-11.2250129-48.4
Thailand313297-5.127841649.6
Vietnam44351516.3187152-18.7
Other countires in Asia7748246.51 6321 193-26.9
 
North and Central America5 0736 04019.13 7293 9876.9
Canada1 1691 2759.15525927.2
United States3 5664 41923.92 8412 800-1.4
Other countries in North- and Central-America3383462.4336595-101.2
 
South America1 2481 60328.4683676-1.0
Brazil8311 15038.4522518-0.8
Chile11714523.97877-1.3
Peru124104-16.1411175.0
Other countries in South-America17620415.97970-11.4
 
Africa1 034628-39.31 8061 561-13.6
Angola451-97.81654237.5
Botswana223-86.4--.
South Africa300200-33.37062-11.4
Other countires in Africa667424-36.41 7201 445-16.0
 
Oceania28589-68.81551581.9
Australia25751-80.211413316.7
New Zealand273737.03322-33.3
Other countires in Oceania110.083-62.5

Table 8 
Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.

Imports and exports of goods (imports excl. ships and oil platforms and mainland exports), by trade areas, continents and countries.
Imports excl. ships and oil platformsMainland exports
NOK Million - so far this yearChange in per centNOK Million - so far this yearChange in per cent
January 2019January 2020January 2019January 2020
Total59 66258 591-1.842 53139 601-6.9
 
Trade areas
Nordic countries13 36212 813-4.18 1127 402-8.8
EFTA988678-31.450677453.0
EU36 34335 868-1.328 45925 739-9.6
OECD37 47136 551-2.529 22126 738-8.5
Developing countries12 46112 160-2.46 5627 1549.0
LDC - least developed countries502388-22.78411840.5
 
Continents and countries
Europe39 57238 710-2.229 86127 478-8.0
Belgium909901-0.91 2011 167-2.8
Denmark4 4194 275-3.32 8352 535-10.6
Estonia472383-18.910112220.8
Finland1 5261 405-7.96316817.9
France1 7601 8123.01 4081 338-5.0
Greece6045-25.010011616.0
Ireland40147318.031341331.9
Iceland163146-10.4250521108.4
Italy1 5441 6104.38458925.6
Lithuania67077515.7475368-22.5
Netherlands2 2511 926-14.44 9384 346-12.0
Poland1 9741 973-0.11 4741 5726.6
Portugal311295-5.126029915.0
Romania32645439.310788-17.8
Russia1 4561 173-19.412415323.4
Slovakia258242-6.24338-11.6
Spain1 3661 229-10.01 1521 063-7.7
United Kingdom3 1143 2434.14 2373 657-13.7
Switzerland820527-35.7256252-1.6
Sweden7 1826 915-3.74 3573 602-17.3
Czech Republic5686137.916318916.0
Turkey572571-0.2530495-6.6
Germany5 7976 1165.53 1812 678-15.8
Hungary2282478.37263-12.5
Austria619374-39.6251194-22.7
Other countries in Europe80698722.555763614.2
 
Asia12 45111 520-7.56 6736 8853.2
Hong Kong73752.7161138-14.3
India36745323.4263232-11.8
Japan1 3191 222-7.4677623-8.0
China7 0236 745-4.01 9612 33419.0
Malaysia500212-57.61611620.6
Singapore479180-62.433752054.3
South Korea713600-15.876698628.7
Taiwan447397-11.2250129-48.4
Thailand313297-5.127841649.6
Vietnam44351516.3187152-18.7
Other countries in Asia7748246.51 6321 193-26.9
 
North and Central America5 0736 04019.13 3542 843-15.2
Canada1 1691 2759.117723130.5
United States3 5664 41923.92 8412 359-17.0
Other countries in North and Central America3383462.4336253-24.7
 
South America1 2481 60328.4683676-1.0
Brazil8311 15038.4522518-0.8
Chile11714523.97877-1.3
Peru124104-16.1411175.0
Other countries in South America17620415.97970-11.4
 
Africa1 034628-39.31 8061 561-13.6
Angola451-97.81654237.5
Botswana223-86.4--.
South Africa300200-33.37062-11.4
Other countries in Africa667424-36.41 7201 445-16.0
 
Oceania28589-68.81551581.9
Australia25751-80.211413316.7
New Zealand273737.03322-33.3
Other countries in Oceania110.083-62.5

