364790
/en/transport-og-reiseliv/statistikker/godstrans/kvartal
364790
statistikk
2019-08-06T08:00:00.000Z
Transport and tourism
en
godstrans, Carriage of goods by lorry, import, export, type of merchanise, mode of transport, nationality of lorry, country of origin, country of destination, country of departureLand transport , Transport and tourism
true

Carriage of goods by lorry

Updated

Next update

Key figures

31.5 %

of border transport with Norwegian-registered lorries' in the 2nd quarter of 2019

Road goods transport by lorries1
1st quarter 2019Share1st quarter 2019 - 1st quarter 20141st quarter 2019 - 1st quarter 2018
1Figures from and including the 1st quarter of 2018 were corrected 6 August 2019
2Loading and unloading take place in the same country but the lorry used is not registered in that country.
Road goods transport by norwegian lorries (mill. km)475.1100.0-8.8-3.5
National transport444.693.6-6.8-2.1
International transport30.56.4-30.7-19.7
Road goods transport by norwegian lorries (mill. tonnes)56.3100.0-9.6-1.2
National transport55.197.9-9.7-1.3
International transport1.22.1-7.70.0
Road goods transport by norwegian lorries (mill. tonne-km))5 400.2100.01.82.4
National transport4 943.091.54.86.7
International transport457.28.5-22.1-28.9
2nd quarter 2019Share2nd quarter 2019 - 2nd quarter 20142nd quarter 2019 - 2nd quarter 2018
Carriage of goods by lorry across national border (mill.tonnes)13.6100.05.9-3.5
Norwegian lorries1.131.5-8.2-3.1
Danish, swedish, finnish lorries1.131.6-12.0-10.5
Lorries from other the baltic countries0.514.0110.79.1
Polish lorries0.410.560.88.8
2017Share2012 - 20172016 - 2017
Road goods transport by foreign lorries to/from Norway (mill. tonnes)13.2100.043.4-1.3
Transport to/from Norway5.743.2-9-18
Cross trade transport between Norway and abroad6.045.2163.023.4
Cabotage transport in Norway21.511.6134.7-1.6

See selected tables from this statistics

Table 1 
National and international transports for hire or reward and own account. Transport performances. Quarter

National and international transports for hire or reward and own account. Transport performances. Quarter1
Vehicle kilometres, total (mill. km)Tonnage carried (mill. tonnes)Transport performance (mill. tonne-km)Rate of empty kilometres (per cent)Average length of carriage per tonne (km)
1There are carried out several changes in the Road Goods Survey since 3rd quarter 2015, that to a certain degree influence on the comparability in the results between the quarters. Se more details in About the statistics.
National transports for hire or reward and own account
20142 005.0288.619 102.926.766.2
20151 992.8265.818 570.024.769.9
20161 843.6264.018 515.428.170.1
20171 854.2250.718 730.828.874.7
20181 829.6251.918 920.430.275.1
 
2nd quarter 2017442.456.64 413.027.678.0
3rd quarter 2017468.967.84 877.129.372.0
4th quarter 2017479.468.84 963.230.172.1
1st quarter 2018454.255.84 632.529.783.1
2nd quarter 2018443.261.14 314.931.070.6
3rd quarter 2018467.665.95 121.729.677.7
4th quarter 2018464.769.14 851.430.470.2
1st quarter 2019444.655.14 943.026.489.7
 
International transport for hire or reward and own account
2014174.55.02 432.123.1485.7
2015171.24.72 665.320.6567.0
2016152.24.92 435.422.4499.2
2017171.95.02 655.321.1533.5
2018141.44.72 247.126.5482.3
 
2nd quarter 201741.81.2748.020.6616.6
3rd quarter 201741.71.2643.020.7546.0
4th quarter 201743.81.3695.619.0521.5
1st quarter 201838.01.2642.718.3514.4
2nd quarter 201835.21.2617.629.8506.3
3rd quarter 201839.81.1569.827.8537.8
4th quarter 201828.41.1417.031.6369.0
1st quarter 201930.51.2457.224.9384.0

Table 2 
National transports for hire or reward and own account. Tonnage carried and transport performance, by commodity1. Quarter

National transports for hire or reward and own account. Tonnage carried and transport performance, by commodity1. Quarter1
TotalAgricultural producs, forestry producs, fishing productsFood products, beverages, tobaco and animal fodderCoal, oil and chemicals and chemical products (incl. fertilizer)Metal ores, stone, sand, gravel, clay, salt, cement, lime, manufactured construction materialsOther manufactured goods, grouped goods and other goods
1There are carried out several changes in the Road Goods Survey since 3rd quarter 2015, that to a certain degree influence on the comparability in the results between the quarters. Se more details in About the statistics.
Tonnage carried (mill. tonnes)
2014288.217.625.924.7175.045.0
2015266.019.418.618.1161.048.9
2016263.924.217.626.8163.032.3
2017250.320.518.024.9152.034.9
2018252.424.219.022.8153.033.4
 
2nd quarter 201861.18.63.54.234.310.5
3rd quarter 201865.93.55.06.443.97.1
4th quarter 201869.24.05.58.643.27.9
1st quarter 201955.04.26.14.330.010.4
 
Transport performance (million tonne-km)
201419 030.52 351.84 549.21 646.44 458.96 024.2
201518 570.12 378.33 591.31 411.74 753.86 435.0
201618 515.62 907.83 253.52 017.75 172.95 163.7
201718 730.92 554.53 779.52 226.94 932.45 237.6
201818 920.52 601.23 998.22 240.04 976.15 105.0
 
