Trade union members and strikes

Updated

Next update

Not yet determined

Key figures

24 142

lost working days because of work stoppages in 2018 

Members of trade union organisations and work stoppages
201620172018Change in the last year1
1It varies somewhat from year to year which trade unions respond to the survey, especially when it comes to those that are not affiliated with any of the four major main federations. Change in figures for the group "Other associations of wage earners" must therefore be interpreted with caution.
Members of trade union organisations
All associations of wage earners1 813 9791 831 0961 857 78726 691
The Norwegian Federation of Trade Unions917 122925 605936 71111 106
Confederation of Vocational Unions215 591217 724222 3924 668
Confederation of Unions for Professionals349 219359 054367 9788 924
Federation of Norwegian Professional Associations199 174203 102208 5975 495
Other associations of wage earners132 873125 611122 109-3 502
201620172018Change in the last two years
Strikes and lockouts
Work stoppages141011-3
Wage earners in work stoppages8 8584013 502-5 356
Working days lost165 7988 94224 142-141 656

About the statistics

The statistics show the number of trade union members, members in employers’ associations and work stoppages (strikes and lockouts). It is based on voluntary reporting from the trade unions and the employers’ associations.

Definitions

Definitions of the main concepts and variables

Employers' associations. Employers' Associations are understood as associations that assist their members in wage agreements and wage negotiations. Organizations that limit their activities to questions of a purely professional nature are not included in the statistics.

Trade union organizations. Nation-wide associations for wage earners that assist their members in wage agreements and wage negotiations. Organizations that limit their activities to questions of a purely professional nature are not included in the statistics. The number of members of nation-wide associations for wage earners includes all registered members and includes non-working students, pensioners etc.

Employees in the employers' associations enterprises. The number of employees in the enterprises includes all employees regardless when during the year they are employed. 

Members of trade union organizations. The number of members of nation-wide associations for wage earners includes all registered members and includes non-working students, pensioners etc. at the end of the year.

Work stoppages. The statistics on labour disputes or work stoppages of at least one day's duration per year is computed from the number of trade union federations or confederations that have had groups of employees involved in a work stoppage. Strikes that are discontinued and later resumed for the same reason count as one strike unless the interruption lasts more than two months. A dispute resumed after more than two months counts as a new strike. A dispute that occurs one year and continues in the next is included in both years, i.e. it is counted as two strikes. There are two types of work stoppages, strike or lock-out. A work stoppage defines as a temporary work stoppage by a group of employees (strike) or one or several employers (lock-out) to force a demand. The following types of strikes are covered: legal strikes, illegal strikes, sympathy strikes, political or protest strikes, general strikes, and work stoppages started by employees. A Lockout is the employer's response to strikes. A lockout implies that workers are excluded from work until the parties have agreed on how to resolve the discrepancy.

Wage earners Numbers of wage earners who are involved in work stoppages means permanent employees, temporary employees, seasonal workers and part-time employees. A part-time employee is counted as full-time employee. Employees there are absent from work owing to illness or are on sick-leave and unpaid family members are not included in the statistics.

The duration of a conflict is measured by the number of lost working days, i.e., working days per week for the group in conflict, not the calendar days.

Standard classifications

Industrial classification. A key component of the wage statistics is classification by industry in accordance with the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC2002) , which is the Norwegian version of the International Standard Industrial Classification (SIC94). See NOS D 383 Standard Industrial Classification for more information on this.

Administrative information

Name and topic

Name: Trade union members and strikes
Topic: Labour market and earnings

Responsible division

Division for Labour Market and Wage Statistics

Regional level

National level.

Frequency and timeliness

Annuall.

International reporting

By agreement, the statistics on the number of trade union members and members in employers’ associations and work stoppages are reported to ILO.

Microdata

Not relevant

Background

Background and purpose

The purpose of the statistics is to provide an overview of (1) the size of the population organized in a trade union, and (2) the number of enterprises organised in employers' associations and those bound by wage agreement and the respectiv number of employees in these enterprises. Statistics Norway have since 1977 produced annual statistics on members of employer's and trade union organizations.

With regard to work stoppages, the purpose is to provide an overview of the numbers of work stoppages, working days lost and the number of members who are involved in work stoppages. Statistics Norway have since 1922, except for the years 1940-1944, produced annually statistics of work stoppages.

Users and applications

Major users are research institutions and the media. By agreement, the statistics are reported to ILO.

Equal treatment of users

No external users have access to the statistics and analyses before it is published and made accessible simultaneously for all users on ssb.no at 08.00 am as per the publication calendar. Prior to this, a minimum of three-month notice is given in the Statistics Release Calendar. This is one of Statistics Norway’s key principles for ensuring that All users are treated equally

 

Coherence with other statistics

The statistics on the numbers of wage earners and employers’ associations are closely related with the statistics on work stoppages. Both are collected using one questionnaire.

Legal authority

None. Voluntary census.

EEA reference

None.

Production

Population

The enterprise population includes all enterprises in The Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises under the industrial groups "Activities of business employers’ organization" and "Activities of trade unions". The association population cover employers' and national associations for wage earners that assist their members in wage agreements and wage negotiations as well as the main associations to which the individual organizations belong. Organizations that limit their activities to questions of a purely professional nature are not included in the statistics.

The statistics on work stoppages cover industrial disputes, or work stoppages that are affected by employees or one or several employers. A work stoppage defines as a temporary work stoppage consciously put into action by a group of employees (strike) or one or several employers (lock-out) to force a claim.

Data sources and sampling

The population is established using the industrial classification in The Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises.

The population includes a census of all organizations. Statistics Norway sends a questionnair to all employers' and labor organizations that help their members with tariff agreements and wage negotiations as well as the main associations to which individual organizations belong.

Collection of data, editing and estimations

The statistcs is questionnaire based is collected on voluntary basis as per 31 December of the year the statistics applies. Questionnaires are sent some weeks before the census date in April, with the deadline for response of three weeks after the census date.

Manual checks are made to ensure consistency of the data material over time. In case of doubt about the quality of the information collected, the concerned organisations are contacted to clarify any uncertainties. In addition, the statistics is checked using information about labour conflicts that the state mediator has registered and mediated.

 

Seasonal adjustment

Not relevant

Confidentiality

Not relevant

Comparability over time and space

Statistical releases older than 3 April 2017

The statistics are comparable back to 1977.

Accuracy and reliability

Sources of error and uncertainty

The statistics are based on a census, thereby avoiding uncertainty associated with sample variance and non-response associated with sample survey.

There are still sources of errors in statistics. A possible source of error is incorrect reporting by the respondent. In this case organizations either fill in an incorrect figure for the number of members or they are even unsure of about the number of members. Another source of uncertainty is none response, which is very rare in this case.

There could also be a register error where some organisations do not have the correct industry classification code in the Central Register of Establishments and Enterprises (VoF), and for that reason they do not get counted. 

Revision

Not relevant