Table 9 
Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million

Imports of goods from selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK million
So far this year
January 2020
Total importsFood and live animalsBeverages and tobaccoCrude materials, inedible, except fuelsMineral fuels, lubricants and related materialsAnimal and vegetable oils, fats and waxesChemicals and related products n.e.s.Manufactured goods classified chiefly by materialMachinery and transport equipmentMiscellaneous manufactured articlesCommodities and transactions
Total58 7664 5646863 7012 7836426 1158 09723 2038 860115
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countires)35 8683 0575891 4021 9712164 2665 72814 2214 305113
Nordic countries12 8139091807221 4771481 1082 1744 5851 402107
Developing countries12 3351 014179032811143811 2655 0273 3311
Russia1 1739923132021805728418160
India45379060091127361130
Japan1 22214120062339723830
China6 74587019011577863 6362 0590
Singapore180100001415101490
South Korea600200102736517160
United States4 4191013329325809412161 9357591
Canada1 2752311 02217219142480
Brazil1 150315055119609294541
South Africa2006245900217010

Table 10 
Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million

Exports of goods to selected trade areas and countries, commodity groups by SITC. NOK Million
So far this year
January 2020
Total exportsFood and live animalsBeverages and tobaccoCrude materials, inedible, except fuelsMineral fuels, lubricants and related materialsAnimal and vegetable oils, fats and waxesChemicals and related products n.e.s.Manufactured goods classified chiefly by materialMachinery and transport equipmentMiscellaneous manufactured articlesCommodities and transactions
Total79 94310 037871 75046 6112315 1207 0576 3432 60898
 
EU (incl. the Nordic countries)60 3116 462441 50638 6551532 9905 5943 7381 1636
Nordic countries13 1491 666274657 169647441 3781 1594780
Developing countries11 6801 53221956 279371 4305549656860
Russia15316090016683950
India232306400756714100
Japan6233341801956799180
China6 2793791644 4861784174342490
Singapore52070000024202321730
South Korea1 42834902442158260246700
United States2 800648337541332872846333330
Canada59277013611187841150
Brazil5182030100010468107250
South Africa62330200921320

Table 11 
Mainland exports by county of production

Mainland exports by county of production
NOK MillionChange in per cent
January 2019January 2020January 2019 - January 2020
1County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
The whole country42 70639 601-7.3
 
County of production1
Viken03 226.
Østfold (-2019)1 283--100.0
Akershus (-2019)606--100.0
Buskerud (-2019)867--100.0
Oslo7237290.8
Innlandet0975.
Hedmark (-2019)447--100.0
Oppland (-2019)685--100.0
Vestfold og Telemark03 715.
Vestfold (-2019)2 131--100.0
Telemark (-2019)2 491--100.0
Agder03 603.
Aust-Agder (-2019)243--100.0
Vest-Agder (-2019)3 135--100.0
Rogaland3 7223 9315.6
Vestland07 254.
Hordaland (-2019)6 501--100.0
Sogn og Fjordane (-2019)1 294--100.0
Møre og Romsdal5 3893 555-34.0
Trøndelag - Trööndelage2 1862 3447.2
Nordland2 4512 426-1.0
Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku01 710.
Troms - Romsa (-2019)879--100.0
Finnmark - Finnmárku (-2019)772--100.0
Svalbard00.
Jan Mayen--.
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 6481 438-12.7
Re-exports of goods produced abroad4 5083 885-13.8
County not stated7458108.7

Table 12 
Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million

Mainland exports by county of production, commodity groups by the SITC. NOK million
January 2020
Total mainland exportsDistribution by the SITC
Food, beverages and tobacco (SITC 0 and 1)Fish (subgruop 03 of SITC 0)Crude materials, except fuels (SITC 2 and 4)Fuels (SITC 3)Manufactured goods except food, beverages and tobacco (SITC 5-9)
1County of production is defined as the county with the highest value added. Where the export consists of a mix of goods from different counties, and the county of production is difficult to determine, the goods are regarded as originating from several counties. Where the value of an imported intermediate good is more than doubled, the good is considered to be produced in Norway. Otherwise, it is considered to be an export of a good produced abroad.
The figures for Agder were corrected, 18 February 2020.
The whole country39 60110 1249 4761 9816 27021 226
 
County of production1
Viken3 2261481522712 850
Oslo729572380634
Innlandet9751201060857
Vestfold og Telemark3 7152611469892 554
Agder3 60313103013 559
Rogaland3 9316816072271 6641 358
Vestland7 2542 2332 1631983 1111 711
Møre og Romsdal3 5551 7081 6121672051 475
Trøndelag - Trööndelage2 3441 4621 4521080774
Nordland2 4261 4451 426159-821
Troms og Finnmark - Romsa ja Finnmárku1 7101 5551 551306759
Svalbard00----
Jan Mayen------
Norwegian goods produced in several counties1 438619567406226186
Re-exports of goods produced abroad3 88579216643 736
County not stated8108548720652

Norwegian import and export - all countries and commodity numbers 1988-2018. Complete datasets corresponding to Statbank table 08801 for download as CSV.