2nd quarter 20184 314.9691.7755.0422.41 143.41 302.4
3rd quarter 20185 121.7587.31 060.0641.21 531.11 302.1
4th quarter 20184 851.4622.61 222.9542.31 177.11 286.5
1st quarter 20194 943.0728.81 150.9420.7930.61 712.0

Table 3 
International transports for hire or reward and own account, to and from Norway, cabotage and cross trade

International transports for hire or reward and own account, to and from Norway, cabotage and cross trade1
International transport, totalFrom NorwayTo NorwayCabotageCross-trade
1There are carried out several changes in the Road Goods Survey since 3rd quarter 2015, that to a certain degree influence on the comparability in the results between the quarters. Se more details in About the statistics.
Tonnage carried (1 000 tonnes)
20154 700.32 827.21 757.372.942.9
20164 879.13 067.31 733.073.75.1
20174 977.03 093.31 795.685.22.9
20184 658.92 872.11 641.9134.010.9
 
4th quarter 20171 333.8819.0467.5::
1st quarter 20181 249.3741.8421.3::
2nd quarter 20181 219.8749.9440.0::
3rd quarter 20181 059.6648.5390.1::
4th quarter 20181 130.2732.0390.5::
1st quarter 20191 190.7723.6395.8::
 
Transport performances (mill. tonne-km)
20152 665.31 472.71 131.637.623.3
20162 435.41 424.8992.214.73.7
20172 655.31 545.81 081.626.41.4
20182 247.11 162.51 039.038.47.3
 
4th quarter 2017695.6419.4260.9::
1st quarter 2018642.7321.3291.4::
2nd quarter 2018617.6287.7321.2::
3rd quarter 2018569.8361.7203.9::
4th quarter 2018417.0191.9222.4::
1st quarter 2019457.2193.6170.6::

Table 4 
Comparisons with other Nordic countries. Tonnage carried. Million tonnes

Comparisons with other Nordic countries. Tonnage carried. Million tonnes1
NorwaySweden2DenmarkFinland3
1There are carried out several changes in the Road Goods Survey since 3rd quarter 2015, that to a certain degree influence on the comparability in the results between the quarters. Se more details in About the statistics.
2Fra og med 1. kvartal 2015 har Sverige gjort endringer i de statistiske metodene som ligger til grunn for beregning av totaltall. Tallene er korrigert tilbake til 1. kvartal 2012 i henhold til ny metode. Tallene for 4. kvartal og tidligere er følgelig ikke sammenlikbare med de nye seriene.
3As from 2011 the statistical methods have been changed for the Finnish data. These figures are therefore not comparable with figures referring to earlier years.
National and international transports
2014293.6381.2178.2..
2015270.5432.0181.4..
2016268.9433.5183.4..
2017255.7455.5179.1..
2018256.5481.2168.1..
 
2nd quarter 201862.3123.340.9..
3rd quarter 201867.0113.840.1..
4th quarter 201870.2122.745.8..
1st quarter 201956.3110.640.2..
 
National transports
2014288.6375.2171.3274.0
2015265.8425.7175.2267.5
2016264.0426.9177.4274.5
2017250.7449.4174.0277.9
2018251.9475.2162.5270.7
 
2nd quarter 201861.1122.239.464.7
3rd quarter 201865.9112.138.573.3
4th quarter 201869.1120.744.566.4
1st quarter 201955.1109.538.966.2
 
International transports
20145.06.06.9..
20154.76.36.2..
20164.96.66.1..
20175.06.15.1..
20184.76.05.6..
 
2nd quarter 20181.21.11.5..
3rd quarter 20181.11.71.6..
4th quarter 20181.12.01.3..
1st quarter 20191.21.11.3..

Table 5 
Comparisons with other Nordic countries. Transport performance. Million tonne-kilometres

Comparisons with other Nordic countries. Transport performance. Million tonne-kilometres1
NorwaySweden2DenmarkFinland3
1There are carried out several changes in the Road Goods Survey since 3rd quarter 2015, that to a certain degree influence on the comparability in the results between the quarters. Se more details in About the statistics.
2Fra og med 1. kvartal 2015 har Sverige gjort endringer i de statistiske metodene som ligger til grunn for beregning av totaltall. Tallene er korrigert tilbake til 1. kvartal 2012 i henhold til ny metode. Tallene for 4. kvartal og tidligere er følgelig ikke sammenlikbare med de nye seriene.
3As from 2011 the statistical methods have been changed for the Finnish data. These figures are therefore not comparable with figures referring to earlier years.
National and international transports
201421 534.941 956.016 194.0..
201521 235.342 325.015 538.0..
201620 950.842 685.015 956.0..
201721 386.141 848.015 515.0..
201821 167.543 473.814 879.0..
 
2nd quarter 20184 932.511 612.63 720.0..
3rd quarter 20185 691.510 405.03 479.0..
4th quarter 20185 257.811 302.04 045.0..
1st quarter 20195 400.211 056.53 903.0..
 
