Transport and tourism
jernbane, Rail transport, passenger transport, goods transport, transported volumes, transport work, train travelLand transport , Transport and tourism

Rail transport


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Key figures

5.7 %

increase in railway passengers

Transported volume and transport performance, passengers ands goods
2018Per cent
2017 - 20182013 - 2018
1Change in method of counting passengers (See About the statistics)
Passenger transport1
Passengers (boardings)77 740 0145.715.6
Transport performance (passenger-kms)3 721 894 5393.814.2
Transport of goods
Quantity of goods (tons)35 230 6030.711.9
Transport performance (tonne-kms)4 125 556 7822.117.4

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Passenger transport by rail, by type of route

Passenger transport by rail, by type of route
PassengersTransport performance
1 000 faresShare1 000 passenger kmsShare
All routes77 740100.03 721 895100.0
Local trains - all routes56 93573.21 582 84242.5
Lokal trains Oslo40 98852.7921 06424.7
Airport Express6 8268.8356 3099.6
Gjøvik line1 5632.076 7652.1
Local trains Stavanger4 3225.680 2922.2
Local trains Bergen1 7762.368 0801.8
Local trains Trondheim1 4531.980 3322.2
Regional trains - all short routes1 7932.3102 2032.7
The Røros Railway4470.654 4401.5
The Flåm Railway9721.321 3820.6
Other regional train routes - short routes3740.526 3810.7
InterCity - All routes15 09619.4922 53524.8
InterCity - Oslo - Halden2 6443.4204 8085.5
InterCity - Oslo-Lillehammer5 6597.3335 1289.0
InterCity - Oslo-Skien6 7938.7382 59910.3
Night trains and long-distance traffic - all train routes3 4744.51 076 13428.9
The Sørland Railway9851.3258 4196.9
The Bergen Railway1 1771.5360 9629.7
The Dovre Railway8391.1307 7768.3
The Nordland Railway4740.6148 9774.0
Boundary crossing trains4420.638 1801.0

Table 2 
Transported volume and transport performance, goods national and international

Transported volume and transport performance, goods national and international
2018Per cent
2017 - 20182014 - 2018
Quantity of goods (tonnes)
Total35 230 6030.77.3
National12 382 0059.629.8
International22 848 598-3.5-1.9
From Norway2 162 796-24.6-25.5
To Norway20 685 802-0.61.4
Total4 125 556 7822.112.0
National2 885 778 7344.721.6
International1 239 778 048-3.5-5.3
From Norway287 784 647-14.0-28.6
To Norway951 993 4010.35.0

About the statistics

Rail goods and passenger transport in Norway. Transport by foreign companies and cross-border traffic are included.


Definitions of the main concepts and variables

National transport: Transport by rail between two places in the reporting country; one place for loading/embarking and one place for unloading/disembarking.

International transport: Transport by rail between a place (for loading/embarking or unloading disembarking) in the reporting country and a place (for loading/embarking or unloading/ disembarking) in another country.

Transit: Transport through the reporting country between two places located outside the reporting country.

TEU - Twenty-foot Equivalent Unit:* A standard unit based on an ISO container 20 feet long (6,10 meters).

Weight: Gross weight including packaging and the tare weight.

Tonne-kilometre:. The transport of one tonne over one kilometre (actually run).

Type of commodity: Based on the NST/R 2007 nomenclature.

Dangerous goods: Based on the ADR classification.

Passenger: The number of trips.

Passenger-kilometres: In principle the sum total of the kilometres travelled by each passenger.

Standard classifications

NST/R and ADR (see 4.1.)

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Rail transport
Topic: Transport and tourism

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Energy, Environmental and Transport Statistics

Regional level

Nuts II-level every fifth year.

Frequency and timeliness

Quarterly and annually.

International reporting

Transmission of data to Eurostat.


Microdata are stored in Oracle databases, and production data are stored as SAS files. Historical data are stored as ASCII files on UNIX.


Background and purpose

The EU is working towards a more comprehensive use of intermodal transport as a means to reduce transport by lorry to the 1998-level. Consequently, there is a need to establish adequate statistics for all modes of transport, including transport by rail.

Users and applications

The statistics will in addition to being published separately, be used in the calculations of the domestic transport performances. The statistics are used by several users, including research institutes and government authorities.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given inthe Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The rail statistics are used as input data in several statistics produced in Statistics Norway, for instance in the calculation of the quarterly national accounts and the annual calculation of the transport performance by mode of transport.

Legal authority

§ 2-2 and 2-3 of the Statistics Act.

EEA reference

Council Regulation (EC) no. 91/2003.

Commission Regulation (EC) no. 1192/2003.



The statistics include all approved rail operators, i.e. all commercial transport by rail including possible private own enterprises. The suburban railways and urban tramways are not included.

Data sources and sampling

Questionnaires completed by all operators.

Full count.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

There are quite few operators. All editing is therefore carried out manually.

The survey is based on a full count. Partial withdrawals are very rare. Few variables must be estimated by Statistics Norway. However, passenger figures by nationality have to be estimated based on other sources.

Seasonal adjustment



The principal rule of the Statistics Act is that information shall under no circumstances be published in such a way that it may be traced back to the supplier of any data or to any other identifiable individual. In agreement with the rail operators, an exception has been made to this rule.

Comparability over time and space

The statistics are fairly new and few alterations have been done in the EC-Regulation. In addition, very few and small operators have entered the market since 2003. The comparability in the time series from 2003 is thus good.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

The questionnaires are reviewed thoroughly, and errors are rectified during this process.


Not relevant