About the statistics

The external trade statistics comprise the development in Norway's trade with other countries in terms of value and volume figures. Aggregated as well as detailed imports and exports figures between Norway and partner countries, trade regions and continents are provided.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Imports and exports
Imports comprise mainly foreign manufactured goods entering Norway. This can also include re-importation of originally Norwegian-produced goods and processed goods. Exports comprise domestically produced goods sent out of Norway, i.e. the Norwegian statistical territory as defined in Section of population. Also included are reexportation of originally foreign-produced goods and processed goods.

Trade in goods is based on the physical movement of goods across borders, but for some items, such as ships, oil platforms and aircraft, trading often takes place without the occurrence of such movement. Whether there has been an import or export of such goods is therefore determined based on whether a change in economic ownership has taken place cf. also described in the Section of population. Economic ownership is defined as the person entitled to claim the economic benefit and who has the legal responsibility for the risk of the item.

Mainland exports
As from March 2013, the statistics on external trade in goods will use the term mainland exports on the exportation of goods other than crude oil, natural gas, natural gas condensates, ships and oil platforms. Previously, we also used the term traditional goods for these exports, as well as for imports excluding ships and oil platforms. (Balance of payments and the research department still use the term traditional goods. The balance of payments also includes items such as naphtha, propane and butane in its collective term crude oil and natural gas, external trade in goods does not.)

 

Country
Country of origin is used for imports. With regard to exports, the country of destination is used.

For raw materials, the country of origin is determined according to where the goods are produced. For manufactured goods (processed and refined goods), this is the country in which the goods have obtained the form they have at the time of import. The country of destination is defined as the country, which, on the date of export, is the last known country for which the goods are intended.

For more specific principles in relation to country of origin, the rule for ships, aircraft and oil platforms is that country of origin is the country that previously owned the goods (economic ownership). For Norwegian-produced goods sold abroad and subsequently bought in Norway, the country from which the goods are imported shall be given as the country of origin (manufacturing country).

Mode of transport
Mode of transport is defined as the means of transportation used when goods cross the border, either by import or export (in the Database for Standard Classifications there is a detailed description of mode of transport ).

Quantity
For most goods, the quantity is expressed in kilograms (weight excluding packaging), except for ships and electricity, which are measured by gross tonnes and kWh respectively. However, for many goods, the quantity is also available in a different unit of measurement, such as pieces, barrels, cubic metres, carat, litres, pairs etc.

Statistical value
Statistical value is the value when crossing the Norwegian border. Duties, VAT and other taxes are not included in the statistical value.

Upon import, the value should be set to the CIF (Cost Insurance Freight) value, i.e. the value of the goods at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with the delivery of goods to the border, transport costs and insurance. Similarly, for exports it is the value at the Norwegian border, including the costs associated with transporting it there, called FOB (Free On Board) value. CIF and FOB are two types of delivery terms called Incoterms. The delivery terms are an agreement between buyer and seller as to who bears the risk, responsibility and cost of transportation of the goods to the agreed place. In the Database for Standard Classifications there is an overview of the different delivery terms .

For crude oil exported by ship directly from installations on the Norwegian continental shelf, the value upon departure from the installation is used. In the case of crude oil and natural gas that is piped abroad, this value is determined based onon when it leaves the Norwegian continental shelf. The value of transport in international waters and into a terminal abroad is regarded as export of services.

The statistical value of exports and imports of ships is the transfer value including takeover of debt. With regard toto fish landed abroad (exported) by Norwegian vessels and caught outside the Norwegian customs border, the statistical value is the value of the fish paid to the fishing operator upon the sale of stock (minus the sales organisation fee).

County of production
The county of production is defined as the county in which the added value is greatest.

Standard classifications

Classification of goods
The classification by HS (the international customs and statistics nomenclature, the Harmonized System) is a 6-digit grouping of goods organised primarily according to the material characteristics of goods at the time of crossing the border. Only in exceptional cases is the later use of the goods of any significance to the classification. The WCO (World Customs Organization) is responsible for this nomenclature.

The Norwegian customs tariff is based on the HS, but has two more digits, which are national codes. The 7th digit reflects national customs divisions/tariff rates (bound in the WTO - World Trade Organization). The 8th digit is used to cover the national statistical needs and and among others the interests of the Norwegian Agricultural Authority and Ministry of Foreign Affairs interests with regard to import and export regulations. In some cases, the 8th digit is also used to distinguish between goods subject to duties and/or fees. The Norwegian version is published annually on our website along with a text version of the nomenclature developed by Statistics Norway. The detailed commodity list, which includes all commodity numbers, also provides information about the validity of each commodity number.