National transports
201419 102.938 808.012 950.020 296.0
201518 570.038 877.012 542.021 433.0
201618 515.439 273.012 944.024 586.0
201718 730.838 553.012 561.026 329.0
201818 920.440 658.512 001.025 970.0
 
2nd quarter 20184 314.911 047.72 970.06 294.0
3rd quarter 20185 121.79 543.02 772.06 312.0
4th quarter 20184 840.610 649.03 285.06 626.0
1st quarter 20194 943.010 478.93 042.06 451.0
 
International transports
20142 432.13 148.03 246.0..
20152 665.33 447.02 996.0..
20162 435.43 413.03 012.0..
20172 655.33 295.02 954.0..
20182 247.12 815.32 875.9..
 
2nd quarter 2018617.6564.9750.0..
3rd quarter 2018569.8862.0706.0..
4th quarter 2018417.3653.0760.0..
1st quarter 2019457.2577.6861.0..

Table 6 
Road goods transport, by foreign lorries. Transport performances

Road goods transport, by foreign lorries. Transport performances
Transport between Norway and abroad, totalTo Norway from the lorry's registration countryFrom Norway to the lorry's registration countryCross trade transport between Norway and abroadCabotage transport in Norway
Tonnage carried (1 000 tonnes)
20088 950.04 384.02 462.81 559.6543.5
20098 127.03 696.42 219.61 825.8385.3
20109 270.04 258.02 417.82 141.1453.3
20118 948.43 917.12 346.62 053.5631.2
20129 209.44 161.52 126.02 271.0651.0
201310 605.03 571.42 120.13 786.31 127.2
20149 204.32 875.31 970.13 190.91 168.0
201511 594.84 158.72 115.94 162.81 157.4
201613 372.44 203.22 778.34 838.71 552.2
201713 202.13 733.51 968.15 972.71 527.8
Transport performance (million tonne-km)
20086 528.42 869.71 686.51 773.5198.7
20096 108.62 583.91 640.31 748.4136.0
20106 514.32 762.61 665.81 927.7158.3
20116 706.72 673.21 781.22 050.3202.0
20126 984.92 882.81 650.92 181.3269.9
20138 971.62 823.01 602.34 000.3546.0
20147 076.92 223.01 420.53 003.7429.8
20158 559.52 997.11 505.93 636.3420.2
20169 385.72 775.22 056.34 133.2421.0
20179 456.32 615.81 411.14 824.8604.7

Table 7 
Carriage of goods by lorry across national border, tonnes and per cent. Import og export

Carriage of goods by lorry across national border, tonnes and per cent. Import og export1
All nationalitiesNorwaySwedenDenmarkFinlandGermanyPolandBaltic countries2Other
1Figures from and including the 1st quarter of 2018 were corrected 6 August 2019
2Cover Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
Tonnes
201413 064 7834 649 5933 727 665797 036510 860454 201943 392960 0161 022 503
201513 158 7924 445 0983 797 436775 051463 512470 4461 013 2011 094 8501 099 812
201613 283 4624 279 7383 698 865795 572425 988497 2901 122 8791 250 8601 212 768
201713 802 0604 339 8493 761 759811 146447 108500 1351 246 2621 440 1311 256 209
201813 954 9324 407 6243 456 877736 025506 934461 2921 335 2431 750 1771 302 148
 
1st quarter 20183 381 9311 119 176849 794184 492115 791118 320298 172389 452306 736
2nd quarter 20183 700 3231 160 583923 692188 333149 311122 217345 806456 949353 431
3rd quarter 20183 392 1281 017 574850 438186 554122 452113 918344 279447 023309 890
4th quarter 20183 481 9391 110 291832 953176 646119 380106 837346 987456 754332 091
1st quarter 20193 470 5681 120 284801 665186 272119 966103 400350 008469 638319 335
2nd quarter 20193 571 4741 124 351829 819184 338115 008114 647376 101498 501328 709
Per cent
201410035.628.56.13.93.57.27.37.8
201510033.828.95.93.53.67.78.38.4
201610032.227.86.03.23.78.59.49.1
201710031.427.35.93.23.69.010.49.1
201810031.624.85.33.63.39.612.59.3
 
1st quarter 201810033.125.15.53.43.58.811.59.1
2nd quarter 201810031.425.05.14.03.39.312.39.6
3rd quarter 201810030.025.15.53.63.410.113.29.1
4th quarter 201810031.923.95.13.43.110.013.19.5
1st quarter 201910032.323.15.43.53.010.113.59.2
2nd quarter 201910031.523.25.23.23.210.514.09.2

About the statistics

The figures on the carriage of goods by Norwegian lorries cover vehicles with a carrying capacity of 3.5 tonnes and over. They are published about 16 weeks after the end of the reporting quarter. The figures on the carriage of goods by lorry across the national border cover the lorry activity to and from Norway and elucidate Norwegian and foreign vehicles’ shares of the carriage of goods. The figures are retrieved from the balance of payment statistics and are published about six weeks after the end of the quarter. The figures on the carriage of goods by foreign-registered lorries to/from and in Norway are retrieved from Eurostat and published annually in October.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Carrying capacity

Carrying capacity is the difference between the maximum permissible weight of the vehicle and the sum of the unladen weight of the vehicle and the weight of driver (75 kg). 

Total weight of the vehicle

The maximum permissible weight of the vehicle included people and goods.

National road goods transport

Transport of goods with both loading and unloading in Norway.

International road gods transport

Transport between Norway and another country, loaded or unloaded.

Includes cross-trade (transport between two other countries) and cabotage (transport within another country). 

Cabotage

Place of loading and unloading of goods in the same country outside the declaring country. 

