Transport and tourism
jernbane, Rail transport, passenger transport, goods transport, transported volumes, transport work, train travelLand transport , Transport and tourism

Rail transport


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Key figures

2.9 %

increase in freight transport

Transported volume and transport performance, passengers ands goods
2017Per cent
2016 - 20172012 - 2017
1Change in method of counting passengers (See About the statistics)
Passenger transport1
Passengers (boardings)73 560 977-1.017.3
Transport performance (passenger-kms)3 584 485 060-3.015.9
Transport of goods
Quantity of goods (tons)34 974 0252.915.5
Transport performance (tonne-kms)4 039 800 95910.115.8

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
Passenger transport by rail, by type of route

Passenger transport by rail, by type of route
PassengersTransport performance
1 000 faresShare1 000 passenger kmsShare
All routes73 561100.03 584 485100.0
Local trains - all routes53 33872.51 482 70241.4
Lokal trains Oslo38 54952.4862 05624.0
Airport Express6 6179.0345 3829.6
Gjøvik line1 4682.071 7212.0
Local trains Stavanger3 5864.969 0291.9
Local trains Bergen1 7492.460 1971.7
Local trains Trondheim1 3691.974 3162.1
Regional trains - all short routes1 8112.5103 9112.9
The Røros Railway4420.656 0921.6
The Flåm Railway9901.321 7870.6
Other regional train routes - short routes3790.526 0320.7
InterCity - All routes14 41819.6897 09525.0
InterCity - Oslo - Halden2 5033.4195 1695.4
InterCity - Oslo-Lillehammer5 4317.4325 0579.1
InterCity - Oslo-Skien6 4848.8376 86910.5
Night trains and long-distance traffic - all train routes3 4014.61 045 00129.2
The Sørland Railway9631.3256 2657.1
The Bergen Railway1 1541.6343 2899.6
The Dovre Railway7931.1293 0608.2
The Nordland Railway4910.7152 3884.3
Boundary crossing trains5930.855 7771.6

Table 2 
Transported volume and transport performance, goods national and international

Transported volume and transport performance, goods national and international
2017Per cent
2016 - 20172013 - 2017
Corrected 10 December 2018.
Quantity of goods (tonnes)
Total34 974 0254.011.0
National11 293 6845.516.4
International23 680 3413.38.7
From Norway2 868 48321.311.4
To Norway20 811 8581.28.3
Total4 039 800 9595.715.0
National2 755 671 1876.317.4
International1 284 129 7724.310.1
From Norway334 747 85111.39.0
To Norway949 381 9212.110.5

About the statistics

Rail goods and passenger transport in Norway. Transport by foreign companies and cross-border traffic are included.


Definitions of the main concepts and variables

National transport: Transport by rail between two places in the reporting country; one place for loading/embarking and one place for unloading/disembarking.

International transport: Transport by rail between a place (for loading/embarking or unloading disembarking) in the reporting country and a place (for loading/embarking or unloading/ disembarking) in another country.

Transit: Transport through the reporting country between two places located outside the reporting country.

TEU - Twenty-foot Equivalent Unit:* A standard unit based on an ISO container 20 feet long (6,10 meters).

Weight: Gross weight including packaging and the tare weight.

Tonne-kilometre:. The transport of one tonne over one kilometre (actually run).

Type of commodity: Based on the NST/R 2007 nomenclature.

Dangerous goods: Based on the ADR classification.

Passenger: The number of trips.

Passenger-kilometres: In principle the sum total of the kilometres travelled by each passenger.

Standard classifications

NST/R and ADR (see 4.1.)

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Rail transport
Topic: Transport and tourism

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Energy, Environmental and Transport Statistics

Regional level

Nuts II-level every fifth year.

Frequency and timeliness

Quarterly and annually.

International reporting

Transmission of data to Eurostat.


Microdata are stored in Oracle databases, and production data are stored as SAS files. Historical data are stored as ASCII files on UNIX.


Background and purpose

The EU is working towards a more comprehensive use of intermodal transport as a means to reduce transport by lorry to the 1998-level. Consequently, there is a need to establish adequate statistics for all modes of transport, including transport by rail.

Users and applications

The statistics will in addition to being published separately, be used in the calculations of the domestic transport performances. The statistics are used by several users, including research institutes and government authorities.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before they are published and accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 8 am. Prior to this, a minimum of three months' advance notice is given inthe Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that all users are treated equally.

Coherence with other statistics

The rail statistics are used as input data in several statistics produced in Statistics Norway, for instance in the calculation of the quarterly national accounts and the annual calculation of the transport performance by mode of transport.

Legal authority

§ 2-2 and 2-3 of the Statistics Act.

EEA reference

Council Regulation (EC) no. 91/2003.

Commission Regulation (EC) no. 1192/2003.



The statistics include all approved rail operators, i.e. all commercial transport by rail including possible private own enterprises. The suburban railways and urban tramways are not included.

Data sources and sampling

Questionnaires completed by all operators.

Full count.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

There are quite few operators. All editing is therefore carried out manually.

The survey is based on a full count. Partial withdrawals are very rare. Few variables must be estimated by Statistics Norway. However, passenger figures by nationality have to be estimated based on other sources.

Seasonal adjustment



The principal rule of the Statistics Act is that information shall under no circumstances be published in such a way that it may be traced back to the supplier of any data or to any other identifiable individual. In agreement with the rail operators, an exception has been made to this rule.

Comparability over time and space

The statistics are fairly new and few alterations have been done in the EC-Regulation. In addition, very few and small operators have entered the market since 2003. The comparability in the time series from 2003 is thus good.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

The questionnaires are reviewed thoroughly, and errors are rectified during this process.


Not relevant