Due to technological developments and changes in international trade, the HS nomenclature is normally updated every 5 years – with the most recent implementation on 1 January 2012. In addition, minor changes are made in the Norwegian customs tariff every year. The EU also uses the nomenclature of the HS in its publication of foreign trade figures. However, the EU version; the Combined Nomenclature (CN) - which also has eight digits - is more detailed than the Norwegian version. As mentioned previously, only the first 6 digits are common internationally.

When publishing external trade figures, the UN Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) is mainly used. Here the goods are grouped by level of processing (raw materials, semi-finished and finished goods). As from 1988 to 2006, the SITC-Rev.3 is used, but as of 2007 the SITC-Rev. 4 is used.

The classification BEC (Broad Economic Categories); the UN classification of commodities by end use, which is based on the SITC, is also used to some extent. This classification is not considered to be a "standard classification" in the same way as for example the SITC, and it is officially acknowledged that countries may have their own version of this grouping in order to satisfy national needs. In the Database for Standard Classifications the Norwegian version of this classification is found.

The various nomenclatures are listed on the UN’s website , as well as correspondence tables between the different nomenclatures HS, SITC and BEC and their different versions.

The product classification CPA divides goods by industry group, and in external trade we use extracts from this. CPA (Statistical Classification of Productivity by Activity in the European Community) is the EU's central Product by Activity classification. It is a product group that is closely linked to industry, i.e. distinctive products within each activity can be linked to the activity classification NACE Rev.2.

Grouping by country
The Norwegian list of countries used follows the international standard ISO-3166. EU countries use the same standard, except for some deviations of less importance.

In the external trade publications these country groupings are frequently used:

Nordic countries - trade with Sweden, Denmark, Greenland, Faroe Islands, Finland, Åland and Iceland
EFTA - trade with Iceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein
EU – in the Database for standard classifications current member states at any given time is available
OECD - for current member states at any given time see the OECD's website

Developing countries – as from 2007, the figures are according to the OECD’s DAC (DAC stands for Development Assistance Committee) for definitions of countries at any given time that are recognised as recipients of official foreign aid. The DAC list also includes a section on LDCs (Least Developed Countries - defined by the UN) - which we also use in the statistics.
(Until 2006, these countries were defined as developing countries in the Norwegian trade statistics: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), Croatia, Macedonia, Malta, Slovenia - Africa except South Africa - Asia excluding Japan, North and South America except USA, Canada and Greenland - Oceania except Australia and New Zealand.)

 

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: External trade in goods
Topic: External economy

Next release

Responsible division

Division for External Trade Statistics

Regional level

Statistics on imports and exports of goods are published at country level. Export figures are also given by county of production.

Frequency and timeliness

Monthly figures are released on the 15th of the month after the observation period (the previous month), or the first subsequent working day.  With every new release, all the previous monthly figures are updated in every publication.

For more information about Revisions, please see Accuracy and Reliability.

 

International reporting

Reports are sent to the EU statistical office (Eurostat), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization (WTO), International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the United Nations (UN).

Microdata

Non-revised and revised micro data are stored in accordance with Statistics Norway's guidelines for storing computer files (DataDok).

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the external trade statistics is to provide information about the commodity flows between Norway and other countries. Exports and imports are important economic indicators both in describing structural changes and in monitoring the economic trends. The monthly statistics of external trade in goods have been published since 1913 (value figures were published for the first time in 1866).

With regard to essential changes in the statistics, the commodity classification in line with the Harmonised System that was introduced in 1988 entailed a comprehensive restructuring of the distribution at a detailed level in relation to the earlier CCCN nomenclature (the Customs Cooperation Council Nomenclature).

The statistics are mainly financed from State assignments, but also rely to some extent on market income.

Users and applications

The external trade statistics are a part of the national and international statistical system, and are used in the compilation of the national accounts and the balance of payment statistics in Statistics Norway. The statistics are aimed at covering the business sector’s need for data in this area for their planning of production, marketing and sales.

The statistics are also intended for prognoses and analyses performed by public authorities, research institutions and private organisations. International organisations such as the UN´s statistical office, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD),  the statistical office of the EU (Eurostat) and others make use of the information provided in the external trade statistics.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The figures for external trade statistics are an important part of the quarterly balance of payments and national accounts and the annual national accounts .