Cross-trade

Place of loading and place of unloading of goods in two different countries outside the

declaring country.

Transport for own account

Transport of own goods on own account.

Transport for hire or reward

The carriage for remuneration of persons or goods on behalf of third parties.

Vehicle-kilometres

Driven kilometres with and without load.

Tonnage carried

Gross weight of the transported goods, packaging included.

Does not include the weight of container or swap body.

Goods transport performance

The transport work which is performed when a vehicle carries a certain amount of goods over a definite distance.

The weight of the goods in one transport operation multiplied by the transport distance of the operation. Is measured by the unit tonne kilometre.

Rate of empty kilometres

The percentage share of unloaded vehicle-kilometres. 

Commodity

Type of commodity defined according to the EU's standard goods classification for transport statistics. Up to the 4th quarter of 2007 the NST/R nomenclature was used. The NST 2007 nomenclature was introduced as from the 1st quarter of 2008. The nomenclatures are described in the Database for standard classifications.

Volume goods

The weight of the cargo is less than the vehicle's carrying capacity when the cargo-hold's volume is fully utilised. 

Imports of goods

Imports cover goods declared by customs, directly or through a warehouse. Single items with a value of less than NOK 1.000 are not included in the statistics. 

Exports of goods

Exports of goods are mainly based on customs declarations. Single items with a value of less than NOK 1.000 and some specific movements of goods, such as goods for repair, are not included in the statistics.

Standard classifications

CTSE: The goods are grouped in accordance with the Commodity Classification for Transport Statistics in Europe (CSTE). This standard was used in the statistics on the carriage of goods by lorry across the national border up to and including the 4th quarter of 2017.

NST 2007: EU’s statistical nomenclature for transported goods: Standard Goods Classification for Transport Statistics. The standard has been used in the survey of lorries since the 1st quarter of 2008 and in the statistics on the carriage of goods by lorry across the national border since the 1st quarter of 2018.

NST/R: Standard Goods Classification for Transport Statistics/Revised. This standard was used in the survey of lorries up to and including the 4th quarter of 2007.

In the statistics on the carriage of goods by lorry across the national border, gross weight in tonnes is used.

ISO 3166: Country codes.

NUTS 3: Regional codes for the EU and Norway. In Norway, NUTS 3 corresponds to county.

In the statistics on the carriage of goods by lorry across the national border, imports (country of origin and country of despatch) and exports (country of destination) are broken down into EU/EFTA countries, selected European countries, other EU/EFTA countries and other countries outside the EU/EFTA. The lorry’s country of registration is specified where this is a country in Europe. For other lorries, the world region is specified.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Carriage of goods by lorry
Topic: Transport and tourism

Next release

Responsible division

Division for Energy, Environmental and Transport Statistics

Regional level

Road goods transport by Norwegian lorries: The municipality is the lowest mandatory reporting level for loading and unloading in Norway. Post codes and towns are often reported as well. World region (NUTS 2) is the lowest mandatory reporting level for loading and unloading abroad within the EU/EEA area. Post codes and towns abroad are often reported as well. Country is the lowest reporting level for loading and unloading abroad outside the EU/EEA area. The lowest level of publishing is county (NUTS 3 region). For international transports the lowest level of publishing is country. For annual data, county is the lowest publishing level.

For the carriage of goods by lorry across the national border and the carriage of goods by foreign-registered lorries: Country.

Frequency and timeliness

Road goods transport by Norwegian lorries: Quarterly. The figures are published about 16 weeks after the end of the reporting quarter.

For the carriage of goods by lorry across the national border:  Quarterly. The figures are published about 4-5 weeks after the end of the reporting quarter.

For the carriage of goods by foreign-registered lorries: Annually. The figures are published in October the year after the reference year.

International reporting

Road goods transport by Norwegian lorries: Transmission of data to Eurostat for each quarterly period of observation.

For the carriage of goods by lorry across the national border: Not relevant here. There is no requirement to report the data internationally.

For the carriage of goods by foreign-registered lorries: Not relevant here. The figures on the carriage of goods by foreign-registered lorries to/from and in Norway are retrieved from Eurostat.

Microdata

Road goods transport by Norwegian lorries: Production data are lang-term saved as SAS- and txt-files on LINUX.

For the carriage of goods by lorry across the national border: Production data are saved as SAS- and ASCII-files on LINUX.

For the carriage of goods by foreign-registered lorries: Production data are saved as SAS- and txt-files on LINUX.

Background

Background and purpose

Road goods transport by Norwegian lorries: The purpose of the survey is to describe the Norwegian-registered vehicles’ (carrying capacity 3.5 tonnes and over) transport performance, and to help identify transport patterns in Norway and abroad.

The first national survey on road haulage was conducted in 1954, and the second one was in 1963. It was then conducted every five years up to 1988. From 1993, the survey was conducted quarterly. The international survey was introduced in 1996, and was conducted up to the 4th quarter of 2002. In the 1st quarter of 2003, the national and the international survey were merged into one survey with one questionnaire. Major changes were made to the questionnaire in the 1st quarter of 2016 in order to make it compatible for use in Altinn, the reporting channel for the public sector. The paper version of the questionnaire was also discontinued at this point.

For the carriage of goods by lorry across the national border: The purpose is to map the activity of different countries’ lorries across the Norwegian border.

Statistics showing the breakdown of border crossings in road haulage according to the vehicle’s country of registration were established in 1961. These statistics were based on monthly reporting from the Norwegian Customs Service. This data collection was discontinued after 2002.

