349390
/en/utdanning/statistikker/utdansatte/aar
349390
statistikk
2018-06-25T08:00:00.000Z
Education;Labour market and earnings;Education
en
utdansatte, Employees in kindergartens and schools, Teachers, assistants, kindergarten teachers, upper-secondary schools, primary schools, lower secondary schools, employees, headmastersPrimary and lower secondary schools, Tertiary education, Earnings and labour costs, Adult education, Kindergartens, Upper secondary schools, Labour market and earnings, Education
true

Employees in kindergartens and schools

Updated

Next update

Not yet determined

Key figures

74.7 %

share of female employees in primary and lower secondary schools

Employees in kindergarten and schools. Number and per centage of women
2017
KindergartensPrimary and lower secondary schoolsUpper secondary schoolsAdult education institutions
NumberWomen (per cent)NumberWomen (per cent)NumberWomen (per cent)NumberWomen (per cent)
All employees95 61289.7111 14375.439 93657.66 35973.7
Teachers28 85691.974 65574.726 58654.74 53375.9
School leaders4 57391.65 89664.02 92852.942368.1
Other employees working with the children/pupils59 40989.224 88979.52 97469.274262.5
Other employees2 77476.95 70377.97 44865.166174.6

See more tables on this subject

Table 1 
Employees in kindergartens, by competance and occupation. Per cent.

Employees in kindergartens, by competance and occupation. Per cent.
2017
Kindergarten teachersKindergarten leadersOther employees working with the children
Number of employees28 8564 57359 409
Tertiary education with kindergarten-related pedagogical education85.186.72.6
Upper secondary trade certificate in Child Care and Youth Work1.6:23.3
Other13.2:74.0

Table 2 
Employed teachers in school, by competance. Per cent.

Employed teachers in school, by competance. Per cent.
2017
Primary and lower secondary schoolsUpper secondary schoolsAdult education institutions
Number of teachers74 65526 5864 533
Long tertiary education and educational science9.232.317.2
Long tertiary education without educational science1.55.23.5
Short tertiary education and educational science77.451.066.8
Short tertiary education without educational science4.46.36.8
Upper secondary education7.65.25.7

Table 3 
Employed teachers in kindergartens and schools, by age. Per cent.

Employed teachers in kindergartens and schools, by age. Per cent.
2017
KindergartensPrimary and lower secondary schoolsUpper secondary schoolsAdult education institutions
Number of teachers28 85674 65526 5864 533
29 years or younger20.418.18.15.6
30-39 years34.024.619.716.4
40-49 years29.528.829.328.4
50-59 years12,217.726.126.6
60 years or older3,910.616.923.1

About the statistics

The statistics cover wage earners (employed as of the 3rd week of November) in kindergarten, primary and lower secondary school, upper secondary school and adult education institutions by characteristics such as occupation, age and educational background.Non-residents are excluded.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Employed persons are persons who performed paid work of at least one hour's duration in the reference week, as well as persons who have such work but who were temporarily absent due to illness, vacation, paid leave, etc.

Wage earners (used synonymously with the term emplyees) are persons who receive compensation for work in the form of wages. 

Employment: A person may have several employments (jobs) in different firms. Should a person have multiple employments within the same industry (e.g. with two different primary schools), one employment is chosen.

Occupation is based on information from A-ordningen and coded according to the Standard Classification of Occupations (1998 Version STYRK-98)

Kindergarten Teachers/Teachers are employees with occupational codes beginning with 23 or 33 (except 2352).           

Leaders are emplyees with occupational codes starting with 1210, 1227, 1228, 1319.               

Other emplyees working With the children/pupils are emplyees with occupational codes starting with 5131, 5139, 5132, 3460, 3232.

 

The characteristics of place of work and industry division are obtained from the Central Register of Business Establishments and Enterprises (CRE) and apply to the local unit where the person works.               

Information about the industry is retrieved from the CRE. Industry is classified according to the Classification of Standard Industrial Classification              

Kindergartens are local units with industry code 88.911.

Primary and lower secondary schools comprise  local units with industry code 85.201.

Upper secondary schools comprise  local units with industry codes 85.310/85.320.

Adult education institutions comprise  local units with industry code 85.594.

 

Characteristics such as place of residencesex, and age are obtained from the National Registry.

Residents are defined as persons registered in the National Registry and also include temporary residents who plan on staying in Norway for six months or more.

 

Pedagogical education and Kindergarten-relevant pedagogical education are based on information about completed tertiary education in the National Education Database (NUDB) and relevant education is selected based on codes according to the The Norwegian Standard Classification of Education (NUS2000)

Standard classifications

The industrial classification is in accordance with the revised Standard Industrial Classification (NOS D 383), which is based on the EU-standard of NACE Rev. 2.               

The occupational classification is in accordance with the Standard Classification of Occupations (the 1998 Version is used.               

Breakdown by countyis in accordance with the list of counties and municipalities as of the 1st in the middle                month of a given quarter.