The balance of payments also collects estimates of trade in goods which are transported directly from abroad to the Norwegian continental shelf, imports of fuel and other oil products to Norwegian ships, aircraft and units abroad. Moreover the external account interprets some of the goods from the external trade statistics in goods as a service, such as computer games, software and licenses.

In the publication of the figures for external trade we give figures for crude oil, natural gas and condensates, while the balance of payments use the collective term “crude oil and natural gas”. Terms in foreign accounts also encompass items such as naphtha, propane and butane, while the external trade statistics do not.

In addition to the statistics mentioned, external trade figures are included in many of the other statistics published by Statistics Norway, for example:

- Exports of salmon ,  weekly figures of salmon exports are published in addition to the regular monthly trade figures
- Indices of volume and price of external trade in goods mainly use external trade data as the basis for calculating figures. In addition, the total number of imports and exports, as well as fish and some selected commodity numbers for waste paper and scrap metal, are used as basic data in the producer price index  and the  price index of first-hand domestic sales
- External trade data are also used as basic data for  statistics on fishery and emissions of greenhouse gases

 

Mirror statistics
Mirror statistics, in the context of external trade statistics, refer to a comparison between the statistics of two or more countries: exports of goods from one country should in principle equal the imports of the same goods in the partner country.

However, discrepancies are often identified in these figures for several reasons. Although there are international guidelines for the production of external trade statistics, there may still be differences in what the countries include. An example is differences in the usage of statistical trade systems, general or special trade, which causes delimitations to the statistics content. Countries may also have different methods for data collecting and processing, which can create distortions. Furthermore, some countries collect data from customs authorities and others directly from companies. 

Basically, there should be a certain difference in value between the countries, as the exporting country provides the FOB-value while the importing country in addition to this adds costs for insurance and freight all the way to the location of delivery, the CIF-value (see Definitions). Some countries collect data from customs authorities, others directly from companies. A common source of error between countries is caused by different information about which is the country of destination. Different threshold-values for inclusion of data can also create distortions, f.ex. in Norwegian external trade statistics, declarations with value less than NOK 1 000 are excluded from the import statistics. Other countries may have other delimitations. Different practise of confidentiality and demands for confidentiality, inaccurate definitions of certain commodities as well as conscious and unconscious misuse of codes can lead to use of different classification codes between countries.

From a Norwegian point of view, there is a need for comparing external trade data with the corresponding statistics of our main trading partners, principally European countries. It is in this context important to have knowledge of the rules practiced by the individual partners.

The Statistical Office of the European Union, Eurostat, publishes external trade data for EU countries, totally for the Union and separate for each member country. This statistics are produced according to EU regulations, which defines external trade as trade between the European Union trade and third countries. As a consequence of this, exports to countries in the EU from a non EU-member state are recorded as imported to EU in the first country where the goods cross the borders of the European Union. When forwarding the goods to the country of destination, the good is recorded as an item dispatched from the EU-country that first received the goods. Information about the country of origin of the commodity is not included in the records. Several of the EU-countries publishes in addition to the data presented in the Eurostat database, Comext ,  separately external trade statistics produced after national methodology. For information about this, consult Eurostat's annual report: Quality report on International trade statistics .

 

Legal authority

The Statistics Act §§ 2-1, 2-2 and 3-2

EEA reference

EU regulations incorporated into the EEA agreement comprise contractual obligations pursuant toto EC regulations onon data collection and distribution of data to the EU’s statistical office, Eurostat. The current regulations are as follows:

Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009 on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries and repealing of Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/95

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 92/2010 of 2 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards data exchange between customs authorities and national statistical authorities, compilation of statistics and quality assessment

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 113/2010 of 9 February 2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards trade coverage, definition of the data, compilation of statistics on trade by business characteristics and by invoicing currency, and specific goods or movements

Commission Regulation (EU) No. 1106/2012 of 27 November 2012 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 471/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on Community statistics relating to external trade with non-member countries, as regards the update of the nomenclature of countries and territories

Production

Population

Statistics area and the economic territory
The scope of foreign trade statistics is based on international guidelines from the United Nations Statistical Commission.

The general recommendation is that the statistics should include all goods which add to or subtract from the stock of material resources of a country by entering (imports) or leaving (exports) its economic territory. In addition to the geographical dimension, a country's economic territory also includes ships, aircraft and oil platforms owned by national corporations. These are goods that are not necessarily located within the geographic area, but are still viewed as part of the material resources of a country. For these goods external trade is measured by the change of economic ownership.