In 2007, the statistics were restarted, and these were based on Statistics Norway’s external trade statistics. Figures are available dating back to the year 2000.

For the carriage of goods by foreign-registered lorries: The purpose is to describe the transport performance of foreign-registered vehicles in connection with journeys to, from and in Norway.

The statistics were first produced in 2009, with figures for the years 2000–2008.

The statistics are based on lorry surveys in all EU/EEA countries.

Users and applications

For the carriage of goods by Norwegian-registered and foreign-registered lorries: The statistics are primarily used by public authorities and research institutions (TØI, SINTEF, the Norwegian Public Roads Administration, etc.) for transport planning and in transport models. Transport companies, transport planners and consultancy firms are also important user groups, as well as trade organisations. Internally in Statistics Norway, the data is included in the calculations of domestic transport performance. Internationally, the data is used by the statistical office of the European Union, Eurostat, among others.

For the carriage of goods by lorry across the national border: The statistics are used for transport planning by transport authorities and the transport industry. Trade organisations and research institutions are also important users. The statistics show, among other things, the market shares of Norwegian-registered vehicles in the competition with foreign-registered vehicles, and help to inform discussions about the framework conditions in the lorry transport industry.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to statistics before they are published and available to everyone at 08.00 hrs on Statistics Norway’s website, ssb.no. At least three months’ advance notice is given in the statistics calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s most important principles for safeguarding the equal treatment of users (the principle of equal treatment).

Coherence with other statistics

Data from the survey on the carriage of goods by Norwegian-registered lorries is used in the statistics on domestic transport performance. The statistics stem from a sample survey that only covers Norwegian-registered lorries with a carrying capacity of 3.5 tonnes and over, and up to 35 tonnes in total weight. The tonnage carried is stated in gross weight. Goods transported by lorry on ferry are included.

For the carriage of goods by lorry across the national border: The external trade statistics show imports and exports using all means of transport. The figures are published in net weight (without packaging). These statistics are revised up to April of the following year, while the statistics on the carriage of goods by lorry across the national border are extracted from the preliminary data files.

The carriage of goods by lorry across the national border is a special variant based on the external trade data and shows tonnage carried over the part of Norway’s border that is accessible by road. The statistics include lorries registered in all countries, not just EU countries.

For the carriage of goods with foreign-registered lorries: The Norwegian lorry survey shows Norwegian-registered lorries’ transport domestically and abroad. Figures from these two statistics can be merged in order to form a picture of all carriage of goods by lorry to, from and in Norway.

Legal authority

Road goods transport by Norwegian lorries: The Statistics Act, § 2-2 and 2-3.

For the carriage of goods by lorry across the national border: The Statistics Act, §§ 2-2, 2-3 and 3-2.

For the carriage of goods with foreign-registered lorries: Not relevant here.

EEA reference

The statistics are produced and reported to Eurostat in accordance with Regulation (EU) 70/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 January 2012 on statistical returns in respect of the carriage of goods by road as amended in Council Regulation (EU) 517/2013.   

Other relevant regulations for the area:

  • Commission Regulation (EU) 2163/2001 concerning the technical arrangements for data transmission for statistics on the carriage of goods by road as amended in Commission Regulation (EU) 973/2007.
  • Commission Regulation (EU) 642/2004 on precision requirements for data collected.
  • Commission Regulation (EU) 1304/2007 amending previous directives and regulations with respect to the establishment of NST 2007 as the unique classification for transported goods in certain transport modes.
  • Regulation (EU) 223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council on European statistics.
  • Common Position (EU) 6/2003 amended by Commission Regulation (EU) 202/2010 concerning the dissemination of statistics on the carriage of goods by road.

The survey is conducted according to Eurostat’s reference manual: Road Freight Transport Methodology.

For the carriage of goods by lorry across the national border: Not relevant here. The data is retrieved from the external trade statistics, which have their own statutory basis. 

For the carriage of goods by foreign-registered lorries: The data is received from Eurostat.

Production

Population

Road goods transport by Norwegian lorries: The survey population consists of Norwegian-registered lorries in vehicle groups from 320 to 381 in the Norwegian Public Roads Administration’s motor vehicle register, with a carrying capacity of 3.5 tonnes and over, up to 35 tonnes in total weight and less than 30 years old. Vehicles for which it is not possible to assign an organisation number to the owner are removed from the population before the sample is drawn. The total population consists of about 35 000 goods vehicles.

For the carriage of goods by lorry across the national border: The statistics include goods that have been transported by road into or out of Norway on a lorry. Goods transported by lorry on ferries are not included. For the sake of clarity, however, total figures are given for transport by vehicles and trailers on ferries, but these are not broken down into country of registration of the vehicle.

For the carriage of goods by foreign-registered lorries: The statistics include transport by lorries registered in EU/EEA countries and some EU candidate countries on journeys to, from and in Norway. The number of countries covered in the statistics has increased from year to year. See the table below:

Country 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Belgium x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Bulgaria             x x x x x x x x x x x x
Czech Republic x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Denmark x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Germany x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Estonia       x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Ireland x x x x   x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Greek       x   x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Spain x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
France x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Italy x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Cyprus     x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Latvia     x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Lithuania       x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Luxembourg x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Hungary   x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Netherlands x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Austria x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Poland         x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Portugal x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Romania             x x x x x x x x x x x x
Slovenia   x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Slovakia       x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Finland x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Sweden x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
United Kingdom x x x x x x x x x x x  x  x x x x x
Croatia                 x x x x x x x x x x
Liechtenstein           x x x x x x x

x

 x

 

 

   
Switzerland                 x x x x

x

 x

 x

 x

x

x

Total 15 17 19 23 22 25 27 27 29 29 29 29

29

 29

 28

 28

28

28

Note that vehicle kilometres and transport performance includes the total transport distance even though parts of it was covered abroad.