Educational programmes are classified according to the Norwegian Standard Classification of Education (NUS). NUS is a six-digit education code, where the 1. digit indicates the level of education, 2.-4. digits indicate field of study and a full six-digit education code indicates an individual programme of education.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Employees in kindergartens and schools
Topic: Education

Responsible division

Division for Education and Culture Statistics

Regional level

National and county level

Frequency and timeliness

The statistics are published annually in June and refer to the 3rd week of November the year before. 

International reporting

Not relevant

Microdata

All education statistics at Statistics Norway is stored in a proper, standardized manner in consultation with the Data Inspectorate.

Background

Background and purpose

The statistics cover employees in kindergarten, primary and lower secondary school, upper secondary school and adult education institutions by characteristics such as occupation, age and educational background.

Previously such statistics have only been available in a dispersed manner, based on different types of source data and definitions. The statistics on Employees in kindergartens and schools provide figures based on common source data (A-ordningen and the National Education Database) and a coherent set of definitions.

The statistics complements but does not replace the statistics about employees provided e.g. by the Directorate of Education based on the Kindergarten database BASIL (BArnehage-Statistikk-InnrapporteringsLøsning) or the primary/lower secondary School database Grunnskolens informasjonssystem, GSI. Their purpose, level of detail and geographical scope differ.

Users and applications

Important users of the education statistics are public administration, special interest organizations, the media, researchers, business and industry. Key users among the ministries are, in particular, the Ministry of Education and Research

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally

Coherence with other statistics

Not relevant

Legal authority

Sections 2-2 and 3-2 of The Statistics Act of 16 June 1989.

EEA reference

Not relevant

Production

Population

The statistics cover resident wage earners who performed paid work of at least one hour's duration in the reference week (3rd week of November), as well as persons who have such work but who were temporarily absent due to illness, vacation, paid leave, etc.

Employees in the following industry divisions are covered:

85.201 – primary and lower secondary schools

85.320 og 85.310 – upper secodnary schools

88.911 – kindergartens

85.594 – adult education institutions

An employee is only counted once within each of these four Groups, but may occur in more than one Group (e.g. a teacher working both at a primary School and an adult education institution.

For employees in kindergartens an additonal check has been done against data from the kindergarten database BASIL, and only local units registered with children in mid-December are included.

For employees in primary and lower secondary schools an additonal check has been done against data from the database GSI, and only local units registered with pupils on the 1st of October are included.

For employees in upper secondary schools an additonal check has been done against data from the upper seocndary education database VIGO, and only local units registered with pupils on the 1st of October are included.

 

Data sources and sampling

 

The main source of the statistics is A-ordningen, which is a coordinated digital collection of employment, income, and tax deductions for the Norwegian Tax Administration, the Norwegian Labour and Welfare  Administration (NAV), and Statistics Norway. This means that Statistics Norway receives information about wages and employees directly from the so-called a-meldingen, which is the electronic message containing all the information     collected. More information may be found on https://www.skatteetaten.no/bedrift-og-organisasjon/arbeidsgiver/a-meldingen/.
the Central Register of Business Establishments and Enterprises (CRE).
           

Information about completed education is based on records in the National education database (NUDB).

Collection of data, editing and estimations

 

The statistics has no separate data collection, but are based on a number of different registries:

  • Statistics Norway receives data about wage earners from A-ordningen.
  • Variables such as place of work and industry division are obtained from Enhetsregisteret and the Central Register of Business Establishments and Enterprises (CRE).                  
  • Personal characteristics are obtained from the National Registry
  • Information about completed education in the National education database is gathered from registered such as student data held by the Norwegian Social Science Data Services (NSD) and the administrative systems of some higher education institutions. Information about completed upper and lower secondary education is mainly based on data from the counties through their database VIGO.               

 

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

The general rule is not to publish data if less than 3 individuals are found within a cell or unit in a table. This is to prevent identification of individuals within the statistics.

Comparability over time and space

The statistics is published for the years 2015 and onwards. Defintions, data sources and concepts used allow for comparability over time.

The comparability with other key sources of statistics on emplyees in kindergartens and Schools (e.g. BASIl, GSI) is discussed in a separate article (Norwegian only).

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

 

The statistics are based on A-ordningen. The quality of A-ordningen is generally good. Nevertheless, some errors might occur.

Some errors might occur due to incorrect reporting of the information (measurement error). Furthermore, errors might occur  as the result of data processing conducted at Statistics Norway (processing error).               

There are indications of gradual improvement in the reporting to A-ordningen from 2015 to 2016, even though the Reporting during the first year of A-ordningen (2015) is considered as being good.          

More uncertainty is expected in the number of wage earners at a detailed regional level than at a more aggregated level (e.g., the country as a whole).

 

Regarding information about completed education and educational attainment, errors may occur in the administrative system of educational institutions, in particular with self-reported information from the student or erroneous reporting from the data provider. However, a number of these non-sampling errors will be identified as part of control and revision routines performed by Statistics Norway.       

Revision

See general principles for revisions in Statistics Norway.