There are two different statistical trade systems - the general trade system and the special trade system. UN recommends using the general trade system where a country's statistical area coincides with its economic territory. This implies that goods are recorded at the time they enter or leave the economic territory. The special trade system is used when the statistical area covers only a part of the economic territory. Statistics Norway follows, with a few exceptions, the general trade system.

The Norwegian economic territory consists of mainland Norway, Svalbard, Jan Mayen, Norwegian dependencies, territorial waters, including the airspace above these, the economic zone, the Norwegian part of the continental shelf, territorial enclaves abroad (embassies, consulates, military bases, research stations) and Norwegian ships, aircraft and oil platforms.

External trade statistics is mainly based on information drawn from customs declarations. However, the responsible area of the customs authorities only covers mainland Norway and its territorial waters. As a supplement, data on important trade in goods to and from the remaining areas of the economic territory are collected directly from respondents and registers.

The following are defined as statistical area:

Mainland Norway and its territorial waters
Customs declarations contain information on physical flows of goods crossing the customs border. Imports and export that are exempted from ordinary declaration are referred to in the Customs Act §§ 4-10 and 4-11. According to the recommendations from the UN, some flows of goods should be excluded from the statistics. This includes trade in Norwegian goods between the customs area and other parts of the Norwegian economic territory. To the extent possible, trade in foreign goods to and from foreign enclaves, ships, aircraft and oil platforms located in Norway are omitted. To distinguish this type of transactions customs procedure codes from the declarations are used. In general, trade transactions are recorded at the time when the goods enter or leave the customs territory. However there are some exceptions, cf. the treatment of goods in customs warehouses.

There are four different types of customs warehouses. Goods waiting on declearance,can be stored in either a general or a central warehouse. For imports the time of recording is set when the goods are taken out of the warehouse and not when they arrived in the economic territory. This means that the statistical processing of these data follows the special trade principle. However, in practice the time difference between storage and withdrawals from warehouses is usually so small that the statistical processing is considered to be approximately equal to the general trade principle. For the remaining two types of customs warehouse; duty free and storage for further processing, the statistical treatment is according to the general trade system.

Customs declarations of exports and imports of electric current do not provide enough information for statistical purposes, and data is therefore obtained directly from the respondent.

Svalbard and Jan Mayen
Import transported through the Norwegian mainland to Svalbard and Jan Mayen should be declared by customs. Data on exports of coal transported directly from Svalbard are collected directly from the respondents.

The Norwegian part of the continental shelf
Imports via the Norwegian mainland to Norwegian owned installations and vessels that operate on the continental shelf should be declared by customs. Exports of crude oil and natural gas delivered directly from the continental shelf are based on data from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate and the different operators.

Norwegian owned ships, aircraft and oil platforms
Exports and imports of ships, aircraft and oil platforms are based on information from Norwegian ship registers as well as from different respondents. Export of Norwegian goods (excluding bunkers) to foreign ships and aircraft in Norwegian ports and airports are covered by customs declarations.

Data on exports of fish caught by Norwegian fishing vessels outside the customs area and landed abroad is obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries.

 

In accordance with the UN recommendations the following trade in goods are not included in the statistics:

  • Goods in transit, ie goods attending the Norwegian economic territory to be directly transported to a recipient outside this area
  •  Goods traded through intermediate trade, ie goods transported between two foreign countries without entering the Norwegian economic territory
  • Goods physically crossing the country border, but defined as a service (including newspaper subscriptions, accompanied baggage, household goods)
  • Content delivered electronically (including e-books, downloadable games, etc.), defined purely as a service
  • Issued banknotes, securities and monetary gold
  • Samples, gifts and promotional material etc. with a low value
  •  Goods for repair or return after repair
  •  Goods in unaltered condition in return to vendor (claims etc.) and waste containers, replacement deliveries and free repairs (warranty)
  •  Items for temporary use, that are returned within 12 months (exhibition, demonstration, scientific research, loan, professional equipment, transport vehicles in international traffic, containers, equipment in use for the press, radio and television equipment, etc.)
  •  Change in ownership of non-financial assets
  •  Goods that are damaged on the journey to and from the Norwegian economic territory
  •  Satellites equipment moved to and launched in other countries without any change of ownership
  •  Goods functioning as means of transport (ship, aircraft, packaging, etc.)
  • Waste and scrap without any commercial value

 Furthermore goods totalling less than NOK 1 000 are omitted, these goods amounts to less than one per cent of the import and about 0.04 per cent of the export. Imports of goods for less than NOK 200 and exports of goods less than NOK 5.000 (except from goods that are subject to taxes and restrictions) are not subject to declaration by the Customs.