Data sources and sampling

Road goods transport by Norwegian lorries: The main data source for the lorry survey is quarterly representative sample surveys based on questionnaire data. Technical data on the vehicles is also retrieved from the Norwegian Public Roads Administration’s motor vehicle register, and this is linked to the questionnaire data. The motor vehicle register is also used to ascertain the carrying capacity of trailers used in the transport of goods.

The sampling plan was reorganised in the 3rd quarter of 2015, mainly because the Norwegian Public Roads Administration’s register of community licences was discontinued. This had been an important source for identifying vehicles that were assumed to be used abroad. Furthermore, there had long been a desire to reduce the reporting burden on big companies with large fleets of vehicles. At the same time, mileage data obtained from vehicle controls (PKK-data) was improved and used to establish the new sampling plan. This data from meter readings is updated quarterly for the lorries in the target group.

In December 2017, a minor adjustment was made to the sample design, with a view to extracting more vehicles used for international transport.

The sample is selected in two steps.

Step 1: Sample of companies engaged in road haulage.

Step 2: Sample of lorries within the selected companies.

The lorries are distributed into 16 categories, based on annual mileage (4 groups) and vehicle class derived from the vehicle group (4 classes).

About 1 900 lorries are selected every quarter to participate in the survey.

For the carriage of goods by lorry across the national border: In the new routines that were introduced in 2007, data is retrieved from Statistics Norway’s external trade statistics. This is based on administrative forms obtained from the Norwegian Customs Service. For more information on the external trade statistics, see the web page for external trade.

For the carriage of goods with foreign-registered lorries: The statistics are based on the results of the EEA countries’ lorry surveys. These surveys are carried out as sample surveys in the individual countries, and sampling plans and calculations will vary somewhat from country to country. Eurostat’s recommendations for conducting the surveys and producing the statistics can be found in its reference manual: Road Freight Transport Methodology. Eurostat has prepared an overview of the individual countries’ methodological adaptations: Methodologies used in surveys of road freight transport in Member States, EFTA and Candidate Countries.

Data collection, editing and calculations

For the carriage of goods by Norwegian-registered lorries: From the 1st quarter of 2016, all information is reported online via the reporting channel Altinn. From the 4th quarter of 2016, all letters and messages are also sent digitally. Companies that have several vehicles still receive a cover letter in hard copy.

The questionnaires are sent out every week throughout the year, with about 140 questionnaires sent each week. The deadline for returning the questionnaire is three weeks after the end of the survey week.

A number of controls have been incorporated into the questionnaire in order to reduce the extent of errors.

When the completed questionnaires are received, the data is subject to mathematical and logical controls. Respondents are contacted where individual questions have not been answered or in the event of other significance errors. Some missing answers are estimated using data from other responses for the same variable.

Weighting of the sample takes place in six steps. In the first step, sample weights are calculated based on the ratio of the number of vehicles in the population and the number of vehicles selected in each vehicle category.

In the second step, these weights are adjusted using known population totals in different subpopulations derived from an updated vehicle population.

In the third step, the calibration weights of the vehicles that were driven in the survey week are weighted according to a set of factors, based on a sample-based calibration model. This step is performed in order to compensate for the lack of information from vehicles that participated in the survey but were not driven during the reporting period.

In the fourth step, a further adjustment is made to ensure consistency between the estimates of the tonnage carried from the international part of the lorry survey and quarterly figures from the external trade statistics on imports and exports. This adjustment is made for vehicles that transported goods internationally in the reporting week.

In step five, the sample weights for vehicles that only transport goods domestically are further adjusted to ensure consistency between the sample estimates for these vehicles and the associated population totals.

In the final step, the sample weights are multiplied by 13 in order to convert the results from a reporting week to a quarter.

For the carriage of goods by lorry across the national border:

For detailed information on data collection, editing and calculations of the external trade data, see the web page for external trade.

For the carriage of goods by foreign-registered lorries: Eurostat receives three data files every quarter from each of the participating countries. These files are extracts from the individual countries’ lorry surveys and contain specified variables on the vehicles, journeys and consignments. Figures from these data files are assembled in annual files which in turn are distributed to the participating countries.

In addition to the individual countries’ control and audit routines, all data is subject to extensive error checks in Eurostat. When absolute errors are identified, notification is sent to the participating country, which then needs to correct and resubmit its data.

The only calculations from the different countries are the summing up of the results.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

Road goods transport by Norwegian lorries: The main data source for the lorry survey is quarterly representative sample surveys based on questionnaire data. Technical data on the vehicles is also retrieved from the Norwegian Public Roads Administration’s motor vehicle register, and this is linked to the questionnaire data. The motor vehicle register is also used to ascertain the carrying capacity of trailers used in the transport of goods.

