Integrated welfare assessment of climate and biodiversity impacts of land use: From promise to policy solutions.
- Project participants
Research Department at Statistics Norway (SSB)
Menon Centre for Environmental and Resource Econ (MERE)
Norwegian Institute of Nature Research (NINA)
The Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU)
The Research Council of Norway, Project No. 319917, Collaborative and Knowledge-building Project
- Project term
- Project status
- Research field
About the Project
The agricultural sector through its management of a large share of all agricultural and seminatural landscapes in Norway produces a broad range of ecosystem goods and services (EG&S), of potentially great importance for society. EG&S from these areas include provisioning services (food and food security), regulating services (e.g., carbon sequestration), and a range of cultural services and goods such as landscape aesthetics, tourism, and recreation, nature, and biodiversity conservation, cultural heritage, in addition to human health and welfare. Agriculture is quite exposed to climate conditions and climate change exerts accelerating pressures on agricultural and seminatural landscapes and on their delivery of EG&S. While some positive effects of climate change for agricultural production in Norway are expected (growing season), negative effects of increasing frequencies of extreme weather events, especially increased rainfall and associated floods and landslides, summer droughts and fires, vegetation damage in winters, and even risks of plant diseases and pests, are likely to accelerate over time. The primary objective of LANDWELL is to assess the impacts of climate change on the most important welfare effects of market and nonmarket ecosystem goods and services from agricultural and seminatural landscapes on the national and regional scales in Norway, and for associated food and tourism industries and livelihoods in selected rural communities. The key research questions LANDWELL seeks to answer are: What are the most likely, important climate impacts on EG&S from agricultural and seminatural landscapes in Norway? What are the resulting climate-induced welfare impacts in Norway and how are they distributed? What are the impacts on the local economies and wider consequences for associated industries and livelihoods of selected, rural communities?