Data sources and sampling

The statistics are mainly based on administrative information obtained from TVINN, which is the Norwegian Customs’ electronic information system for the exchange of customs declarations between businesses and Norwegian Customs. Some data is, however, obtained from other sources, and more information on this can be found in the paragraph on data collection.

Sampling is not not relevant as external trade is a total count of the goods defined in the population.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Data collection

The vast majority of the data is, as mentioned, collected through the Customs’ TVINN register and transmitted electronically to Statistics Norway. However, some additional data, as shown below, is obtained separately.

Exports of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state
Preliminary and final figures for exported volumes of crude oil and natural gas in gaseous state are collected through monthly reports from the operators and the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate. The prices, however, are obtained via various sources depending on whether they relate to crude oil or natural gas, and whether the data is being collected to compile preliminary or final figures.

From 2013 on, the development in the in gas prices from the producer price index (PPI) used to calculate the preliminary gas prices for foreign trade, while the level will be based on the value determined from the last registered price. PPI obtain figures for natural gas from the journal World Gas Intelligence (WGI).

Preliminary oil prices are based on the reference price of  Brent Blend for the current month.

For crude oil, the final prices: quarterly surveys from the licensees, as well as information from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate, the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy and the operators.

For natural gas, final prices: a quarterly average price based on information from a selection of licensees and operators.

Due to insufficient information about country of destination there are from 2013 on changes in the dissemination of the figures of exports of natural gas in gaseous state. From 2013, country of destination according to these figures will be based on the landing point of the pipelines with natural gas from the Norwegian continental shelf.

Exports of crude oil in pipelines to Great Britain


All exports of Norwegian crude oil that are transported by pipeline to Teeside are registered in the official statistics with the UK as the country of destination. The ownership is Norwegian until the oil is processed in Great Britain, but because a commodity is registered as exported when it physically has crossed the Norwegian border.
After this unstabilized crude oil has gone through a fractionation process, where it is separated into the components of stabilized crude oil, ethane, propane and butane, it is shipped onwards, thus giving a new country distribution. Crude oil has to be stabilized in order to be transported by ship.
Only those shipments regarded as genuine importation into Great Britain is regarded are included in the statistics of Great Britain. All other flows are regarded as being in transit, and therefore excluded.

The figures by country in Statbank table 12780 for “Crude oil, incl. oil by pipelines after processing in Great Britain” shows reallocated figures after country of destination for oil exports by pipe lines (to Great Britain) and by ship to all countries.
Only those shipments regarded as genuine importation into Great Britain is regarded are included in the statistics of Great Britain. All other flows are regarded as being in transit, and therefore excluded.
The fractionation process implies that some of the crude oil disappears, thereby different total figures.

 

Imports and exports of ships and oil platforms
The data collection for vessels is based on current information from the Norwegian ship registers the Norwegian Ordinary Ship Register (NOR) and the Norwegian International Ship Register (NIS).

When it comes to oil platforms, information is collected from the Norwegian ship registers, the Customs’ TVINN register and importer/exporter.

Imports and exports of electricity

Information is received from Statnett. The volume of imports and exports of electricity is measured by the net transfer of the power grid junction point towards foreign countries and is registered every hour and aggregated at a monthly level. The monthly price from Nord Pool is applied for imports and exports with all countries Norway has transmission of electricity with.

 

Imports and exports of aircraft
For some aircrafts, monthly reports are received from Statistics Sweden, while the rest are obtained through regular declarations in the TVINN system.

Exports of coal from Svalbard
Reports on the export of coal from Svalbard are received monthly from the exporter. 

Exports of fish caught by Norwegian vessels outside the Norwegian customs border
Since July 2010, the figures have been obtained from the Directorate of Fisheries (FDIR). Prior to that, the information was gathered through TVINN.

 

Data editing

Information from customs declarations is subject to statistical controls in the Customs declaration system (TVINN). The controls to check the estimated price, quantity and country were developed by the Customs in cooperation with Statistics Norway.

Data controls at Statistics Norway take place at different levels - some as soon as the data is loaded into the system (automatic recoding of variables). The manual part of the revision consists of different types of validity and probability tests. The former are controls of absolute errors, such as missing transport code, while the other type of test may check unlikely country codes or unreasonably high quantities for a specific type of good. The system aims to intercept the most serious errors in the data. Data collected from sources other than the Customs also undergo similar checks.

 

Estimations

External trade is based on a total count but some items are excluded, cf. section of population. There is no need for any statistical estimations of current figures, only aggregations, in order to enable us to publish in a timely manner.