The sampling plan was reorganised in the 3rd quarter of 2015, mainly because the Norwegian Public Roads Administration’s register of community licences was discontinued. This had been an important source for identifying vehicles that were assumed to be used abroad. Furthermore, there had long been a desire to reduce the reporting burden on big companies with large fleets of vehicles. At the same time, mileage data obtained from vehicle controls (PKK-data) was improved and used to establish the new sampling plan. This data from meter readings is updated quarterly for the lorries in the target group.

In December 2017, a minor adjustment was made to the sample design, with a view to extracting more vehicles used for international transport.

The sample is selected in two steps.

Step 1: Sample of companies engaged in road haulage.

Step 2: Sample of lorries within the selected companies.

The lorries are distributed into 16 categories, based on annual mileage (4 groups) and vehicle class derived from the vehicle group (4 classes).

About 1 900 lorries are selected every quarter to participate in the survey.

For the carriage of goods by lorry across the national border: In the new routines that were introduced in 2007, data is retrieved from Statistics Norway’s external trade statistics. This is based on administrative forms obtained from the Norwegian Customs Service. For more information on the external trade statistics, see the web page for external trade.

For the carriage of goods with foreign-registered lorries: The statistics are based on the results of the EEA countries’ lorry surveys. These surveys are carried out as sample surveys in the individual countries, and sampling plans and calculations will vary somewhat from country to country. Eurostat’s recommendations for conducting the surveys and producing the statistics can be found in its reference manual: Road Freight Transport Methodology. Eurostat has prepared an overview of the individual countries’ methodological adaptations: Methodologies used in surveys of road freight transport in Member States, EFTA and Candidate Countries.

Data collection, editing and calculations

For the carriage of goods by Norwegian-registered lorries: From the 1st quarter of 2016, all information is reported online via the reporting channel Altinn. From the 4th quarter of 2016, all letters and messages are also sent digitally. Companies that have several vehicles still receive a cover letter in hard copy.

The questionnaires are sent out every week throughout the year, with about 140 questionnaires sent each week. The deadline for returning the questionnaire is three weeks after the end of the survey week.

A number of controls have been incorporated into the questionnaire in order to reduce the extent of errors.

When the completed questionnaires are received, the data is subject to mathematical and logical controls. Respondents are contacted where individual questions have not been answered or in the event of other significance errors. Some missing answers are estimated using data from other responses for the same variable.

Weighting of the sample takes place in six steps. In the first step, sample weights are calculated based on the ratio of the number of vehicles in the population and the number of vehicles selected in each vehicle category.

In the second step, these weights are adjusted using known population totals in different subpopulations derived from an updated vehicle population.

In the third step, the calibration weights of the vehicles that were driven in the survey week are weighted according to a set of factors, based on a sample-based calibration model. This step is performed in order to compensate for the lack of information from vehicles that participated in the survey but were not driven during the reporting period.

In the fourth step, a further adjustment is made to ensure consistency between the estimates of the tonnage carried from the international part of the lorry survey and quarterly figures from the external trade statistics on imports and exports. This adjustment is made for vehicles that transported goods internationally in the reporting week.

In step five, the sample weights for vehicles that only transport goods domestically are further adjusted to ensure consistency between the sample estimates for these vehicles and the associated population totals.

In the final step, the sample weights are multiplied by 13 in order to convert the results from a reporting week to a quarter.

For the carriage of goods by lorry across the national border:

For detailed information on data collection, editing and calculations of the external trade data, see the web page for external trade.

For the carriage of goods by foreign-registered lorries: Eurostat receives three data files every quarter from each of the participating countries. These files are extracts from the individual countries’ lorry surveys and contain specified variables on the vehicles, journeys and consignments. Figures from these data files are assembled in annual files which in turn are distributed to the participating countries.

In addition to the individual countries’ control and audit routines, all data is subject to extensive error checks in Eurostat. When absolute errors are identified, notification is sent to the participating country, which then needs to correct and resubmit its data.

The only calculations from the different countries are the summing up of the results.

Seasonal adjustment

The results are not subject to seasonal adjustments.

Confidentiality

Road goods transport by Norwegian lorries and for the carriage of goods by foreign-registered lorries: The data collected is used in accordance with the Statistics Act.

For the carriage of goods by foreign-registered lorries: Figures based on fewer than 10 vehicles are not published.

Comparability over time and space

Road goods transport by Norwegian lorries: Despite changes in the structure and implementation of the survey, it is possible to follow the main trends in the lorries’ transport performance dating back to 1963. The historical statistics give some key figures from the previous 5-yearly surveys, and the quarterly statistics date back to 1993.

The tables with results from the lorry surveys published before the 1st quarter of 2000 are not directly comparable with the tables published between the 1st quarter of 2000 and the 4th quarter of 2002. This is because the goods vehicles group with a carrying capacity between 1 and 3.5 tonnes is not included from the 1st quarter of 2000. Apart from the fact that the small lorries are no longer included in the survey, the results are comparable at the vehicle level. Tables have been published which show the transport performance of the vehicle groups that were taken out of the survey.

Improvements were made in the 1st quarter of 2003 to the methodology used in the survey, and a new questionnaire was drawn up. The results from 2003 will therefore not be directly comparable with the results from before 2003. Nevertheless, even with the change, the main trends in the lorries’ transport performance can still be followed over time.

The methodology for weighting figures for journeys abroad was changed in the 1st quarter of 2006. The change entailed calibrating the figures from the external trade statistics on imported and exported tonnage carried. Figures for international journeys before and after 2006 are therefore not directly comparable.

