CLIMATE-LAND studies ecosystem services from carbon sequestration in forest and semi-natural cultural landscape, with trade-off and synergy between climate policy and biodiversity, and contributes to research on UN experimental ecosystem accounting

Project details

Project manager
Iulie Aslaksen

CICERO, NINA, Norsk Institutt for Bioøkonomi (NIBIO), (tidligere Bioforsk og Skog og Landskap), Universitet i Oslo, Skog og landskap, SNF og NIVA, samt flere internasjonale partnere.



Project term
2014 -2018
Project status
Research field

About the Project

The project CLIMATE-LAND will contribute to new knowledge on ecosystem services associated with carbon sequestration in forests and the semi-natural cultural landscape. Extensive planting of trees has been suggested as a climate policy measure in Norway. There is lack of knowledge about the actual climatic benefit of tree planting in semi-natural areas of the cultural landscape, and more scientific knowledge is needed. Studies worldwide indicate that soils and vegetation of grasslands represent a large potential reservoir for storing carbon, but this potential depends on regional environmental differences. The project will contribute with pilot studies for Nordic conditions of carbon sequestration from semi-natural cultural landscapes. Climatic benefits of tree planting depend on differences in albedo between coniferous forests, deciduous forests and the open areas of the cultural landscape. The semi-natural areas of the cultural landscape provide multiple ecosystem services - in addition to carbon sequestration - including biodiversity, landscape qualities, input to food production, grazing resources, fodder, pollination, potential for sustaining diverse farming systems, local economy, recreation, appreciation of landscape, and tourism. The project will enhance the knowledge basis for identifying trade-offs and synergies between climate policy and policy for biodiversity. The framework proposed by the UN in the recently developed SEEA Experimental Ecosystem Accounting (EEA) will be applied. The project is funded by the Research Council of Norway. Several Norwegian and international research partners participate. The project has contact with the Norwegian Environment Agency.