 

Seasonal adjustment

 The seasonal adjustment method, which is used for the foreign trade monthly value series and the quarterly volume series, consists of pre-treatment of the values for the individual series using the seasonal adjustment programme X12-ARIMA. It was developed by the US Bureau of the Census, and is one of the most internationally known methods for seasonal adjustment. The purpose of the seasonally-adjusted figures is to show the real economic trends by eliminating interference caused by seasonal variations. There are two important corrections: one method adjusts for the number of weekdays of different kinds in each month. This can be important, since it is probable that exports and imports are distributed unevenly throughout the week. The second important correction is for the Easter holidays, since Easter can fall in different months and different quarters of the year. We assume that both imports and exports are affected the week before Easter, in the Easter week itself and the week after Easter. No special corrections are made for other holidays in the year.

Confidentiality

The Statistics Act § 2-6 covers the disclosure of information.

The requirements for confidentiality in external trade of goods are practised so that data is suppressed only when the establishment/enterprise has a valid reason for confidential treatment and actively asks for it. Exporters/importers can demand suppression when there are 3 or fewer companies that import or export an item type to a given country, or when a company has a market share of over 90 per cent, or if two firms have a market share of over 95 per cent.This is called "passive confidentiality" and is in line with UN recommendations. This method is used by most countries..

Since Norway has a number of major manufacturers that are dominant in some product areas, some suppression of information exists on the export side. Between 5 and 10 per cent of mainland exports are affected by confidentiality. For imports, it is far less; around 1 per cent. Some commodity areas are more problematic with regard to dissemination, since suppression on highly aggregated levels must be carried out.

 

Comparability over time and space

The six-digit HS-based commodity classification is subject to revisions due to technological development and also development in the commodity spectres of the international trade. These adjustments are normally made every five years. The most recent HS revision was implemented on 1 January 2012. Furthermore, national adjustments are made every year at the national eight-digit level. These revisions can create breaks in the time series for some commodity numbers. Detailed information about this is available in the yearly Commodity List External Trade. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the HS are available on the UN website .

With regard to the divisions according to the SITC, the current SITC-Rev.4 was introduced in January 2007, when it replaced the previous SITC-Rev.3 (1988-2006). The relation between the figures for the years before and after 2007 can be misleading for some commodity numbers. The degree of influence depends on the value of the commodity numbers that now have a different group affiliation. Correspondence tables between the different editions of the SITC are also available on the UN website .

For the tables that use the CPA nomenclature, the 2008 edition is used for the whole series.

Other elements influencing the comparability over time: The imports and exports of ships and oil platforms in the statistics were extended in 1991 to include transactions that concern vessels under a foreign flag with a Norwegian-registered holding company. Furthermore, the definition of developing countries was changed in 2007, which affects the figures slightly.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Collection errors can occur from incorrect values, incomplete information or misinterpretation of data on customs declarations. Examples of this are use of wrong commodity number, country code, county of production or incorrect quantity.

Other sources of error include late updates, which sometimes occur for the trade with ships and oil platforms.It is also difficult to intercept the transit trade, i.e. the buying and selling of commodities in foreign territory where a Norwegian company is one of the partners. Neither do we have a good data basis to estimate the processing exports for the preparation of goods abroad or imports for processing in Norway.
The rules for customs clearance, which entail exemption from the duty to declare for exports of goods when the value is below NOK 5 000 and exemption for imports of goods when the value is below NOK 200, lead to lower figures than the real trade. This is not the best solution for preparation of the national accounts, where these lacking figures are estimated separately.
The calculation of seasonally-adjusted data beyond the usual seasonal effects is adjusted for the fact that trade is distributed unevenly across the week and taking into account the effect of Easter, as described in the section of estimations. However, beyond this nothing in particular is done. Therefore it would be natural to assume that the seasonally-adjusted December figures should be interpreted more cautiously because of the Christmas holidays.

The export trade statistics is a full count, so there are therefore no non-response errors or sampling errors .

Revision

When publishing statistics for a new month of measurement, figures for the previous months in the same year are also revised. Furthermore, the figures for all months of the year are revised twice more: First time in May the following year (year t + 1), before final figures are published in May one year later (year t + 2). See https://www.ssb.no/en/statbank/list/muh in the Statbank for more information about the size of the revisions.

At the aggregate level, the difference between preliminary monthly figures and revised figures published in May year t + 1 will normally be small for imports and mainland exports. At a detailed level and for individual months, the revisions can be of greater importance, relatively speaking. For oil and gas, larger audits can be experienced, in particular, related to the calculation of oil and gas prices. The revisions of the final publication in year t + 2 will normally be of minor importance, but in some cases relatively significant corrections can also be uncovered in this time perspective.