From the 1st quarter of 2007, the sample was reduced from 2 400 to 1 800 vehicles per quarter. The reduction was generally only of significance for the international category, which was halved from 1 200 to 600 vehicles. This followed the introduction of an annual survey of which vehicles are likely to be used for journeys abroad by companies that are licensed to carry out such activity.

New stratification and sampling plans were devised in the 3rd quarter of 2015. The method is described above. This change is not expected to affect the results to any great extent.

A completely new questionnaire based on Altinn was introduced in the 1st quarter of 2016. At the same time, the estimation routines were improved (see the section on Editing and calculations above). This change means that comparisons with previous quarters must be made with a degree of caution and that the main variables are not directly comparable going backwards in time. A new method for reporting types of goods may have led to differences in the types of goods classification. For example, it seems that less is reported under general cargo and other goods, which may indicate that this group is used as a miscellaneous item to a lesser extent than before. There also seems to have been a shift from self-transport to rental transport, a correction that seems to be more in line with what the transport industry itself estimates.

For the carriage of goods by lorry across the national border: The statistics for the years 1961 to 2002 show the number of border crossings and the tonnage carried (gross weight in tonnes), distributed by customs office and the vehicle’s country of registration. The results were based on a separate survey that was conducted in connection with the border crossing points.

In 2007 (with figures dating back to 2000), these statistics were replaced with data on imports and exports by lorry based on the external trade data. The statistics show the tonnage carried (gross weight in tonnes) by type of goods, country of origin of the goods, country of dispatch and country of destination, and the vehicle’s country of registration.

Figures for the years 2000–2002 have been published, both according to the new and old methodologies. These figures are based on different sources and are therefore not comparable.

In the 3rd quarter of 2014, much of the timber exports that have long been incorrectly registered as transported by lorry were moved to rail. New figures have been updated dating back to the 1st quarter of 2013. Consequently, the statistics will be not be comparable between the 4th quarter of 2012 and the 1st quarter of 2013. This primarily affects the comparability of total figures and market shares of exports.

For the carriage of goods by foreign-registered lorries: The number of countries included in the statistics has varied over the years. See the table above showing which figures can be compared.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

Road goods transport by Norwegian lorries: The questionnaire has been thoroughly reviewed, including by users, and many unclear questions and other ambiguities have been weeded out in this process.

The survey is arranged in such a way that the lorry owner records all driving every day for a specific week. If the vehicle use is not noted every day, journeys may be forgotten when completing the questionnaire. A particular problem with the survey is that journeys with an empty load are not reported. Furthermore, a vehicle may be used by several drivers, so the person completing the questionnaire may not have a full overview of the use of the vehicle during the survey period. There is considerable contact with the enterprises involved in this survey.

It is assumed that any measurement and processing errors have not led to systematic errors in the results.

Non-responses in the lorry survey will either relate to vehicles for which we were unable to contact the owner due to the addressee being unknown, and where the vehicle has not been registered as having the number plates confiscated, or to owners who fail to respond and incur a compulsory fine. The non-response rate is about 20 per cent. Non-response leads to a participation bias and adds to the uncertainty caused by sampling errors.

Responses in the questionnaire are sometimes incomplete, and in some cases, this means that the questionnaire cannot be used. This can occur when the respondent has not included all the journeys that were carried out during the reporting period (for example, only entering one journey with an empty load or filling out the questionnaire for only one day during the reporting period).

Sampling errors are not errors per se, but an uncertainty due to the fact that the survey is based on a sample (probability sample) as opposed to a full count. On average, from all samples that we select, the sampling error will be zero. In the lorry survey, sampling errors occur when selecting which vehicles to include. Stratifying the population before selection is intended to minimise sampling errors. The lorry survey will have coverage errors due to delays in updating the motor vehicle register, which is used for selecting the sample. For vehicles that are sold, deregistered or scrapped just before or during the reporting quarter, the data will not be updated. The weighting that is carried out aims to correct this type of coverage error. There are also coverage errors in the data for vehicles that are driven abroad. The calibration of the total figures for imported and exported tonnage carried with the external trade statistics, which was introduced in the 1st quarter of 2006, aims to correct for the incomplete overview of enterprises and vehicles used in international transport. The calibration produces good-quality figures for total imported and exported quantities but can lead to skewed figures at country and type of goods level.

In addition to coverage errors, there will be uncertainties related to the adjustment for under-reporting. Quantitative measurements of sampling errors and other sources of error (standard errors) are not published.

For the carriage of goods by lorry across the national border: Collection errors in the statistical basis occur when incorrect information is given in customs declarations due to misunderstandings, and this is not intercepted by TVINN (Norwegian Customs’ electronic system for exchanging customs declarations) controls. Relevant error sources stem from the use of incorrect product codes, estimates of the quantity delivered instead of actual measurements, and the use of incorrect country codes.

For the form-based statistics from 1961 to 2002, one possible source of error may be that not all customs offices registered the actual tonnage carried for each vehicle that passed, and instead based the reporting on an average.

For the carriage of goods by foreign-registered lorries: Since these statistics are based on the lorry survey of EU/EEA countries, sources of error and uncertainty will vary from country to country. For documentation of the different countries’ methods, see Methodologies used in surveys of road freight transport in Member States, EFTA and Candidate Countries.

In addition to non-response in the reporting of individual countries, it may also be the case that certain countries have not reported to Eurostat.

Revision

Not relevant here.